Williamsburg County, South Carolina

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Williamsburg County
Williamsburg County Courthouse
Williamsburg County Courthouse
Map of South Carolina highlighting Williamsburg County
Location within the U.S. state of South Carolina
Map of the United States highlighting South Carolina
South Carolina's location within the U.S.
Coordinates: 33°37′N 79°44′W / 33.62°N 79.73°W / 33.62; -79.73
Country United States
State South Carolina
Founded1804
Named forWilliam of Orange
SeatKingstree
Largest cityKingstree
Area
 • Total937 sq mi (2,430 km2)
 • Land934 sq mi (2,420 km2)
 • Water2.9 sq mi (8 km2)  0.3%%
Population
 (2010)
 • Total34,423
 • Estimate 
(2018)
30,606
 • Density37/sq mi (14/km2)
Time zoneUTC−5 (Eastern)
 • Summer (DST)UTC−4 (EDT)
Congressional district6th
Websitewww.williamsburgcounty.sc.gov

Williamsburg County is a county located in the U.S. state of South Carolina. As of the 2010 census its population was 34,423.[1] The county seat and largest city is Kingstree.[2] After a previous incarnation of Williamsburg County, the current county was created in 1804.[3]

History[edit]

Reconstruction[edit]

In 1867 the United States military oversaw the registering of voters in the county in preparation for the election of a new "reconstruction" government. In the Williamsburg District, there were 800 whites and 1,725 African-Americans who were eligible to vote under the new system.[4] A convention was held to organize a new constitutions for the state of South Carolina, the Williamsburg District was represented by William Darrington who was a white reverend from the Williamsburg District who had opposed slavery before the war as well as C.M. Olsen and Stephen A. Swails who were both African-American.[5] Darrington led a prayer at the opening of the convention on February 14th of 1868.[6]

In 1868 the state constitution abolished the parishes and designated judicial districts formally as counties thus transforming the "Williamsburg District" into "Williamsburg County."[7]

In 1868 an election was held in which all men older than 21 years of age who had never been convicted of committing a felony nor were "prohibited on account of service under Confederate Government" were allowed to vote. This was a form of direct democratic election which had been set up by the reconstruction government of South Carolina. Almost all voters in this election were African American. No one who fought for the Confederacy was allowed to vote in the election. Many African-American officials were elected. Stephen A. Swails was an educated black man from Pennsylvania who had fought in the U.S. military in the 54th Massachusetts Infantry Regiment during the civil war, and who was elected to represent Williamsburg County in the South Carolina State Senate.[8][9] F.H. Frost, J. Pendergrass and Fortune Guilds were three black men chosen to represent Williamsburg County in the South Carolina State House of Representatives. F. H. Frost was a black man elected as school commissioner. F.H. Swails was a black man elected as a auditor of Williamsburg County. C. Rasted and F.H. Frost were two black men who were elected as the assessors for Williamsburg County's county government. W.W. Ward was a white abolitionist from Massachusetts who was elected to be the sheriff of Williamsburg County, F.C. Cooper was a white abolitionist Quaker from Pennsylvania who was elected to be the clerk of the court of Williamsburg County and C.H. Pettingil, a Union Army officer from Boston, Massachusetts and former member of the Massachusetts Abolition Society who was elected as Williamsburg County's state constable representing the county in South Carolina's state government. In all of these elections local whites from South Carolina who had, by coincidence, not fought in the confederate military did run, however every single one of them lost. Every single man elected from Williamsburg County in this election was a member of the Republican Party.[10]

During this time, State Senator Stephen A. Swails also served as the mayor of Kingstree from 1868 until 1878. While mayor, Swails published and edited a newspaper called the Williamsburg Republican, he also started a law firm. Swails became the most prominent member of the South Carolina senate, the president pro tempore, placing him in control of all bills that passed through the state legislature. Committed to universal education, he played a critical part in transforming The South Carolina College from a school for planter elite into the integrated University of South Carolina.[11]

Geography[edit]

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 937 square miles (2,430 km2), of which 934 square miles (2,420 km2) are land and 2.9 square miles (7.5 km2) (0.3%) are covered by water.[12]

Adjacent counties[edit]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
18106,871
18208,71626.9%
18309,0183.5%
184010,32714.5%
185012,44720.5%
186015,48924.4%
187015,4890.0%
188024,11055.7%
189027,77715.2%
190031,68514.1%
191037,62618.8%
192038,5392.4%
193034,914−9.4%
194041,01117.5%
195043,8076.8%
196040,932−6.6%
197034,243−16.3%
198038,22611.6%
199036,815−3.7%
200037,2171.1%
201034,423−7.5%
2018 (est.)30,606[13]−11.1%
U.S. Decennial Census[14]
1790-1960[15] 1900-1990[16]
1990-2000[17] 2010-2013[1]

2000 census[edit]

As of the census[18] of 2000, there were 37,217 people, 13,714 households, and 10,052 families living in the county. The population density was 40 people per square mile (15/km2). There were 15,552 housing units at an average density of 17 per square mile (6/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 66.26% Black or African American, 32.74% White, 0.16% Native American, 0.20% Asian, 0.16% from other races, and 0.48% from two or more races. 0.73% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 13,714 households, out of which 34.50% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 46.30% were married couples living together, 22.40% had a female householder with no husband present, and 26.70% were non-families. 24.90% of all households were made up of individuals, and 10.40% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.69 and the average family size was 3.22.

In the county, the population was spread out, with 28.60% under the age of 18, 9.00% from 18 to 24, 25.70% from 25 to 44, 23.60% from 45 to 64, and 13.00% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females there were 87.90 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 81.50 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $24,214, and the median income for a family was $30,379. Males had a median income of $26,680 versus $18,202 for females. The per capita income for the county was $12,794. About 23.70% of families and 27.90% of the population were below the poverty line, including 36.10% of those under age 18 and 25.90% of those age 65 or over.

2010 census[edit]

As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 34,423 people, 13,007 households, and 8,854 families living in the county.[19] The population density was 36.8 inhabitants per square mile (14.2/km2). There were 15,359 housing units at an average density of 16.4 per square mile (6.3/km2).[20] The racial makeup of the county was 65.8% black or African American, 31.8% white, 0.4% Asian, 0.3% American Indian, 1.0% from other races, and 0.8% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 2.0% of the population.[19] In terms of ancestry, and 4.6% were American.[21]

Of the 13,007 households, 33.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 40.0% were married couples living together, 23.0% had a female householder with no husband present, 31.9% were non-families, and 29.0% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.53 and the average family size was 3.13. The median age was 40.2 years.[19]

The median income for a household in the county was $24,191 and the median income for a family was $33,705. Males had a median income of $37,678 versus $22,303 for females. The per capita income for the county was $13,513. About 26.5% of families and 32.9% of the population were below the poverty line, including 45.6% of those under age 18 and 27.5% of those age 65 or over.[22]

Communities[edit]

City[edit]

Towns[edit]

Unincorporated communities[edit]

Politics[edit]

Prior to 1948, Williamsburg County was a Democratic Party stronghold similar to the rest of the Solid South, with Democratic presidential candidates receiving near-unanimous margins of victory in most years. The twenty years from 1948 to 1968 were a highly transitional time for the politics of South Carolina & Williamsburg County, largely in part due to the Democratic Party's increasing support for African-American civil rights & enfranchisement. Dixiecrats managed to carry the county twice, while Republicans managed to carry the county three times in this timespan, while increased black registration led to Democrat Hubert Humphrey winning the county in 1968. Since 1968, the majority African-American county has only backed a Republican once in 1972, when Richard Nixon won the county as he swept every county statewide in the midst of a 49-state national landslide.

Presidential election results
Presidential election results[23]
Year Republican Democratic Third parties
2020 34.6% 5,532 64.4% 10,289 1.0% 164
2016 32.3% 4,864 66.1% 9,953 1.6% 237
2012 29.6% 4,824 69.5% 11,335 0.9% 145
2008 30.4% 5,004 68.6% 11,279 1.0% 160
2004 34.5% 4,795 65.0% 9,044 0.6% 79
2000 39.9% 4,524 59.3% 6,723 0.8% 84
1996 34.8% 3,957 61.5% 6,987 3.6% 413
1992 37.1% 5,289 56.6% 8,077 6.4% 911
1988 44.4% 5,914 55.1% 7,343 0.5% 67
1984 46.0% 6,492 53.7% 7,586 0.4% 50
1980 38.3% 5,110 61.0% 8,135 0.7% 99
1976 37.5% 5,275 62.2% 8,745 0.3% 35
1972 52.0% 5,729 47.3% 5,213 0.7% 73
1968 28.1% 3,029 47.3% 5,106 24.6% 2,652
1964 68.2% 4,810 31.9% 2,248
1960 60.6% 2,324 39.4% 1,513
1956 8.8% 330 18.2% 683 73.0% 2,739
1952 66.1% 2,576 33.9% 1,320
1948 1.2% 23 6.3% 126 92.5% 1,840
1944 2.1% 27 86.6% 1,118 11.3% 146
1940 3.0% 34 97.0% 1,089
1936 0.5% 6 99.5% 1,284
1932 0.7% 9 99.3% 1,244
1928 2.6% 22 97.4% 825
1924 0.6% 4 99.4% 672
1920 1.3% 12 98.7% 895
1916 4.5% 57 95.5% 1,213
1912 0.8% 6 96.8% 729 2.4% 18
1904 11.2% 187 88.8% 1,476
1900 20.5% 323 79.5% 1,256

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved November 25, 2013.
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
  3. ^ "South Carolina: Individual County Chronologies". South Carolina Atlas of Historical County Boundaries. The Newberry Library. 2009. Archived from the original on January 3, 2017. Retrieved March 21, 2015.
  4. ^ Reconstruction in South Carolina, 1865-1877 by John Schreiner Reynolds pg. 74
  5. ^ Reconstruction in South Carolina, 1865-1877 by John Schreiner Reynolds, pg. 78
  6. ^ PROCEEDINGS OF THE CONSTITUTIONAL CONVENTION OF SOUTH CAROLINA By J. WOODRUFF pg. 361
  7. ^ https://www.scencyclopedia.org/sce/entries/counties-districts-and-parishes/
  8. ^ https://www.npr.org/templates/story/story.php?storyId=6417951
  9. ^ History of Williamsburg: Something about the People of Williamsburg County, South Carolina, from the First Settlement by Europeans about 1705 Until 1923 by William Willis Boddie pg. 447-448
  10. ^ History of Williamsburg: Something about the People of Williamsburg County, South Carolina, from the First Settlement by Europeans about 1705 Until 1923 by William Willis Boddie pg. 440
  11. ^ https://www.nps.gov/people/stephen-swails.htm
  12. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Retrieved March 19, 2015.
  13. ^ "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved July 30, 2019.
  14. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved March 19, 2015.
  15. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved March 19, 2015.
  16. ^ Forstall, Richard L., ed. (March 27, 1995). "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved March 19, 2015.
  17. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. April 2, 2001. Retrieved March 19, 2015.
  18. ^ "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2011-05-14.
  19. ^ a b c "DP-1 Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2020-02-13. Retrieved 2016-03-11.
  20. ^ "Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2010 - County". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2020-02-13. Retrieved 2016-03-11.
  21. ^ "DP02 SELECTED SOCIAL CHARACTERISTICS IN THE UNITED STATES – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2020-02-13. Retrieved 2016-03-11.
  22. ^ "DP03 SELECTED ECONOMIC CHARACTERISTICS – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2020-02-13. Retrieved 2016-03-11.
  23. ^ Leip, David. "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections". uselectionatlas.org. Retrieved 2018-03-14.
  • [1] Simms "Life of Francis Marion" (Project Gutenberg)
  • "History of Williamsburg" by William Willis Boddie, 1923

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 33°37′N 79°44′W / 33.62°N 79.73°W / 33.62; -79.73