Willibaldsburg

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Willibaldsburg
Eichstätt
Willibaldsburg über Eichstätt.JPG
The Willibaldsburg from the west
Willibaldsburg is located in Germany
Willibaldsburg
Willibaldsburg
Coordinates48°53′41″N 11°10′08″E / 48.8947°N 11.1688°E / 48.8947; 11.1688Coordinates: 48°53′41″N 11°10′08″E / 48.8947°N 11.1688°E / 48.8947; 11.1688
Typehill castle, spur castle
CodeDE-BY
Height464 m above sea level (NN)
Site information
Conditionpreserved or largely preserved
Site history
Built1070/1353

The Willibaldsburg is a spur castle, built around the year 1353, in Eichstätt in Upper Bavaria. Until the middle of the 18th century it was the representative castle and seat of Eichstätt's prince-bishops.

Location[edit]

The Willibaldsburg

The fortified palace lies west of the Old Town on an elongated hill ridge, the Willibaldsberg (464 m above sea level (NN);[1] see Willibald von Eichstätt), above the Altmühl valley. Its total length is about 420 metres and it is naturally well protected thanks to its location. The Altmühl river here forms a sharp bend which, due to the resulting ridge was an ideal spot for the medieval castle and later fortress.

The high medieval castle of Bishop Berthold lay on the western spur of the castle hill. This first castle probably comprised a large stone house, a tower and a chapel, protected by surrounding curtain walls and moats.

Literature[edit]

  • Die Kunstdenkmäler von Bayern, Regierungsbezirk Mittelfranken, I. Stadt Eichstätt; Munich, 1924 (Reprint Munich, Vienna, 1981)
  • Oskar Freiherr Lochner von Hüttenbach: Die Willibaldsburg bei Eichstätt. In: Sammelblatt des historischen Vereins Eichstätt. Jg. 27, 1914.
  • Alexander Rauch: Stadt Eichstätt (Denkmaltopographie Bundesrepublik Deutschland, Denkmäler in Bayern, Vol. I.9/1). Munich/Zürich, 1989, ISBN 3-7954-1004-5.
  • Die Willibaldsburg, Teil 1: Von der vorgermanischen Fliehburg zum mittelalterlichen Fürstensitz; Beltz' Lesebogen. Das schöne Franken, Bogen 6; Hrsg. v. d. Jugendschriftenstelle des NSLB, Gau Franken; Langensalza, Berlin, Leipzig: Beltz. [around 1938]; 16 pp. with illustrations.
  • Die Willibaldsburg, Teil 3: Jahrhunderte des Niedergangs; Beltz' Lesebogen. Das schöne Franken, Bogen 8 D; published by the Youth Authors Department of the NSLB, Gau Franken; Langensalza, Berlin, Leipzig: Beltz [around 1938]; 32 pp. with illustrations.
  • Manfred F. Fischer: Die Willibaldsburg in Eichstätt. Amtlicher Führer; 31. - 38. Tsd.; Munich: Bayer. Verwaltung der Staatl. Schlösser, Gärten u. Seen, 1987; 34, 10 pp.
  • Sabine Glaser: Die Willibaldsburg in Eichstätt. Amtlicher Führer; 23., new, revised edition.; Munich: Bayer. Verwaltung der Staatl. Schlösser, Gärten u. Seen, 2000; 48, 16 pp.
  • Albert J. Günther: Inventarisation der Wappen u. Bauinschriften auf der Willibaldsburg; Sammelbl. des Historischen Vereins Eichstätt 96/2003.
  • Albert J. Günther: Flyer mit Daten zur Geschichte der Willibaldsburg, obtainable free in the museum.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Map services of the BfN

External links[edit]