Willie Simms (c.1900)
|Born||January 16, 1870|
Augusta, Georgia, USA
|Died||February 26, 1927 (aged 57)|
Asbury Park, New Jersey, USA
|Major racing wins|
|Belles Stakes (1891, 1892)|
Spinaway Stakes (1891)
Champion Stakes (1892)
First Special Stakes
(1892, 1894, 1897)
Second Special Stakes
(1892, 1894, 1895, 1897)
Flatbush Stakes (1892)
Tidal Stakes (1892, 1894, 1897)
Lawrence Realization Stakes (1893, 1894)
Surf Stakes (1893)
Zephyr Stakes (1893)
Fashion Stakes (1894)
Mermaid Stakes (1894)
Reapers Stakes (1894)
Jerome Handicap (1895)
Withers Stakes (1896, 1897)
Brighton Handicap (1897, 1898)
Omnium Handicap (1895, 1897)
Tremont Stakes (1897)
Golden Rod Stakes (1898)
Toboggan Handicap (1898)
Annual Champion Stakes (1901)
|United States Champion Jockey by wins (1893, 1894)|
|United States Racing Hall of Fame (1977)|
|Ben Brush, Clifford, Sly Fox, Lady Violet, Henry of Navarre, Commanche, Plaudit, Lamplighter|
Willie Simms (January 16, 1870 – February 26, 1927) was an American National Champion jockey in Thoroughbred racing and a U.S. Racing Hall of Fame inductee who won five of the races that would become the U.S. Triple Crown series.
An African American, Simms began racing in 1887 and was one of the most successful jockeys using the short-stirrup style (which gave the rider a crouching posture). En route to winning the United States riding title in 1893 and 1894, Simms won back-to-back Belmont Stakes. In 1895, the Boston Post reported Willie Simms was among the elite jockeys and was earning more than $10,500 a year. (US$315,548 in 2018)  That year he raced in England, where he became the first American jockey to win with an American horse in that country.
On August 17, 1894, Willie Simms won the first five races at Jerome Park Racetrack and finished second in the sixth and last race of the day. All five of Simms' winners were trained by Hardy Campbell Jr. 
Back in the United States, Simms won the 1896 Kentucky Derby in its first running at 1¼ miles on Ben Brush. He repeated as the Derby winner in 1898, aboard Plaudit. Before the advent of the term "Triple Crown" and the importance of the U.S. Triple Crown series, Simms went on to take the Preakness Stakes a few weeks later on a different horse, Sly Fox. He is the only African American jockey to win all three Triple Crown races.
Willie Simms finished his riding career with 1,125 wins and in 1977 was inducted into the National Museum of Racing and Hall of Fame
His name was frequently misspelled as "Sims" by media of his era.
- "Willie Simms". racingmuseum.org. 1977-01-01. Retrieved 2019-04-08.
- "Corbett Most". Boston Post. 1895-02-18. Retrieved 2018-11-10.
- "CPI Inflation Calculator". Alioth LLC. 2018-11-10. Retrieved 2018-11-10.
- "Sims Rode Five Winners". New York Times, page 3. 1894-08-18. Retrieved 2019-10-05.
- "Transatlantica American Studies Journal Section #22, The American Jockey, 1865-1910". Steven A. Riess. 2012-06-16. Retrieved 2019-04-08.