Vilcabamba mountain range

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Vilcabamba mountain range
Willka Pampa / Willkapampa
Salcantay Stevage.jpg
Salcantay
Highest point
Peak Salcantay
Elevation 6,271 m (20,574 ft)
Dimensions
Length 85 km (53 mi) N-S
Geography
Country Peru
State/Province Cusco Region
Parent range Andes

The Vilcabamba[1][2][3][4] mountain range is located in the region of Cusco, Peru, in the provinces of Anta, La Convención and Urubamba. It extends between 13°10' and 13°27'S. and 72°30' and 73°15'W for about 85 km.[2]

Toponyms[edit]

Most of the names in the range originate from Quechua. They used to be spelled according to a mainly Spanish-based orthography which is incompatible with the normalized spellings of these languages[citation needed] and Law 29735 which regulates the 'use, preservation, development, recovery, promotion and diffusion of the originary languages of Peru'. According to Article 20 of Decreto Supremo No 004-2016-MC (Supreme Decree) which approves the Regulations to Law 29735, published in the official newspaper El Peruano on July 22, 2016, adequate spellings of the toponyms in the normalized alphabets of the indigenous languages must progressively be proposed with the aim of standardizing the namings used by the IGN.[5] The IGN realizes the necessary changes in the official maps of Peru.[citation needed]

Hints to wrong spellings are terms containg hua and hui (instead of wa and wi), "e", "o", "ca", "cu", "qu" or diphthongs among others.[citation needed]

Etymology[edit]

The name Vilcabamba possibly comes from Aymara[6] and Quechua[7][8][9][10] willka: a species of tree, or a local God; and pampa: flat terrain, plain.

Mountains[edit]

The highest peak in the range is Salcantay at 6,271 metres (20,574 ft). Other mountains are listed below:[4][11][12]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Cordillera de Vilcabamba". Inventario Turistico del Perú. MINCETUR. Retrieved 2016-07-18. 
  2. ^ a b usgs.gov USGS, Peruvian Cordilleras
  3. ^ Biggar, John (2005). The Andes: A Guide for Climbers. Andes. pp. 109–112. ISBN 9780953608720. 
  4. ^ a b Jill Neate, Mountaineering in the Andes
  5. ^ "Decreto Supremo que aprueba el Reglamento de la Ley N° 29735, Ley que regula el uso, preservación, desarrollo, recuperación, fomento y difusión de las lenguas originarias del Perú, Decreto Supremo N° 004-2016-MC". Retrieved August 18, 2017. 
  6. ^ Ludovico Bertonio, Transcripción del vocabulario de la lengua aymara (Spanish-Aymara dictionary): Willka - Adoratorio dedicado al Sol u otros ídolos. / El Sol como antiguamente decían y ahora dicen inti. Pampa - El campo o todo lo que está fuera del pueblo, ahora sea cuesta, ahora llano. +Todo lo bajo respecto de la mesa o poyo, la tierra llana.
  7. ^ Teofilo Laime Ajacopa, Diccionario Bilingüe Iskay simipi yuyayk'ancha, La Paz, 2007 (Quechua-Spanish dictionary): willka - s. Nieto, ta respecto del abuelo. / s. Dios menor en la teogonia incaica.pampas. Campo. Lugar generalmente plano. Pampa. / s. Llanura. Terreno uniforme y dilatado, sin altos ni bajos pronunciados.
  8. ^ Diccionario Quechua - Español - Quechua, Academía Mayor de la Lengua Quechua, Gobierno Regional Cusco, Cusco 2005: willka - s. Hist. Idolo de este nombre. Icono o imagen que representaba la divinidad tutelar del valle que se extiende desde lo que hoy es La Raya –línea divisoria entre Cusco y Puno– hasta la montaña misma. (J.L.P.) || Apellido de origen inkaico. / s. Biznieto o biznieta. SINÓN: haway. || Linaje. || adj. Sagrado, divino, sacro.
  9. ^ Mariko Namba Walter,Eva Jane Neumann Fridman, Shamanism: An Encyclopedia of World Beliefs, Practices, and Culture, Vol. 1, p. 439 willka or vilca (Anadenanthera peregrina and Anadenanthera colubrina):
  10. ^ Bingham, Hiram III. (2002) The Lost City of the Incas. Centenary edition. New York:Sterling Publ. Co. p.155. (huilca a type of tree and pampa a lowland flat area)
  11. ^ escale.minedu.gob.pe - UGEL map of the La Convención Province and Urubamba Province (Cusco Region)
  12. ^ Conny Amelunxen, South America, Peru, Cordillera Vilcabamba, Pumasillo Group, Multiple Ascents, AAC publications,