Willmore Wilderness Park

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Willmore Wilderness Park
IUCN category Ib (wilderness area)
Mt deVeber Complex.jpg
Mount DeVeber in Willmore Wilderness Park
Map showing the location of Willmore Wilderness Park
Map showing the location of Willmore Wilderness Park
Location of Willmore Wilderness Park in Alberta
LocationAlberta, Canada
Nearest cityGrande Cache, Hinton
Coordinates53°42′05″N 119°03′21″W / 53.70139°N 119.05583°W / 53.70139; -119.05583Coordinates: 53°42′05″N 119°03′21″W / 53.70139°N 119.05583°W / 53.70139; -119.05583
Area4,568 km2 (1,764 sq mi)
Governing bodyAlberta Tourism, Parks and Recreation
Improvement District No. 25
Improvement district
Location within Alberta
Location within Alberta
Coordinates: 53°42′5″N 119°3′21″W / 53.70139°N 119.05583°W / 53.70139; -119.05583
Country Canada
Province Alberta
RegionAlberta's Rockies
Census divisionNo. 14
EstablishedJanuary 2, 1994[1]
Government
 • Governing bodyAlberta Municipal Affairs (AMA)
 • Minister of AMADeron Bilous
Area
 (2016)[3]
 • Land4,605.63 km2 (1,778.24 sq mi)
Population
 (2016)[3]
 • Total0
 • Density0/km2 (0/sq mi)
WebsiteAlberta Environment and Sustainable Resource Development website

Willmore Wilderness Park, located in Alberta, Canada, is a 4,600 square kilometres (1,800 sq mi) wilderness area adjacent to the world-famous Jasper National Park. It is lesser known and less visited than Jasper National Park. There are no public roads, bridges or buildings. There are, however, several ranger cabins in the park that are available as a courtesy to visitors.

Other parks surround this wilderness reserve: Kakwa Wildlands Park to the north, Kakwa Provincial Park and Protected Area to the west, Rock Lake Provincial Park to the south-west, Sulphur Gates Provincial Park to the west. Kakwa Wildlands Park, Kakwa Provincial Park and Willmore Wilderness Park comprise the first interprovincial shared between Alberta and British Columbia.[4][5]

Access to the park is via Highway 40, through the town of Grande Cache, and the four staging areas: Sulphur Gates, Cowlick Creek, Berland River and Rock Lake.[6] Motorised vehicles are not allowed in the park, transportation is done by foot, horse, mountain bike or ski.

Another staging area is found south-east of the park, in the town of Hinton.

Conservation[edit]

Current conservation-based research within Willmore includes:

The Willmore Biodiversity Monitoring Project

The Alberta Experimental Wolverine Monitoring Project

The park protects a large population of mountain goats and bighorn sheep (20% of the total population in Alberta). Other mammals commonly found here include grizzly bears, mountain caribou, elk, deer, cougars and timber wolves.[7] Coyotes, wolverines, lynx and black bears are also present in the sub-alpine region, while marmots, rock pika, ptarmigan and Rocky Mountain goats can be found in the higher alpine areas.

The sub-alpine environment contains white spruce, lodgepole pine, balsam fir and aspen poplar.

Several native burial sites are located at Big Grave Flats, as well as some early coal mining, forestry and trapper cabins.

Activities[edit]

Recreational activities in the park include camping, hiking, horseback riding, mountain biking, cross-country skiing and some hunting. Fishing for bull trout is only allowed in a catch and release fashion (reports of 20 lb bull trout have been caught on the upper part of the Jackpine River). Canoeing and whitewater rafting can be done on the Smoky River.

All motorized vehicles are prohibited within the park.

Open pit fires allowed.

Potential dangers while travelling through the park are changing weather (which can make rising waters dangerous to ford; there are not many bridges so don't get caught behind rising water), lost and water-logged trails and the abundant bear population.

Several trails cross the park (Indian Trail, Pope Thoreau Trail, Great Divide Trail), and horseback riding can be done along rivers and passes (Sulphur River, West Sulphur River, Rocky Pass, Jackknife Pass, Casket Pass, Forget-Me-Not Pass, Fetherstonhaugh Pass and Morkill Pass).

Rock Lake staging area allows easy access to north of Jasper park through Willow Creek trail. The 14 km trail joins the north boundary trail at about 49 km (from snake Indian river staging).

Administration[edit]

The park is administered by Alberta Municipal Affairs (as Improvement District No. 9) and is managed by Alberta Community Development as a wilderness park.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Location and History Profile". Alberta Municipal Affairs. Retrieved May 11, 2015.
  2. ^ "Alberta Municipal Affairs". Alberta Municipal Affairs. Retrieved May 25, 2015.
  3. ^ a b "Population and dwelling counts, for Canada, provinces and territories, and census subdivisions (municipalities), 2016 and 2011 censuses – 100% data (Alberta)". Statistics Canada. February 8, 2017. Retrieved February 8, 2017.
  4. ^ Kakwa-Willmore Interprovincial park
  5. ^ BC Parks infopage on Kakwa Provincial Park
  6. ^ Town of Grande Cache - Willmore Wilderness Park
  7. ^ Alberta Parks - Willmore Wilderness Park

External links[edit]