Willmore Wilderness Park
|Willmore Wilderness Park|
|Nearest city||Grande Cache, Hinton|
|Area||4,568 km2 (1,764 sq mi)|
|Established||April 7, 1959|
|Governing body||Alberta Tourism, Parks and Recreation|
Willmore Wilderness Park, located in Alberta, Canada, is a 4,600-square-kilometre (1,800 sq mi) wilderness area adjacent to Jasper National Park. It is lesser known and less visited than Jasper National Park. There are no public roads, bridges or buildings. There are, however, several ranger cabins in the park that are available as a courtesy to visitors.
Other parks surround this wilderness reserve: Kakwa Wildlands Park to the north, Kakwa Provincial Park and Protected Area to the west, Rock Lake Provincial Park to the south-west, Sulphur Gates Provincial Recreation Area to the east. Kakwa Wildlands Park, Kakwa Provincial Park and Willmore Wilderness Park comprise the first interprovincial park shared between Alberta and British Columbia.
Access to the park is via Highway 40, through the hamlet of Grande Cache, and the four staging areas: Sulphur Gates, Cowlick Creek, Berland River and Rock Lake. Motorized vehicles are not allowed in the park; transportation is done by foot, horse, mountain bike or ski.
In terms of local governance, those lands within Willmore Wilderness Park were split between the Improvement District (ID) No. 14 and ID No. 16 prior to 1994. Those lands within Willmore Wilderness Park were incorporated as ID No. 25 on January 2, 1994. The park was named on April 12, 1965 after Norman Willmore of Edson, a provincial cabinet minister and member of the Legislative Assembly of Alberta who was killed in a motor vehicle accident in February 1965. It was previously known as Wilderness Provincial Park, established in 1959 through a bill introduced by Willmore.
Willmore Wilderness Park is managed by Alberta Community Development as a wilderness park. Conservation-based research within the park includes:
- Willmore Biodiversity Monitoring Project
- Alberta Experimental Wolverine Monitoring Project
The park protects a large population of mountain goats and bighorn sheep (20% of the total population in Alberta). Other mammals commonly found here include grizzly bears, woodland caribou, elk, deer, cougars and timber wolves. Coyotes, wolverines, lynx and black bears are also present in the sub-alpine region, while marmots, rock pika, ptarmigan and Rocky Mountain goats can be found in the higher alpine areas.
Several First Nations burial sites are located at Big Grave Flats, as well as some early coal mining, forestry and trapper cabins.
Recreational activities in the park include camping, hiking, horseback riding, mountain biking, cross-country skiing and some hunting. Fishing for bull trout is allowed only in a catch-and-release fashion (9.1 kg or 20 lb bull trout have been caught on the upper part of the Jackpine River). Canoeing and whitewater rafting can be done on the Smoky River.
Motorized vehicles are prohibited within the park.
Open pit fires are allowed.
Potential dangers while travelling through the park are changing weather (which can make rising waters dangerous to ford), lost and water-logged trails and the abundant bear population.
Several trails cross the park (Indian Trail, Pope Thoreau Trail, Great Divide Trail), and horseback riding can be done along rivers and passes (Sulphur River, West Sulphur River, Rocky Pass, Jackknife Pass, Casket Pass, Forget-Me-Not Pass, Fetherstonhaugh Pass and Morkill Pass).
Rock Lake staging area allows easy access to north of Jasper park through Willow Creek trail. The 14 km trail joins the north boundary trail at about 49 km (from snake Indian River staging).
- List of protected areas of Alberta
- List of provincial parks in Alberta
- List of National Parks of Canada
- Cypress Hills Interprovincial Park (Alberta-Saskatchewan)
- Kakwa-Willmore Interprovincial park
- BC Parks infopage on Kakwa Provincial Park
- Town of Grande Cache - Willmore Wilderness Park
- "Municipal Profiles: Improvement Districts" (PDF). Alberta Municipal Affairs. October 1, 2021. pp. 36–42. Retrieved October 3, 2021.
- "Alberta Municipal Affairs". Alberta Municipal Affairs. Retrieved May 25, 2015.
- "Park Named After Minister". Edmonton Jounral. April 13, 1965. Retrieved April 4, 2022.
- Bill 87, A Bill to Establish the Wilderness Provincial Park
- "Willmore Park Bill Introduced". Edmonton Journal. March 12, 1965. Retrieved April 4, 2022.
- Alberta Parks - Willmore Wilderness Park