Location of Willow, Alaska
|• Borough mayor||Larry DeVilbiss|
|• Total||692.9 sq mi (1,794.5 km2)|
|• Land||684.8 sq mi (1,773.7 km2)|
|• Water||8.0 sq mi (20.8 km2)|
|Elevation||213 ft (65 m)|
|• Density||2.4/sq mi (0.9/km2)|
|Time zone||Alaska (AKST) (UTC-9)|
|• Summer (DST)||AKDT (UTC-8)|
|ZIP codes||99683, 99688|
|GNIS feature ID||1417146|
Willow is a census-designated place (CDP) in the Matanuska-Susitna Borough in the U.S. state of Alaska. It is part of the Anchorage, Alaska Metropolitan Statistical Area. At the 2000 census the population was 1,658.
The community got its start in 1897 when miners discovered gold on Willow Creek. Ships and boats brought supplies and equipment up Cook Inlet, landing at Knik or Tyonek. From Knik, a 26-mile summer trail went northwesterly. The trail along Willow Creek heading east became Hatcher Pass Road, currently an adventurous scenic road used during the summer tour season.
During World War II, a radar warning station and airfield were built near the railroad tracks; a post office was established in 1948.
By 1954, Willow Creek was Alaska's largest gold mining district, with a total production approaching 18 million dollars.
Around 1970, before construction of the Parks Highway, Willow had a population of 78 until land disposals, homestead subdivisions, and completion of the George Parks Highway in 1972 fueled growth in the area.
In 1976, Alaskans elected to move the state capital from Juneau to Willow in an effort to improve access for Alaskans while keeping the capital out of Anchorage, the largest city. Landscape architect M. Paul Friedberg created a master plan for the city as part of one such proposal. This fueled interest and land speculation in the area. However, funding to enable the capital move was defeated in the November 1982 election. As a result, Juneau remains the state capital.
More than half of the 1,500 cabins around Willow are for seasonal-use. Nearly all of the occupied homes in Willow are fully plumbed, using individual on-site water wells, septic tanks and drain fields.
Willow is now the official host of the Iditarod Trail Sled Dog Race restart.
In 2015, a large wildfire burned thousands of acres of wilderness, numerous structures and forced the closure of the George Parks Highway, severing the road link between Anchorage and Fairbanks. As of June 15, 2015, the fire is ongoing.
Willow is located at (61.769345, -149.991065).
According to the United States Census Bureau, the CDP has a total area of 692.9 square miles (1,795 km2), of which, 684.8 square miles (1,774 km2) of it is land and 8.0 square miles (21 km2) of it (1.16%) is water. By area, it is the largest CDP in the United States.
As of the census of 2000, there were 1,658 people, 654 households, and 438 families residing in the CDP. The population density was 2.4 people per square mile (0.9/km²). There were 1,530 housing units at an average density of 2.2 per square mile (0.9/km²). The racial makeup of the CDP was 92.40% White, 3.08% Native American, 0.24% Asian, 0.42% from other races, and 3.86% from two or more races. 1.27% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.
There were 654 households out of which 32.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 56.6% were married couples living together, 5.5% had a female householder with no husband present, and 33.0% were non-families. 25.8% of all households were made up of individuals and 4.9% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.54 and the average family size was 3.08.
In the CDP the population was spread out with 27.9% under the age of 18, 5.4% from 18 to 24, 27.9% from 25 to 44, 29.2% from 45 to 64, and 9.6% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females there were 114.2 males. Of residents age 18 and over, there were 119.3 males for every 100 females.
The median income for a household in the CDP was $38,906, and the median income for a family was $41,944. Males had a median income of $42,188 versus $29,792 for females. The per capita income for the CDP was $22,323. About 15.3% of families and 22.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 38.1% of those under age 18 and 4.6% of those age 65 or over.
Due to its outlying location and access to trails, Willow has become a popular destination for a number of notable dog mushers. Iditarod Trail Sled Dog Race competitors DeeDee Jonrowe, Beverly Masek and Iditarod winner Dallas Seavey have established their residence and dog kennels in Willow. Masek also represented Willow and the surrounding area in the Alaska House of Representatives from 1995 to 2005.
- "2013 ACoM Members". Online Resource Center, Alaska Conference of Mayors. Juneau: Alaska Municipal League. 2013. Retrieved May 29, 2013.
- State of Alaska Dept of Commerce, Division of Community & Regional Affairs Community Database Online at http://www.dced.state.ak.us/dca/commdb/CF_BLOCK.cfm
- Dictionary of Alaska Place Names
- AK DCRA Community Overview
- Community Overview
- M. Paul Friedberg and Partners Timeline, http://mpfp.com/timeline/index.shtml
- "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
- "Census Of Population And Housing". U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 2011-05-07.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.