Willys M38A1

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Willys M38A1
Jeep CJ (Ste. Anne De Bellevue Veteran's Hospital '10).jpg
Manufacturer Willys 1952–1953
Willys Motors / Kaiser Jeep 1953–1971
NEKAF[nb 1] 1955–1962
Also called Willys MD
Production 1952-1971
Body and chassis
Body style 2-door SUV
Layout Front-engine, four-wheel-drive
Engine 134 cu in (2.20 L) Hurricane I4 (gasoline)
Transmission 3-speed Borg-Warner T-90 manual
Wheelbase 81.0 in (2,060 mm) [1]
Length 138.6 in (3,520 mm) [2]
Width 60.9 in (1,550 mm) (body) [2]
Height 73 in (1,900 mm) with top up [1]
Curb weight 2,660 lb (1,210 kg)
Predecessor Willys M38
Successor M151

The M38A1 Truck, Utility: 1/4 ton, 4x4, or Willys MD, was a four-wheel drive utility vehicle made by Willys from 1952 to 1971. It was widely procured by the U.S. military from 1952 until 1957, after which it was purchased by the U.S. Marine Corps and exported to foreign governments until the end of production in 1971. The Marine version had minor differences from the units used by other branches. Production totalled 101,488 units (80,290 domestic / 21,198 foreign sales).

The M38A1 / MD was the first Willys Jeep to feature the round fender and hood design that would become the distinguishing body style of the 1955 CJ-5, and which was carried through the CJ-6, CJ-7 and CJ-8.[2]

Drive Train[edit]

The M38A1 used the Willys Hurricane F-Head 134 inline-four engine, T-90 3 speed transmission, Dana 18 transfer case, either the Dana 25 or the Dana 27 front axle, and Dana 44 rear axle.

The long wheelbase M170 ambulance variant of the M38A1 formed the basis for the civilian Willys CJ-6 model


  1. ^ (NEtherlands KAiser-Frazer Factory)


External links[edit]