Willys M38A1

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Willys / Kaiser MD / M38A1
'67 Kaiser Jeep (Auto classique VAQ St-Lambert '12).jpg
1967 Kaiser Jeep
Overview
ManufacturerWillys 1952–1953
Willys Motors / Kaiser Jeep 1953–1971
NEKAF[nb 1] 1955–1962
Sherkat-Sahami (Iran)[1]
Also calledWillys MD
Production1952–1971
Body and chassis
Body style2-door SUV
LayoutFront-engine, four-wheel-drive
Related
Powertrain
Engine134 cu in (2.20 L) Hurricane I4 (gasoline)
Transmission3-speed Borg-Warner T-90 manual
Dimensions
Wheelbase81.0 in (2,060 mm) [2]
Length138.6 in (3,520 mm) [3]
Width60.9 in (1,550 mm) (body) [3]
Height73 in (1,900 mm) with top up [2]
Curb weight2,660 lb (1,210 kg)
Chronology
PredecessorWillys M38
SuccessorFord M151

The M38A1 Truck, Utility: 1/4 ton, 4x4, or Willys MD, was a four-wheel drive, military light utility vehicle, made by Willys and Willys Motors / Kaiser Jeep from 1952 to 1971. It was widely procured by the U.S. military from 1952 until 1957, after which it was purchased by the U.S. Marine Corps and exported to foreign governments until the end of production in 1971. The Marine version had minor differences from the units used by other branches. Production totalled 101,488 units (80,290 domestic / 21,198 foreign sales). The vehicle saw extensive use during the Korean War, Vietnam War and several other conflicts.

Description[edit]

The M38A1 / MD was the second post-war evolution of the World War II Willys MB jeep (after the M38 or MC; F engine Prototypes), and the first Willys Jeep to feature the new rounded fenders and hood body design that would become the distinguishing body style of the 1955 CJ-5, and which was carried through for decades on the CJ-6, CJ-7 and CJ-8 Jeeps.[3]

Drive Train[edit]

The M38A1 used the Willys Hurricane F-Head 134 inline-four engine, T-90 3 speed transmission, Dana 18 transfer case, either the Dana 25 or the Dana 27 front axle, and Dana 44 rear axle.

Variants[edit]

M38A1 MD[edit]

Basic utility version.

M38A1C[edit]

Modified version equipped with a M40A1 106mm recoilless rifle.

M170 ambulance[edit]

The long wheelbase M170 ambulance variant of the M38A1 formed the basis for the civilian Willys CJ-5 model

Long wheelbase ambulance version.

Welding M38A1 Unit[edit]

U.S. Marines Variant[edit]

U.S. Air Force DJ Variant[edit]

Other Variants[edit]

Dutch[edit]

Nekaf Dutch variant, produced in the Netherlands.

Canadian[edit]

Cdn Canadian variants M38A1Cdn, M38A1Cdn2, and M38A1Cdn3 produced in Canada.

South Korean[edit]

KM-41 and Keohwa M-5GA1 versions produced in South Korea.

Iranian[edit]

Jeep Truck copies (variously called the Simurg or Simoorgh) produced by the firm of Sherkat-Sahami in Iran.[4]

Operators[edit]

Dutch Army M38A1 MD jeep
An ex-Bangladesh Army(Obtained from the surrendered Pakistan Army in 1971) M40 recoilless rifle mounted on a Willys Jeep M38A1 on display in the Bangladesh Military Museum.

Non-state military operators[edit]

Service history[edit]

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ (NEtherlands KAiser-Frazer Factory)

Reference notes[edit]

  1. ^ Neville, Technicals: Non-Standard Tactical Vehicles from the Great Toyota War to modern Special Forces (2018), p. 41.
  2. ^ a b M38A1 Data Sheet TM9-500.pdf
  3. ^ a b c About Willys M38A1: History & Technical Specs – KaiserWillys.com
  4. ^ Neville, Technicals: Non-Standard Tactical Vehicles from the Great Toyota War to modern Special Forces (2018), p. 41.
  5. ^ "Arms for freedom". 29 December 2017. Retrieved 2019-08-31.
  6. ^ Neville, Technicals: Non-Standard Tactical Vehicles from the Great Toyota War to modern Special Forces (2018), p. 16.
  7. ^ "Kader Factory". Aoi.com.eg. Archived from the original on 23 July 2013. Retrieved 16 October 2011.
  8. ^ Neville, Technicals: Non-Standard Tactical Vehicles from the Great Toyota War to modern Special Forces (2018), p. 41.
  9. ^ Conboy and Greer, War in Laos 1954–1975 (1994), p. 59.
  10. ^ https://foro.flotilla-aerea.com/t/vehiculos-de-la-guardia-nacional-de-nicaragua/532/20
  11. ^ Neville, Technicals: Non-Standard Tactical Vehicles from the Great Toyota War to modern Special Forces (2018), p. 41.
  12. ^ Neville, Technicals: Non-Standard Tactical Vehicles from the Great Toyota War to modern Special Forces (2018), p. 41.
  13. ^ Kassis, Véhicules Militaires au Liban/Military Vehicles in Lebanon (2012), p. 51.
  14. ^ Neville, Technicals: Non-Standard Tactical Vehicles from the Great Toyota War to modern Special Forces (2018), p. 9.
  15. ^ Neville, Technicals: Non-Standard Tactical Vehicles from the Great Toyota War to modern Special Forces (2018), p. 9.
  16. ^ El-Assad, Civil Wars Volume 1: The Gun Trucks (2008), p. 135.
  17. ^ Neville, Technicals: Non-Standard Tactical Vehicles from the Great Toyota War to modern Special Forces (2018), p. 9.
  18. ^ Kassis, Véhicules Militaires au Liban/Military Vehicles in Lebanon (2012), p. 60.
  19. ^ Kassis, Véhicules Militaires au Liban/Military Vehicles in Lebanon (2012), p. 53.
  20. ^ Neville, Technicals: Non-Standard Tactical Vehicles from the Great Toyota War to modern Special Forces (2018), p. 14.
  21. ^ Kassis, 30 Years of Military Vehicles in Lebanon (2003), p. 35.
  22. ^ Neville, Technicals: Non-Standard Tactical Vehicles from the Great Toyota War to modern Special Forces (2018), p. 15.
  23. ^ Naud, La Guerre Civile Libanaise - 1re partie: 1975-1978 (2012), pp. 8–16.
  24. ^ https://foro.flotilla-aerea.com/t/vehiculos-de-la-guardia-nacional-de-nicaragua/532/20
  25. ^ Neville, Technicals: Non-Standard Tactical Vehicles from the Great Toyota War to modern Special Forces (2018), p. 9.
  26. ^ Kassis, 30 Years of Military Vehicles in Lebanon (2003), p. 24.
  27. ^ Kassis, Véhicules Militaires au Liban/Military Vehicles in Lebanon (2012), p. 58.
  28. ^ Neville, Technicals: Non-Standard Tactical Vehicles from the Great Toyota War to modern Special Forces (2018), p. 9.

General references[edit]

  • TM 9-804A14-ton 4x4 utility truck M38A1, Technical manual (1952)
  • TH 9-345 NEKAF M38A1 Dutch M38A1 made by NEKAF, Technical manual (1957)
  • Kenneth Conboy and Don Greer, War in Laos 1954-1975, Carrollton, TX: Squadron/Signal Publications, 1994. ISBN 0-89747-315-9
  • Samer Kassis, 30 Years of Military Vehicles in Lebanon, Beirut: Elite Group, 2003. ISBN 9953-0-0705-5
  • Samer Kassis, Véhicules Militaires au Liban/Military Vehicles in Lebanon 1975-1981, Trebia Publishing, Chyah 2012. ISBN 978-9953-0-2372-4
  • Leigh Neville, Technicals: Non-Standard Tactical Vehicles from the Great Toyota War to modern Special Forces, New Vanguard series 257, Osprey Publishing Ltd, Oxford 2018. ISBN 9781472822512
  • Moustafa El-Assad, Civil Wars Volume 1: The Gun Trucks, Blue Steel books, Sidon 2008. ISBN 9789953012568
  • Philipe Naud, La Guerre Civile Libanaise - 1re partie: 1975-1978, Steelmasters Magazine, August–September 2012, pp. 8–16. ISSN 1962-4654 (in French)

External links[edit]