Wilma Leona Jackson
|Wilma Leona Jackson|
September 1, 1909|
|Died||March 23, 1998
|Allegiance||United States of America|
|Service/branch||United States Navy|
|Years of service||1936–1958|
|Commands held||Director of the United States Navy Nurse Corps, 1954-1958|
|Battles/wars||World War II
|Awards||American Defense Service Medal
Asiatic Victory Medal
National Defense Service Medal
Capt Wilma Leona Jackson was the third Director of the United States Navy Nurse Corps, serving in that position from 1954 to 1958.
Wilma Leona Jackson was born to Roy and Carrie (Furnas) Class in Union, Ohio in 1909. She attended Butler Centralized School, Vandalia, OH, graduating in 1927. In September 1930 she graduated from nurse's training school at Miami Valley Hospital, Dayton, OH.
Leona Jackson was appointed to the United States Navy Nurse Corps on 6 July 1936. She served her first few years, from 1936 until 1939 at the Naval Hospital, Philadelphia, PA and then at the Naval Hospital, Brooklyn, NY from 1939 to 1940.
In 1940, then Ensign Jackson was assigned to the Naval Hospital, Guam, Marianas Islands. In December 1941, two days after Pearl Harbor, the Japanese invaded and took all personnel prisoner. Jackson and three other nurses, under the supervision of Chief Nurse Marian Olds, continued to work at the hospital until they were transported to Japan where they were held as prisoners of war until August 1942 when they were repatriated through Mozambique.
Jackson was promoted to LTJG in 1943 and then, in 1944, she was assigned to the Navy's Bureau of Medicine and Surgery (BUMED) in Washington, D. C.. After her promotion to LT in 1944, she returned to Guam where she was assigned to Fleet Hospital #103. She was the Senior Nurse Corps Officer in the Island Command until her transfer in December 1945.
- 1946 - Navy Department at Naval Dispensary, Washington, D.C.
- 1950 - Education Officer in Nursing Section of BUMED
- 1950-1952 - DUINS at Columbia University, NYC to get BS and MA in Nursing Administration
- 1952 - Naval Hospital, Oakland, CA.
- 1953 - Chief Nurse, Naval Hospital, Portsmouth, VA.
- 1 May 1954 - Director, United States Navy Nurse Corps
- 2 May 1954 - Officer Grade Limitation Act of 1954 (Public Law #349) increase in temporary CDRs and LCDRs in the NNC
- Retired 1958
- "I Was on Guam", Leona Jackson, The American Journal of Nursing, Vol. 42, No. 11 (November, 1942), pp. 1244–1246.
- "Nurse Prescribes Navy For Wedding Belles", Stars and Stripes, 8 May 1954.
- "New Navy Nurse Director", Stars and Stripes, 8 March 1954.
- Sterner, Doris M. (1997). In and Out of Harm's Way: A history of the U.S. Navy Nurse Corps. Seattle, WA: Peanut Butter Publishing. ISBN 0-89716-706-6.
- Ebbert, Jean and Marie-Beth Hall (1999). Crossed Currents: Navy Women from WWI to Tailhook [Revised]. Washington, D.C.: Brassey's. ISBN 978-1-57488-193-6.
- Godson, Susan H. (2001). Serving Proudly: A history of Women in the U.S. Navy. Annapolis, MD: Naval Institute Press. ISBN 1-55750-317-6. Fact filled, extensively researched account of the evolution of the roles of women in the United States Navy, treating the parallel and intertwined paths of the Navy Nurse Corps and the WAVES. About one-third of the pages are devoted to notes and bibliography.
- Nurses and the U.S. Navy -- Overview and Special Image Selection Naval Historical Center
|Director, Navy Nurse Corps
Ruth Agatha Houghton