Wilmington, Ohio

Coordinates: 39°26′10″N 83°48′50″W / 39.43611°N 83.81389°W / 39.43611; -83.81389
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Wilmington, Ohio
Wilmington Commercial Historic District
Wilmington Commercial Historic District
"A Worthy Heritage, A Winning Future"
Location of Wilmington in Clinton County
Location of Wilmington in Clinton County
Wilmington is located in Ohio
Wilmington is located in the United States
Coordinates: 39°26′10″N 83°48′50″W / 39.43611°N 83.81389°W / 39.43611; -83.81389
CountryUnited States
 • MayorPat Haley (R)[citation needed]
 • Total13.09 sq mi (33.91 km2)
 • Land12.94 sq mi (33.52 km2)
 • Water0.15 sq mi (0.39 km2)
Elevation1,014 ft (309 m)
 • Total12,664
 • Density978.52/sq mi (377.80/km2)
Time zoneUTC-5 (Eastern (EST))
 • Summer (DST)UTC-4 (EDT)
ZIP code
Area code(s)937, 326
FIPS code39-85792
GNIS feature ID2397327[2]

Wilmington is a city in and the county seat of Clinton County, Ohio, United States.[3] The population was 12,664 at the 2020 census. It is the principal city of the Wilmington micropolitan area, which includes all of Clinton County and is part of the greater Cincinnati–Wilmington–Maysville combined statistical area.

Home to Wilmington College, founded in 1870 by the Society of Friends, the city and the surrounding area include more than one dozen Quaker meeting houses. The city features a weather forecast office of the National Weather Service, which serves all of Southwestern Ohio and portions of Kentucky and Indiana.


Wilmington Carnegie Public Library

The town of Clinton was founded in 1810 as seat of the newly formed Clinton County; the name was changed to Wilmington in 1811. The village was incorporated in 1828.[4]

In 1833, Wilmington contained a brick courthouse, a jail, fourteen stores, two taverns, two groceries, four churches, and 100 residential houses.[5]

Wilmington was featured in Time magazine on December 8, 1997, as a small town that is attractive to suburban families. The city was also showcased in a 1995 publication titled The 100 Best Small Towns in America.[6]


According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 10.93 square miles (28.31 km2), of which 10.89 square miles (28.20 km2) is land and 0.04 square miles (0.10 km2) is water.[7]


Climate data for Wilmington, OH (1991–2020 normals, extremes 1917–present)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °F (°C) 79
Mean daily maximum °F (°C) 36.8
Daily mean °F (°C) 29.1
Mean daily minimum °F (°C) 21.4
Record low °F (°C) −25
Average precipitation inches (mm) 2.91
Average precipitation days (≥ 0.01 in) 13.3 11.6 12.2 13.4 14.1 12.5 11.7 10.5 10.6 11.1 10.6 12.9 144.5
Source: NOAA[8][9]


Historical population
U.S. Decennial Census

2010 census[edit]

As of the census[10] of 2010, there were 12,520 people, 5,072 households, and 2,995 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,149.7 inhabitants per square mile (443.9/km2). There were 5,827 housing units at an average density of 535.1 per square mile (206.6/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 88.3% White, 6.1% African American, 0.2% Native American, 0.8% Asian, 0.1% Pacific Islander, 0.9% from other races, and 3.5% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.6% of the population.

There were 5,072 households, of which 31.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 37.8% were married couples living together, 16.3% had a female householder with no husband present, 4.9% had a male householder with no wife present, and 41.0% were non-families. 35.3% of all households were made up of individuals, and 15% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.27 and the average family size was 2.92.

The median age in the city was 33.7 years. 23.5% of residents were under the age of 18; 14.8% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 24.2% were from 25 to 44; 23% were from 45 to 64; and 14.5% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 46.7% male and 53.3% female.

2000 census[edit]

As of the census of 2000, there were 11,921 people, 4,867 households, and 2,929 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,599.9 inhabitants per square mile (617.7/km2). There were 5,284 housing units at an average density of 709.2 per square mile (273.8/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 90.66% White, 6.72% African American, 0.23% Native American, 0.65% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 0.25% from other races, and 1.49% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.84% of the population.

There were 4,867 households, out of which 30.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 42.7% were married couples living together, 13.7% had a female householder with no husband present, and 39.8% were non-families. 33.7% of all households were made up of individuals, and 13.4% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.28 and the average family size was 2.92.

In the city the population was spread out, with 23.7% under the age of 18, 15.8% from 18 to 24, 27.3% from 25 to 44, 19.2% from 45 to 64, and 14.1% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 32 years. For every 100 females, there were 89.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 84.4 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $34,880, and the median income for a family was $43,619. Males had a median income of $31,645 versus $22,627 for females. The per capita income for the city was $17,346. About 8.9% of families and 11.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 14.6% of those under age 18 and 10.5% of those age 65 or over.


In the early 1950s, the city became home to a number of U.S. Department of Defense facilities, most notably the Clinton County Air Force Base. Following its closure in 1971, the economy of the city hovered in recession for more than a decade. After a number of small attempts to reuse the abandoned air force base, Airborne Express purchased the facility in 1979 for $850,000, a fraction of the estimated $100 million spent to construct it[citation needed]. During the next 24 years, Airborne invested more than $250 million to build a hub for its national delivery network, including new sort centers, a 9,000-foot (2,700 m) runway, aircraft hangars, machine shops, flight simulators, a state of art control tower, and a modern administration building to accommodate an estimated 6,000 employees and its fleet of 125 DC-8, DC-9 and Boeing 767 aircraft.

In 2003, Airborne Express reorganized and ABX Air, Inc., was created. ABX Air is a contract freight forwarding business whose primary customer is DHL, one of the world's largest international shipping firms. ABX's parent company, Air Transport Services Group, is based in Wilmington. Owned by the Deutsche Post WorldNet, a German holding company, DHL consolidated its US flight and sorting hub operations in Wilmington in 2005. Restructuring in May 2008 resulted in eight thousand layoffs,[11] and six months later the Wilmington hub was closed, resulting in another eight thousand layoffs.[12]

The facility closed in July 2009, and DHL moved to a much smaller sorting operation at the Cincinnati-Northern Kentucky International Airport. Wilmington's airport hosts a comparatively smaller Maintenance Repair and Overhaul venture, along with Airborne Maintenance and Engineering Services, employing several hundred employees under the auspices of the ABX Air parent company, ATSG (Air Transport Services Group).[13]

On July 16, 2009, the Wilmington City Council voted unanimously to establish Wilmington as a "Green Enterprise Zone". The legislation will facilitate green economic development by creating financial incentives for the creation of green collar jobs. The City Council passed the measure in response to an economic grassroots movement initiated in October 2008 by two Wilmington High School graduates, Mark Rembert and Taylor Stuckert, aided by Pure Blue Energy, LLC a consulting firm out of North Carolina. Wilmington is the first city in the United States to pass such a law.

The AZEK Company has main flagship manufacturing plant located in Wilmington, which produces composite decking and railing systems under brand TimberTech & AZEK. With this Green Enterprise Zone initiative in place, AZEK company in 2018 opened state-of-the-art Polyethylene recycling plant in Wilmington Airpark which recycles post-industrial and post-consumer polyethylene and makes it into raw material for TimberTech decking.

Wilmington is also home to CMH Regional Health System,[14] a regional health provider. From its base of operations at Clinton Memorial Hospital, the non-profit corporation has established health clinics in almost a dozen satellite locations in Southwestern Ohio. In 2007, CMH opened the Foster J. Boyd, MD, Regional Cancer Center in Wilmington, providing cancer treatment services for patients throughout Southwest Ohio. The hospital in Wilmington has 95 staffed beds, and employed nearly 1000 people as of fiscal year 2006.[15] The hospital also offers a six-bed Intensive Care Unit, a dedicated Emergency Room (with an average of over 30,000 visits from 2004–2006), an Obstetrics Unit (with 725 births in FY 2006), Surgical services (6,356 surgical procedures and 1,184 endoscopies FY 2006), Medical-Telemetry care, Medical-Surgical and Pediatric care, Physical Rehabilitation, Nuclear Medicine and CT services, and a Sleep Study center, amongst other various professional services at the hospital. RegionalCare Hospital Partners of Brentwood, Tennessee, purchased Clinton Memorial Hospital on November 30, 2010. The total sale price after adjustments was $82,137,477.[16]

In addition to air freight services and medical services, the city of Wilmington also competes in the truck freight industry, serving as corporate home to R+L Carriers, a trucking and shipping company located off of the intersection between U.S. 68 and I-71 north of Wilmington.[17]

Arts and culture[edit]

Murphy Theatre first opened in 1918

Wilmington is situated within one hour driving distance to Dayton, Cincinnati, and Columbus. In the mid 1990s, the annual Banana Split Festival[18] was started to commemorate the town's alleged creation of the famous treat in Wilmington in 1907. In addition, each year the city hosts the Clinton County Corn Festival, which pays homage to the agricultural tradition of the county.[19] In 2007, a new festival, the Hometown Holidazzle, was started, taking place in the late fall.[20] Aside from the annual events, Wilmington played host to a festival each year that a new Harry Potter book was released. Thousands would gather in downtown Wilmington at the Books 'N' More bookstore and surrounding businesses to celebrate each release.[21]

Located in the downtown business district is the historic Murphy Theatre, which can be seen in the film Lost In Yonkers, part of which was filmed in the city in the early 1990s.[22] It is also the setting of Michael Moore's 2016 documentary film, Michael Moore in TrumpLand.[23] The Murphy Theater stages productions throughout the year from various acts and ensembles as well as staging musicals and plays from neighboring school districts in the county. More recently, the Murphy is home to free screenings of classic movies, sponsored by a community group. The Murphy Theatre saw the marriage of actor John Ritter and wife Amy Yasbeck on September 18, 1999, with the marquee simply stating "Congratulations John and Amy."[24] Nearby in downtown Wilmington is the historic General Denver Hotel, which is named in honor of General James W. Denver, founder of the city of Denver, Colorado. General James Denver is also buried in Wilmington.


Wilmington is home to Wilmington College, a member of the Ohio Athletic Conference and participant in NCAA Division III sports. In 2004, the Wilmington College women's basketball team won the NCAA Women's Division III Basketball Championship, the most prestigious national title won by a Wilmington sport team. In the summer of 2008, the Quakers football home, Williams Stadium, underwent a major renovation, with new stadium lights and artificial playing field installed.


College Hall, the main building at Wilmington College

The Wilmington City Schools system includes Roy E. Holmes Elementary, Denver Place Elementary, East End Elementary, as well as Rodger O. Borror Middle School (formerly known as Wilmington Middle School) and Wilmington High School. The school district includes 166 square miles (430 km2), and is the largest in the county. ACT scores are above both the state and national averages, and over three-quarters of students go on to attend college, which is far above the state average of 40% although both are the lowest among the four high schools within the county.[25]

In addition, two college campuses are located in the city. Most notable is the campus of Wilmington College, a Quaker established college that dates from the nineteenth century, which focuses on liberal arts education with themes of global peace and understanding and majors in agriculture, education, athletic training, and small business.[26] Southern State Community College operates its North Campus in Wilmington, with other campuses in Washington Court House, Hillsboro, and Sardinia, with primary focus on transfer credits and health sciences, such as Nursing and Medical Assisting and Respiratory Therapy, as well as a Practical Nursing.[27]

The city is served by one of two branches of the Wilmington Public Library system.[28][29]


The city and surrounding areas are served by a daily newspaper published in Wilmington, the News Journal, and by two radio stations.

  • WALH-LP 106.7 FM (local programming, information and oldies music)
  • WKFI 1090 AM (simulcast of WBZI)


The city lies approximately 35 miles southeast of Dayton, 50 miles northeast of Cincinnati and 60 miles southwest of Columbus at the nexus of several routes that traverse Southwest Ohio. Wilmington is served by US Route 68, US Route 22/State Route 3, State Route 73, State Route 134 and State Route 730. The city does not have direct interstate access but is connected to Interstate 71 via US Route 68 and State Route 73.

Airborne Airpark serves as the city's airport. The airport sees substantial domestic and international cargo service but is not currently served by any commercial passenger services.

Freight railroad service is provided by the Indiana and Ohio Railway on a line owned by CSX Transportation between Cincinnati and Columbus.

The City of Wilmington operates its own publicly funded Rural Public Transportation Service through WTS (Wilmington Transit Systems). WTS is funded by the City of Wilmington, ODOT (Ohio Department of Transportation), and the FTA (Federal Transportation Administration).

Notable people[edit]


  1. ^ "ArcGIS REST Services Directory". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved September 20, 2022.
  2. ^ a b U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Wilmington, Ohio
  3. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved June 7, 2011.
  4. ^ Hellmann, Paul T. (May 13, 2013). Historical Gazetteer of the United States. Routledge. p. 877. ISBN 978-1135948597. Retrieved November 30, 2013.
  5. ^ Kilbourn, John (1833). The Ohio Gazetteer, or, a Topographical Dictionary. Scott and Wright. pp. 496. Retrieved December 12, 2013.
  6. ^ "The Great Escape". TIME Magazine. June 24, 2001. Archived from the original on November 3, 2012. Retrieved April 18, 2009.
  7. ^ "US Gazetteer files 2010". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on January 25, 2012. Retrieved January 6, 2013.
  8. ^ "NowData – NOAA Online Weather Data". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved June 26, 2021.
  9. ^ "Station: Wilmington, OH". U.S. Climate Normals 2020: U.S. Monthly Climate Normals (1991-2020). National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved June 26, 2021.
  10. ^ "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 6, 2013.
  11. ^ "DHL plan could cost 6,000 jobs at ABX". Dayton Daily News. May 29, 2008. Archived from the original on June 1, 2008.
  12. ^ "DHL Job Cuts Devastate Ohio Community". CNN. November 10, 2008.
  13. ^ Kuhn, Megan (February 24, 2009). "ABX parents moves forward with MRO unit". Flight Global. Air Transport Intelligence news. Archived from the original on August 4, 2009. Retrieved June 25, 2009.
  14. ^ "Clinton Memorial Hospital". Retrieved March 8, 2022.
  15. ^ "CMH REGIONAL HEALTH SYSTEM FACT SHEET 2006" (PDF). Clinton Memorial Hospital. Archived from the original (PDF) on March 20, 2009. Retrieved April 18, 2009.
  16. ^ Cooper, Rose (November 30, 2010). "Sale of Clinton Memorial Hospital completed". Wilmington News Journal. Archived from the original on February 9, 2013. Retrieved November 30, 2010.
  17. ^ "R&L; Carriers". Archived from the original on September 29, 2008. Retrieved September 21, 2008.
  18. ^ "Banana Split Festival". Retrieved June 25, 2009.
  19. ^ "Attractions". Clinton County Ohio. Retrieved March 8, 2022. Clinton County honors agriculture, the area's biggest industry, with a three-day extravaganza the weekend after Labor Day. Antique farm machinery, all types of food made from corn, antiques, crafts and the Corn Olympics.
  20. ^ "Wilmington's Hometown Holidazzle". Retrieved June 25, 2009.
  21. ^ "DEATHLY HALLOWS RELEASE PARTY IN THE WORKS!". Wizarding Wilmington Ohio. Archived from the original on February 22, 2007.
  22. ^ "Lost in Yonkers filming locations". IMDB. Retrieved June 25, 2009.
  23. ^ Genzlinger, Neil (October 19, 2016). "Review: 'Michael Moore in TrumpLand' Isn't About Donald Trump". New York Times. Retrieved November 17, 2016.
  24. ^ Biography for Amy Yasbeck at IMDb
  25. ^ "About Wilmington City Schools". Wilmington City Schools. Archived from the original on March 28, 2009. Retrieved April 18, 2009.
  26. ^ "Wilmington College". Retrieved April 18, 2009.
  27. ^ "Southern State Community College". Retrieved April 18, 2009.
  28. ^ "Home". Wilmington Public Library. Retrieved March 8, 2022.
  29. ^ Huffenberger, Gary (June 14, 2019). "A library's proud history - Wilmington News Journal". www.wnewsj.com. Wilmington News Journal. Retrieved February 6, 2023.

Further reading[edit]

External links[edit]