Wilson, Keppel and Betty
|Wilson, Keppel and Betty|
Eccentric dance act
|Known for||Music hall sand dance|
Wilson, Keppel and Betty formed a popular British music hall and vaudeville act in the middle decades of the 20th century. They capitalised on the fashion for Ancient Egyptian imagery following the discovery of the tomb of Tutankhamun. The "sand dance" that formed the highlight of their act was a parody of postures from Egyptian tomb paintings, combined with references to Arabic costume. The lithe and extremely lanky Wilson and Keppel, who wore long moustaches and make-up to emphasise the sharp angularity of the features and make them appear almost identical, demonstrated their impressive suppleness in adopting wild gestures and dancing in identical "stereo" movements, while Betty watched their antics. The dance itself was a soft-shoe routine performed on a layer of sand spread on the stage to create a rhythmic scratching with their shuffling feet. The act was usually performed to the familiar Egyptian Ballet (1875), by Alexandre Luigini.
Jack Wilson (30 January 1894 – 29 August 1970), was born in Warrington in Lancashire as John William Wilson, the son of a tanner; on leaving school Jack also worked as a tanner. During World War I Wilson served with the Royal Navy following which he travelled to Australia, where he joined Colleano's Circus in 1920.
Joe Keppel (5 May 1894 – 14 June 1977) was born in County Cork in Ireland as John Joseph Keppel. In 1912 he joined the Royal Navy, but was discharged after 5 months as being unfit. After making his way to Australia he joined the Royal Australian Navy in 1914 and was discharged as unfit after almost two years. On travelling to Australia he also joined Colleano's Circus, where he teamed up with Jack Wilson.
Betty joins the act
In 1920 the duo travelled to Canada where they toured in a comedy tap dancing act, later also performing in vaudeville venues in the United States. By 1928 they were performing as 'The Bus Boys' and in this year Kansas-born chorus girl Betty Knox (Alice Elizabeth Peden, 1906–63), at Des Moines, Iowa joined the act. She is said to have married mechanic Donald Knox in 1923 and to have divorced him after a brief marriage, but there are no records to confirm either event. Their daughter Jean Patricia Knox was born in 1923 in Salina, Kansas. She was to be brought up by her grandparents for the next 14 years while her mother worked firstly in a chorus line and then with Wilson and Keppel.
The act came to Britain to appear at the London Palladium for a few weeks in 1932 and stayed permanently. Over the years there were between 8 and 12 'Bettys', most of these appearing during the act's later years: Betty Knox retired from the act in 1941 to go into journalism, becoming a war correspondent during the Second World War, and reporting on the Nuremberg trials for three years as a correspondent for the London Evening Standard. She was among the first to report the suicide of Hermann Göring.
Their "Cleopatra's Nightmare" routine was performed in 1936 in Berlin and condemned by Joseph Goebbels as indecent. In the UK they were regarded as one of the best 'speciality acts' – acts designed to balance and support the star of a variety programme. Typically these acts would last about ten minutes, and be repeated twelve times a week (matinee and evening performance, every day except Sunday) in variety theatres all over the country. A fine example of the "Cleopatra's Nightmare" routine can be seen in the Harold Baim film Starlight Serenade.
In 1950 they appeared at the London Palladium on the same bill as Frank Sinatra. They toured all over the world, performing at shows in London, Europe, Las Vegas, India, the Far East and Near East, Australia, Scandinavia and South Africa. They finally retired in 1962 after a performance in Great Yarmouth. Betty Knox died in 1963 at her home in Düsseldorf in Germany, where she had lived since the end of World War II.
Jack Wilson moved into Brinsworth House, a retirement home for showbusiness personalities, where he died in 1970, while Joe Keppel died in St Finbars Hospital in his native Cork in Ireland in 1977. Patsy Knox died in 1984 in Pearland in Texas.
A pop art sculpture of the trio, The Sand Dancers made by Nicholas Monro for the Sands Hotel, Edinburgh, is now part of the Treadwell Collection. An almost exact rendition of their sand dance was performed by Matt Berry and Harry Peacock in the 'Bob a Job' episode of Toast of London, broadcast on 9 December 2015.
The trio's first biography, Wilson, Keppel and Betty: Too Naked for the Nazis by Alan Stafford was published by Fantom Publishing in 2015.
George Melly, the celebrated jazz vocalist is quoted in his biography as saying "There were several Bettys, they would get rid of one after about 10 years." Melly was mistaken in this as each dancer was part of the act for years or was on a short term contract; all agreed, however, that Wilson and Keppel were a joy to work with. In addition to Betty (1928-1941) and Patsy Knox (1942-1950), the other Bettys included Edna May Lark (who once stood-in in for Patsy Knox), Jean Bamberger (Betty in 1933), Eunice Roberts (Betty in 1941), Barbara Holt (Betty in 1951), Irene Edwin-Scott (Betty in 1951-54), Mary Wemys (who appeared in the act in Las Vegas in 1954), Valerie Cottrell (Betty in 1955-56), Maureen Drew (Betty in 1956 and the first Betty to appear on television), and Jean McKinnon, who took over in 1956 and was the last Betty when the act broke up in 1962.
- Alan Stafford, WIlson, Keppel and Betty: Too Naked for the Nazis - Fantom Publishing (2015) p.17
- Stafford, p.17
- Luke McKernan (2007). "The Wilson, Keppel and Betty Story" (PDF).
- Stafford, p.44
- Stafford, p.29
- Stafford, p.42
- Ruth M. Pettis. "Mann, Erika (1905–1969)". glbtq: An encyclopedia of gay, lesbian, transgender, & queer culture. Retrieved 2 October 2013.
- Freda Utley (1949). "The Nuremberg Judgments". The High Cost of Vengeance. Henry Regnery Company. Retrieved 2 October 2013.
- "The Press: Vigil in Nurnberg". Time. 28 October 1946.
- Ronnie Bray (March 2007). "Herr Göbbels Flunks the Ballet Egyptien Test". Open Writing.
- "Wilson, Keppel and Betty at the London Palladium in 1933". The Royal Variety Performance website.
- Roger Wilmut. Kindly Leave the Stage – a history of Variety, 1919–1960. ISBN 0-413-48960-4.
- "Wilson, Keppel and Betty — Curios". That's Entertainment.
- Stafford, p.232
- "Nicholas Monro". Treadwells. Retrieved 22 August 2011.
- Stafford, p.237