Wilson, Texas

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Wilson, Texas
Photo of the Green Building in downtown Wilson
The Green Building in downtown Wilson
Map of Texas
Map of Texas
Wilson
Location in Texas
Map of Texas
Map of Texas
Wilson
Location in the United States
Coordinates: 33°19′01″N 101°43′27″W / 33.31694°N 101.72417°W / 33.31694; -101.72417Coordinates: 33°19′01″N 101°43′27″W / 33.31694°N 101.72417°W / 33.31694; -101.72417[1]
Country United States
State Texas
CountyLynn
RegionLlano Estacado
Established1912
Founded byWilliam Dickson Green
Area
 • Total0.65 sq mi (1.67 km2)
 • Land0.64 sq mi (1.67 km2)
Elevation3,120 ft (950 m)
Population
 • Total489
 • Estimate 
(2019)[4]
490
 • Density758.6/sq mi (292.89/km2)
Time zoneUTC-6 (CST)
ZIP code
79381
Area code806
FIPS code48-79612
WebsiteHandbook of Texas
Grain silos on the south side of Wilson

Wilson is a small rural city in the northeastern quadrant of Lynn County, Texas, United States. As of the 2010 census, the population was 489.[3]

History[edit]

The town of Wilson was established in 1912 by William Dickson Green of Shiner, Texas, and Lonnie Lumsden.[5] Early settlers included German and Polish emigrant farmers who acquired property on former Wilson County School lands located in Lynn County, hence the city's name.[6][7]

Wilson was founded in anticipation that the Panhandle and Santa Fe Railway would lay tracks through the area.[5] The Panhandle and Santa Fe Railway Company was one of the two major operating subsidiaries of the Atchison, Topeka and Santa Fe Railway Company (Santa Fe) in Texas, with lines crossing the Texas Panhandle and South Plains regions, as well as a line across the Trans-Pecos to Presidio. A branch line between Slaton Junction and Lamesa was constructed in 1911, and this line would pass directly through Wilson.[8]

In 1917, William Green built the "Green Building" that housed a mercantile store that quickly became the center of activity in this small town.[5] The couple most involved in operating the store were Mr. and Mrs. J.T. Williams, who managed the store from 1916 to 1936, when Mr. Williams died.[5] Mrs. Williams continued to manage the store for another few years until the early 1940s. In 1963, the citizens of Wilson celebrated the renovation of the Green Building, and today, the refurbished building serves as the city hall and historical museum, and continues to be a community gathering spot.[5]

Geography[edit]

Wilson rests upon the level High Plains of the Llano Estacado in West Texas. It is situated at the intersection of Farm to Market Road 400 and Farm to Market Road 211. Farm to Market Road 400 runs parallel to the tracks of the former Panhandle and Santa Fe Railway. This branch line was abandoned in 1999 and Wilson no longer has access to rail transport.

It is located at 33°19′01″N 101°43′27″W / 33.31694°N 101.72417°W / 33.31694; -101.72417 (33.3170352, –101.7240454).[1] It is 11 miles (18 km) northeast of Tahoka, the Lynn county seat.

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 0.6 square miles (1.6 km2), all of it land.[2]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1960403
19704337.4%
198057833.5%
1990568−1.7%
2000532−6.3%
2010489−8.1%
2019 (est.)490[4]0.2%
U.S. Decennial Census[9]

As of the 2010 census,[10] 489 people resided in Wilson, down from 532 people in 2000. According to the 2000 census, 182 households and 139 families resided in the city. The population density was 816.8 people per square mile (316.0/km2). The 194 housing units averaged 297.8/sq mi (115.2/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 72.56% White, 0.94% African American, 22.18% from other races, and 4.32% from two or more races. Hispanics or Latinos of any race were 55.45% of the population.

Of the 182 households, 39.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 62.1% were married couples living together, 9.9% had a female householder with no husband present, and 23.1% were not families; 19.8% of all households were made up of individuals, and 8.2% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.92 and the average family size was 3.41.

In the city, the population was distributed as 32.1% under the age of 18, 10.3% from 18 to 24, 23.1% from 25 to 44, 23.5% from 45 to 64, and 10.9% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 32 years. For every 100 females, there were 103.8 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 102.8 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $28,333, and for a family was $32,000. Males had a median income of $26,944 versus $18,438 for females. The per capita income for the city was $12,654. About 15.0% of families and 26.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 36.6% of those under age 18 and 23.4% of those age 65 or over.

Notable people[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c "Wilson". Geographic Names Information System. United States Geological Survey.
  2. ^ a b "2019 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved August 7, 2020.
  3. ^ a b "Total Population: 2010 Census DEC Summary File 1 (P1), Wilson city, Texas". data.census.gov. U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved January 27, 2021.
  4. ^ a b "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". United States Census Bureau. May 24, 2020. Retrieved May 27, 2020.
  5. ^ a b c d e Schwertner, Bonnie S. (July 14, 2016). "Wilson News". The Slatonite. Ken Richardson. p. 4.
  6. ^ "Wilson, TX (Lynn County)". The Handbook of Texas online. Retrieved 2016-07-15.
  7. ^ Schwertner, Bonnie S. (July 21, 2016). "Wilson News". The Slatonite. Ken Richardson. p. 4.
  8. ^ H. Allen Anderson. "Pecos and Northern Texas Railway". Handbook of Texas Online. Retrieved 12 March 2013.
  9. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
  10. ^ "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  11. ^ "Ray Westbrook, Jerry Coleman continuing marathon radio career: Coleman's mark on local radio has endured for half a century, May 6, 2012". Lubbock Avalanche Journal. Retrieved November 1, 2013.

External links[edit]