Wilson Carswell

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John Wilson Carswell OBE FRCS (born 1937) is a Scottish physician who was one of the first medical researchers to identify HIV/AIDS in Uganda.[1]

He graduated from the King's College London with a MBBS in 1961, and was elected a Fellow of the Royal College of Surgeons of England in 1967.[2] He worked as a consultant surgeon at Mulago Hospital, Kampala from 1968 to 1987 where he became a leading AIDS researcher in the country.[3][4] He later served as medical advisor to the Government of South Africa, and worked in public health in the United States and Asia.[5]

His experiences in Uganda, where he met Idi Amin, were an inspiration for the character Dr Garrigan in Giles Foden's novel The Last King of Scotland.[6]

His son was the first elected UK Independence Party Member of Parliament Douglas Carswell.[7]


  1. ^ "Moving Minds - Team". 
  2. ^ The Medical Directory 1998. Informa Publishing. 
  3. ^ "SLIM DISEASE: A NEW DISEASE IN UGANDA AND ITS ASSOCIATION WITH HTLV-III INFECTION". The Lancet. 19 October 1985. doi:10.1016/s0140-6736(85)90122-9. 
  4. ^ Kinsman, John. AIDS Policy in Uganda: Evidence, Ideology, and the Making of an African Success Story. 
  5. ^ "Dr Wilson Carswell, medical adviser to the government's Aids unit, says about 100 000 South Africans are infected with HIV". South African History Online. Retrieved 10 October 2014. 
  6. ^ "Who Is Douglas Carswell? What You Need To Know". Sky News. Retrieved 10 October 2014. 
  7. ^ "UKIP gains first elected MP with Clacton by-election win". BBC News. Retrieved 10 October 2014.