North Wiltshire (UK Parliament constituency)
for the House of Commons
Boundary of North Wiltshire in Wiltshire for the 2010 general election.
Location of Wiltshire within England.
|Electorate||67,154 (December 2010)|
|Major settlements||Calne, Royal Wootton Bassett, Cricklade and Malmesbury|
|Member of parliament||James Gray (Conservative)|
|Number of members||One|
|European Parliament constituency||South West England|
North Wiltshire is a constituency[n 1] represented in the House of Commons of the UK Parliament since 1997 by James Gray, a Conservative.[n 2] In the period 1832-1983, this was an alternative name for Chippenham or the Northern Division of Wiltshire and as Chippenham dates to the original countrywide Parliament, the Model Parliament, this period is covered in more detail in that article.
1983-1997: The District of North Wiltshire.
1997-2010: The District of North Wiltshire wards of Allington, Ashton Keynes, Audley, Avon, Box, Bremhill, Brinkworth, Colerne, Corsham, Crudwell, Hill Rise, Hilmarton, Kington Langley, Kington St Michael, Lacock, Lyneham, Malmesbury, Malmesbury Road, Minety, Monkton Park, Neston and Gastard, Nettleton, Park, Pickwick, Purton, Queen's, Redland, St Paul Malmesbury Without, Sherston, Somerford, The Lydiards, Town, Westcroft, Wootton Bassett North, and Wootton Bassett South.
2010-present: The District of North Wiltshire wards of Ashton Keynes and Minety, Box, Bremhill, Brinkworth and The Somerfords, Calne Abberd, Calne Chilvester, Calne Lickhill, Calne Marden, Calne Priestley, Calne Quemerford, Calne Without, Colerne, Cricklade, Hilmarton, Kington Langley, Kington St Michael, Lyneham, Malmesbury, Nettleton, Purton, St Paul Malmesbury Without and Sherston, The Lydiards and Broad Town, Wootton Bassett North, and Wootton Bassett South.
North Wiltshire constituency was formed by a renaming for the 1983 general election, with boundaries identical to the former Chippenham constituency (1885–1983). The constituency sits between the Cotswolds and Swindon. Its main towns are Calne, Royal Wootton Bassett (a town which was a borough constituency until abolished as a 'rotten borough' in 1832), Cricklade and Malmesbury, and it also contains a number of villages, both small and large, spread over a large area of farming countryside, including the well-known (often-painted and photographed) village of Castle Combe.
For the 2010 general election the North Wiltshire constituency changed radically as a result of boundary change recommendations. The constituency now covers a northern swathe of the previous version retaining the towns of Malmesbury, Cricklade, Royal Wootton Bassett and Calne[n 3] while the largest southern town of Chippenham was given its own seat (which was previously abolished in 1983) that brought in the nearby market towns of Bradford on Avon and Melksham including parts of other seats.
While North Wiltshire has a long history of returning Conservative candidates, its district council (created in 1973 and abolished in 2009) was closely contested between the Conservatives and the Liberal Democrats with many electoral wards being marginal.
Members of Parliament
MPs 1832–1885 - Summary, See Chippenham instead
|Election||1st Member||1st Party||2nd Member||2nd Party|
|1832||Paul Methuen||Sir John Astley, Bt|
|1837||Sir Francis Burdett, Bt|
|Feb 1844||Thomas Sotheron-Estcourt||Conservative|
|Mar. 1865||Lord Charles Bruce|
|1865||Richard Penruddocke Long|
|1868||Sir George Jenkinson, Bt|
|1885||Redistribution of Seats Act: constituency abolished|
MPs since 1983
|1997||James Whiteside Gray||Conservative|
Elections of the 2010s
|Conservative||James Whiteside Gray||28,938||57.2||+5.7|
|Liberal Democrat||Brian Mathew||7,892||15.6||−20.6|
|Conservative||James Whiteside Gray||25,114||51.6||+1.9|
|Liberal Democrat||Michael Stephen Evemy||17,631||36.2||+1.8|
|Independent||Philip George Allnatt||208||0.4||−0.6|
Elections in the 2000s
|Conservative||James Whiteside Gray||26,282||46.9||+1.4|
|Liberal Democrat||Paul Jonathan Fox||20,979||37.4||−0.8|
|Labour||David James Nash||6,794||12.1||−2.2|
|UKIP||Neil Francis Dowdney||1,428||2.5||+0.4|
|Independent||Philip George Allnatt||578||1.0||N/A|
|Conservative||James Whiteside Gray||24,090||45.5||+1.7|
|Liberal Democrat||Hugh Pym||20,212||38.2||+0.4|
|Labour||Miss Joanne Garton||7,556||14.3||+0.1|
|UKIP||Neil Francis Dowdney||1,090||2.1||+1.4|
Elections in the 1990s
|Conservative||James Whiteside Gray||25,390||43.8||−12.4|
|Liberal Democrat||Simon Cordon||21,915||37.8||+6.3|
|Natural Law||Joan Forsyth||263||0.4||N/A|
|Liberal Democrat||Mrs Christine Rose Napier||22,640||32.3||−5.8|
|Labour||Mrs. Christine Reid||6,945||9.9||+3.1|
|Green||Ms. Lydia Helen Howitt||850||1.2||N/A|
|Liberal||George Frederick James Hawkins||622||0.9||−37.2|
|Independent||David Sebastian Martienssen||66||0.1||N/A|
Elections in the 1980s
|Labour||Mrs. Christine Reid||4,343||6.8||+1.8|
|Labour||Stephen Raymond Allsop||2,888||5.0||N/A|
|Justice for Divorced Fathers||Henri Baile de la Perriere||113||0.2||N/A|
|Conservative win (new seat)|
Notes and references
- "Electorate Figures - Boundary Commission for England". 2011 Electorate Figures. Boundary Commission for England. 4 March 2011. Retrieved 13 March 2011.
- "About North Wiltshire" from the website of James Gray MP. Retrieved on October 18, 2006.
- Fifth periodical report – Volume 4 Mapping for the Non-Metropolitan Counties and the Unitary Authorities, The Stationery Office, 26 February 2007, ISBN 0-10-170322-8
- Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "W" (part 4)[self-published source][better source needed]
- "Election Data 2015". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 17 October 2015. Retrieved 17 October 2015.
- Cass, Elliot (2 January 2015). "North Wiltshire MP denies rivals are ahead in election battle". Wilts and Gloss Standard. Retrieved 25 January 2015.
- "Election Data 2010". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 17 October 2015. Retrieved 17 October 2015.
- Kerr, Andrew (20 April 2010). "Statement of Persons Nominated and Notice of Poll" (PDF). Electoral Services. Wiltshire County Council. Retrieved 21 April 2010.
- "Election Data 2005". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- "Election Data 2001". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- "Election Data 1997". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- "Election Data 1992". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- "Politics Resources". Election 1992. Politics Resources. 9 April 1992. Retrieved 2010-12-06.
- "Election Data 1987". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- "Election Data 1983". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.