Wimbledon is a constituency[n 1] represented in the House of Commons of the UK Parliament. Since 2005, the seat has been represented by Stephen Hammond, a Conservative.[n 2]
The constituency was created under the Redistribution of Seats Act 1885 from the northeastern part of the former Mid Surrey constituency that elected two MPs. The constituency covered a much larger area than it does today and was reduced in 1918 to create the Mitcham constituency and in 1950 to create Merton and Morden[n 3].
Since 1885 the seat has elected Conservative MPs, except for 1945-1950 and 1997-2005, when in landslide years for Labour, its candidate won the seat. While the 2005 majority was marginal, the 2010 majority was 24.1% of the vote, which in majority terms only suggests a safe seat.[n 4]
In elections to the London Borough of Merton, the seat returns most of the council's Conservative councillors. The hillside and hilltop village has since 1921 been unpromising territory in local council results for any party other than the Conservatives. However, since 1990, the ward of Merton Park has only ever returned councillors for Merton Park Ward Residents Association. Since 1994, the ward of West Barnes, which contains Merton's half of the town of Motspur Park, has also had a tradition of voting Liberal Democrat, — its three Lib. Dem. councillors were deseated by Conservatives in 2002 and, after having regained two of these in 2010 and lost one in 2014, the party holds one. The wards of Abbey and Cannon Hill also return Labour councillors.
In 2010, the second-placed candidate was a Liberal Democrat. At 25%, this was the highest vote for the Liberal Party/Liberal Democrats in the constituency since 1987. The national collapse in the Liberal Democrat vote at the 2015 election meant that Labour returned to second place in 2015, an order which was repeated in 2017.
Four parties candidates', those from the Conservatives, Labour, UKIP and the Liberal Party/Liberal Democrats have retained their deposits by winning over 5% of vote as in 2015, UKIP's candidate attained 5.1%. Unlike many other urban seats the Green Party of England and Wales has not yet done so. In the 2016 referendum on the UK's membership of the European Union, the London Borough of which Wimbledon is a part, voted to remain by 62.5%.
1885-1918: The Sessional Division of Croydon except so much as is within a district of the Metropolis, the parishes of Caterham, Chelsham, Farley, Warlingham, Merton, and Wimbledon, so much of the Parliamentary Borough of Deptford as is in Surrey, and the area of the Parliamentary Boroughs of Battersea and Clapham, Camberwell, Lambeth, Newington, Southwark, and Wandsworth.
1918-1950: The Borough of Wimbledon, and the Urban District of Merton and Morden.
1950-1955: The Boroughs of Wimbledon, and Malden and Coombe.
1955-1974: The Borough of Wimbledon.
1974-1983: The Borough of Merton wards of Cannon Hill, Priory, West Barnes, Wimbledon East, Wimbledon North, Wimbledon South, and Wimbledon West.
1983-2010: The Borough of Merton wards of Abbey, Cannon Hill, Dundonald, Durnsford, Hillside, Merton Park, Raynes Park, Trinity, Village, and West Barnes.
2010-present: As above less Durnsford and with Wimbledon Park added.
The seat has a commuter-sustained suburban economy with an imposing shopping centre, overwhelmingly privately-built and owned or rented homes and a range of open green spaces, ranging in value from elevated Wimbledon Village sandwiched between Wimbledon Common and Wimbledon Park[n 5] where a large tranche of homes exceed £1,000,000 to Merton Abbey ruins and South Wimbledon, with more social housing in its wards.
Wimbledon station is a southern terminus of the District line as well as a station on the South West main line. It is also the western terminus of the Croydon Tramlink. South Wimbledon is a station on the Northern line branch to Morden.
Workless claimants who were registered jobseekers were in November 2012 significantly lower than the national average of 3.8%, at 1.5% of the population based on a statistical compilation by The Guardian.
In many respects, the seat is similar in socio-economic outlook to the nearby constituencies of Richmond Park, Kingston and Surbiton and Twickenham.
Members of Parliament
Results of House of Commons seat Wimbledon since 1950 - it having lost substantial territory immediately beforehand due to local population and housing expansion.
Elections in the 2010s
Elections in the 2000s
Elections in the 1990s
Elections in the 1980s
Elections in the 1970s
Elections in the 1960s
Elections in the 1950s
Substantial loss of territory to create Mitcham and Morden
Election in the 1940s
Elections in the 1930s
Elections in the 1920s
Notes and references
- ^ A county constituency (for the purposes of election expenses and type of returning officer)
- ^ As with all constituencies, the constituency elects one Member of Parliament (MP) by the first past the post system of election at least every five years.
- ^ Later these merged to form Mitcham and Morden
- ^ The other measure is the historic measure which was met also in this instance until 1997.
- ^ This is where the All-England lawn tennis club and the croquet club where The Championships are held in June each year.
- ^ The day before the vote Cllr Uddin (Labour) and his solicitors' business co-owner had their practising certificates suspended by their professional regulator, who seized the business' files and took control of its accounts. Crescent Law, the firm, specialises in personal injury. An investigation was opened into possible misconduct or unethical practices; it was set to report within weeks. Cllr Uddin remained on the ballot paper and his local Party took no action given the early stage of the intervention.
- ^ "Electorate Figures - Boundary Commission for England". 2011 Electorate Figures. Boundary Commission for England. 4 March 2011. Retrieved 13 March 2011.
- ^ "Merton Park Ward Residents Association". www.mertonpark.org.uk. Retrieved 2017-04-19.
- ^ "London Borough of Merton Local Elections Statistics 1994" (PDF). Retrieved 19 April 2017, 12.35 UTC.
- ^ "Merton London Borough Council Election Results, 2002" (PDF). Retrieved 19 April 2017, 12.35 UTC.
- ^ Services, CS - Electoral. "Council election results 2010". www.merton.gov.uk. Retrieved 2017-04-19.
- ^ Services, CS-Democracy (2014-05-22). "Councillors". Retrieved 2017-04-19.
- ^ "EU Referendum Results". BBC News. Retrieved 2017-04-19.
- ^ Unemployment claimants by constituency The Guardian
- ^ Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "W" (part 4)
- ^ "Merton Council Statement of Persons Nominated General Election 2017" (PDF). Merton Council. Retrieved 13 April 2017.
- ^ "Wimbledon parliamentary constituency". BBC News.
- ^ "Labour candidate in Wimbledon faces ‘dishonesty’ investigation". Evening Standard. 7 June 2017. Retrieved 8 June 2017.
- ^ Election Data 2015, Electoral Calculus, 17 October 2015
- ^ http://democracy.merton.gov.uk/mgElectionAreaResults.aspx?ID=47
- ^ "Election Data 2010". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 17 October 2015. Retrieved 17 October 2015.
- ^ "Election Data 2005". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- ^ "Election Data 2001". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- ^ "Election Data 1997". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- ^ "Election Data 1992". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- ^ "Election Data 1987". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- ^ "Election Data 1983". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- ^ "Hardy-Roberts, Brig. Sir Geoffrey (Paul)". Liddell Hart Military Archives. King's College London.
- ^ British Parliamentary Election Results 1918-1949, FWS Craig
- ^ British Parliamentary Election Results 1918-1949, FWS Craig
- Further reading
Coordinates: 51°25′01″N 0°13′05″W / 51.417°N 0.218°W