Wimbledon (UK Parliament constituency)
for the House of Commons
Boundary of Wimbledon in Greater London
|Electorate||65,936 (December 2010)|
|Major settlements||Wimbledon, Raynes Park, Morden, Motspur Park|
|Member of Parliament||Stephen Hammond|
|Number of members||One|
|Created from||Mid Surrey (northern half of)|
|European Parliament constituency||London|
Wimbledon is a constituency[n 1] represented in the House of Commons of the UK Parliament. Since 2005, the seat has been represented by Stephen Hammond. On 3 September 2019 Hammond lost the Conservative whip after rebelling against the Government on a key Brexit vote. He now sits as an Independent. [n 2]
- 1 History
- 2 Boundaries
- 3 Constituency profile
- 4 Members of Parliament
- 5 Election results
- 5.1 Elections in the 2010s
- 5.2 Elections in the 2000s
- 5.3 Elections in the 1990s
- 5.4 Elections in the 1980s
- 5.5 Elections in the 1970s
- 5.6 Elections in the 1960s
- 5.7 Elections in the 1950s
- 5.8 Elections in the 1940s
- 5.9 Elections in the 1930s
- 5.10 Elections in the 1920s
- 5.11 Elections in the 1910s
- 5.12 Elections in the 1900s
- 5.13 Elections in the 1890s
- 5.14 Elections in the 1880s
- 6 See also
- 7 Notes and references
- 8 External links
- 9 Further reading
The constituency was created under the Redistribution of Seats Act 1885 from the northeastern part of the former Mid Surrey constituency that elected two MPs. The constituency covered a much larger area than it does today and was reduced in 1918 to create the Mitcham constituency and in 1950 to create Merton and Morden[n 3].
Since 1885 the seat has elected Conservative MPs, except for 1945-1950 and 1997-2005, when the Labour candidate won the seat during the party's national landslide years. While the 2005 Conservative majority was marginal, the 2010 majority was 24.1% of the vote, returning the constituency to a Conservative safe seat.[n 4]
In elections to the London Borough of Merton, the seat returns most of the council's Conservative councillors. The hillside and hilltop wards have since 1921 been unpromising territory for any party other than the Conservatives. However, since 1990, the ward of Merton Park has only ever returned councillors for Merton Park Ward Residents Association. Since 1994, the ward of West Barnes, which contains Merton's half of the town of Motspur Park, has swung between the Conservatives and the Liberal Democrats; the latter presently hold all three seats in the ward. In the local elections in 2018, Liberal Democrat councillors were elected in the wards of Trinity and Dundonald for the first time in the borough's history. Furthermore, the wards of Abbey and Cannon Hill routinely return Labour councillors.
In 2010, the second-placed candidate was a Liberal Democrat. At 25%, this was the highest vote for the Liberal Party/Liberal Democrats in the constituency since 1987. The national collapse in the Liberal Democrat vote at the 2015 election meant that Labour returned to second place in 2015, an order which was repeated in 2017, with a swing of 7.6%.
In the 2016 referendum on the UK's membership of the European Union, the London Borough of Merton, of which the constituency is a part, voted to remain by 62.9%.
- Henry Chaplin was sworn of the Privy Council in 1885 when he was Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster until 1886. He became the first President of the Board of Agriculture as part of the Cabinet (1889-1892). In the Conservative cabinet of 1895 to 1900 he was President of the Local Government Board and was responsible for the Agricultural Rates Act 1896.
- Sir Michael Havers (not with this title in his first two years) reached the highest judicial and legal position in the country for four months in 1987, Lord High Chancellor of Great Britain who so also acted as Lord Speaker, it not being until 2006 that this position was separated. For eight years previous Sir Michael was Attorney General for England, Wales and Northern Ireland, having served as the more junior, Solicitor General in the Heath ministry.
1885-1918: The Sessional Division of Croydon except so much as is within a district of the Metropolis, the parishes of Caterham, Chelsham, Farley, Warlingham, Merton, and Wimbledon, so much of the Parliamentary Borough of Deptford as is in Surrey, and the area of the Parliamentary Boroughs of Battersea and Clapham, Camberwell, Lambeth, Newington, Southwark, and Wandsworth.
1918-1950: The Municipal Borough of Wimbledon, and the Urban District of Merton and Morden.
1950-1955: The Municipal Boroughs of Wimbledon, and Malden and Coombe.
1955-1974: The Municipal Borough of Wimbledon.
1974-1983: The London Borough of Merton wards of Cannon Hill, Priory, West Barnes, Wimbledon East, Wimbledon North, Wimbledon South, and Wimbledon West.
1983-2010: The London Borough of Merton wards of Abbey, Cannon Hill, Dundonald, Durnsford, Hillside, Merton Park, Raynes Park, Trinity, Village, and West Barnes.
2010–present: As above less Durnsford ward and with Wimbledon Park ward added.
The seat has a commuter-sustained suburban economy with an imposing shopping centre, overwhelmingly privately-built and owned or rented homes and a range of open green spaces, ranging in value from elevated Wimbledon Village - sandwiched between Wimbledon Common and Wimbledon Park[n 5] - where a large tranche of homes exceed £1,000,000 - to Merton Abbey ruins and South Wimbledon, with more social housing in its wards.
Wimbledon station is a southern terminus of the District line, as well as a station on the South West main line. It is also the western terminus of the Croydon Tramlink. South Wimbledon is a station on the Northern line branch to Morden.
Workless claimants who were registered jobseekers were in November 2012 significantly lower than the national average of 3.8%, at 1.5% of the population based on a statistical compilation by The Guardian.
Members of Parliament
Elections in the 2010s
|Brexit Party||Paul Campbell|
|Liberal Democrat||Paul Kohler|
|Labour||Imran Uddin[n 6]||18,324||35.6||+9.6|
|Liberal Democrat||Carl Quilliam||7,472||14.5||+1.8|
|Liberal Democrat||Shas Sheehan||6,129||12.7||−12.3|
|Liberal Democrat||Shas Sheehan||11,849||25.0||+6.8|
Elections in the 2000s
|Liberal Democrat||Stephen M. Gee||7,868||18.1||+5.1|
|UKIP||Andrew T. Mills||408||0.9||-0.1|
|Independent||Christopher J. Coverdale||211||0.5||N/A|
|Tiger's Eye - the Party for Kids||Alastair P. Wilson||50||0.1||N/A|
|Rainbow Dream Ticket||George Weiss||22||0.1||N/A|
|Conservative gain from Labour||Swing||7.2|
|Liberal Democrat||Martin D. Pierce||5,341||13.0||-3.6|
|Green||Rajeev K. Thacker||1,007||2.4||+1.4|
|Christian Peoples||Roger E. Glencross||479||1.2||N/A|
Elections in the 1990s
|Liberal Democrat||Alison L. Willott||8,014||16.6||-4.7|
|Green||Rajeev K. Thacker||474||1.0||-0.7|
|ProLife Alliance||Sophie A.H. Davies||346||0.7||+0.7|
|Mongolian Barbeque Great Place to Party||Matthew G. Kirby||112||0.2||+0.2|
|Rainbow Dream Ticket||Graham L. Stacey||47||0.1||+0.1|
|Labour gain from Conservative||Swing||-17.9|
|Labour||Kingsley J. Abrams||11,570||23.3||-4.16|
|Liberal Democrat||Alison L. Willott||10,569||21.3||N/A|
|Green||Vaughan H. Flood||860||1.7||N/A|
|Natural Law||Hugh R.A. Godfrey||181||0.4||N/A|
|Independent||Graham W. Hadley||170||0.3||N/A|
Elections in the 1980s
|Liberal||David J. Twigg||12,623||27.19||+11.99|
|Party of Associates with Licensees||E.J. Weakner||114||0.25||N/A|
Elections in the 1970s
|Liberal||David J. Twigg||7,604||15.20||-5.63|
|National Front||A. Bailey||612||1.22||N/A|
|Labour||Ralph C. Holmes||8,554||29.92||-1.61|
|Liberal||John Reginald MacDonald||4,749||16.61||-2.19|
Elections in the 1960s
|Liberal||John Reginald MacDonald||5,475||18.14||-0.83|
|Labour||John R. Daly||8.891||29.00||-4.15|
Elections in the 1950s
|Labour||Lawrence M. Kershaw||10,678||33.15||-1.31|
|Labour||Charles H. Ford||21,242||33.47||+2.61|
|Labour||George Leonard Deacon||20,296||30.86||-13.55|
|Liberal||Ian Forester Gibson||5,136||7.81||-1.75|
|Conservative gain from Labour||Swing|
Substantial loss of territory to create Mitcham and Morden
Elections in the 1940s
|Conservative||Geoffrey Paul Hardy-Roberts||28,820||42.39||-25.45|
|Common Wealth||K. Horne||2,472||3.64||N/A|
|Labour gain from Conservative||Swing|
Elections in the 1930s
Elections in the 1920s
|Liberal||Robert Oswald Moon||6,627||28.3||N/A|
Elections in the 1910s
|Independent||G.M. Edwardes Jones||3,079||18.4||N/A|
|C indicates candidate endorsed by the coalition government.|
|Liberal||A. L. Holland||8,930||38.2||-5.6|
Elections in the 1900s
|Independent Liberal||Bertrand Russell||3,299||24.3||N/A|
|Liberal||St. George Lane Fox-Pitt||7,409||43.8||N/A|
Elections in the 1890s
|Liberal||Thomas Arthur Meates||2,602||26.0||N/A|
Elections in the 1880s
|Conservative win (new seat)|
Notes and references
- A county constituency (for the purposes of election expenses and type of returning officer)
- As with all constituencies, the constituency elects one Member of Parliament (MP) by the first past the post system of election at least every five years.
- Later these merged to form Mitcham and Morden
- The other measure is the historic measure which was met also in this instance until 1997.
- This is where the All-England lawn tennis club and the croquet club where The Championships are held in June each year.
- The day before the vote Cllr Uddin (Labour) and his solicitors' business co-owner had their practising certificates suspended by their professional regulator, who seized the business' files and took control of its accounts. Crescent Law, the firm, specialises in personal injury. An investigation was opened into possible misconduct or unethical practices; it was set to report within weeks. Cllr Uddin remained on the ballot paper and his local Party took no action given the early stage of the intervention.
- "Electorate Figures - Boundary Commission for England". 2011 Electorate Figures. Boundary Commission for you England. 4 March 2011. Archived from the original on 6 November 2010. Retrieved 13 March 2011.
- "Merton Park Ward Residents Association". www.mertonpark.org.uk. Retrieved 2017-04-19.
- "London Borough of Merton Local Elections Statistics 1994" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2012-08-31. Retrieved 19 April 2017.
- "Merton London Borough Council Election Results, 2002" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2012-08-31. Retrieved 19 April 2017.
- Services, CS - Electoral. "Council election results 2010". www.merton.gov.uk. Retrieved 2017-04-19.
- "Merton Council Elections 2018 Wards Summary". democracy.merton.gov.uk. 3 May 2018. Retrieved 7 May 2018.
- "EU Referendum Results". BBC News. Retrieved 2017-04-19.
- Unemployment claimants by constituency The Guardian
- Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "W" (part 4)
- Forshaw, Hugo (13 April 2019). "Police station campaigner selected as Wimbledon Lib Dem candidate for MP". Merton Liberal Democrats. Retrieved 2 October 2019.
- Rodgers, Sienna (16 February 2018). "Teacher backed by Momentum wins tightly contested selection in Wimbledon". LabourList. Retrieved 2 October 2019.
- "Prospective General Election Candidates | Green Party". Green Party Members' Website. Retrieved 2 October 2019.
- "Wimbledon parliamentary constituency". BBC News.
- "Labour candidate in Wimbledon faces 'dishonesty' investigation". Evening Standard. 7 June 2017. Retrieved 8 June 2017.
- Election Data 2015, Electoral Calculus, 17 October 2015
- Services, CS-Democracy (May 7, 2015). "Councillors". democracy.merton.gov.uk.
- "Election Data 2010". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 26 July 2013. Retrieved 17 October 2015.
- "Election Data 2005". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- "Election Data 2001". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- "Election Data 1997". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- "Election Data 1992". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- "Election Data 1987". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- "Election Data 1983". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- "Hardy-Roberts, Brig. Sir Geoffrey (Paul)". Liddell Hart Military Archives. King's College London. Missing or empty
- British Parliamentary Election Results 1918-1949, FWS Craig
- Craig, FWS, ed. (1974). British Parliamentary Election Results: 1885-1918. London: Macmillan Press. ISBN 9781349022984.
- "General Election". Liverpool Mercury. 27 November 1885. p. 6. Retrieved 15 December 2017 – via British Newspaper Archive.
- Politics Resources (Election results from 1922 onwards)
- Electoral Calculus (Election results from 1955 onwards)
- Iain Dale, ed. (2003). The Times House of Commons 1929, 1931, 1935. Politico's (reprint). ISBN 1-84275-033-X.
- The Times House of Commons 1945. The Times. 1945.
- The Times House of Commons 1950. The Times. 1950.
- The Times House of Commons 1955. The Times. 1955.