Wimbledon (UK Parliament constituency)
for the House of Commons
Boundary of Wimbledon in Greater London
|Electorate||65,936 (December 2010)|
|Major settlements||Wimbledon, Raynes Park, Morden, Motspur Park|
|Member of Parliament||Stephen Hammond|
|Number of members||One|
|Created from||Mid Surrey (northern half of)|
|During its existence contributed to new seat(s) of:||Mitcham|
Merton and Morden
In June 2016, 70.6% of voters of a referendum preferred to remain in the European Union. In September 2019 the incumbent lost his party's whip for rebelling on a key Brexit vote. He briefly sat as an Independent and the whip was restored on 29 October 2019, with 9 of 21 other rebels of the same party.
The area was created by the Redistribution of Seats Act 1885 and had lay in Mid Surrey that elected two MPs. The constituency covered great bounds, skirting around Croydon to its south to reach Caterham, Warlingham, Chelsham and Farleigh in the North Downs and bearing formal alternate titles of the Wimbledon Division (of Surrey) and the North East Division of Surrey which in all but the most formal legal writing was written as North East Surrey.
Since 1885 the seat has elected Conservative MPs except from 1945-1950 and 1997-2005, when the Labour candidate won the seat during that party's national landslide years. While the 2005 Conservative majority was marginal, the 2010 majority was 24.1% of the vote, so on the percentage of majority measure, but not on the longevity measure, it bore a safe seat hallmark.[n 4]
In elections to the London Borough of Merton, the seat returns all of the council's Conservative and Liberal Democrat councillors. Since 1990 the ward of Merton Park has only ever returned councillors for Merton Park Ward Residents Association. Since 1994 the ward of West Barnes, which contains Merton's half of the town of Motspur Park, has swung between the Conservatives and the Liberal Democrats; the latter presently hold all three seats in the ward. In the local elections in 2018, Liberal Democrat councillors were elected for the wards of Trinity and Dundonald for the first time in the borough's history, with a further first time win for the Liberal Democrats in a by-election in the Cannon Hill ward in 2019.
In 2010, the second-placed candidate was a Liberal Democrat. The national collapse in the Liberal Democrat vote at the 2015 election meant that the Liberal Democrats did not return to 2nd place until 2019, when they did so with a 22.7% upswing in their vote. The seat is now one of the most marginal in the country and a top Liberal Democrat target and Conservative defence for the next general election.
In the 2016 referendum on the UK's membership of the European Union, the London Borough of Merton, of which the constituency is a part, voted to remain by 62.9%.
- Henry Chaplin was sworn of the Privy Council in 1885 when he was Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster until 1886. He became the first President of the Board of Agriculture as part of the Cabinet (1889-1892). In the Conservative cabinet of 1895 to 1900 he was President of the Local Government Board and was responsible for the Agricultural Rates Act 1896.
- Sir Michael Havers (not with this title in his first two years) reached the highest judicial and legal position in the country for four months in 1987, Lord High Chancellor of Great Britain who so also acted as Lord Speaker, it not being until 2006 that this position was separated. For eight years previous Sir Michael was Attorney General for England, Wales and Northern Ireland, having served as the more junior, Solicitor General in the Heath ministry.
1885–1918: The Sessional Division of Croydon except so much as is within a district of the Metropolis, the parishes of Caterham, Chelsham, Farley, Warlingham, Merton, and Wimbledon, so much of the Parliamentary Borough of Deptford as is in Surrey, and the area of the Parliamentary Boroughs of Battersea and Clapham, Camberwell, Lambeth, Newington, Southwark, and Wandsworth.
1918–1950: The Municipal Borough of Wimbledon, and the Urban District of Merton and Morden.
1950–1955: The Municipal Boroughs of Wimbledon, and Malden and Coombe.
1955–1974: The Municipal Borough of Wimbledon.
1974–1983: The London Borough of Merton wards of Cannon Hill, Priory, West Barnes, Wimbledon East, Wimbledon North, Wimbledon South, and Wimbledon West.
1983–2010: The London Borough of Merton wards of Abbey, Cannon Hill, Dundonald, Durnsford, Hillside, Merton Park, Raynes Park, Trinity, Village, and West Barnes.
2010–present: As above less Durnsford ward and with Wimbledon Park ward added.
The seat has a commuter-sustained suburban economy with an imposing shopping centre, overwhelmingly privately-built and owned or rented homes and a range of open green spaces, ranging in value from elevated Wimbledon Village - sandwiched between Wimbledon Common and Wimbledon Park[n 5] - where a large tranche of homes exceed £1,000,000 - to Merton Abbey ruins and South Wimbledon, with more social housing in its wards.
Wimbledon station is a southern terminus of the District line, as well as a station on the South West main line. It is also the western terminus of the Croydon Tramlink. South Wimbledon is a station on the Northern line branch to Morden.
Workless claimants who were registered jobseekers were in November 2012 significantly lower than the national average of 3.8%, at 1.5% of the population based on a statistical compilation by The Guardian.
Wards in this area often see a minority of Liberal Democrat and Labour councillors. Voters have quite high median and mean incomes, with an above-average public sector workforce which together means the seat resembles similar Tory-strong seats for London with other party traditions also followed: Richmond Park, Kingston and Surbiton and Putney. As widely touted in opinion polls the runner-up of the 2019 election became the Liberal Democrat.
Members of Parliament
Elections in the 2010s
|Liberal Democrats||Paul Kohler||19,745||37.2||22.7|
|Labour||Imran Uddin[n 6]||18,324||35.6||9.6|
|Liberal Democrats||Carl Quilliam||7,472||14.5||1.8|
|Liberal Democrats||Shas Sheehan||6,129||12.7||12.3|
|Liberal Democrats||Shas Sheehan||11,849||25.0||6.8|
Elections in the 2000s
|Liberal Democrats||Stephen M. Gee||7,868||18.1||5.1|
|UKIP||Andrew T. Mills||408||0.9||0.1|
|Independent||Christopher J. Coverdale||211||0.5||N/A|
|Tiger's Eye - the Party for Kids||Alastair P. Wilson||50||0.1||N/A|
|Rainbow Dream Ticket||George Weiss||22||0.1||N/A|
|Conservative gain from Labour||Swing||+7.2|
|Liberal Democrats||Martin D. Pierce||5,341||13.0||3.6|
|Green||Rajeev K. Thacker||1,007||2.4||1.4|
|CPA||Roger E. Glencross||479||1.2||N/A|
Elections in the 1990s
|Liberal Democrats||Alison L. Willott||8,014||16.6||4.7|
|Green||Rajeev K. Thacker||474||1.0||0.7|
|ProLife Alliance||Sophie A.H. Davies||346||0.7||N/A|
|Mongolian Barbeque Great Place to Party||Matthew G. Kirby||112||0.2||N/A|
|Rainbow Dream Ticket||Graham L. Stacey||47||0.1||N/A|
|Labour gain from Conservative||Swing||−17.9|
|Labour||Kingsley J. Abrams||11,570||23.3||1.70|
|Liberal Democrats||Alison L. Willott||10,569||21.3||N/A|
|Green||Vaughan H. Flood||860||1.7||N/A|
|Natural Law||Hugh R.A. Godfrey||181||0.4||N/A|
|Independent||Graham W. Hadley||170||0.3||N/A|
Elections in the 1980s
|Liberal||David J. Twigg||12,623||27.19||11.99|
|Party of Associates with Licensees||E.J. Weakner||114||0.25||N/A|
Elections in the 1970s
|Liberal||David J. Twigg||7,604||15.20||5.63|
|National Front||A. Bailey||612||1.22||N/A|
|Labour||Ralph C. Holmes||8,554||29.92||1.61|
|Liberal||John Reginald MacDonald||4,749||16.61||2.19|
Elections in the 1960s
|Liberal||John Reginald MacDonald||5,475||18.14||0.83|
|Labour||John R. Daly||8.891||29.00||4.15|
Elections in the 1950s
|Labour||Lawrence M. Kershaw||10,678||33.15||1.31|
|Labour||Charles H. Ford||21,242||33.47||2.61|
|Labour||George Leonard Deacon||20,296||30.86||13.55|
|Liberal||Ian Forester Gibson||5,136||7.81||1.75|
|Conservative gain from Labour||Swing|
Substantial loss of territory to create Mitcham and Morden
Elections in the 1940s
|Conservative||Geoffrey Paul Hardy-Roberts||28,820||42.39||25.45|
|Common Wealth||K. Horne||2,472||3.64||N/A|
|Labour gain from Conservative||Swing|
Elections in the 1930s
Elections in the 1920s
|Liberal||Robert Oswald Moon||6,627||28.3||N/A|
Elections in the 1910s
|Independent||G.M. Edwardes Jones||3,079||18.4||N/A|
|C indicates candidate endorsed by the coalition government.|
|Liberal||A. L. Holland||8,930||38.2||5.6|
Elections in the 1900s
|Independent Liberal||Bertrand Russell||3,299||24.3||N/A|
|Liberal||St. George Lane Fox-Pitt||7,409||43.8||N/A|
Elections in the 1890s
|Liberal||Thomas Arthur Meates||2,602||26.0||N/A|
Elections in the 1880s
|Conservative win (new seat)|
Notes and references
- A borough constituency (for the purposes of election expenses and type of returning officer)
- As with all constituencies, the constituency elects one Member of Parliament (MP) by the first past the post system of election at least every five years.
- Later these merged to form Mitcham and Morden
- The other measure is the historic measure which was met also in this instance until 1997.
- This is where the All-England lawn tennis club and the croquet club where The Championships are held in June each year.
- The day before the vote Cllr Uddin (Labour) and his solicitors' business co-owner had their practising certificates suspended by their professional regulator, who seized the business' files and took control of its accounts. Crescent Law, the firm, specialises in personal injury. An investigation was opened into possible misconduct or unethical practices; it was set to report within weeks. Cllr Uddin remained on the ballot paper and his local Party took no action given the early stage of the intervention.
- "Electorate Figures - Boundary Commission for England". 2011 Electorate Figures. Boundary Commission for you England. 4 March 2011. Archived from the original on 6 November 2010. Retrieved 13 March 2011.
- Library, House of Commons (February 6, 2017). "Brexit: votes by constituency".
- Great Britain, Incorporated Council of Law Reporting for England and Wales. "The public general acts". Proprietors of the Law Journal Reports, 1884 – via Internet Archive.
- "Merton Park Ward Residents Association". www.mertonpark.org.uk. Retrieved 2017-04-19.
- "London Borough of Merton Local Elections Statistics 1994" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2012-08-31. Retrieved 19 April 2017.
- "Merton London Borough Council Election Results, 2002" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2012-08-31. Retrieved 19 April 2017.
- Services, CS - Electoral. "Council election results 2010". www.merton.gov.uk. Retrieved 2017-04-19.
- "Merton Council Elections 2018 Wards Summary". democracy.merton.gov.uk. 3 May 2018. Retrieved 7 May 2018.
- McInnes, Roderick (2020-01-07). "General Election 2019: Marginality". Cite journal requires
- "EU Referendum Results". BBC News. Retrieved 2017-04-19.
- Unemployment claimants by constituency The Guardian
- Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "W" (part 4)
- "Election of a Member of Parliament for the Wimbledon Constituency" (PDF). London Borough of Merton. 14 November 2019.
- "Wimbledon parliamentary constituency". BBC News.
- "Labour candidate in Wimbledon faces 'dishonesty' investigation". Evening Standard. 7 June 2017. Retrieved 8 June 2017.
- Election Data 2015, Electoral Calculus, 17 October 2015
- Services, CS-Democracy (May 7, 2015). "Councillors". democracy.merton.gov.uk.
- "Election Data 2010". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 26 July 2013. Retrieved 17 October 2015.
- "Election Data 2005". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- "Election Data 2001". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- "Election Data 1997". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- "Election Data 1992". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- "Election Data 1987". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- "Election Data 1983". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- "Hardy-Roberts, Brig. Sir Geoffrey (Paul)". Liddell Hart Military Archives. King's College London. Missing or empty
- British Parliamentary Election Results 1918-1949, FWS Craig
- Craig, FWS, ed. (1974). British Parliamentary Election Results: 1885-1918. London: Macmillan Press. ISBN 9781349022984.
- "General Election". Liverpool Mercury. 27 November 1885. p. 6. Retrieved 15 December 2017 – via British Newspaper Archive.
- Politics Resources (Election results from 1922 onwards)
- Electoral Calculus (Election results from 1955 onwards)
- Iain Dale, ed. (2003). The Times House of Commons 1929, 1931, 1935. Politico's (reprint). ISBN 1-84275-033-X.
- The Times House of Commons 1945. The Times. 1945.
- The Times House of Commons 1950. The Times. 1950.
- The Times House of Commons 1955. The Times. 1955.