Wimbledon (UK Parliament constituency)
for the House of Commons
Boundary of Wimbledon in Greater London.
|Electorate||65,936 (December 2010)|
|Major settlements||Wimbledon and Raynes Park|
|Member of parliament||Stephen Hammond (Conservative)|
|Number of members||One|
|Created from||Mid Surrey|
|European Parliament constituency||London|
- 1 History
- 2 Boundaries
- 3 Constituency profile
- 4 Members of Parliament
- 5 Election results
- 6 See also
- 7 Notes and references
The constituency was created under the Redistribution of Seats Act 1885 from the northeastern part of the former Mid Surrey constituency that elected two MPs. The constituency covered a much larger area than it does today and was reduced in 1918 to create the Mitcham constituency and in 1950 to create Merton and Morden[n 3].
Since 1885 the seat has elected Conservative MPs, except for 1945-1950 and 1997-2005, when in landslide years for Labour, its candidate won the seat. While the 2005 majority was marginal, the 2010 majority was 24.1% of the vote, which in majority terms only suggests a safe seat.[n 4]
In terms of other parties, in 2010 the second-placed candidate was a Liberal Democrat. If including their two predecessor parties this result was their highest share of the vote since 1987, at 25%.
Apart from the three 'main parties' none others have to date reached the 5% of the vote threshold, which is the current retention of deposit threshold.
- Henry Chaplin was sworn of the Privy Council in 1885 when he was Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster until 1886. He became the first President of the Board of Agriculture as part of the Cabinet (1889-1892). In the Conservative cabinet of 1895 to 1900 he was President of the Local Government Board and was responsible for the Agricultural Rates Act 1896.
- Sir Michael Havers (not with this title in his first two years) reached the highest judicial and legal position in the country for four months in 1987, Lord Chancellor who so also acted as Lord Speaker, it not being until 2006 that this position was separated. For eight years previous Sir Michael was Attorney General for England, Wales and Northern Ireland, having served as the more junior, Solicitor General in the Heath ministry.
1885-1918: The Sessional Division of Croydon except so much as is within a district of the Metropolis, the parishes of Caterham, Chelsham, Farley, Warlingham, Merton, and Wimbledon, so much of the Parliamentary Borough of Deptford as is in Surrey, and the area of the Parliamentary Boroughs of Battersea and Clapham, Camberwell, Lambeth, Newington, Southwark, and Wandsworth.
1918-1950: The Municipal Borough of Wimbledon, and the Urban District of Merton and Morden.
1950-1955: The Municipal Boroughs of Wimbledon, and Malden and Coombe.
1955-1974: The Municipal Borough of Wimbledon.
1974-1983: The London Borough of Merton wards of Cannon Hill, Priory, West Barnes, Wimbledon East, Wimbledon North, Wimbledon South, and Wimbledon West.
1983-2010: The London Borough of Merton wards of Abbey, Cannon Hill, Dundonald, Durnsford, Hillside, Merton Park, Raynes Park, Trinity, Village, and West Barnes.
2010-present: The London Borough of Merton wards of Abbey, Cannon Hill, Dundonald, Hillside, Merton Park, Raynes Park, Trinity, Village, West Barnes, and Wimbledon Park.
The seat has a suburban commuter-sustained local economy with many privately owned homes and a range of open green spaces, ranging in value from elevated Wimbledon Village sandwiched between Wimbledon Common and Wimbledon Park[n 5] where a large tranche of homes exceed £1,000,000 to Merton Abbey ruins and South Wimbledon, with more social housing in its wards. The hillside and hilltop village has since 1921 been unpromising territory in local council results for any party other than the Conservatives.
Workless claimants who were registered jobseekers were in November 2012 significantly lower than the national average of 3.8%, at 1.5% of the population based on a statistical compilation by The Guardian.
Members of Parliament
Elections in the 2010s
|Liberal Democrat||Shas Sheehan||6,129||12.7||-12.3|
|Liberal Democrat||Shas Sheehan||11,849||25.0||+6.8|
Elections in the 2000s
|Liberal Democrat||Stephen M. Gee||7,868||18.1||+5.1|
|UKIP||Andrew T. Mills||408||0.9||−0.1|
|Independent||Christopher J. Coverdale||211||0.5||N/A|
|Tiger's Eye - the Party for Kids||Alastair P. Wilson||50||0.1||N/A|
|Rainbow Dream Ticket||George Weiss||22||0.1||N/A|
|Conservative gain from Labour||Swing||7.2|
|Liberal Democrat||Martin D. Pierce||5,341||13.0||−3.6|
|Green||Rajeev K. Thacker||1,007||2.4||+1.4|
|Christian Peoples||Roger E. Glencross||479||1.2||N/A|
|UKIP||Mrs. Mariana Bell||414||1.0||N/A|
Elections in the 1990s
|Liberal Democrat||Mrs. Alison L. Willott||8,014||16.6||−4.7|
|Green||Rajeev K. Thacker||474||1.0||−0.7|
|ProLife Alliance||Mrs. Sophie A.H. Davies||346||0.7||+0.7|
|Mongolian Barbeque Great Place to Party||Matthew G. Kirby||112||0.2||+0.2|
|Rainbow Dream Ticket||Graham L. Stacey||47||0.1||+0.1|
|Labour gain from Conservative||Swing||+17.9|
|Labour||Kingsley J. Abrams||11,570||23.3|
|Liberal Democrat||Mrs. Alison L. Willott||10,569||21.3|
|Green||Vaughan H. Flood||860||1.7|
|Natural Law||Hugh R.A. Godfrey||181||0.4|
|Independent||Graham W. Hadley||170||0.3|
Elections in the 1980s
|Liberal||Adrian Carnegie Slade||13,237||27.46|
|Labour||Mrs. C.M. Bickerstaff||10,428||21.63|
|Conservative||Sir Robert Michael Oldfield Havers||24,169||52.06|
|Liberal||David J. Twigg||12,623||27.19|
|Party of Associates with Licensees||E.J. Weakner||114||0.25|
Elections in the 1970s
|Conservative||Sir Robert Michael Oldfield Havers||27,567||55.10|
|Liberal||David J. Twigg||7,604||15.20|
|National Front||A. Bailey||612||1.22|
|Conservative||Sir Robert Michael Oldfield Havers||23,615||48.53|
|Conservative||Sir Robert Michael Oldfield Havers||26,542||48.62|
|Independent||William George Boaks||240||0.44|
|Conservative||Sir Robert Michael Oldfield Havers||15,285||53.47|
|Labour||Ralph C. Holmes||8,554||29.92|
|Liberal||John Reginald MacDonald||4,749||16.61|
Elections in the 1960s
|Conservative||Sir Cyril Wilson Black||15,191||50.33|
|Liberal||John Reginald MacDonald||5,475||18.14|
|Conservative||Sir Cyril Wilson Black||15,952||52.03|
|Labour||John R. Daly||8.891||29.00|
|Liberal||George Edwin Scott||5,817||18.97|
Elections in the 1950s
|Conservative||Sir Cyril Wilson Black||21,538||66.86|
|Labour||Lawrence M. Kershaw||10,678||33.15|
|Conservative||Sir Cyril Wilson Black||22,112||65.55|
|Labour||Greville Ewan Janner||11,622||34.45|
|Conservative||Sir Cyril Wilson Black||42,218||66.53|
|Labour||Charles H. Ford||21,242||33.47|
|Conservative||Sir Cyril Wilson Black||40,339||61.33|
|Labour||George Leonard Deacon||20,296||30.86|
|Liberal||Ian Forester Gibson||5,136||7.81|
|Conservative gain from Labour||Swing|
Election in the 1940s
|Labour||Arthur Montague Frank Palmer||30,188||44.41|
|Conservative||Geoffrey Paul Hardy-Roberts||28,820||42.39|
|Common Wealth||K. Horne||2,472||3.64|
|Labour gain from Conservative||Swing|
Elections in the 1930s
|Conservative||Sir John Cecil Power||36,816||67.84|
|Conservative||Sir John Cecil Power||39,643||80.38|
Elections in the 1920s
|Unionist||Sir John Cecil Power||21,902||53.4|
|Unionist||Sir Joseph Hood||15,495||69.8||-1.9|
Notes and references
- A county constituency (for the purposes of election expenses and type of returning officer)
- As with all constituencies, the constituency elects one Member of Parliament (MP) by the first past the post system of election at least every five years.
- Later these merged to form Mitcham and Morden
- The other measure is the historic measure which applied also in this instance but only until 1997.
- This is where the All-England lawn tennis club and the croquet club where the The Championships are held in June each year.
- "Electorate Figures - Boundary Commission for England". 2011 Electorate Figures. Boundary Commission for England. 4 March 2011. Retrieved 13 March 2011.
- Unemployment claimants by constituency The Guardian
- Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "W" (part 4)[self-published source][better source needed]
- "Election Data 2015". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 17 October 2015. Retrieved 17 October 2015.
- "Election Data 2010". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 17 October 2015. Retrieved 17 October 2015.
- "Election Data 2005". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- "Election Data 2001". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- "Election Data 1997". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- "Election Data 1992". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- "Election Data 1987". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- "Election Data 1983". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- "Hardy-Roberts, Brig. Sir Geoffrey (Paul)". Liddell Hart Military Archives. King's College London.
- British Parliamentary Election Results 1918-1949, FWS Craig
- British Parliamentary Election Results 1918-1949, FWS Craig
- Further reading
- Iain Dale, ed. (2003). The Times House of Commons 1929, 1931, 1935. Politico's (reprint). ISBN 1-84275-033-X.
- The Times House of Commons 1945. The Times. 1945.
- The Times House of Commons 1950. The Times. 1950.
- The Times House of Commons 1955. The Times. 1955.