Wimbledon station

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Wimbledon London Underground Tramlink National Rail
Wimbledon station 03.jpg
Wimbledon is located in Greater London
Wimbledon
Wimbledon
Location of Wimbledon in Greater London
LocationWimbledon
Local authorityLondon Borough of Merton
Managed bySouth Western Railway
Station codeWIM
DfT categoryB
Number of platforms11
  • (4 London Underground)
  • (5 National Rail)
  • (2 Tramlink)
Fare zone3
London Underground annual entry and exit
2016Decrease 13.40 million[1]
2017Decrease 12.61 million[1]
2018Increase 18.65 million[2]
2019Decrease 12.53 million[3]
2020Decrease 7.04 million[4]
Tramlink annual boardings and alightings
2009–10 2.243 million[5]
2010–11Increase 2.294 million[6]
National Rail annual entry and exit
2016–17Decrease 20.150 million[7]
– interchange Decrease 1.206 million[7]
2017–18Decrease 18.509 million[7]
– interchange Decrease 1.151 million[7]
2018–19Decrease 18.497 million[7]
– interchange Decrease 1.131 million[7]
2019–20Decrease 17.282 million[7]
– interchange Decrease 1.076 million[7]
2020–21Decrease 4.433 million[7]
– interchange Decrease 0.303 million[7]
Key dates
21 May 1838Opened (Wimbledon and Merton) with opening of the L&SWR main line
22 October 1855Opened (W&CR to Croydon)
1 October 1868Opened (TM&WR to Tooting)
21 November 1881Resited on the opposite side of Wimbledon Bridge
3 June 1889Opened (L&SWR/District to Putney)
1 June 1909Renamed (Wimbledon)
7 July 1929Opened (SR to South Merton)
2 June 1997Closed (Railtrack to West Croydon)
30 May 2000Reopened (Tramlink to Croydon)
Other information
External links
WGS8451°25′24″N 0°12′15″W / 51.4232°N 0.2043°W / 51.4232; -0.2043Coordinates: 51°25′24″N 0°12′15″W / 51.4232°N 0.2043°W / 51.4232; -0.2043
 London transport portal

Wimbledon is a National Rail, London Underground, and Tramlink station located on Wimbledon Bridge, Wimbledon in London, and is the only station in London that provides an interchange between the London Underground and Tramlink. The station serves as a junction for services from the Underground's District line and National Rail operators (South Western Railway and Thameslink), as well as Tramlink services. The station is in Travelcard Zone 3. It is 7 miles 19 chains (11.6 km) from London Waterloo on the South West Main Line.

The station has 11 platforms. Platforms 1–4 are for London Underground, platforms 5 and 8 are for inner suburban South Western Railway services, platform 9 is for Thameslink and platforms 10a and 10b are for Tramlink. Platforms 6 and 7 are adjacent to the fast tracks intended for express and outer suburban South Western Railway services, but most of these services only call at Wimbledon during the Wimbledon Tennis Championships or on Sundays for outer suburban services. Access to these platforms is via sliding gates through safety fencing installed in March 2014.[8]

History[edit]

The first railway station in Wimbledon was opened on 21 May 1838, when the London and South Western Railway (L&SWR) opened its line from its terminus at Nine Elms in Battersea to Woking. The original station was to the south of the current station on the opposite side of the Wimbledon Bridge.

On 22 October 1855, the Wimbledon and Croydon Railway (W&CR) opened the West Croydon to Wimbledon Line to West Croydon via Mitcham and on 1 October 1868 the Tooting, Merton and Wimbledon Railway (TM&WR) opened a line to Streatham via Tooting Junction (now just Tooting). They shared a detached platform slightly to the southwest of the main LSWR station, until the whole station was relocated to the northeast of Wimbledon Bridge for the opening of the District Railway.

The District line and Sutton loop[edit]

On 3 June 1889, the District Railway (DR, now London Underground's District line) opened the extension of its line from Putney Bridge,[9] making Wimbledon station the new terminus of that branch and providing Wimbledon with a direct connection to the developing London Underground system. The station was rebuilt on its current site for the opening of this service. District line steam-hauled services were replaced by electric services from 27 August 1905.

The station was rebuilt again with its current Portland stone entrance building by the Southern Railway (SR, the post grouping successor to the L&SWR) in the late 1920s as part of the SR's construction of the line to Sutton. Parliamentary approval for this line had been obtained by the Wimbledon and Sutton Railway (W&SR) in 1910 but work had been delayed by World War I.[10] From the W&SR's inception, the DR was a shareholder of the company and had rights to run trains over the line when built. In the 1920s, the London Electric Railway (LER, precursor of London Underground) planned, through its ownership of the DR, to use part of the route for an extension of the City and South London Railway (C&SLR, now the Northern line) to Sutton.[10] The SR objected and an agreement was reached that enabled the C&SLR to extend as far as Morden in exchange for the LER giving up its rights over the W&SR route.

The SR subsequently built the line, one of the last to be built in the London area. It opened on 7 July 1929 to South Merton and to Sutton on 5 January 1930.[10]

The station as it was in 1966

Tramlink[edit]

On 2 June 1997, the West Croydon to Wimbledon Line was closed by Railtrack for conversion to operation as part of the Tramlink tram operations. Platform 10, originally the down platform for the Wimbledon & Croydon and Wimbledon & Sutton lines, was used for the single track terminus of Tramlink and rail tracks and infrastructure were replaced with those for the tram system. The new service opened on 30 May 2000. The other end of Platform 10 became a terminating bay for trains from the Tooting direction. Platform 9, the W&C and W&S up platform, became a reversible platform for all Thameslink services between the Sutton and Tooting lines.

To increase the capacity of Tramlink services a second platform was built in place of the former Thameslink bay.[11] The service was suspended between Dundonald Road and Wimbledon from 13 July until November 2015 for the work to be carried out. The original tram platform was renamed to '10a' with the new called '10b', opening on 2 November 2015.[12] As a result, tram frequency increased from 8 per hour to 12 per hour from April 2016.[13]

Forecourt[edit]

Wimbledon station approach in 2008, prior to the removal of vehicle access.

Before 14 March 2011, there was a roundabout outside the main entrance to the station to allow for vehicles to drop off passengers. This made the approach to the station somewhat cramped and not ideal during busy times. On 14 March 2011, vehicle access to the station's forecourt was permanently removed and the approach to the station was completely repaved. This gave a much larger open space outside the station's entrance more ideal during busy times. These works were completed by June 2011 and the approach was hastily cleared in preparation for the Wimbledon Championships which would see a large increase in passengers passing through the station.

Wimbledon station approach in 2011, shortly after the removal of vehicle access.

Laddie[edit]

Wimbledon station was also the haunt of a 'Railway Collection Dog'. Airedale Terrier "Laddie" was born in September 1948 and started work on Wimbledon Station in 1949, collecting donations on behalf of the Southern Railwaymen's Homes at Woking, via a box strapped to his back. He retired in 1956 having collected over £5,000 and spent the rest of his days with the residents at the Home. On his death in 1960, he was stuffed and returned to Wimbledon station. He continued to collect for the Homes, in a glass case situated on Platforms 7/8, until 1990 when he retired once more and became part of the National Railway Collection.[14]

Accidents and incidents[edit]

  • On 12 October 1972, a freight train ran into the rear of an electric multiple unit that was standing at platform 10. Twelve people were injured. The accident was due to inattentiveness by the driver of the freight train.[15]
  • On 6 November 2017, a passenger train formed of two Class 450 electric multiple units derailed near Wimbledon.[16] Four people were injured; over 300 passengers were evacuated from the train.[17]

Oyster cards[edit]

Wimbledon station presents an unusual procedure with the Oyster card pay as you go electronic ticketing system.[18] Ordinarily, London Underground and National Rail passengers with Oyster cards must "touch in" at the start of their journey and "touch out" at the end; those who fail to "touch out" will be charged the maximum possible fare from their starting point. However, Tramlink passengers starting a journey at Wimbledon, after passing through the entry gates, will not be able to "touch out" at the end of their tram journey, since tram stops provide no facility to do so; instead they must "touch in" a second time on the tram platform at Wimbledon, after passing through the ticket barrier, and the system will then recognise that no train or tube journey has been made.[19]

A similar issue arises for passengers arriving at Wimbledon by tram. Normally tram users do not touch out, but at Wimbledon they must do so to leave the station; touching out at the regular turnstile accomplishes this. If, however, a passenger touches their card at a standalone Oyster reader (such as the one by the manual gates), the system will see this as starting a new journey rather than ending one, and will deduct a maximum fare from the card.

Services[edit]

Wimbledon station
National Rail
National Rail
District Line
London Underground
Wimbledon Park
National Rail
National Rail
Haydons Road
Wimbledon[20]
Tramlink
Tramlink
Tramlink lines 3 & 4
to West Croydon
National Rail
National Rail
National Rail
Raynes Park
National Rail

National Rail[edit]

South Western Railway operates frequent northbound services to London Waterloo and southbound services to Dorking, Richmond, Guildford, Cobham & Stoke D'Abernon, Hampton Court, Epsom, Shepperton, Chessington South and Woking. On Sundays only, hourly services run to Basingstoke and Alton.

During Wimbledon Tennis Championships, long distance trains may have an additional call made at Wimbledon.

Thameslink operates services through central London to St Albans City, with two trains per hour via Tooting and two trains per hour via Sutton.

London Underground[edit]

Frequent District line services operate to Tower Hill, Upminster and Edgware Road.

London Trams[edit]

London Trams operates frequent stopping tram services to Beckenham Junction and Elmers End, which also serve the National Rail stations at Mitcham Junction, West Croydon and East Croydon.

Preceding station   Underground no-text.svg London Underground   Following station
TerminusDistrict line
National Rail National Rail
Earlsfield   South Western Railway
  Raynes Park or Surbiton
Thameslink
Preceding station   London Trams   Following station
TerminusTramlink
Wimbledon to Beckenham Junction
TerminusTramlink
Wimbledon to Elmers End
towards Elmers End
  Future Development  
Preceding station   Crossrail seal only.svg Crossrail   Following station
Crossrail
Crossrail 2
  Disused railways  
Terminus   Southern Railway
Merton Branch
  Merton Park
  Connex South Central
 
  Abandoned Plans  
Preceding station   Underground no-text.svg London Underground   Following station
towards Sutton
District line
towards Barking or Edgware Road

Future[edit]

If Crossrail 2 is built, new tunnels will be dug between Wimbledon and Raynes Park, calling at Wimbledon in tunnel and routing trains via Chelsea and central London to Hackney and beyond to either Alexandra Palace (in tunnel the whole way) or Hertford East (surfacing before Tottenham Hale, taking over the West Anglia Main Line north of there). This would provide another set of transport links for the area and direct services to Euston and King's Cross St Pancras.

There is also a proposal for an extension of the Tramlink services running from Wimbledon to Sutton via Morden, St Helier and Rose Hill.[citation needed]

Connections[edit]

See also[edit]

  • Wimbledon TMD – located a little to the north of the station, on the west side of the main line tracks.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Multi-year station entry-and-exit figures (2007–2017)". London Underground station passenger usage data. Transport for London. January 2018. Archived from the original (XLSX) on 31 July 2018. Retrieved 22 July 2018.
  2. ^ "Station Usage Data" (CSV). Usage Statistics for London Stations, 2018. Transport for London. 21 August 2019. Archived from the original on 22 May 2020. Retrieved 27 April 2020.
  3. ^ "Station Usage Data" (XLSX). Usage Statistics for London Stations, 2019. Transport for London. 23 September 2020. Archived from the original on 9 November 2020. Retrieved 9 November 2020.
  4. ^ "Station Usage Data" (XLSX). Usage Statistics for London Stations, 2020. Transport for London. 16 April 2021. Retrieved 1 January 2022.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  5. ^ "Tram Stop Usage 2009-10 (FOI)" (XLS). Tramlink annual passenger performance 2009-2010. Transport for London. 18 August 2011. Retrieved 28 November 2012.
  6. ^ "Tramlink numbers 2010-2011" (PDF). Tramlink annual passenger performance 2010-2011. Transport for London. 28 March 2012. Retrieved 28 November 2012.
  7. ^ a b c d e f g h i j "Estimates of station usage". Rail statistics. Office of Rail Regulation. Please note: Some methodology may vary year on year.
  8. ^ "Safety measures set to be installed at Wimbledon and Earlsfield stations to prevent people falling on tracks". Sutton & Croydon Guardian. 18 March 2014.
  9. ^ Rose 1999
  10. ^ a b c Jackson 1966.
  11. ^ "Transport for London: Wimbledon to Croydon tram link". Retrieved 6 May 2014.
  12. ^ "Wimbledon tram stop reopens with new platform". 2 November 2015. Retrieved 15 January 2016.
  13. ^ "Transport for London: Wimbledon Tram services increase by 50 per cent". Retrieved 14 January 2017.
  14. ^ "Railway Collecting Dog: "Laddie". 1990-7629. Science Museum Group Collection Online". Science Museum Group. Retrieved 26 September 2018.
  15. ^ Glover, John (2001). Southern Electric. Hersham: Ian Allan Publishing. p. 138. ISBN 0-7110-2807-9.
  16. ^ "South West Railways train derails near Wimbledon". BBC News. 6 November 2017. Retrieved 6 November 2017.
  17. ^ "Hundreds evacuated and four people injured after train derails near to Wimbledon". Independent Television News. 6 November 2017. Retrieved 6 November 2017.
  18. ^ "Oyster and National Rail » Wimbledon". www.oyster-rail.org.uk.
  19. ^ "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 5 August 2010. Retrieved 10 July 2010.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  20. ^ "Detailled London transport map (track, depot, ...)". cartometro.com. Retrieved 27 September 2017.

Bibliography[edit]

External links[edit]