Win Myint (politician)

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Win Myint
ဝင်းမြင့်
Win Myint NLD.jpg
Win Myint in 2012
10th President of Myanmar
Assumed office
30 March 2018
Vice PresidentMyint Swe
Henry Van Thio
State CounsellorAung San Suu Kyi
Preceded byMyint Swe (Acting)
2nd Speaker of the House of Representatives
In office
1 February 2016 – 21 March 2018
DeputyT Khun Myat
Preceded byShwe Mann
Succeeded byT Khun Myat
Member of the Pyithu Hluttaw
for Tamwe Township
In office
1 February 2016 – 23 March 2018
Preceded byLei Lei Win Swe
Member of the Pyithu Hluttaw
for Pathein Township
In office
2 May 2012 – 29 January 2016
Preceded byThan Tun
Succeeded byWai Hlaing Tun
Member-elect of Pyithu Hluttaw (1990)
Preceded byConstituency established
Succeeded byConstituency abolished
ConstituencyDanubyu Township № 1
Majority20,388 (56%)
Personal details
Born (1951-11-08) 8 November 1951 (age 67)
Nyaung Chaung Village, Danubyu, Burma
Political partyNational League for Democracy
Spouse(s)Cho Cho
Children1
ParentsTun Kyin (father)
Daw Than (mother)
Alma materUniversity of Yangon

Win Myint (Burmese: ဝင်းမြင့် [wɪ́ɴ mjɪ̰ɴ]; born 8 November 1951) is a Burmese politician and former inmate who is serving as the 10th President of Myanmar since 30 March 2018. He was the Speaker of the House of Representatives of Myanmar from 2016 to 2018. He also served as member of parliament for House of Representatives (Pyithu Hluttaw) from 2012 to 2018.[1][2] Win Myint is seen as an important ally and placeholder for State Counsellor Aung San Suu Kyi, who is the actual head of government in Myanmar but is constitutionally barred from the presidency.

Early life and education[edit]

Win Myint was born in Nyaung Chaung Village, Danubyu, Ayeyarwady Region, Burma to parents Tun Kyin and Daw Than. He graduated with a Bachelor of Science degree in geology from the Rangoon Arts and Science University.[2] He married to Cho Cho and the couple has one daughter, Phyu Phyu Thin, a junior advisor of City Mart Holdings.[3][4]

Political career[edit]

8888 uprising and 1990 election[edit]

After graduating in geology from Rangoon Arts and Science University, Win Myint became a High Court senior lawyer in 1981 and become a lawyer of the Supreme Court of Myanmar. In 1985, he became a High Court advocate. He was jailed for his role in the 8888 Uprising, and has been described by some who have met him as rather a closed book.[5][6]

Out of jail in time for the Myanmar general election, 1990, which the military later nullified, he ran successfully for Ayeyarwady Region’s Danubyu Township, winning a majority of 20,388 (56% of the votes),[7] but was never allowed to assume his seat.[5][6]

2012 by-election and 2015 election[edit]

He resumed his political career in the Myanmar by-elections, 2012, winning a Pyithu Hluttaw, lower house seat in Pathein constituency, and going on to become secretary of parliament’s rule of law committee. In the Myanmar general election, 2015, he was elected as Pyithu Hluttaw MP for Tamwe Township. He served as the Speaker of the House of Representatives of Myanmar from 2016 to 2018.[8]

Presidency[edit]

Following the resignation of Htin Kyaw as President of Myanmar, Win Myint resigned as Speaker of the Pyithu Hluttaw on 21 March 2018, a move seen by many as a preparation by the National League for Democracy for Win Myint to be put forward as a candidate for the presidency. He was succeeded by his deputy T Khun Myat.[9] The Pyithu Hluttaw confirmed the election of Win Myint as the House of Representatives' nominee for vice president on 23 March 2018, paving the way for Win Myint to enter the election process for the next President of Myanmar. He defeated Union Solidarity and Development Party's candidate Thaung Aye with 273 votes to the latter's 27.[10] Win Myint was elected as the 10th President of Myanmar by the Pyidaungsu Hluttaw (a combined meeting of the two houses of the national legislature) on 28 March 2018, with 403 out of 636 lawmakers voting for him.[11]

On 17 April 2018, Win Myint granted amnesty to 8,500 prisoners, including 51 foreigners and 36 political prisoners.[12]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Names of Pyithu Hluttaw representatives announced". Union Election Commission. Government of Myanmar. 2 April 2012. Retrieved 5 October 2012.
  2. ^ a b Khin Kyaw Han (1 February 2003). "Brief Biographies of Elected MPs". 1990 Multi-party Democracy General Elections. Retrieved 5 October 2012.
  3. ^ "MP profile". Pyithu Hluttaw. Retrieved 23 March 2018.
  4. ^ Lun Min Mang (29 January 2016). "Meet the Speakers". The Myanmar Times. Retrieved 23 March 2018.
  5. ^ a b Mang, Lun Min (29 January 2016). "Meet the Speakers". The Myanmar Times. Retrieved 31 March 2018.
  6. ^ a b "What You Need to Know About Newly-Elected Myanmar's President Win Myint". Sputnik News. 28 March 2018. Retrieved 31 March 2018.
  7. ^ "CRPP Notification 38 (translation)". Burma Library. Retrieved 31 March 2018.
  8. ^ "MP profile". Pyidaungsu Hluttaw. Retrieved 23 March 2018.
  9. ^ Lynn, Nyan Hlaing; Kean, Thomas (22 March 2018). "T Khun Myat: Who is the new Pyithu speaker?". Frontier Myanmar. Retrieved 31 March 2018.
  10. ^ Lynn, Nyan Hlaing (23 March 2018). "Parliament elects U Win Myint as Vice President, ahead of presidential vote next week". Frontier Myanmar. Retrieved 31 March 2018.
  11. ^ "Myanmar elects Win Myint as new president". Deutsche Welle. 28 March 2018. Retrieved 31 March 2018.
  12. ^ "Myanmar's President Grants Amnesty to 8,500 Prisoners". VOA. 17 April 2018. Retrieved 22 April 2018.
Political offices
Preceded by
Myint Swe
(Acting)
President of Myanmar
2018–present
Incumbent