The motte and bailey castle was built during the chaos of the Anarchy in the 12th century. The castle was built either in 1140 or 1144 in the north-east of Winchcombe, then a key region of the conflict, and rested on a high motte, or mound. The castle was built by Roger, Earl of Hereford, a supporter of the Empress Matilda, but was attacked in late 1144 by forces loyal to King Stephen in a direct assault. The castle was destroyed after the attack and was not rebuilt.
- Walker, p.15.
- Walker, p.15; National Monuments Record website, accessed 20 December 2010.
- Walker, David. Gloucestershire Castles, in Transactions of the Bristol and Gloucestershire Archaeological Society, 1991, Vol. 109.
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