Winchester, Oklahoma

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Winchester, Oklahoma
Town
Location of Winchester, Oklahoma
Location of Winchester, Oklahoma
Coordinates: 35°47′55″N 95°59′46″W / 35.79861°N 95.99611°W / 35.79861; -95.99611Coordinates: 35°47′55″N 95°59′46″W / 35.79861°N 95.99611°W / 35.79861; -95.99611
Country United States
State Oklahoma
County Okmulgee
Area
 • Total 4.5 sq mi (11.7 km2)
 • Land 4.5 sq mi (11.7 km2)
 • Water 0.0 sq mi (0.0 km2)
Elevation 899 ft (274 m)
Population (2010)
 • Total 516
 • Density 114.7/sq mi (44.1/km2)
Time zone Central (CST) (UTC-6)
 • Summer (DST) CDT (UTC-5)
FIPS code 40-81575[1]
GNIS feature ID 1699805[2]

Winchester is a town in Okmulgee County, Oklahoma, United States. The population was 516 at the 2010 census, an increase of 21.7 percent from 424 at the 2000 census.[3] It is a recently built residential community, having incorporated February 18, 1974.[4]

History[edit]

Winchester began as a residential community on 2,500 acres of land acquired by William D. Crews in 1959. It was intended to attract people who were "tired and frustrated" with life in Tulsa. It incorporated February 18, 1974. By 1980, it had a population of 150. However, by 2000 it still had no retail businesses or municipal services.Telephone, mail, school, and fire-fighting services are supplied by the town of Beggs.[4]

Geography[edit]

Winchester is located at 35°47′55″N 95°59′46″W / 35.79861°N 95.99611°W / 35.79861; -95.99611 (35.798601, -95.996241).[5] This puts Winchester about 25 miles (40 km) south of downtown Tulsa.[6] The town's fenceline runs approximately from U.S. Route 75, a major national north/south artery,[7] on the west side to approximately 3 miles (4.8 km) east of the highway, and from 241st St. in the north to Oklahoma State Highway 16 in the south.[8] Winchester residents have a Beggs mailing address, but the town of Beggs is actually southwest of Winchester and on the opposite side of U.S. Route 75.[9]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 4.5 square miles (11.7 km²), all of it land.

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1980 150
1990 301 100.7%
2000 424 40.9%
2010 516 21.7%
Est. 2015 506 [10] −1.9%
U.S. Decennial Census[11]

As of the census[1] of 2000, there were 424 people, 153 households, and 123 families residing in the town. The population density was 94.0 people per square mile (36.3/km²). There were 169 housing units at an average density of 37.5 per square mile (14.5/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 83.73% White, 0.71% African American, 6.37% Native American, 0.24% Asian, 2.83% from other races, and 6.13% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 6.60% of the population.

There were 153 households out of which 31.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 68.0% were married couples living together, 6.5% had a female householder with no husband present, and 19.6% were non-families. 17.0% of all households were made up of individuals and 3.9% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.77 and the average family size was 3.08.

In the town, the population was spread out with 27.4% under the age of 18, 7.3% from 18 to 24, 30.0% from 25 to 44, 26.2% from 45 to 64, and 9.2% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females there were 103.8 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 96.2 males.

The median income for a household in the town was $37,031, and the median income for a family was $49,444. Males had a median income of $34,792 versus $20,833 for females. The per capita income for the town was $14,614. About 4.0% of families and 10.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 2.0% of those under age 18 and 21.7% of those age 65 or over.

War Museum Controversy[edit]

Winchester made the news briefly in March 1989 when the Institute for the Study of American Wars (ISAW), a Delaware-based nonprofit organization, chose Winchester over competing sites in Oklahoma, Arizona, Pennsylvania and New Mexico[12] for a proposed $150 million war museum complex.[13] However, the selection was withdrawn in April after a disagreement regarding donation of the land. ISAW claimed the State of Oklahoma could not or would not follow through on an earlier pledge of immediate donation in fee of 300 acres of land, and was instead offering only a 200-year lease of the land and/or was demanding proof that ISAW had the funding to build the museum prior to transfer of the land.[14] ISAW later admitted to having raised only $65,000.[15] ISAW then selected the Phoenix area[15] and on July 17, 1989 announced the exact site as a donated 300 acres of a 7,500-acre cotton farm between Phoenix and Tucson once owned by movie star John Wayne, known as John Wayne's Red River Ranch, in Casa Grande, Arizona.[16] In the end, the museum was never built in any location, and ISAW's entity status was voided effective March 1, 1998 by the Delaware Secretary of State.[17]

Ordinances and Land Covenants[edit]

The town's website indicates Winchester is a "restricted residential community"; i.e., the town is subject to land covenants and zoning ordinances which restrict, among other things, mobile homes in many locations.[8] At least one lawsuit to enforce the ordinances and covenants against a homeowner placing a mobile home in an unauthorized location has been successfully prosecuted.[18]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  2. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  3. ^ CensusViewer:Winchester, Oklahoma Population
  4. ^ a b Coleman, Glynis. Encyclopedia of Oklahoma History and Culture. "Winchester." [1]
  5. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  6. ^ "Map of Winchester on Mapquest". Retrieved 2011-06-16. 
  7. ^ U.S. Route 75
  8. ^ a b "Town of Winchester website". Retrieved 2011-06-16. 
  9. ^ "Map of Beggs on Mapquest". Retrieved 2011-06-16. 
  10. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Incorporated Places: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2015". Retrieved July 2, 2016. 
  11. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2015. 
  12. ^ ""Institute Officially Rejects State, Picks Arizona for War Museum", June 29, 1989". The Tulsa World. Retrieved July 24, 2012. 
  13. ^ "Winchester, taken from Oklahoma Historical Society's Encyclopedia of Oklahoma History & Culture". Retrieved July 24, 2012. 
  14. ^ "" Conflicting Offers Led to Loss of War Site, Official Says", July 7, 1989". The Tulsa World. Retrieved July 24, 2012. 
  15. ^ a b ""War Museum to be Built in Arizona", July 16, 1989". The Deseret News. Retrieved July 24, 2012. 
  16. ^ ""Red River Ranch Chosen as Site of War Museum", July 17, 1989". The Associated Press. Retrieved July 24, 2012. 
  17. ^ Entity Details report on the Institute for the Study of American Wars (ISAW), File Number 2038270, from the Delaware Secretary of State, accessed July 24, 2012.
  18. ^ Parrish v. Flinn, 1996 OK CIV APP 104, 925 P.2nd 80 (1996).