Winchester (UK Parliament constituency)
for the House of Commons
Boundary of Winchester in Hampshire
Location of Hampshire within England
|Electorate||74,138 (December 2010)|
|Major settlements||Winchester, Chandler's Ford, Hiltingbury and New Alresford|
|Member of Parliament||Steve Brine (Conservative)|
|Number of members||One|
|Number of members||1295–1885: Two|
|Type of constituency||Borough constituency|
|During its existence contributed to new seat(s) of:||Romsey|
The constituency is in mid-Hampshire and comprises the northern bulk of the large City of Winchester District as well as Chandler's Ford and Hiltingbury in the Borough of Eastleigh. The largest settlement is Winchester.
History of boundaries
1918–1950: The Borough of Winchester, the Urban District of Eastleigh and Bishopstoke, the Rural Districts of Hursley and Winchester, and the Rural District of South Stoneham except the parish of Bittern.
1950–1955: The Boroughs of Eastleigh, Romsey, and Winchester, in the Rural District of Romsey and Stockbridge the parishes of Ampfield, Chilworth, East Dean, Lockerley, Melchet Park and Plaitford, Michelmersh, Mottisfont, North Baddesley, Nursling and Rownhams, Romsey Extra, Sherfield English, and Wellow, and part of the Rural District of Winchester.
1955–1974: The Boroughs of Romsey and Winchester, and parts of the Rural Districts of Romsey and Stockbridge, and Winchester.
1974–1983: The Municipal Boroughs of Andover and Winchester, the Rural District of Andover, and parts of the Rural Districts of Romsey and Stockbridge, and Winchester.
1983–1997: The City of Winchester wards of Bishop's Sutton, Bishop's Waltham, Cheriton, Compton, Durley and Upham, Itchen Valley, Littleton, Micheldever, New Alresford, Olivers Battery, Otterbourne and Hursley, Owlesbury and Colden Common, St Barnabas, St Bartholomew, St John and All Saints, St Luke, St Michael, St Paul, Sparsholt, The Worthys, Twyford, Upper Meon Valley, and Wonston, and the District of East Hampshire wards of Alton Holybourne, Alton North East, Alton North West, Alton South East, Alton South West and Beech, Farringdon, Four Marks, Medstead, North Downland and Ropley, and West Tisted.
1997–2010: The City of Winchester.
2010–present: The City of Winchester wards of Colden Common and Twyford, Compton and Otterbourne, Itchen Valley, Kings Worthy, Littleton and Harestock, Olivers Battery and Badger Farm, St Barnabas, St Bartholomew, St John and All Saints, St Luke, St Michael, St Paul, Sparsholt, The Alresfords, and Wonston and Micheldever, and the Borough of Eastleigh wards of Chandler's Ford East, Chandler's Ford West, Hiltingbury East, and Hiltingbury West.
Parliament accepted the Boundary Commission's Fifth Periodic Review of Westminster constituencies by making slight changes to this constituency for the 2010 general election, removing 11 mostly rural wards in and around Bishops Waltham to a new seat, Meon Valley. In return, Winchester gained four suburban and partially urban wards at the northern edge of Eastleigh.
The chartered city sent burgesses (equivalent to advisory MPs) to the Model Parliament of 1295 and then to most Parliaments convened by the monarch in the medieval period and thereafter; its representation being fixed at two in number during this long period of English history. As is common, major disruption in representation caused by both infrequency of Parliaments convened and allegiance of the incumbents (whether a Royalist or a Parliamentarian) led to sporadic representation during the Protectorate of England and its Commonwealth which followed the end of most fighting during the English Civil War, in this case the stripping of wealth and status from Sir William Ogle followed his being supportive of the wrong faction at the wrong time.
The Redistribution of Seats Act 1885 reduced the narrow borough constituency that elected two MPs to only one, permitting the creation of new broader replacement seats in surrounding Hampshire countryside for two abolished boroughs: Andover and Fareham (also known as West and South Hampshire respectively).
At the 1997 general election the incumbent MP Gerry Malone of the Conservative Party was defeated by Mark Oaten of the Liberal Democrats by just two votes. Malone petitioned the result and it was declared void by the High Court on the grounds of mis-stamped ballots having altered the outcome, necessitating a by-election. This was won definitively by Oaten with a very large majority of 21,556, in an election that saw the Labour vote collapse to 1.7% hence the candidate, Patrick Davies, losing his deposit.
The events of 1997 swung the constituency strongly away from its usual status as a fairly safe Conservative seat.
- Avoidance of confusion in party names
Oaten stood down at the 2010 general election and was replaced as Liberal Democrat candidate by Martin Tod. Following significant boundary changes, Tod was defeated by Conservative candidate Steve Brine, who took the seat with a majority of 3,048 votes. Brine held the seat in 2015, 2017 and 2019, although in 2019 his majority was reduced to just 985 votes over Paula Ferguson of the Liberal Democrats, making Winchester one of the most marginal seats in the UK.
- Prominent frontbenchers
- Sir George Hennessy was a senior whip (Vice-Chamberlain of the Household then Treasurer of the Household) from 1925 to 1929, being given the style 'sir' through a baronetcy in 1927.
- Peter Smithers resigned the seat in 1964 to serve as Secretary General of the Council of Europe until 1969.
- Gerry Malone became a Health Minister in 1994.
- Mark Oaten became Liberal Democrat Home Affairs Spokesman from 2003 until January 2006.
The ancient capital of Wessex, Winchester is a cathedral city with the arts and humanities-oriented University and an affluent population. Deprivation levels are very low, and the population is a mixture of students, academics, London and Southampton commuters, and those employed locally in high-tech and creative industries.
The only other large settlement in the constituency is Chandler's Ford which has over 21,000 residents and is largely a dormitory town. The constituency also includes several villages, mostly to the north and east of Winchester, including Micheldever, New Alresford and Kings Worthy. Much of the rural territory previously in the constituency was moved to Meon Valley from the 2010 general election.
Workless claimants who were registered jobseekers were in November 2012 significantly lower than the national average of 3.8%, at 1.4% of the population based on a statistical compilation by The Guardian.
Members of Parliament
- Constituency created (1295)
MPs since 1885
Elections in the 2010s
|Liberal Democrats||Paula Ferguson||27,445||46.6||12.1|
|Justice & Anti-Corruption||Teresa Skelton||292||0.5||0.2|
|Liberal Democrats||Jackie Porter||19,730||34.5||+10.1|
|Justice & Anti-Corruption||Teresa Skelton||149||0.3||N/A|
|Liberal Democrats||Jackie Porter||13,511||24.4||-18.7|
|Liberal Democrats||Martin Tod||24,107||43.1||−7.0|
|English Democrat||Mark Lancaster||503||0.9||N/A|
|Conservative gain from Liberal Democrats||Swing||+9.1|
Elections in the 2000s
|Liberal Democrats||Mark Oaten||31,225||50.6||−4.0|
|Independent||Arthur Uther Pendragon||581||0.9||N/A|
|Liberal Democrats hold||Swing||−2.1|
|Liberal Democrats||Mark Oaten||32,282||54.6||+12.5|
|Wessex Regionalist||Henrietta Rous||66||0.1||N/A|
|Liberal Democrats hold||Swing|
Note: The percentage differences are compared to the previous general election poll, not the by-election.
Elections in the 1990s
|Liberal Democrats||Mark Oaten||37,006||68.0||+25.9|
|Monster Raving Loony||Screaming Lord Sutch||316||0.6||+0.1|
|Literal Democrat Mark Here To Win||Richard Huggett||59||0.1||−0.9|
|Natural Law||Rosemary Barry||48||0.1||+0.1|
|Ind. Conservative||Roger Everest||40||0.1||+0.1|
|Liberal Democrats gain from Conservative||Swing||+19.8|
|Liberal Democrats||Mark Oaten||26,100||42.1||+4.3|
|"Liberal Democrat Top Choice for Parliament"||Richard Huggett||640||1.0||+1.0|
|Monster Raving Loony||Peter Stockton||307||0.5||+0.5|
|Void election result||Swing|
Note: The result reflects the official return made at the time. It was subsequently declared void upon petition. Because of the presence on the ballot paper of Richard Huggett as "Liberal Democrat Top Choice for Parliament", Oaten used the description "Liberal Democrat: Leader: Paddy Ashdown" to identify himself as the official Liberal Democrat candidate.
|Liberal Democrats||Tony Barron||24,992||37.8||−2.4|
|Ind. Conservative||John Browne||3,095||4.7||+4.7|
Elections in the 1980s
|Green||Julie Patricia Walker||565||0.9||N/A|
|Wessex Regionalist||S. Winkworth||155||0.28|
Elections in the 1970s
|Wessex Regionalist||M. Mahoney||395||0.58|
|Liberal||John W. Matthew||8,867||19.32|
Elections in the 1960s
|Labour||Stanley E. Spicer||12,485||30.42|
|Liberal||E Terence S. Read||7,390||18.01|
|Labour||C Patrick Seyd||12,495||30.85|
|Liberal||E Terence S. Read||6,510||16.07|
|Labour||C Patrick Seyd||11,968||34.62|
Elections in the 1950s
|Labour||Margaret J. Manning||12,132||32.74|
|Labour||Eric Charles Neate||24,418||43.51|
|Labour Co-op||L.F. Cornillie||23,955||43.23|
|Conservative gain from Labour||Swing|
Election in the 1940s
|Labour gain from Conservative||Swing|
Elections in the 1930s
|Labour||Robert Arthur Lyster||13,529||30.29|
Elections in the 1920s
|Labour||Robert Arthur Lyster||14,326||36.6||+5.3|
Election results 1885-1918
Elections in the 1880s
|Conservative||Arthur Loftus Tottenham||1,153||54.0||−7.8|
|Conservative||Arthur Loftus Tottenham||1,119||58.8||+4.8|
Tottenham's death caused a by-election.
Elections in the 1890s
Elections in the 1900s
Elections in the 1910s
|Liberal||George William Ricketts||1,268||42.3||-6.7|
|Liberal||George William Ricketts||1,121||39.5|
General Election 1914/15:
Another General Election was required to take place before the end of 1915. The political parties had been making preparations for an election to take place and by the July 1914, the following candidates had been selected;
- Unionist: Guy Baring
|Independent||Henry Charles Woods||473||28.0||N/A|
|Liberal||William J. West||5,569||35.4||−4.1|
|C indicates candidate endorsed by the coalition government.|
Election results 1832-1885
Elections in the 1830s
|Whig||Paulet St John-Mildmay||351||45.9||−2.7|
|Tory||James Buller East||151||19.7||−7.8|
|Whig gain from Tory||Swing||+7.2|
|Conservative||James Buller East||254||45.9||+26.2|
|Whig||Paulet St John-Mildmay||123||22.2||−23.7|
|Conservative gain from Whig||Swing||+26.3|
|Conservative||James Buller East||258||36.0||+13.1|
|Whig||Paulet St John-Mildmay||242||33.8||−20.2|
Elections in the 1840s
|Conservative||James Buller East||320||33.0||−3.0|
|Conservative gain from Whig||Swing||−0.8|
|Conservative||James Buller East||315||34.2||+1.2|
|Turnout||461 (est)||67.3 (est)||−18.2|
|Whig gain from Conservative||Swing||+2.2|
Elections in the 1850s
|Conservative||James Buller East||379||36.2||+2.0|
|Independent Liberal||William Whitear Bulpett||288||27.5||N/A|
|Turnout||524 (est)||66.5 (est)||−0.8|
|Conservative||James Buller East||384||37.1||+0.9|
|Whig||Wyndham Spencer Portal||253||24.4||N/A|
|Turnout||518 (est)||61.5 (est)||−5.0|
|Conservative||James Buller East||402||30.4||+11.8|
|Conservative||Thomas Willis Fleming||341||25.8||+7.2|
|Turnout||662 (est)||76.4 (est)||+14.9|
Elections in the 1860s
East's resignation caused a by-election.
|Conservative||Thomas Willis Fleming||Unopposed|
|Conservative||William Barrow Simonds||367||31.6||+1.2|
|Conservative||Thomas Willis Fleming||336||28.9||+3.1|
|Turnout||811 (est)||84.2 (est)||+7.8|
Carter was appointed a Lord Commissioner of the Treasury, requiring a by-election.
|Conservative||William Barrow Simonds||830||40.5||−20.0|
|Liberal||Arthur Jervoise Scott||529||25.8||+6.0|
|Turnout||1,440 (est)||88.8 (est)||+4.6|
Elections in the 1870s
|Conservative||William Barrow Simonds||949||39.6||+19.3|
|Conservative||Arthur Robert Naghten||793||33.1||+12.8|
|Turnout||1,528 (est)||85.2 (est)||−3.6|
|Conservative gain from Liberal||Swing||+14.4|
Elections in the 1880s
|Conservative||William Barrow Simonds||773||30.2||−9.4|
|Turnout||1,787 (est)||88.9 (est)||+3.7|
|Liberal gain from Conservative||Swing||+5.1|
Elections before 1832
Elections in the 1830s
|Whig||Paulet St John-Mildmay||Unopposed|
|Registered electors||c. 129|
|Whig||Paulet St John-Mildmay||69||48.6|
|Tory||James Buller East||39||27.5|
|Registered electors||c. 129|
Notes and references
- "Electorate Figures - Boundary Commission for England". 2011 Electorate Figures. Boundary Commission for England. 4 March 2011. Archived from the original on 6 November 2010. Retrieved 13 March 2011.
- 2010 post-revision map non-metropolitan areas and unitary authorities of England
- 2011 Census - Key Statistics - Industries
- Unemployment claimants by constituency The Guardian
- 1386-1421 - Winchester History of Parliament; Accessed 2 November 2011
- "1509-1558 - Winchester". History of Parliament. Retrieved 2 October 2011.
- "1558-1603 - Winchester". History of Parliament. Retrieved 1 January 2011.
- Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "W" (part 4)
- Stooks Smith, Henry (1973) [1844-1850]. Craig, FWS (ed.). The Parliaments of England (2nd ed.). Chichester: Parliamentary Research Services. pp. 136–138. ISBN 0-900178-13-2.
- Churton, Edward (1838). The Assembled Commons or Parliamentary Biographer: 1838. p. 158.
- Craig, FWS (1989) . British parliamentary election results 1832–1885 (2nd ed.). Chichester: Parliamentary Research Services. pp. 334–335. ISBN 0-900178-26-4.
- "General Election". London Evening Standard. 30 July 1847. pp. 3–4. Retrieved 22 July 2018 – via British Newspaper Archive.
- "Members Returned". Norfolk News. 7 August 1847. p. 2. Retrieved 22 July 2018 – via British Newspaper Archive.
- "Winchester parliamentary constituency - Election 2019 - BBC News". BBC News. BBC. Retrieved 24 November 2019.
- "Winchester parliamentary constituency - Election 2017 - BBC News". BBC News. BBC. Retrieved 9 June 2017.
- "Election Data 2015". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 17 October 2015. Retrieved 17 October 2015.
- "Election Data 2010". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 26 July 2013. Retrieved 17 October 2015.
- "BBC NEWS – Election 2010 – Winchester". BBC News.
- "Election Data 2005". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- "Election Data 2001". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- "United Kingdom Parliamentary Byelection results 1997-2001". www.election.demon.co.uk.
- "Election Data 1997". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- "Election Data 1992". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- "Politics Resources". Election 1992. Politics Resources. 9 April 1992. Retrieved 6 December 2010.
- "Election Data 1987". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- "Election Data 1983". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- "1964 By Election Results". Archived from the original on 31 August 2009. Retrieved 19 September 2015.
- The Times' Guide to the House of Commons. 1950.
- British Parliamentary Election Results 1918-1949, FWS Craig
- Craig, F. W. S., ed. (1974). British Parliamentary Election Results: 1885-1918. London: Macmillan Press. p. 210. ISBN 9781349022984.
- The Liberal Year Book, 1907
- Debrett's House of Commons & Judicial Bench, 1886
- Debrett's House of Commons & Judicial Bench, 1901
- Debrett's House of Commons & Judicial Bench, 1916
- Salmon, Philip; Spencer, Howard. "Winchester". The History of Parliament. Retrieved 30 April 2020.
- Craig, F. W. S., ed. (1977). British Parliamentary Election Results 1832-1885 (e-book)
|url=(help) (1st ed.). London: Macmillan Press. pp. 334–335. ISBN 978-1-349-02349-3.
- "Coventry Standard". 2 July 1841. pp. 2–3. Retrieved 6 January 2019 – via British Newspaper Archive.
- "The General Election". Bath Chronicle and Weekly Gazette. 5 August 1847. pp. 3–4. Retrieved 6 January 2019 – via British Newspaper Archive.
- "Winchester Election". Hampshire Telegraph. 10 July 1852. p. 4. Retrieved 22 July 2018 – via British Newspaper Archive.
- "Winchester Election". Hampshire Advertiser. 10 July 1852. p. 7. Retrieved 22 July 2018 – via British Newspaper Archive.
- "Shipping and Mercantile Gazette". 8 July 1852. p. 4. Retrieved 22 July 2018 – via British Newspaper Archive.
- "To the Electors of the City of Winchester". Hampshire Chronicle. 4 April 1857. p. 4. Retrieved 22 July 2018 – via British Newspaper Archive.
- "Hampshire Chronicle". 28 March 1857. p. 4. Retrieved 22 July 2018 – via British Newspaper Archive.
- "Winchester Election". Alnwick Mercury. 2 June 1866. p. 9. Retrieved 23 March 2018 – via British Newspaper Archive.
- "Winchester Liberal Committee". Hampshire Chronicle. 24 October 1868. p. 8. Retrieved 23 March 2018 – via British Newspaper Archive.