Winchester railway station

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This article is about a railway station in England. For the light-rail station in California, see Winchester Transit Center.
Winchester National Rail
Winchester City Station.jpg
Winchester railway station
Location
Place Winchester
Local authority City of Winchester
Grid reference SU477300
Operations
Station code WIN
Managed by South West Trains
Number of platforms 2
DfT category C1
Live arrivals/departures, station information and onward connections
from National Rail Enquiries
Annual rail passenger usage*
2011/12 Increase 4.453 million
2012/13 Increase 4.579 million
2013/14 Increase 4.734 million
2014/15 Increase 4.915 million
2015/16 Increase 5.041 million
History
Key dates Opened 10 June 1839 (10 June 1839)
National RailUK railway stations
A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z
* Annual estimated passenger usage based on sales of tickets in stated financial year(s) which end or originate at Winchester from Office of Rail and Road statistics. Methodology may vary year on year.
170433 at Edinburgh Waverley.JPG UK Railways portal
Railway stations
in Winchester
Didcot, Newbury and
Southampton Railway
South Western Main Line
Mid Hants Railway
King's Worthy
Winchester (Chesil)
Winchester City
Hockley Viaduct
South Western Main Line

Winchester railway station is a railway station in Winchester in the county of Hampshire, England. It is on the South Western Main Line and was known as Winchester City from 1949-67 to distinguish it from Winchester (Chesil) station.

Despite its prominence (most passenger trains stop here), the station only has two platforms. One is on the western side, with the line running in a northerly direction via Basingstoke, Woking and Clapham Junction, towards the terminal of London Waterloo. The other is on the eastern side, with the line running in a southerly direction, towards Eastleigh, where it splits and runs towards Southampton Central, Bournemouth and Weymouth or Portsmouth Harbour.

History[edit]

The station was opened on 10 June 1839 by the London and South Western Railway (then the London and Southampton Railway). It became a temporary terminus for the Winchester to Southampton section. On the same day, another station was opened at Basingstoke, which was a temporary terminus of the London to Basingstoke section.

The following year, a line was built joining Winchester and Basingstoke and the line was complete. This line was the trickiest to construct and had four tunnels and a single station called Andover Road (now Micheldever), rather optimistically given that Andover lay 13 miles (21 km) west. Winchester became a through station on 30 March 1840.

As the line bypassed Kingston upon Thames, Winchester was the only major settlement between London and Southampton. Since the original Southampton line ran via the then small market town of Basingstoke (where lines to the west would be built), it was not very direct. Another line was constructed to run via Guildford, Farnham and Alton, which joined the main line north of Winchester. The present day line runs via Aldershot instead of Guildford and the line finishes at Alton. A section from Alton to Alresford is preserved as the Watercress Line but the final gap from Alresford to Winchester closed in 1973 and is unlikely ever to be reinstated owing to housing having been built on the trackbed.

Unique SR locomotive at the station in 1947

Later, the Great Western Railway built the Didcot, Newbury and Southampton Railway. This passed at a separate station on the eastern side of Winchester, when opened called Winchester Cheesehill, later Winchester (Chesil). In 1949, it was renamed Winchester Chesil, whilst Winchester's main station was renamed Winchester City. This did not last long: In 1966 Chesil closed and an alternative diversionary route to Oxford, Birmingham and beyond, bypassing Basingstoke and Reading, was consequently lost. The following year Winchester City station was changed back to simply Winchester by British Rail.

Renovations in summer 2004 gave the western side a refurbished entrance and second ticket office; albeit with shorter opening hours than that on the eastern side.

In summer 2009, both platforms received ticket barriers with CCTV, with the entrance to platform 2 from the forecourt reorganised as part of South West Trains' plan to fit or refit ticket barriers on the busiest stations on the network.

In July 2013, A brand new footbridge was constructed between the platforms and also features lifts.[1]

Accidents and incidents[edit]

  • In 1937, a boat train caught fire due to an electrical defect in one of the carriages. Four carriages were destroyed.[2]

Goods Yard and Motive Power Depot[edit]

A small engine shed was built by the Southern Railway in 1927. This housed a shunting locomotive which worked in the local goods yard. It was closed together with the goods yard in 1963. There were formerly extensive sidings on both sides of the station and a coal yard, all now largely converted to car parks. On the eastern side, in the area now occupied by retail units, there was a cattle dock for livestock arriving by rail for the adjacent Winchester Cattle Market in Andover Road.

Facilities[edit]

  • Concourse
  • Ticket Offices
  • Automatic Ticket Gates
  • Quick Ticket
  • Pumpkin Cafe
  • Small Shop
  • Vending Machines
  • Telephones
  • Photo Booth
  • Toilets
  • Bicycle Storage
  • Car park

Services[edit]

The station at night: a XC service to York passing a SWT service to Weymouth
Preceding station National Rail National Rail Following station
Basingstoke   CrossCountry
Bournemouth-Manchester
  Southampton
Airport Parkway
  CrossCountry
Southampton-Newcastle
 
  CrossCountry
Bournemouth-Edinburgh
 
Woking
or Basingstoke
  South West Trains
London-Weymouth express services
  Southampton Airport Parkway
or Eastleigh
Basingstoke   South West Trains
London-Weymouth semi-fast services
  Southampton
Airport Parkway
Basingstoke
or Micheldever
  South West Trains
London-Poole stopping services
  Shawford
Micheldever   South West Trains
London-Portsmouth via Winchester
stopping services
  Eastleigh

South West Trains provide regular & frequent services to and from London Waterloo, with the fastest taking 61 minutes. Southbound, there are two trains per hour to Weymouth, one to Portsmouth Harbour and an additional stopping service to Poole each hour (Mon-Sat).[3] CrossCountry services between Bournemouth and Manchester Piccadilly via Reading and Birmingham New Street also call hourly each way, along with a number of Southampton Central to Newcastle Central via Doncaster trains.[4]

There was a rail-bus link operated on behalf of South West Trains by parent company Stagecoach Group. This was known as the Romsey Rail-Link service and followed the same route as the X66, linking the station with Romsey via Hursley and Ampfield but with limited stops. Specially trained drivers were equipped with rail ticket machines and were able to issue tickets for the entire rail network as well as weekly season tickets, thereby saving passengers the necessity of queuing at the station ticket office. The service ceased on 28 July 2008 when South West Trains withdrew its subsidy citing lack of use despite a protest group having formed and collecting a petition of over 1,000 signatures to oppose the closure.[5] As part of the superseded X66 timetable, Stagecoach continue to operate two of the early morning peak services which were well-used alongside the existing hourly services (now half-hourly on weekdays) but without the facility to purchase rail tickets on the buses.[6]The route (now known simply as Route 66) has been extended with variants through the day, and increased journey times, to serve Romsey's outlying housing estates at Woodley, Cupernham and Abbotswood.[7]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Hampshire Chronicle". June 2013. Retrieved 2014-06-22. 
  2. ^ Hall, Stanley (1990). The Railway Detectives. London: Ian Allan. p. 101. ISBN 0 7110 1929 0. 
  3. ^ Table 158 National Rail timetable, May 2016
  4. ^ Table 51 National Rail timetable, May 2016
  5. ^ "1,000 sign petition to save rail station bus link". Southern Daily Echo. Newsquest. 25 October 2007. Archived from the original on 3 November 2007. Retrieved 21 December 2007. 
  6. ^ "Rail company withdraws link". Romsey Advertiser. Newsquest. Retrieved 3 January 2010. 
  7. ^ Stagecoach timetable 66 Winchester: stagecoachsouth.com.

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 51°04′01″N 1°19′12″W / 51.067°N 1.320°W / 51.067; -1.320