Wind power in Illinois
Wind power in Illinois provided 4.7% of the state's electrical power in 2013. At the end of 2014, Illinois had 3568 megawatts (MW) of wind power installed, ranking fourth among states for installed wind turbine capacity. The vast majority of wind-generated electricity in Illinois is distributed via Midcontinent Independent System Operator, which services Illinois outside of northern Illinois--as opposed to PJM Interconnection, which distributes electricity in the Chicago metropolitan area.
Wind power has been supported by a renewable portfolio standard, passed in 2007, and strengthened in 2009, which requires 10% renewable energy from electric companies by 2010 and 25% by 2025. For 2013, in-state renewable generation was just 5.1% of Illinois' total generation.Additional renewably generated electricity is imported from other states. Illinois uses a large amount of electricity, and the state's mandate was enacted when only a very small percentage of its electricity was renewably generated.
Illinois has the potential for installing up to an estimated 249,882 MW of wind generation capacity at a hub height of 80 meters operating at 30% gross capacity factor.That amount is lower with higher capacity factors and is higher with 100 meter hub heights.
The first wind farm in Illinois opened in 2003 and by 2009, it had over 1800 MW installed statewide with thousands of MW more in the planning stages. The largest wind farm in the state is the 300 MW Cayuga Ridge installation, while another seven windfarms each exceeded 100 MW capacity. The Twin Groves Wind Farm was the largest wind farm east of the Mississippi when completed but has since been surpassed. Some smaller installations include a 0.66 MW turbine at the Bureau Valley School District and a 2.5 MW turbine at the Illinois Sustainable Technology Center, formerly part of the Illinois Department of Natural Resources, now part of the University of Illinois. A proposed high voltage DC transmission line would transmit wind generated electrical power to the Chicago area from northwest Iowa.
Power from some wind farms in Illinois is sold to the Tennessee Valley Authority. A 2010 agreement with Iberdrola Renewables provides a potential 300MW future supply from the Streator Cayuga Ridge Wind Farm in Livingston County.
|Farm||Installed capacity (MW)||County|
|Illinois Wind Generation (GWh, Million kWh)|
|Net Generation for Wind, Monthly |
|Megawatts of Installed Generating Capacity|
- GA Mansoori, N Enayati, LB Agyarko (2016), Energy: Sources, Utilization, Legislation, Sustainability, Illinois as Model State, World Sci. Pub. Co., ISBN 978-981-4704-00-7
- List of power stations in Illinois
- List of wind farms in the United States
- Rock Island Clean Line
- "American wind power reaches major power generation milestones in 2013". American Wind Energy Association. March 5, 2014.
- "Installed Wind Capacity". U.S. Department of Energy. Retrieved 2015-03-19.
- "AWEA 4th quarter 2011 Public Market Report" (PDF). American Wind Energy Association(AWEA). January 2012. Retrieved 3 February 2012.
- "Wind Powering America: Installed U.S. Wind Capacity and Wind Project Locations". U.S. Department of Energy. 19 January 2012. Retrieved 19 January 2012.
- U.S. Wind Energy Projects - Illinois, (As of 12/31/2009), American Wind Energy Association (AWEA)
- "Illinois Incentives/Policies for Renewables & Efficiency". Database of State Incentives for Renewables and Efficiency. U.S. Dept. of Energy. Retrieved 17 May 2010.
- "Electric Power Monthly, February 2014". U.S. Energy Information Administration.
- Fix for Illinois renewable energy law faces opposition from utilities
- "WIND ENERGY FACTS: ILLINOIS" (PDF). American Wind Energy Association. Retrieved 17 February 2013.
- "WindExchange:Illinois 80-meter wind map and wind resource potential". U.S. Department of Energy, EERE. Retrieved 2 July 2014.
- About Wind Power in Illinois, Illinois Wind Energy Association
- AWEA treats Twin Groves as four installations. Together they exceed the capacity of Cayuga Ridge.
- Lookout puts wind farm in perspective, Steve Stein, Peoria Journal Star, June 14, 2008
- "Rock Island Clean Line files application with FERC" (PDF). Clean Line Energy Partners. 8 November 2011. Retrieved 3 February 2012.
- "TVA: Energy Purchases from Wind Farms". tva.com.
- Illinois Wind Power Maps
- EIA (May 21, 2013). "Electric Power Monthly". United States Department of Energy. Retrieved 2013-06-03.
- Electricity data browser - Illinois U.S. EIA
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