Wind power in Italy

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Wind power in Italy, at the end of 2015, consisted of more than 1,847 wind turbines with a total installed capacity of 8,958 megawatts. Wind power contributed 5.4% of Italy electricity generation in 2015 (14,589 GWh). Italy is ranked as the world's ninth producer of wind power.[1] Prospects for Italian wind energy beyond 2016 are very uncertain.[2] Having Brazil already topped the 9 gigawatts mark, and with further 175 projects under construction in 2016, by the end of the year, it is expected that Italy will drop to the tenth position, following Brazil.[3]

In 2010, the energy from the 487 active plants accounted for 19% of the renewable energy produced in Italy.[4][5]:38 The total energy produced in 2010 was 8,787 GWh, with an increase of 29% from the previous year.[5]:45

Overview[edit]

Wind power in Europe (end 2013)

In 2001, the European Commission issued its Directive on Electricity Production from Renewable Energy Sources. The Directive set a goal for Italy to obtain at least 25% of its electricity from renewables by 2010.[6] The 1999 Italian ‘White Book’ targeted to install 2,500 MW of wind power capacity by 2010; Italy exceeded this in 2007. The Italian government targeted 12,000 MW by 2020. Given that Italy's recent growth in wind power capacity has been about 30% annually, the target appears reachable by 2015.[6] Italy introduced a renewable energy quota system in 2002, and uses green certificates to ensure that power producers and importers produce specified percentages of electricity from renewables. Renewable energy under the quota system must come from new or repowered plants which began operating after April 1, 1999.[6]

Installed capacity growth[edit]

The table shows the annual increase in installed wind power capacity in recent years.[5]:39

Year Nameplate capacity Plants
MW change number change
2000 363 - 55 -
2001 664 82.92% 81 47.27%
2002 780 17.47% 99 22.22%
2003 874 12.05% 107 8.08%
2004 1,131 29.41% 120 12.15%
2005 1,639 44.92% 148 23.33%
2006 1,908 16.41% 169 14.19%
2007 2,714 42.24% 203 20.12%
2008 3,538 30.36% 242 19.21%
2009 4,898 38.44% 294 21.49%
2010 5,814 18.70% 487 65.65%
2011[7] 6,936 19.30% 807 65.71%
2012[8] 8,144 17.42%
2013[9] 8,552 5.01%
2014[10] 8,703 1.77%
2015[10] 9,126 4.86%

Gallery[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ WWEA (10 February 2016). "The World sets New Wind Installations Record: 63,7 GW New Capacity in 2015". www.wwindea.org. World Wind Energy Association. Archived from the original on 15 March 2016. Retrieved 7 August 2016. 
  2. ^ Market Status: Europe
  3. ^ Mapping Brazil's untapped wind potential
  4. ^ Global installed wind power capacity (MW) Global Wind Energy Council 6.2.2008[dead link]
  5. ^ a b c "Rapporto Statistico 2010" (PDF). Statistiche sulle fonti rinnovabili (in Italian). Gestore Servizi Energetici (GSE). Retrieved 4 January 2012. [dead link]
  6. ^ a b c "GWEC: Europe". Global Wind Energy Council. Retrieved 2008-11-23. 
  7. ^ Gestore dei Servizi Energetici (GSE) - Dati Statistici impianti a fonti rinnovabili in Italia nel 2011 [1]
  8. ^ Wind in power: 2012 European statistics February 2013[dead link]
  9. ^ EWEA (February 2014). "Wind in power: 2013 European statistics" (PDF). European Wind Energy Association. Retrieved 2014-11-05. 
  10. ^ a b "Energia da fonti rinnovabili in Italia – Dati preliminari 2015". GSE. Retrieved 4 July 2016. 

External links[edit]