Windham Hill Records

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Windham Hill Records
Windham1985logo.jpg
Parent company Sony Music Entertainment
Founded 1976 (1976)
Founder William Ackerman
Anne Robinson
Defunct 2007 (2007)
Status Defunct
Distributor(s) Valley Entertainment
Genre Acoustic, new age, folk
Country of origin U.S.
Location Palo Alto, California (1976–1996)
Los Angeles, California (1996–2007)

Windham Hill Records was an independent record label that specialized in instrumental acoustic music. It was founded by guitarist William Ackerman in 1976 and was popular in the 1980s and 1990s.

The label was purchased by BMG through a series of buyouts from 1992 through 1996 and is currently a subsidiary of Sony Music Entertainment after BMG's subsequent merger in 2008. Private Music, also a subsidiary of BMG, has issued some back-catalog releases under the Windham Hill Records imprint. Since the Sony merger, Windham Hill has released no new material but reissues albums and compilations as part of Sony's Legacy Recordings brand.

Origin[edit]

In 1975, William Ackerman was a college dropout who played acoustic guitar on the Stanford University campus. Friends asked him to record his instrumental music for them on cassette. They chipped in so he could make an album, In Search of the Turtle's Navel. He gave copies to radio stations, which attracted an audience and then record store owners, and his albums began to sell. Ackerman invited like-minded musicians to the label, including Alex De Grassi, his cousin and an acoustic guitarist who became one of Windham Hill's best sellers.[1]

Defining the brand[edit]

Windham Hill produced music that was difficult to define, with elements of classical, folk, and jazz, nearly all of it instrumental, acoustic, and mellow. Some Tower Records stores gave Windham Hill its own section.[1] Billboard magazine called the music soft jazz in 1983 and three years later switched to the name new age.[2] The roster included acoustic guitarists Michael Hedges, David Cullen, John Doan, and Andrew York. The label's albums topped the New Age and Contemporary Jazz charts in Billboard magazine. Albums of solo piano by George Winston crossed over into into the pop charts.[2] Seven albums by Winston have been certified Gold and Platinum by the Recording Industry Association of America (RIAA).[3]

The staff oncentrated on the quality of recording and pressing. Anne Robinson, a student of design, produced covers that were minimal, with a centered photograph of nature surrounded by a large white area. The albums were packaged in loose plastic rather than tight cellophane, and distributed in health-food stores and book stores.[1]

Buyouts[edit]

Windham Hill's music was distributed by A&M Records until PolyGram purchased A&M in 1989. From 1989 to 2008 it was distributed by BMG, which had distributed A&M from 1979 until the sale. Ackerman sold his half of the company to BMG in 1992 and Anne Robinson sold her half in 1996. BMG relocated the Windham Hill office to Los Angeles[4]began distributing Windham Hill through RCA Records and merged other music labels that they purchased (such as Peter Baumann's Private Music) into Windham Hill, forming the Windham Hill Group. In doing so, artists such as Yanni, Ray Lynch, and Vangelis joined the label, though they were not original Windham Hill artists.

Jim Brickman was the last artist signed to the label pre-buyout and he was the last artist to leave Windham Hill in 2006, joining Savoy Records.

Legacy[edit]

Today a majority of Windham's releases are distributed through Legacy Recordings, formerly a division of Sony BMG. In 2008 Sony absorbed all of the BMG assets and wrapped Windham Hill into their conglomerate. Sony has no A&R department in Windham Hill and records no new music at this time. It is uncertain whether or not Windham Hill will ever release any new material, though, as part of the Legacy Recordings branch, Windham Hill consistently recycles tunes previously released.

For Windham Hill's 30th Anniversary, Sony BMG released a special collection kit, with an article from Will Ackerman.

For the first time in over 15 years, many of the early Windham Hill artists who recorded under Ackerman performed together on August 27, 2006 at the Villa Montalvo in Saratoga, California near San Jose. Artists included: Barbara Higbie, Jim Brickman, Tuck & Patti, Alex de Grassi, Liz Story, Philip Aaberg, Michael Manring, Samite, David Cullen, Tracy Silverman, Lisa Lynne, George Tortorelli, Sean Harkness (who also planned and invited the musicians), and Will Ackerman.

Starting in 2009, Valley Entertainment began reissuing titles from the Windham Hill catalog.[5]

Associated labels[edit]

  • Dancing Cat Records, label founded by George Winston which began with Winston's albums and migrated to Hawaiian music, received distribution through Windham Hill. Dancing Cat remains an independent label under Sony Classical.
  • High Street Records, singer-songwriters.
  • Hip Pocket, jazz-oriented label started by Andy Narell, folded into the Windham Hill Jazz label, with Magenta, in 1987.
  • Magenta jazz-oriented label, started by Steve Backer in 1985, folded into the Windham Hill Jazz label with Hip Pocket) in 1987.
  • Living Music new-age label started by Paul Winter in 1980, distributed by Windham Hill from 1986–1988.
  • Lost Lake Arts reissued out-of-print albums. A total of 13 albums were released on the label between 1981–1988.
  • Open Air was a vocal label, which released seven albums between 1985–1989.
  • Rabbit Ears was a children's music and audiobook imprint actively distributed through Windham Hill from 1984–1990.
  • Pioneer Artists reissued the Windham Hill music video titles on DVD and VHS beginning in January 2000.

Roster[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Bronstein, Scott (4 May 1986). "Making Money Out of Mellow". The New York Times. Retrieved 5 September 2016. 
  2. ^ a b "Windham Hill Records On A&M Records.com". www.onamrecords.com. Retrieved 2 September 2016. 
  3. ^ "George Winston search". RIAA. Retrieved 5 September 2016. 
  4. ^ Espe, Erik; Harrington, Jim (10 July 1996). "From High Street to Hollywood". www.paloaltoonline.com. 
  5. ^ "Windham Hill Records". Valley Entertainment. Retrieved 19 January 2011. 

External links[edit]