Windisch-Graetz

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Princely arms of Windisch-Graetz

The House of Windisch-Graetz, also spelled Windisch-Grätz, is an Austrian aristocratic family, descending from Windischgraz in Lower Styria (present-day Slovenj Gradec, Slovenia). The noble dynasty serving the House of Habsburg achieved the rank of Freiherren in 1551, of Imperial Counts in 1682 and of Princes of the Holy Roman Empire in 1804.

History[edit]

According to the Almanach de Gotha, the family was first recorded in 1242. They temporarily served as ministeriales of the Patriarchs of Aquileia. One Conrad of Windischgracz (d. 1339) acted as a Habsburg administrator in the Habsburg Duchy of Styria from 1323 onwards.

In 1574 the dynasty obtained Inkolat in Bohemia; later, however, several members converted to Lutheranism and lost their estates in the course of the Thirty Years' War. The Austrian diplomat Gottlieb of Windisch-Graetz (1630–1695) again converted to Roman Catholicism in 1682 and was elevated to the rank of Count of the Holy Roman Empire by Leopold I, Holy Roman Emperor, in the same year. In 1693 his son Ernest Frederick (1670–1727) acquired Červená Lhota Castle in Southern Bohemia, which his descendant Joseph Nicholas of Windisch-Graetz (1744–1802) had to sell in 1755.

Count Alfred Candidus Ferdinand zu Windisch-Graetz (1787–1862) was elevated to the rank of Fürst (Prince) in 1804. After the Holy Roman Empire was abolished two years later, he and his brother Weriand were both created Princes of the Austrian Empire in 1822, with Alfred and his successors being the first line of Princes of Windisch-Graetz, and Weriand and his successors being the second line.[1]

Great Britain's Princess Michael of Kent is descended from this family through her maternal grandmother, while her husband Prince Michael of Kent is a first cousin once removed of Archduchess Sophie Franziska of Austria, Princess of Windisch-Graetz.

(Mediatized) Princes of Windisch-Graetz[edit]

Joseph Nicholas of Windisch-Graetz (1744–1802) was the father of both of the men whose lines are given below.[2]

Elder Line[edit]

  • Alfred (1787–1862), Count 1802–1804, 1st Prince 1804–1862
    • Alfred (1819–1876), 2nd Prince 1862–1876
      • Alfred (1851–1927), 3rd Prince 1876–1927
    • Prince Ludwig (1830–1904)
      • Ludwig Aladar (1882–1968), 4th Prince 1927–1968
        • Prince Alfred (b. 1939) – renounced his succession rights
        • Anton (b. 1942), 5th Prince 1968–present
    • Prince Joseph (1832–1906)
      • Prince Franz (1867–1947)
        • Prince Otto (1913–2011)
          • Prince Johann-Nepomuck (b. 1953)

Younger Line[edit]

Family tree of Hugo, 3rd Prince of Windisch-Graetz (1854–1920)
  • Weriand (1790–1867), 1st Prince 1822–1867
    • Hugo (1823–1904), 2nd Prince 1867–1904
      • Hugo (1854–1920), 3rd Prince 1904–1920
        • Hugo (1887–1959), 4th Prince 1920–1959
          • Maximilian (1914–1976), 5th Prince 1959–1976
            • Mariano Hugo (b. 1955), 6th Prince 1976–present, married 1990 Archduchess Sophie Franziska of Austria
              • Maximilian Hugo, Hereditary Prince of Windisch-Graetz (b. 1990)
              • Prince Alexis Ferdinand (died 2010)
              • Larissa Maria Grazia Helen Leontina Maria Luisa
            • Prince Manfred (b. 1963)
              • Prince Nicolò (b. 1997)
              • Prince Brando (b. 2008)
        • Prince Alfred Weriand (1890–1972), married Marie Isabella zu Hohenlohe-Langenburg
          • Christiane Anna
          • Gottfried Maximilian
          • Hugo Weriand Antonius Franziskus Thomas Maria, married Caroline Knott
            • Constantin Weriand Alfred Maria (b. 1962)
              • Leopold Weriand
              • Otto Atticus
            • Franz Karl Weriand Gottlieb Albrecht Maria (b. 1964)
              • Maximiliana Anastasia Christiane Isabella (b. 2004)
              • Augustin George Veriand Franziskus Ferdinand (b. 2006)
      • Princess Marie (1856–1929)

Coat of arms[edit]

Gules, a wolf's head couped argent.[3]

Notable family members[edit]

Former family estates in present-day Slovenia[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Almanach de Gotha, 1910 edition, pp 245-248, Justus Perthes
  2. ^ Online Gotha - Windisch-Graetz
  3. ^ Moncreiffe, Ian, and Pottinger, Don. Simple Heraldry Cheerfully Illustrated. Thomas Nelson. p. 54. 

External links[edit]