Windows-1255

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Windows-1255
MIME / IANAwindows-1255
Alias(es)cp1255 (Code page 1255)
Language(s)Hebrew, English
Created byMicrosoft
StandardWHATWG Encoding Standard
Classificationextended ASCII, Windows-125x
Other related encoding(s)ISO-8859-8

Windows-1255 is a code page used under Microsoft Windows to write Hebrew. It is an almost compatible superset of ISO-8859-8 – most of the symbols are in the same positions (except for A4, which is 'sheqel sign' in Windows-1255 but 'generic currency sign' in ISO 8859-8 and except for DF, which is undefined in Windows-1255 but 'double low line' in ISO 8859-8), but Windows-1255 adds vowel-points and other signs in lower positions.

IBM uses code page 1255 (CCSID 1255, euro sign extended CCSID 5351, and the further extended CCSID 9447) for Windows-1255.[1][2][3][4]

Modern applications prefer Unicode to Windows-1255, especially on the Internet;[5] meaning UTF-8, the dominant encoding for web pages (or UTF-16, while not on the Internet for security reasons). Windows-1255 is used by less that 0.1% of websites.[6]

Character set[edit]

The following table shows Windows-1255. Each character is shown with its Unicode equivalent.

Windows-1255[7][8][9][10][11][12][13]
0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 A B C D E F
0x NUL SOH STX ETX EOT ENQ ACK BEL BS HT LF VT FF CR SO SI
1x DLE DC1 DC2 DC3 DC4 NAK SYN ETB CAN EM SUB ESC FS GS RS US
2x  SP  ! " # $ % & ' ( ) * + , - . /
3x 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 : ; < = > ?
4x @ A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O
5x P Q R S T U V W X Y Z [ \ ] ^ _
6x ` a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o
7x p q r s t u v w x y z { | } ~ DEL
8x ƒ ˆ
9x ˜
Ax NBSP ¡ ¢ £ ¥ ¦ § ¨ © × « ¬ SHY ® ¯
Bx ° ± ² ³ ´ µ · ¸ ¹ ÷ » ¼ ½ ¾ ¿
Cx ְ ֱ ֲ ֳ ִ ֵ ֶ ַ ָ  ֹ  ֺ ֻ ּ ֽ ־ ֿ
Dx ׀ ׁ ׂ ׃ װ ױ ײ ׳ ״
Ex א ב ג ד ה ו ז ח ט י ך כ ל ם מ ן
Fx נ ס ע ף פ ץ צ ק ר ש ת LRM RLM
  Differences from ISO 8859-8

Usage[edit]

Windows-1255 Hebrew is always in logical order (as opposed to visual). Microsoft Hebrew products (Windows, Office and Internet Explorer) brought logically-ordered Hebrew to common use, with the result that Windows-1255 is the Hebrew encoding that can be found most on the Web, having ousted the visually ordered ISO-8859-8, and preferred to the logically ordered ISO-8859-8-I because it provides for vowel-points.

Relation to Unicode[edit]

The Unicode Hebrew block (U+0590–U+05FF) follows Windows-1255 by encoding both letters and vowel-points in the same relative positions as Windows-1255. Unicode goes further in encoding cantillation marks in lower positions. Unicode Hebrew is always in logical order.

For modern applications UTF-8 or UTF-16 is a preferred encoding.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Code page 1255 information document". Archived from the original on 2016-03-04.
  2. ^ "CCSID 1255 information document". Archived from the original on 2016-03-27.
  3. ^ "CCSID 5351 information document". Archived from the original on 2014-11-29.
  4. ^ "CCSID 9447 information document". Archived from the original on 2016-03-26.
  5. ^ John, Nicholas A. (2013). "The Construction of the Multilingual Internet: Unicode, Hebrew, and Globalization". Journal of Computer-Mediated Communication. 18 (3): 321–338. doi:10.1111/jcc4.12015. ISSN 1083-6101. Background: the problem of Hebrew and the Internet
  6. ^ "Usage Statistics of Windows-1255 for Websites, January 2019". w3techs.com. Retrieved 2019-01-17.
  7. ^ Unicode mapping table for Windows 1255
  8. ^ Unicode mappings of windows 1255 with "best fit"
  9. ^ Code Page CPGID 01255 (pdf) (PDF), IBM
  10. ^ Code Page CPGID 01255 (txt), IBM
  11. ^ International Components for Unicode (ICU), ibm-1255_P100-1995.ucm, 2002-12-03
  12. ^ International Components for Unicode (ICU), ibm-1251_P100-1995.ucm, 2002-12-03
  13. ^ International Components for Unicode (ICU), ibm-5351_P100-1998.ucm, 2002-12-03

External links[edit]