Windows NT 3.51

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Windows NT 3.51
A version of the Windows NT operating system
Windows NT 3.51.png
DeveloperMicrosoft
Source modelClosed source
General
availability
30 May 1995; 23 years ago (1995-05-30)[1]
Latest release3.51 (Build 1057: Service Pack 5) / 19 September 1996; 22 years ago (1996-09-19)[1]
PlatformsIA-32, Alpha, MIPS, PowerPC
Kernel typeHybrid
LicenseCommercial proprietary software
Preceded byWindows NT 3.5 (1994)
Succeeded byWindows NT 4.0 (1996)
Official websitewww.microsoft.com/windows/WinHistoryDesktop.mspx
Support status
Unsupported as of 31 December 2001

Windows NT 3.51 is the third release of Microsoft's Windows NT line of operating systems. It was released on 30 May 1995, nine months after the release of Windows NT 3.5, and three months before the release of Windows 95. The release provided two notable feature improvements; firstly NT 3.51 was the first of a short-lived outing of Microsoft Windows on the PowerPC architecture. The second most significant enhancement offered through the release was that it provides client/server support for interoperating with Windows 95, which was released three months after NT 3.51. Windows NT 4.0 became its successor a year later; Microsoft continued to support Windows NT 3.51 until 31 December 2001.

Overview[edit]

The release of Windows NT 3.51 was dubbed "the PowerPC release" at Microsoft. The original intention was to release a PowerPC edition of NT 3.5, but according to Microsoft's David Thompson, "we basically sat around for 9 months fixing bugs while we waited for IBM to finish the Power PC hardware".[2] Editions of NT 3.51 were also released for the x86, MIPS, and Alpha architectures.

New features introduced in Windows NT 3.51 include PCMCIA support, NTFS file compression,[3] replaceable WinLogon (GINA), 3D support in OpenGL, persistent IP routes when using TCP/IP, automatic display of textual descriptions when the mouse pointer was placed on toolbar buttons ("tooltips") and support for Windows 95 common controls.[4]

In view of the significant difference in the kernel base, Windows NT 3.51 is readily able to run a large number of Win32 applications designed for Windows 95. More recent 32-bit applications will not work, as the developers have prevented their application from working with any Windows version earlier than Windows 98; also, because some applications do not work properly with the older Windows NT 3.51 interface.

Despite this, Microsoft in their application releases muddied the issue, releasing 32-bit versions of Microsoft Office right up to Office 97 SR2b (the last version of Microsoft Office supported on NT 3.51), but relying upon 16-bit versions of Internet Explorer technology. This is probably because 32-bit versions of Internet Explorer 4.0 and later integrated with the Windows 95 desktop, and NT 3.51 still used the Windows 3.1 desktop. Thereafter, up to IE 5.0, but no later 5.x versions, were offered. However, the open-source SeaMonkey internet suite supported NT 3.51 through version 1.1.19, released on 16 March 2010; it requires a few manual file updates to work without compromising browsing security.[5][6][7]

Windows NT 3.51 is the last of the series to be compatible with the Intel 80386 processor.

NewShell[edit]

On 26 May 1995, Microsoft released a test version of a shell refresh, named the Shell Technology Preview, and often referred to informally as "NewShell". This was the first incarnation of the modern Windows GUI with the Taskbar and Start menu. It was designed to replace the Windows 3.x Program Manager/File Manager based shell with Windows Explorer-based graphical user interface. The release provided capabilities quite similar to that of the Windows "Chicago" (codename for Windows 95) shell during its late beta phases; however, it was intended to be nothing more than a test release.[8] There was a second public release of the Shell Technology Preview, called Shell Technology Preview Update made available to MSDN and CompuServe users on 8 August 1995. Both releases held Windows Explorer builds of 3.51.1053.1. The Shell Technology Preview program never saw a final release under NT 3.51. The entire program was moved across to the Cairo development group who integrated the new shell design into the NT code with the release of NT 4.0 in July 1996.

Updates[edit]

Five Service Packs were released for NT 3.51, which introduced both bug fixes and new features. Service Pack 5, for example, fixed issues related to the Year 2000 problem.

Hardware requirements[edit]

Windows NT 3.51 hardware requirements[9]
Category Minimum requirement
Processor Intel 386 or 486 at 25 MHz
Memory Workstation edition: 12 MB
Server edition: 16 MB
Video card VGA
Hard disk drive standard IDE, EIDE, SCSI or ESDI
Free hard disk drive space 90 MB
Installation media CD-ROM drive, 1.44 MB or 1.2 MB floppy disk drive or active network connection

Supported EIDE addressing schemes include logical block addressing (LBA), ONTrack Disk Manager, EZDrive, and extended cylinder-head-sector (ECHS).

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Adams, Paul (4 August 2009). "Windows NT History". if (ms) blog++;. Microsoft.
  2. ^ Paul Thurrott (24 January 2003). "Windows Server 2003: The Road To Gold - Part One: The Early Years". SuperSite for Windows. Archived from the original on 4 June 2010. Retrieved 4 September 2009.
  3. ^ Daily, Sean. "Optimizing NTFS". Windows NT Magazine. Retrieved 25 June 2017 – via TechNet.
  4. ^ "Windows NT 3.51 Product Overview". Support. Microsoft. 31 October 2006. Archived from the original on 25 December 2007.
  5. ^ "System Requirements". Installation Instructions for SeaMonkey 1.1.19. 16 March 2010. Retrieved 30 November 2015.
  6. ^ "Misc Windows". toastytech.com. 2010. p. 4. Retrieved 30 November 2015.
  7. ^ Lineback, Nathan. "Web Browsing fixes for NT 3.51, 95, and NT 4". toastytech.com. Retrieved 30 November 2015.
  8. ^ John D. Ruley (September 1995). "NT Gets the Look But Not the Logo". How-To Columns. WinMag. Archived from the original on 14 March 2006. Retrieved 4 September 2009. Internet Archive
  9. ^ "Windows NT 3.5x Setup Troubleshooting Guide". Microsoft. 1 November 2006. Retrieved 4 September 2009.

External links[edit]