Windsor Guildhall

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Windsor Guildhall
Windsorguildhall.jpg
The south side of Windsor Guildhall showing the Cornmarket, with the Statue of Prince George above and the 1829 extension on the right.
LocationWindsor, Berkshire
Coordinates51°28′56″N 0°36′25″W / 51.4822°N 0.6070°W / 51.4822; -0.6070Coordinates: 51°28′56″N 0°36′25″W / 51.4822°N 0.6070°W / 51.4822; -0.6070
Built1689
ArchitectSir Thomas Fitz
Architectural style(s)17th century
Listed Building – Grade I
Designated4 January 1950
Reference no.1117752
Windsor Guildhall is located in Berkshire
Windsor Guildhall
Location of Windsor Guildhall in Berkshire

The Windsor Guildhall is the town hall of Windsor, Berkshire, England. It is situated in the High Street, about 100 meters (330 ft) from Castle Hill, which leads to the main public entrance to Windsor Castle. It is a Grade I listed building.[1]

History[edit]

The former covered corn market. The full image shows the apparent gaps at the top of four inside columns.

A deed of 1369, now in the possession of Eton College, refers to the "gildaule", and a charter of 1439 states that "pleas happening in the said borough ... shall be pleaded and holden in the guildhall there, before the mayor and bailiffs for the time being".[2] Norden's map of 1607 shows a market house in the location of the present guildhall: the main part of it is raised on wooden pillars to allow the space beneath to be used as a covered corn market.[3]

The erection of the present guildhall was begun in 1687, under the direction of Sir Thomas Fitz (Fitch or Fiddes) but the story is that on his death in 1689, the task was taken over and completed by Sir Christopher Wren. The cost of construction was £2687/1s/6d. The new building was supported by stone columns, like its predecessor. This allowed for corn markets to be held in the covered area.[2] It has been told for many years that Wren was asked to insert additional columns to support the weight of the heavy building above; Wren supposedly did not believe they were necessary and made them slightly short, so that they do not quite touch the ceiling.[4] However, there is little evidence that Wren was ever involved with the design or construction of the Guildhall. It is now believed that the story grew out of Wren's connections with Windsor along with the actions of his son, also called Christopher Wren. The younger Wren served as a Member of Parliament for Windsor and commissioned the statue of Prince George of Denmark in 1713 on the south end of the building with his name was engraved underneath. The pillars were probably moved into the corn market from the east side when the extension was added in 1829.[4] The gaps at the top of the pillars are now filled with tiles smaller than the capitals. A statue of Queen Anne was commissioned by the council in 1708 on the north side of the building.[5]

The 1829 extension was a two-storey building at the back of the existing hall, designed by James Bedborough. Major restorations of the building were undertaken in 1851, and, following its use as a food office during the Second World War, again in 1950–1951.[2] The restored building was reopened during the Festival of Britain by Princess Elizabeth.[2] The guildhall was a facility for dispensing justice and Quarter Sessions were held there until 1971.[2]

Since the formation of the Royal Borough of Windsor and Maidenhead in 1974, the guildhall has been used by the borough council for ceremonies and committee meetings. On 9 April 2005, the wedding of Prince Charles and Camilla Parker Bowles took place there[6] and, on 21 December 2005, it hosted one of the first same sex civil partnership ceremonies to be held in England, that of Sir Elton John and David Furnish.[7][8][9] On 12 March 2011, the new Windsor and Royal Borough Museum was officially opened in the Guildhall by Queen Elizabeth II.[10][11]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Historic England. "The Town Hall, Windsor (1117752)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 31 August 2019.
  2. ^ a b c d e South, Raymond (1977). The Book of Windsor. Barracuda Books. ISBN 978-0860230380.
  3. ^ "A Description of the Honor of Windesor. 1607". Royal Collection Trust. Retrieved 31 August 2019.
  4. ^ a b Marson, Pamela; Mitchell, Brigitte (2015). Windsor Guildhall: History and Tour. Friends of the Windsor & Royal Borough Museum. p. 7. ISBN 9780-9010-3309-3.
  5. ^ "Queen Anne – Windsor Guildhall – Great Britain". Waymarking. Retrieved 20 October 2019.
  6. ^ "Same day, different wedding". BBC News. 9 April 2005. Retrieved 31 August 2019.
  7. ^ "Elton John and David Furnish are dads". CNN. 28 December 2010. Archived from the original on 19 March 2011. Retrieved 7 October 2011.
  8. ^ Petre, Jonathan (6 December 2005). "Sir Elton picks royal venue for his 'wedding'". The Daily Telegraph. Retrieved 13 August 2020.
  9. ^ "Sir Elton John and David Furnish celebrate their wedding in Old Windsor". Maidenhead Advertiser. 21 December 2014. Retrieved 13 August 2020.
  10. ^ "History of the Windsor Guildhall". Windsor and Royal Borough Museum. Retrieved 31 August 2019.
  11. ^ "The Queen opens the Windsor and Royal Borough Museum". BBC News. 9 December 2011. Retrieved 13 August 2020.