Windsor Terrace, Brooklyn
|Neighborhood of Brooklyn|
The Engine Company 240 Battalion 48 firehouse
|Country||United States of America|
|City||New York City|
|Founded by||William Bell|
|Named for||a place in England named Windsor|
|• Total||1.30 km2 (0.503 sq mi)|
|• Density||16,000/km2 (42,000/sq mi)|
|• Median income||$97,474|
|• Hispanic American||15.7%|
|• Asian/Pacific Islander||9.9%|
|• African American||6.2%|
|• Other/Two or more||3.4%|
|ZIP codes||11215, 11218|
|Area code||917, 718, 347|
Windsor Terrace is a small residential neighborhood in the northwestern part of the New York City borough of Brooklyn. As of the 2010 United States Census, Windsor Terrace had 20,988 people living within its 0.503-square-mile (1.30 km2) area. Its ZIP codes are 11215 and 11218.
Windsor Terrace is situated between Prospect Park on the east and northeast, Park Slope to the northwest, Green-Wood Cemetery to the southwest, and Kensington to the south. It is considered to be within the area historically known as South Brooklyn. A part of Community Board 7, the neighborhood is patrolled by the NYPD's 72nd Precinct and protected by FDNY's Engine Company 240.
Before the coming of Europeans to the New World, the area which is now Windsor Terrace was inhabited by the Canarsee Indians. Specifically, the Gowanus and Werpos tribes inhabited the surrounding area.:2 The land, which was then in the far northwestern corner of the Town of Flatbush,:2 was purchased as a farm by John Vanderbilt. Some parts of the land were also maintained by the Martense family, who owned land in the area through 1895. This area was desirable due to its proximity to downtown Brooklyn, as well as the recent construction of the Coney Island Plank Road through the area and of the serene Green-Wood Cemetery to the southwest.
Following Vanderbilt's death, his land was divided in two. Vanderbilt's land were sold to William Bell, a real estate developer, in 1849. Bell subdivided the land into 47 building lots, and, unlike some other developers in the general area, was able to sell them rather quickly. Bell then renamed the area after one of the multiple places named Windsor in England. Bell sold part of the land to Edward Belknap in 1851, and Belknap subsequently built four streets on which he marked 49 lots for future "Pleasant Cottages." The development was incorporated as the Village of Windsor Terrace, which was bounded by Church Avenue on the south, McDonald Avenue on the west, the Brooklyn–Flatbush town line on the north, and Prospect Park Southwest and Coney Island Avenue on the east. The Brooklyn Daily Eagle first referred to the area as "Windsor Terrace" in March 1854. By 1856, Belknap had lost his land due to foreclosure.
The area was generally desirable due to its prime location in the far northeast of the Town of Flatbush; close to the City of Brooklyn, yet located far enough outside it that residents of Windsor Terrace were willing to move there for its suburban ambience; and within walking distance of Brooklyn Rapid Transit's streetcar lines. Additional blocks were developed in 1862, when the village had 30 inhabitants living in twelve houses.:2 The village kept growing through the 1870s,:2 boasting a Protestant chapel by 1874,:2 a public school by 1876,:2 and its own volunteer fire department by 1888. The village remained rural in feel until around 1900, when row houses began to be built throughout the area, at first along Prospect Park SW. Between 1902 and 1919, builder and future Republican U.S. Senator for New York State, William M. Calder, erected 700 two-story homes along Prospect Park SW.
Development began to pick up pace around 1925 as rumors circulated that the neighborhood would soon be served by the New York City Subway. There were a lot of single-family and two-family houses being built, as well as stores being opened on 11th Avenue and two apartment buildings being erected on Prospect Avenue.:2–3 Many of the new occupants of these residences were Irish-American workers, some of whose families then remained there for generations. The 1933 arrival of the Independent Subway System (IND) ushered in an era of apartment-building construction.:2–3
Even into the 1960s, Windsor Terrace was an isolated neighborhood with a quiet small-town feel to it, although the construction of the Prospect Expressway brought more through traffic into the area. Gentrification of the neighborhood began in the 1980s, with families who could not afford the prices in Brooklyn Heights and Park Slope coming to Windsor Terrace instead. Additional two-family housing funded with public assistance was built and sold by lottery. In the late 1980s, the neighborhood was rezoned to prevent the construction of high-rise buildings. By then, however, the area was in the throes of a gentrification that would last through the 2000s.
In March 2015, Key Food, the only supermarket in the neighborhood, closed down (a common occurrence in other gentrified neighborhoods in Brooklyn). Shortly after, a food co-op, using the model of the Park Slope Food Coop, was in the process of being organized. The co-op, sometimes jokingly abbreviated as the "WTF Coop" (Windsor Terrace Food Coop), serves both as a supplier of food and a community focal point. The co-op is owned and operated by members who help organize food and unload deliveries. They each pay a fee of $100 for the right to eat food delivered by the co-op, which is cheaper than the food in nearby supermarkets. Only paying members can eat from the co-op, as in the Park Slope co-op. Meanwhile, a new, smaller Key Food is being considered for the old location.
Location and street grid
Windsor Terrace, which is part of Community Board 7, is generally located on a narrow, nine-block-wide spit of urban area, a "curved, somewhat comma-like shape" located between northwestern and central Brooklyn. This area lies between Green-Wood Cemetery to the southwest and Prospect Park to the northeast, split down the middle by the Prospect Expressway. Adjacent neighborhoods include Park Slope to the northeast and Kensington to the south. According to The Neighborhoods of Brooklyn, Windsor Terrace is bounded by Prospect Park West on the north, Prospect Park SW and Coney Island Avenue on the east, Caton Avenue on the south and McDonald Avenue on the west. However, the Encyclopedia of New York City gives the boundaries as Seventh Avenue and Prospect Park W on the north, Prospect Park SW to the east, and Green-Wood Cemetery to the south and west. Other sources extend the northwest corner to Eighth Avenue along 15th Street and 20th Street.
Windsor Terrace straddles the line between the original Dutch Colonial Brooklyn towns of Brooklyn and Flatbush, as can be seen from its street grid that is bent approximately northeast-southwest along present-day Terrace Place. Old South Brooklyn (which is actually in western Brooklyn) is located to the north in the direction of 11th Avenue, and the Town of Flatbush to the south, located in the direction of Seeley Street. The grid of old Brooklyn, which is tilted at an angle, is adjacent to the Flatbush grid, which is roughly aligned with the cardinal directions, at this juncture. The only other still-extant nuance of this ancient Dutch boundary is the legacy of original Catholic Parish boundaries, which are between Holy Name and Immaculate Heart, and ZIP codes applied much later (11215 to the north and 11218 to the south). In this area, Vanderbilt Place, named after John Vanderbilt, splits western Brooklyn's general street grid (comprising numbered avenues from 1st–101st Streets) and southeastern Brooklyn's general street grid (comprising lettered avenues from East 1st to East 108th Streets).
There are three streets between 16th and 17th Streets in the Windsor Terrace street grid, since the streets diverge from each other from Park Slope eastward. The northernmost of the streets is Windsor Place, which runs between 7th Avenue and Prospect Park SW. The southernmost of the streets is Prospect Avenue, which continues southward to Fort Hamilton Parkway and northward to Third Avenue. Running between these two streets from 10th Avenue to Terrace Place, Sherman Place, named after Roger Sherman, a signatory of the Declaration of Colonial Rights, the United States Declaration of Independence, the Articles of Confederation, and the United States Constitution (and the only person to sign all four). The street name "Windsor Place" has actually been applied to two different streets throughout the neighborhood's history. The current Windsor Place was formerly Braxton Street before the 1900s, while 16th Street between Prospect Park W and Prospect Park SW was known as "Windsor Place" before then.
Even though Prospect Park W takes the place of 9th Avenue in the Windsor Terrace grid, it actually continues with the "Prospect Park W" name south of Prospect Park SW, which continues Prospect Park's boundary southeastward, and 15th Street. Prospect Park W continues to Green-Wood Cemetery, ending there. The stretch of Prospect Park W between 16th Street and Green-Wood Cemetery has always been called the same name as the stretch adjoining Prospect Park; the entire street was formerly named 9th Avenue.
East of Prospect Park W, 15th Street is named Prospect Park SW. At the convex bend between 11th Avenue and 17th Street, Prospect Park SW formerly continued as Coney Island Avenue. The southernmost stretch of Prospect Park SW, south of the bend, still has Coney Island Avenue's street numbers.
Traffic circles are relatively rare in New York City, but Windsor Terrace has three of them, all framing Prospect Park entrances along the park's border. The northernmost, a medium-sized traffic circle named Bartel-Pritchard Square, is at the intersection of Prospect Park W, Prospect Park SW, and 15th Street, and contains an ornate entrance framed with two columns. Another traffic circle, a small circular asphalt pad that is largely delineated with paint and flex-barriers, is at Prospect Park SW and 17th Street. The southernmost, a large traffic circle named Park Circle, is at the convergence of Prospect Park SW, Coney Island Avenue, Parkside Avenue, Ocean Parkway, and Fort Hamilton Parkway, and was reconstructed in 2010. Park Circle's entrance to Prospect Park is designed in a style similar to the Bartel-Pritchard Square entrance.
Based on data from the 2010 United States Census, the population of Windsor Terrace was 20,988, an increase of 209 (1.0%) from the 20,779 counted in 2000. Covering an area of 322.38 acres (130.46 ha), the neighborhood had a population density of 65.1 inhabitants per acre (41,700/sq mi).
The racial makeup of the neighborhood was White, 6.2% (1,298) African American, 0.1% (31) Native American, 9.9% (2,076) Asian, 0% (0) Pacific Islander, 0.7% (151) from other races, and 2.5% (531) from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 15.7% (3,285) of the population.64.9% (13,616)
Windsor Terrace is home to mainly Irish-, German-, Polish-, and Italian-American families, many having settled in its brick row and wood-frame houses when the neighborhood was first developed.:2 The overwhelming majority of residents – many of whom can trace their family histories in Windsor Terrace back multiple generations – are Irish-American.:2 They are traditionally affiliated with either Holy Name Church and School (the church having been built in 1874 and the school having been built in 1923, both located on present-day Prospect Park W),:2 or Immaculate Heart of Mary (located on Fort Hamilton Parkway in Windsor Terrace's southeastern extremity). Other smaller Protestant denominations exist nearby, such as the Memorial Baptist Church at 16th Street and 8th Avenue, and Holy Apostles Episcopal on Greenwood Avenue. Over time, Windsor Terrace has become increasingly diverse, as Greek and Hispanic residents have moved in. There is also a small minority of Syrians, Maronite Lebanese, and Jewish-Americans. The local synagogue is the Chabad Jewish Center. There is also a newer place of worship, the Calvary Cathedral of Praise at Caton Place and East Eighth Street.
By the 2000s and 2010s, an influx of residents seeking affordable family housing had pushed property prices up. In 2015, houses in various parts of Windsor Terrace sold for about $1.2 million to $2 million in 2015, and apartments cost from $400,000 for a one-bedroom apartment to more than $1 million for a three-bedroom apartment. Windsor Terrace is becoming more ethnically diverse and culturally active, owing to a demographic change since the 1990s, when the area had a more elderly population and not as many families with young children. The increased presence of many families with young kids has not indicated a significant cultural change in the neighborhood.
However, despite the increased population, the area still maintains a bit of small-town atmosphere, with relatively low house turnover. A real estate broker who grew up in the area said that in Windsor Terrace, "everybody says hello" to each other, and a real-estate feature in The New York Times stated that "residents look out for one another at all hours of the day." There is more on-street vehicle parking in Windsor Terrace than in nearby, more populous neighborhoods. The area's lack of traffic lights, due to low traffic volumes, make Windsor Terrace feel like a small town, as do well-maintained one-family houses, some with covered balconies and stained glass windows; other houses with "bay windows, both rounded and faceted"; and yet other "clapboard Italianate" houses with multicolored cornices. There are a few apartment buildings, including Windsor Tower, a 10-story building that was downgraded from 22 stories after community objections; a 73-unit, seven-floor rental building that opened in 2015; and a condominium tower at 279 Prospect Park W, a former paint factory storage building that posed as a bank in the 1975 movie Dog Day Afternoon. The houses are of varying types, including some small one-story clapboard houses that have attics and date to the neighborhood's development; larger two-story houses with basements and some wood framing on the exterior; and attached brick townhouses with either flat facades with normal-sized windows or curved facades with bay windows, both with two floors and a basement.
The neighborhood is mostly residential, with some commerce along Prospect Park W, Prospect Avenue, and Fort Hamilton Parkway. The latter two corridors have seen an increased commercial presence since the 2000s, but these new stores are mostly family-owned businesses, with the exception of a Walgreens and a grocery store in the area. There are at least two bars (the Double Windsor and the Adirondack) as well as a combination cafe and food store called The Tuscan Gun; a combination pub and restaurant called Hamilton's; a French restaurant called Le Paddock; and a Middle Eastern restaurant called Batata. The commercial streets are also lined with new "coffee shops, yoga studios and vegetarian restaurants" that have popped up since the area's gentrification.
The neighborhood is patrolled by the New York City Police Department (NYPD)'s 72nd Precinct, located at 830 4th Avenue in Sunset Park. The precinct (which includes Sunset Park, Park Slope, and South Slope) has been historically relatively safe. As of 2015[update], the 72nd Precinct reported 3 murders (5 in 2001), 20 rapes (32 in 2001), 212 robberies (410 in 2001), 225 felonious assaults (259 in 2001), 212 burglaries (545 in 2001), 388 grand larcenies (285 in 2001), and 106 grand thefts auto (403 in 2001).
New York City Fire Department (FDNY) services are provided by Engine Company 240 located at 1307 Prospect Avenue, within the neighborhood. It supersedes a volunteer fire department created in 1888. Brooklyn Fire Department Engine 40 was created with that number on January 20, 1896, moving into a firehouse at 1307-1309 Prospect Avenue (which is now a city landmark). The company was incorporated into the FDNY as Engine Company 240 on January 1, 1913.
Politics and government
Windsor Terrace is a heavily Democratic area; in the 2012 presidential campaign, President Barack Obama had between 65% and 80% of the vote in the neighborhood, with some of its districts reporting more than 80% voting for Obama. In 2008, 91% of people in New York's 11th congressional district, where Windsor Terrace was located, voted for Obama, compared to 9% for rival John McCain.
Windsor Terrace is part of the 21st State Senate district (represented by New York State Senator Kevin S. Parker since 2002), and the 44th State Assembly district. It is part of District 39 in the New York City Council; since 2010, Democrat Brad Lander has held the seat.
In the 2016 Democratic presidential primary, Hillary Clinton narrowly won the primary in Windsor Terrace, receiving 2,756 votes ( 51.8%) to Bernie Sanders's 2,568 votes ( 48.2%) with a total of 5,324 Democrats voting. Windsor Terrace had relatively few Republican primary voters. Just 371 voters cast ballots in the 2016 Republican primary, with 197 people ( 53.1% of the Republican electorate in the neighborhood) voting for Donald Trump, 120 for John Kasich ( 32.3% of the Republican electorate), and 54 for Ted Cruz ( 14.6% of the Republican electorate).
The neighborhood public schools, P.S. 130 Parkside School on Ocean Avenue and P.S. 154 Windsor Terrace School on 11th Avenue, are well regarded. Each school features a number of special enrichment programs for students, such as chess and journalism. Although P.S. 154 initially received a "D" grade under New York City's school grading system introduced in 2007, both public schools received "A" grades in the 2010–11 New York City Department of Education (NYCDOE) Progress Reports. However, while P.S. 130's rating remained an "A" through the next year, P.S. 154's rating went down to a "C" in 2012, due to its "D" grade in the "Student progress" section, which comprises 60% of the annual progress grade at each school. In 2013–2014, 64% of P.S. 154 students met or exceeded Common Core standards in the English Language Arts (ELA) exams and 65% met or exceeded the standards on the math exams. However, at P.S. 130, just 32% of ELA test-takers met or exceeded standards, and only 41% did so on the math test.
The NYCDOE district in which the schools are operated, District 15, was rezoned in 2014 due to an increased enrollment in the two schools; some students formerly zoned to P.S. 154 are now zoned to P.S. 130. This rezoning proved contentious, with some rezoned students' parents saying that the rezoning requires some students to travel over 0.5 miles (0.80 km) across "two highways" to get to school. In addition, since the rezoning, P.S. 154 has seen an increase in enrollment despite its decreased student catchment area; in 2016–2017, the school had its first-ever student waiting list, amid cuts to the school's pre-kindergarten program. There is also another public school nearby, P.S. 295 on 18th Street in Park Slope, to accommodate extra students from Windsor Terrace. In the 2012–2013 NYCDOE Progress Report, this school also received an "A", garnering a quality score of 60.2 out of 100.
There are no middle schools in Windsor Terrace proper, but J.H.S. 88 is located on 544 Seventh Avenue in Park Slope. Brooklyn College Academy operates an annex site for freshmen and sophomore high school students at 350 Coney Island Avenue, with the juniors' and seniors' building at Brooklyn College.
The St Joseph the Worker Catholic Academy opened in 2012. This Catholic school is a consolidation of Holy Name of Jesus and Immaculate Heart of Mary's elementary schools into Holy Name's existing infrastructure on 9th Avenue, offering Pre-K(3) to 8th Grade, including Honors Classes and after school programs. Another Catholic school, Bishop Ford High School, formerly operated at 500 19th Street in Windsor Terrace from 1952 to 2014. It closed in June 2014 due to lowered revenues from declining enrollment, with only 25% of its 2006 enrollment. The former school site is now the location of K280, a pre-kindergarten school.
The Brooklyn Public Library's Windsor Terrace branch is located at East 5th Street at Fort Hamilton Parkway. It began as a deposit station in 1922, but after 1940, service was intermittent after the library moved to a makeshift structure created out of two old streetcars. In 1969, it moved again into the current library building, which had been completed that year.:391 The library was renovated in 1994, and again in 2011. In 2016, a campaign was started in which people were to "like" the library's Facebook page so that the library could get a garden; this was part of an initiative in which Facebook users from Brooklyn can vote on which Brooklyn Public Library branches could get $5,000 of extra funding for various programs.
Windsor Terrace is served by the New York City Subway's 15th Street–Prospect Park and Fort Hamilton Parkway stations on the IND Culver Line (now carrying the F G trains). The section of the line containing these two stations opened on October 7, 1933, as part of a "temporary" extension to Church Avenue in Kensington, where it was to have connected with Brooklyn–Manhattan Transit Corporation (BMT) subway services via a ramp to Ditmas Avenue. The former station, 15th Street, has stone entrances set into the park walls. The latter station, Fort Hamilton Parkway, has a long passageway due to its unusual location under the Prospect Expressway; its three entrances (one on Fort Hamilton Parkway itself, and two on Prospect Avenue) straddle the expressway, which splits the neighborhood in two.
MTA Regional Bus Operations operates bus routes in the area. As of 2016[update], there are four local bus routes: the B61, B67, B68, and B69. Several express buses and the B103 Limited bus pass through Windsor Terrace without stopping.
As elsewhere in Brooklyn, trolley service, operated by the BMT's rapid transit arm, ran in the neighborhood well into the 1950s and early '60s. The Seventh Avenue Line (now the B67 bus route) was converted from trolley to bus operations in 1951, and a year later, the Vanderbilt Avenue Line (now the B69) was similarly converted. A trolley barn, located between Green-Wood Cemetery and the Prospect Expressway, formerly served the Culver and Crosstown trolley lines on a site where a former federal prison was located during the American Civil War. It was replaced in 1962 by the Bishop Ford High School.
The Prospect Expressway, built between 1953 and 1960, runs through the middle of the neighborhood, with the majority of the neighborhood northeast of the expressway, and a small part of the neighborhood in the southwest connected by various bridges to the northeast section. Some neighborhood streets, such as Greenwood Avenue and Vanderbilt Street, were bisected by the expressway and remain so, while others, such as Seeley Street, 11th Avenue/Terrace Place, and Prospect Park W, are bridged over the highway. A plan to extend the highway along Ocean Parkway was never realized, though Ocean Parkway serves as a service road for the expressway for a short distance in southern Windsor Terrace. In the late 1950s, the Holy Name of Jesus Church led a failed effort to try to reroute the Prospect Expressway elsewhere or cancel the expressway altogether.
Kensington Stables is the only remaining stable near Prospect Park. In the days where horse stables saw a lot of business, there were many dozens of stables in the area. The barn was built in 1930 as the last extension of the riding academy at 11 Ocean Parkway, 57 Caton Place (built in 1917). The original riding academy closed in 1937 and is now a warehouse. By around the 1940s, the stables started to disappear, with some being converted into bowling alleys or roller skating rinks, and others just disappearing. Today, Kensington Stables gives lessons in The Shoe in Prospect Park. Kensington Stables now exists on the Windsor Terrace side of the border between Kensington and Windsor Terrace.
Bartel-Pritchard Square, in Windsor Terrace's northern extremity, is a traffic circle at the intersection of Prospect Park W, Eighth Avenue, 15th Street, and Prospect Park SW. Its name commemorates local residents, Emil Bartel and William Pritchard, who died during World War I while in combat. The circle, which was dedicated under its current name in 1922, originally had a flower garden in its center. A black granite monument in the center of the circle—installed in 1965 as a result of a donation by Patrick J. Devaney of Post #964, VFW of the U.S.—memorializes Bartel and Pritchard. One side has the inscription "In memory of the men / of this community who / have given their lives / In wartime service/ to their country / Erected by / Patrick J. Devaney Post #964 / V.F.W. of U.S. / 1965" while the other side has the inscription "For Valor / and / Sacrifice / 1965". Like similar structures such as Times Square and Herald Square, the Bartel-Pritchard Square is geometrically not a square, despite its name. The park entrance adjoining Bartel–Pritchard Square is shaped as a gateway between two Stanford White-designed granite pillars with "what appears to be huge bronze lanterns" adorning the pillars' apexes. The pillars, which are based on an acanthus column in Delphi with sculptures on top, were unveiled in 1906, shortly after White had died.
The Engine Company 240 Battalion 48 firehouse on Prospect Avenue in Windsor Terrace was built in 1896 in the Romanesque Revival style. It is constructed of brick, limestone, and slate. It was named a New York City Landmarks Preservation Commission (NYCLPC) landmark in February 2013. Its lookout tower hails from a time where fire alarm systems were nonexistent.
Since at least 1908, Windsor Terrace has had its own movie theater since the Marathon Theatre opened at present-day 188 Prospect Park W in 1908. The 500-seat Marathon Theatre had a Wurlitzer organ installed in 1927, shortly before its 1928 demolition. In August of that year, the 1,516-seat, Art Deco Sanders Theatre was opened on the site of the former Marathon Theatre, where it operated for half a century before its closure in 1976. The building stood vacant for twenty years after that, and investors bought the building in 1993 in hopes of reopening the theatre. The Pavilion Theatre, a 3-screen movie theater within the defunct Sanders Theatre building, opened in 1996 to positive reception from the surrounding communities, which had experienced a cultural decline in prior years. The theater, which expanded to 9 screens in October 2004, suffered from complaints about broken toilets, poorly maintained seats, and sticky floors, as well as a rumor of bedbug-infested upholstery and malfunctions in the theater's heating system. In October 2016, the building was closed in preparation for conversion to a 7-screen, 650-seat theatre. Operated by Nitehawk Cinemas, the refurbished Pavilion Theatre, where patrons would be able to dine and watch movies simultaneously, would be Nitehawk's second movie theater within Brooklyn. As part of the one-year-long, $10 million renovations, the theater would remain largely unchanged except for the addition of a new marquee and an enlargement of the theater's windows. The original plans for the building were to build a 24-condominium building next to the theater, and for the theater's floor space to be shrunk.
Farrell's Bar & Grill, at 16th Street and Prospect Park W, is a noted community institution that has been continuously run by three owners since 1933. Famous among the fire and police officers who live in the community, it is said to be the first bar in New York City to get its liquor license at the end of Prohibition. It has been used as a standard bar backdrop in many film sequences. Until 1971, when Shirley MacLaine and Pete Hamill went into the bar during the filming of Desperate Characters and demanded that MacLaine be served, Farrell's only served men. Farrell's, which known for being open every day from 10 a.m. to 3 p.m., was closed for a nine-day renovation in 2006, marking the bar's longest duration of closure since Prohibition ended. Its iconic styrofoam cups filled with beer, a tradition since its cardboard "containers" were replaced by Styrofoam "containers" in 1985, were discontinued in 2015 following a citywide ban on Styrofoam food implements.
Due to Windsor Terrace's topography, there is a terminal moraine that ends in Windsor Terrace, creating a steep slope. As a result, at the location where the intersection of Seeley Street and Prospect Avenue would have been; Seeley Street uses a concrete arch bridge that spans 8 ft 7 in (2.62 m) above Prospect Avenue. The 143.7-foot (43.8 m) bridge was built by 1903 at a cost of $22,000, and is supported by underpinning since the IND subway runs under Prospect Avenue at this point. While street bridges that span other streets are more common in the hilly Bronx, they are rare in Brooklyn. This particular bridge does not appear on contemporary maps. The bridge has a stairway on its side that connects the two streets.
Several writers of note have originated in Windsor Terrace, including Frank McCourt;:3 Pete and Denis Hamill;:3 and Paul Auster (although Auster's place of residence is considered to also be in Park Slope). Isaac Asimov lived in Windsor Terrace when his father ran a small candy store on Windsor Place. It is believed Asimov wrote his famous short story Nightfall in his bedroom in the family home across the street.:3
Screenwriter Mindy Kaling lived in Windsor Terrace, where she penned her award-winning play Matt & Ben with then-roommate Brenda Withers. Mallory Hagan, 2013's Miss America, was living in Windsor Terrace at the time that she won Miss America 2013, though older reports incorrectly mentioned that she lived in Park Slope.
In popular culture
- 1971 – Scenes for the film Desperate Characters were shot in Windsor Terrace.
- 1975 – Most of the Al Pacino film Dog Day Afternoon was filmed on Prospect Park W between 17th and 18th Streets in Windsor Terrace.:3
- 1985 – The film Turk 182, created by the Hamill brothers, shot some of its scenes in Windsor Terrace.
- 1994 – The opening scene in the Geena Davis film Angie was shot in Windsor Terrace.:3
- 1995 – Director Wayne Wang's films Smoke and Blue in the Face were filmed at the former post office at the corner of 16th Street and Prospect Park W. These films. Harvey Keitel, Madonna, Michael J. Fox, Lily Tomlin, and other actors spent significant time on set in Windsor Terrace.
- 1995 – In August, Alanis Morissette filmed the music video for "Hand In My Pocket" from her album Jagged Little Pill on Prospect Park W between Windsor Place and 16th Street.
- 1997 – As Good as It Gets shows Jack Nicholson and Helen Hunt kissing and walking through the streets of Prospect Park W and past the row houses that characterize the neighborhood.:3 Hunt's character lived on Howard Place, one street down from Fuller Place where Geena Davis's character lived in Angie.
- 2000 – Farrell's Bar & Grill is seen in the film Pollock with Ed Harris.:3
- 2012 – The Amazing Spider-Man shot scenes on Fuller Place.
- Table PL-P5 NTA: Total Population and Persons Per Acre - New York City Neighborhood Tabulation Areas*, 2010, Population Division - New York City Department of City Planning, February 2012. Accessed October 10, 2016.
- "Windsor Terrace Demographics & Statistics, Employment, Education, Income Averages, Crime in Windsor Terrace at Point2 Homes". Homes for Sale & Rent by Point2 Homes. Retrieved October 11, 2016.
- Stiles, Henry Reed, ed. (1884). The civil, political, professional and ecclesiastical history, and commercial and industrial record of the county of Kings and the city of Brooklyn, N. Y., from 1683 to 1884. New York: W.W. Munsell. pp. 230–235. Retrieved 2016-10-11 – via Internet Archive.
- Brooklyn's Windsor Terrace, Kensington, & Parkville Communities. Israelowitz Publishing. 2010. ISBN 978-1-878741-90-5.
- Marc Linder; Lawrence Zacharias (1 May 1999). Of cabbages and Kings County: agriculture and the formation of modern Brooklyn. University of Iowa Press.
- Charles Andrew Ditmas (1909). Historic Homesteads of Kings County ... The Compiler.
- "Windsor Terrace" in Jackson, Kenneth T.; Manbeck, John B., eds. (2004), The Neighborhoods of Brooklyn (2nd ed.), New Haven, Connecticut: Citizens for NYC and Yale University Press, ISBN 0-300-10310-7, pp.212-214
- "FIREHOUSE, ENGINE COMPANY 40/ HOOK & LADDER COMPANY 21 (now ENGINE COMPANY 240/ BATTALION 48), 1307-1309 Prospect Avenue, Brooklyn. Built: 1895; architect: Peter J. Lauritzen" (PDF). nyc.gov. New York City Landmarks Preservation Commission. February 12, 2013. Retrieved October 11, 2016.
- "WINDSOR TERRACE, Brooklyn — Forgotten New York". forgotten-ny.com. Retrieved October 10, 2016.
- Burrows, Edwin G. & Wallace, Mike (1999), Gotham: A History of New York City to 1898, New York: Oxford University Press, ISBN 0-195-11634-8, p.933
- "Brooklyn Daily Eagle - 23 March 1854". Brooklyn Daily Eagle. March 23, 1854. Retrieved October 10, 2016 – via newspapers.com.
- Williams, Keith. "Windsor Terrace: a river of cars runs through it". The Weekly Nabe. Retrieved October 10, 2016.
- "Parkville, Flatbush. Windsor Terrace, Flatbush. Bath, New Long Island. Utrecht. New Utrecht. - David Rumsey Historical Map Collection". www.davidrumsey.com. Retrieved October 10, 2016.
- "Brooklyn Daily Eagle - 18 March 1854". Brooklyn Daily Eagle. March 18, 1854. Retrieved October 10, 2016 – via newspapers.com.
- "Foreclosure-Supreme Court, County of Kings". Brooklyn Daily Eagle. September 30, 1856. p. 4.
- Gallagher, John J. "Windsor Terrace" in Jackson, Kenneth T., ed. (2010), The Encyclopedia of New York City (2nd ed.), New Haven: Yale University Press, ISBN 978-0-300-11465-2, p.1405
- Boucher, Mike; Van Holt, Donald. "WINDSOR TERRACE AND ENGINE 240" (PDF). nyfd.com. Retrieved October 11, 2016.
- Hughes, C. J. (2013-12-03). "Windsor Terrace: Less Way Station, More Destination". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved 2016-10-11.
- Harvier, Ernest (1922-10-22). "BUILDER CALDER VS. DR. COPELAND; Records of the Rival Candidates From New York for the United States Senate. OPPOSITE VIEWS ON BONUS Doubtful If Question of Houses or Buckwheat Cakes and Gravy Enter Into Campaign. The Calder Houses. So This Is Pruritus! Other Themes.". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved 2016-10-11.
- Lefkowitz, Melanie (June 5, 2015). "Windsor Terrace Grows Livelier, but More Expensive". WSJ. Retrieved October 11, 2016.
- Miller, Stuart (February 27, 2015). "In Brooklyn, First Comes Gentrification, Then Comes a Food Co-op". The New York Times. Retrieved March 1, 2015.
- "Brooklyn Community Board 7". www1.nyc.gov. Retrieved October 11, 2016.
- Ashman, Angela (October 28, 2003). "Close-Up on Windsor Terrace". Village Voice. Retrieved October 11, 2016.
- NYPD Precinct Maps, Retrieved 2011-9-30
- Brooklyn Community Boards Map, Retrieved 2011-9-30
- NYC Department of City Planning Neighborhoods Map, Retrieved 2011-9-30
- "Windsor Terrace" Google Maps Accessed:February 26, 2015
- Google (October 11, 2016). "Windsor Terrace, Brooklyn, NY" (Map). Google Maps. Google. Retrieved October 11, 2016.
- "Parish Locator — Diocese of Brooklyn". Diocese of Brooklyn. Retrieved 2016-10-11.
- "Borough of Brooklyn, New York City" (PDF). nyc.gov. NYC Health. Retrieved October 11, 2016.
- "WINDSOR TERRACE — Forgotten New York". forgotten-ny.com. February 1, 2009. Retrieved 2016-10-12.
- "WINDSOR PLACE, Park Slope & Windsor Terrace — Forgotten New York". forgotten-ny.com. Retrieved 2016-10-11.
- "From WINDSOR TERRACE to KENSINGTON — Forgotten New York". forgotten-ny.com. Retrieved 2016-10-12.
- Lyall, Sarah (1989-02-04). "Firefighter Dies As He Searches For Fire Victims". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved 2016-10-12.
- "Park Circle" (PDF). nyc.gov. New York City Department of Transportation. 2010. Retrieved October 12, 2016.
- New York City demographic shifts, 2000 to 2010, Center for Urban Research
- Table PL-P3A NTA: Total Population by Mutually Exclusive Race and Hispanic Origin - New York City Neighborhood Tabulation Areas*, 2010, Population Division - New York City Department of City Planning, March 29, 2011. Accessed May 20, 2016.
- Fishman, Levi Gibian (November 3, 2010). "City Living: Windsor Terrace". Newsday. Retrieved 2016-10-11.
- "Holy Name of Jesus Parish at 245 Prospect Park West, Brooklyn, New York 11215 (Kings County) (Filtered by: 11215) United States". www.thecatholicdirectory.com. Retrieved 2016-10-11.
- "Immaculate Heart of Mary Parish at 2805 Fort Hamiliton Parkway, Brooklyn, New York 11218 (Kings County) (Filtered by: 11218) United States". www.thecatholicdirectory.com. Retrieved 2016-10-11.
- "Memorial Baptist Church — Brooklyn, NY". www.nycago.org. Retrieved 2016-10-11.
- "Church of the Holy Apostles, Episcopal — Brooklyn, NY". nycago.org. Retrieved 2016-10-11.
- "Chabad Windsor Terrace — Chabad of Park Slope". www.chabadparkslope.com. Retrieved 2016-10-11.
- "NYPD — Precincts". Retrieved October 11, 2016.
- "CompStat 72nd Precinct" (PDF). New York City Police Department. Retrieved October 11, 2016.
- The City Vote, Precinct by Precinct, New York Times (November 23, 2012).
- New York Redistricting, New York Times (March 20, 2012).
- "About Kevin S. Parker". NY State Senate. Retrieved October 11, 2016.
- Gannon, Devin. "Two Very Different Democratic Assembly Primaries in Brooklyn". Gotham Gazette. Retrieved October 11, 2016.
- Election 2013: City Council Results, New York Times.
- "District 39 - Council Member — Democrat". council.nyc.gov. Retrieved October 11, 2016.
- Matthew Bloch & Wilson Andrews, How Every New York City Neighborhood Voted in the Democratic Primary, New York Times (April 20, 2016).
- Matthew Bloch & Wilson Andrews, How Every New York City Neighborhood Voted in the Republican Primary, New York Times (April 20, 2016).
- Hemphill, Clara New York City’s Best Public Elementary Schools: A Parent’s Guide, Third Edition, Teacher’s College Press, 2005, ISBN 978-0-8077-4613-4
- Gootman, Elissa; Medina, Jennifer (November 6, 2007). "50 New York Schools Fail Under Rating System". The New York Times. Retrieved October 11, 2016.
- "Progress Report 2010-11 K154" (PDF). nyc.gov. New York City Department of Education. 2011. Retrieved October 10, 2016.
- "Progress Report 2010-11 K130" (PDF). nyc.gov. New York City Department of Education. 2011. Retrieved October 10, 2016.
- Evans, Lauren (October 2, 2012). "P.S. 154 Drops from A to C in City's Report Card". Windsor Terrace-Kensington, NY Patch. Retrieved October 11, 2016.
- Albrecht, Leslie (October 28, 2014). "Parents Say Proposed District 15 Rezoning Forces Students to Travel Too Far". DNAinfo New York. Retrieved October 11, 2016.
- Albrecht, Leslie (March 17, 2016). "Windsor Terrace's P.S. 154 Has First Ever Waitlist Even After Zone Shrinks". DNAinfo New York. Retrieved October 11, 2016.
- "Welcome — P.S. 295 - K295". New York City Department of Education. October 10, 2016. Retrieved October 11, 2016.
- "Progress Report 2012-13 K295" (PDF). nyc.gov. New York City Department of Education. 2013. Retrieved October 10, 2016.
- "Welcome to Middle School 88 - J.H.S. 088 Peter Rouget — K088 - New York City Department of Education". schools.nyc.gov. Retrieved 2016-10-11.
- "St Joseph the Worker Catholic Academy". www.optionc.com. Retrieved 2016-10-11.
- Musumeci, Natalie (April 15, 2014). "SEE IT: Brooklyn's Bishop Ford HS to be shuttered". NY Daily News. Retrieved October 11, 2016.
- "Brooklyn's Bishop Ford H.S. Closing in June". WNBC. April 14, 2014. Retrieved February 27, 2015.
- "Pre-Kindergarten Directory Update — Brooklyn" (PDF). schools.nyc.gov. New York City Department of Education. Retrieved June 1, 2016.
- Freudenheim, Ellen; Wiener, Anna (April 1, 2004). Brooklyn!, 3rd Edition: The Ultimate Guide to New York's Most Happening Borough. Macmillan. ISBN 9780312323318.
- "Windsor Terrace Library" on the Brooklyn Public Library website
- Albrecht, Leslie (2016-01-28). "Like This Facebook Page to Help Windsor Terrace Library Get a Garden". DNAinfo New York. Retrieved 2016-10-12.
- "Subway Map" (PDF). Metropolitan Transportation Authority. January 1, 2017. Retrieved 2016-12-28.
- "Independent Subway Services Beginning in 1932". thejoekorner.com. August 21, 2013. Retrieved August 2, 2015.
- New York Times, City Subway Extended, October 7, 1933, page 16
- Schmalacker, Joseph H. (January 2, 1941). "New One-Fare Link to Coney Imminent: Transportation Board to Seek Bids For Culver Ramp to Independent Line". Newspapers.com. Brooklyn Daily Eagle. pp. 1, 5. Retrieved September 15, 2015.
- "MTA Neighborhood Maps: Borough Park" (PDF). mta.info. Metropolitan Transportation Authority. 2015. Retrieved July 19, 2015.
- "Brooklyn Bus Map" (PDF). Metropolitan Transportation Authority. 2016. Retrieved October 10, 2016.
- "Public Notices". Brooklyn Daily Eagle. January 4, 1951. Retrieved October 10, 2016 – via newspapers.com.
- "Board of Estimate Notice of Public Hearing". Brooklyn Daily Eagle. July 12, 1951. Retrieved October 10, 2016 – via newspapers.com.
- "Horseback Riding" on the New York City Department of Parks and Recreation website
- Berger, Paul (2006-06-11). "When the Horsemen Passed By". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved 2016-10-11.
- "Kensington Real Estate" on NYC.gov
- Berenson, R.J.; DeMause, N. (2001). The Complete Illustrated Guidebook to Prospect Park and the Brooklyn Botanic Garden. Silver Lining Books. p. 48. ISBN 978-0-7607-2213-8. Retrieved 2016-10-12.
- Levy, Nicole (March 4, 2016). "How Bartel-Pritchard 'Square' Got Its Name Despite Being Circle-Shaped". DNAinfo New York. Retrieved October 11, 2016.
- "Bartel-Pritchard Square Monuments — Bartel-Pritchard Circle War Memorial : NYC Parks". www.nycgovparks.org. Retrieved October 10, 2016.
- White, Norval; Willensky, Elliot; Leadon, Fran (2010), AIA Guide to New York City (5th ed.), New York: Oxford University Press, ISBN 9780195383867, p.718
- "Two Brooklyn firehouses named as landmarks". Brooklyn Daily Eagle. February 12, 2013. Retrieved October 11, 2016.
- "Marathon Theater in Brooklyn, NY — Cinema Treasures". cinematreasures.org. Retrieved October 11, 2016.
- "Pavilion Theatre in Brooklyn, NY — Cinema Treasures". cinematreasures.org. Retrieved October 11, 2016.
- Hamill, Denis (July 26, 1996). "AISLES OF JOY COMING TO LIFE". NY Daily News. Retrieved October 11, 2016.
- Buckley, Cara (September 6, 2016). "Nitehawk to Open a Second Cinema in Brooklyn". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved October 11, 2016.
- Del Signore, John (July 19, 2010). "Bedbugs II Screening at Park Slope Pavilion?". Gothamist. Retrieved October 11, 2016.
- Sandoval, Edgar; Yaniv, Oren (November 21, 2013). "Pavilion Cinema heating malfunction leaves customers with 'Big Chill'". NY Daily News. Retrieved October 11, 2016.
- Evans, Lauren. "Park Slope & Windsor Terrace Locals Slam Designs For New Pavilion Movie Theater: "It Looks Like A Penitentiary"". Gothamist. Retrieved October 11, 2016.
- Chung, Jen. "UPDATE: Park Slope's Pavilion Theater Will Likely Be Replaced With Smaller, Art House Theater". Gothamist. Retrieved October 11, 2016.
- Confessore, Nicholas (February 16, 2006). "At a Famous Brooklyn Oasis, Parched Throats Find a Dry Spell". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved October 11, 2016.
- Gharib, Ali (June 1, 2015). "All in the Family: Farrell's Bar and Grill". Brooklyn Magazine. Retrieved October 11, 2016.
- "Seeley Street Bridge". Bridgehunter.com. Retrieved 2016-10-11.
- "Seeley Street Bridge - 12 April 1903". Brooklyn Daily Eagle. 12 April 1903. p. 54. Retrieved October 11, 2016 – via newspapers.com.
- "Underpin Seeley Street Bridge for Subway". Brooklyn Daily Eagle. 24 May 1930. p. 3. Retrieved October 11, 2016 – via newspapers.com.
- "SEELEY, FEEL ME, Windsor Terrace — Forgotten New York". forgotten-ny.com. April 22, 2016. Retrieved 2016-10-12.
- "179 Prospect Park Southwest, Brooklyn" on the New York City Geographic Information Services Map
- LLC, New York Media (1985-02-18). New York Magazine. New York Media, LLC.
- "AT HOME WITH: Paul Auster;Chance of a Lifetime". www.nytimes.com. Retrieved 2016-10-11.
- "Isaac Asimov FAQ". Retrieved October 11, 2016.
- Kaling, Mindy (September 18, 2012). Is Everyone Hanging Out Without Me? (And Other Concerns). Three Rivers Press. p. 222. ISBN 0307886271.
- Yee, Vivian (2013-01-13). "Miss America Mallory Hagan Embraces Brooklyn". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved 2016-10-11.
- "Miss New York Mallory Hagan Named Miss America 2013". The Wall Street Journal. January 13, 2013. Retrieved 2016-10-11.
- "The Windsor Terrace Hollywood Tour". Icky in Brooklyn. October 30, 2007. Retrieved 2016-10-11.
- Pesce, Nicole Lyn (July 2, 2012). "'The Amazing Spider-Man' brings the Big Apple to the big screen: From Broadway to Brooklyn". Daily News. New York City. Retrieved July 3, 2012. Print edition: July 3, 2012, pp. 40-41
- Media related to Windsor Terrace, Brooklyn at Wikimedia Commons