Wine dark sea (Homer)

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The wine-dark sea is a traditional English translation of οἶνοψ πόντος (oinops pontos), an epithet in Homer of uncertain meaning. A literal translation is "wine-face sea". The only other use of oinops in the works of Homer is for oxen, where it seems to describe a reddish color, which has given rise to various speculations about what it could mean about the blue seas.

See also[edit]


  • Wilford, John Noble (December 20, 1983). "Homer's Sea: Wine Dark?". The New York Times. Retrieved June 23, 2016.
  • Alexander, Caroline (Summer 2013). "A Winelike Sea". Lapham's Quarterly. VI (3).