Location of Winfield, Missouri
|• Total||0.64 sq mi (1.66 km2)|
|• Land||0.64 sq mi (1.66 km2)|
|• Water||0 sq mi (0 km2)|
|Elevation||449 ft (137 m)|
|• Estimate (2012)||1,411|
|• Density||2,193.8/sq mi (847.0/km2)|
|Time zone||Central (CST) (UTC-6)|
|• Summer (DST)||CDT (UTC-5)|
|GNIS feature ID||0728996|
Winfield is located at (38.996469, -90.739898).
The Chief of Police is Charles Hobby. He previously served as a part-time officer. The Department consists of seven full-time officers and nine reserve officers. The department is located at 51 Harry's Way in Winfield and is a 24-hour Department as of 2011.
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Winfield was founded by David T. Killam. The town was named after his father, Winfield Killam in 1879. The town would be in incorporated in February, 1882 under the name of "The Inhabitants of the Town of Winfield". The town was situated on the Mississippi River just north of the Cuivre River. During its heyday, one could travel to the town by horse and wagon/carriage, river or rail. Many men and families were involved in the building of the town of Winfield. During the late 1800s, the town was quiet prosperous. Here are just some of the types of businesses recorded back in 1888:
- Two general stores - Pharmacy - Drug & grocery store - Two farm implement businesses - Blacksmith & wagon-maker - Grain dealer - Grain elevator - Livestock dealer - Hardware store - Millinery - Furniture and lumber company - Restaurant - Hotel - Two physicians: Drs. R H Talbott and D E Hewitt - Several churches & schools
The existing Winfield School District was formed in 1951 and was a collaboration of several schools throughout the community.
Additional information will be added and can also be found at:http://www.mogenweb.org/lincoln/history/winfield.htm 
As of the census of 2010, there were 1,404 people, 525 households, and 360 families residing in the city. The population density was 2,193.8 inhabitants per square mile (847.0/km2). There were 568 housing units at an average density of 887.5 per square mile (342.7/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 97.0% White, 0.4% African American, 0.3% Asian, 0.1% Pacific Islander, 0.9% from other races, and 1.3% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.3% of the population.
There were 525 households of which 43.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 47.0% were married couples living together, 16.2% had a female householder with no husband present, 5.3% had a male householder with no wife present, and 31.4% were non-families. 24.6% of all households were made up of individuals and 7.6% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.61 and the average family size was 3.10.
The median age in the city was 31 years. 28.4% of residents were under the age of 18; 8.8% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 33.8% were from 25 to 44; 20.4% were from 45 to 64; and 8.5% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 49.9% male and 50.1% female.
As of the census of 2000, there were 723 people, 293 households, and 183 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,293.5 people per square mile (498.5/km²). There were 319 housing units at an average density of 570.7 per square mile (219.9/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 98.62% White, 0.14% African American, 0.28% Native American, 0.41% Asian, and 0.55% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.28% of the population.
There were 293 households out of which 34.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 39.2% were married couples living together, 17.7% had a female householder with no husband present, and 37.5% were non-families. 30.7% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.2% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.42 and the average family size was 3.01.
In the city the population was spread out with 28.1% under the age of 18, 11.8% from 18 to 24, 29.6% from 25 to 44, 17.4% from 45 to 64, and 13.1% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 33 years. For every 100 females there were 90.8 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 88.4 males.
The median income for a household in the city was $36,167, and the median income for a family was $45,536. Males had a median income of $35,313 versus $21,071 for females. The per capita income for the city was $17,740. About 10.0% of families and 15.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 19.0% of those under age 18 and 13.5% of those age 65 or over.
Winfield, MO has four different schools.
On 2008-06-18 floodwaters opened a 150-foot breach in a primary levee along the Mississippi River in Winfield. The breach allowed floodwaters to claim dozens of homes and large tracts of farmland and put pressure on a secondary levee. The breach also prompted Lincoln County emergency officials to order the evacuation of residents east of Winfield. Press reports noted that some evacuees were being housed at the local high school.
2009 mayoral election discrepancy
On April 9, 2009, Winfield made news around both the USA and the rest of the world after it elected their popular mayor, Harry Stonebraker, to a fourth term, several weeks after he died of a heart attack. This was because ballot papers had already been printed and absentee voting had begun. He won by a landslide, securing 90% of the vote by April 9.
Winfield appointed a temporary mayor to serve until a special election was held in April 2010.
- "US Gazetteer files 2010". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-07-08.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-07-08.
- "Population Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2013-05-30.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
- "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Incorporated Places: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2015". Retrieved July 2, 2016.
- "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
- "Mississippi inundates more farms as levees fail". CNN. 2008-06-19. Archived from the original on June 29, 2008.
- British Broadcasting Corporation (9 April 2009). "Dead mayor re-elected by US town". BBC. Retrieved 2009-04-09.