Glossary of Wing Chun terms

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These are terms used in the Chinese martial art Wing Chun. Wing Chun terms are originally colloquial Cantonese (or even slang spoken in Foshan). The meaning might therefore be difficult to trace.

Some of those terms are used in Jeet Kune Do, sometimes with a different meaning.

Forms[edit]

As normally
seen in English
(from Cantonese)
Simp.
char.
Trad.
char.
Cantonese
(Yale
transcription)
Mandarin
(Pinyin
transcription)
Meaning(s)
(in English)
Siu Nim Tau 小念头 小念頭 siu2 nim6 tau4 xiǎo niàn tou little idea
Chum Kiu 寻桥 尋橋 cham4 kiu4 xún qiáo seeking the bridge
Biu Jee 镖指 鏢指 biu1 ji2 biāo zhǐ darting fingers
Muk Yan Jong 木人桩 木人樁 muk6 yan4 jong1 mù rén zhuāng wooden dummy
Luk Dim Bun Gwan 六点半棍 六點半棍 luk6 dim2 bun3 gwan3 liù diǎn bàn gùn six and a half point pole
Baat Jaam Dou 八斩刀 八斬刀 baat3 jaam2 dou1 bā zhǎn dāo eight slashing knives

Family Lineage Titles or Terms[edit]

As normally
seen in English
(from Cantonese)
Simp.
char.
Trad.
char.
Cantonese
(Yale
transcription)
Mandarin
(Pinyin
transcription)
Meaning(s)
(in English)
Sidai 师弟 師弟 si1 dai6 shī dì junior male classmate
Simui 师妹 師妹 si1 mui6 shī mèi junior female classmate
Sihing 师兄 師兄 si1 hing1 shī xiōng senior male classmate
Sije 师姐 師姐 si1 je2 shī jiě senior female classmate
Sifu 师父 師父 si1 fu2 shī fù master
Sisuk 师叔 師叔 si1 suk1 shī shū master's junior male or female classmate
Sibak 师伯 師伯 si1 baak3 shī bó master's senior male or female classmate
Sigung 师公 師公 si1 gung1 shī gōng master's master
Sitaigung 师太公 師太公 si1 taai3 gung1 shī tài gōng master's master's master
Sijo 师祖 師祖 si1 jou2 shī zǔ master's master's master's master

Limb names[edit]

As normally
seen in English
(from Cantonese)
Simp.
char.
Trad.
char.
Cantonese
(Yale
transcription)
Mandarin
(Pinyin
transcription)
Meaning(s)
(in English)
sao (as simp.) sau2 shǒu hand
kuen (as simp.) kyun4 quán fist
gerk geuk3 jiǎo foot; leg

18 hand technique names[edit]

Limb position names[edit]

As normally
seen in English
(from Cantonese)
Simp.
char.
Trad.
char.
Cantonese
(Yale
transcription)
Mandarin
(Pinyin
transcription)
Meaning(s)
(in English)
bong sao 膀手 (as simp.) bong2 sau2 bǎng shǒu wing arm
fook sao 伏手 (as simp.) fuk6 sau2 fú shǒu prostrating hand
man sao 问手 問手 man6 sau2 wèn shǒu asking hand
wu sao 护手 護手 wu6 sau2 hù shǒu protecting hand
tan sao 摊手 攤手 taan1 sau2 tān shǒu dispersing hand
kau sao 扣手 扣手 kau3 sau2 kòu shǒu detaining hand

Limb movement names[edit]

As normally
seen in English
(from Cantonese)
Simp.
char.
Trad.
char.
Cantonese
(Yale
transcription)
Mandarin
(Pinyin
transcription)
Meaning(s)
(in English)
jam sao 枕手 (as simp.) jam2 sau2 chén shǒu sinking hand
gang sao 耕手 (as simp.) gaang1 sau2 gēng shǒu cultivating arm
jut sao 窒手 (as simp.) jat6 sau2 zhì shǒu choking hand
huen sao 圈手 (as simp.) hyun1 sau2 quán shǒu circling hand
lap sao 拉手 (as simp.) laai1 sau2 lā shǒu pulling hand
pak sao 拍手 (as simp.) paak3 sau2 pāi shǒu slapping hand
tok sao 托手 (as simp.) tok3 sau2 tuō shǒu lifting hand
laan sao 拦手 攔手 laan4 sau2 lán shǒu barring arm
tai sao 提手 (as simp.) tai4 sau2 tí shǒu uplifting hand
jip sao 接手 (as simp.) jip3 sau2 jiē shǒu receiving hand
gam sao 揿手 撳手 gam6 sau2 qìn shǒu pressing hand
biu sao 镖手 鏢手 biu1 sau2 biāo shǒu darting hand

Drills[edit]

As normally
seen in English
(from Cantonese)
Simp.
char.
Trad.
char.
Cantonese
(Yale
transcription)
Mandarin
(Pinyin
transcription)
Meaning(s)
(in English)
Daan Chi Sau 单黐手 單黐手 daan1 chi1 sau2 dān chī shǒu single sticky hands
Luk Sau 碌手 (as simp.) luk1 sau2 lù shǒu rolling arms
Seung Chi Sau 双黐手 雙黐手 seung1 chi1 sau2 shuāng chī shǒu double sticky hands
Chi Geuk 黐脚 黐腳 chi1 geuk3 chī jiǎo sticky feet