Wingate Memorial Trophy
The Wingate Memorial Trophy was the award given to the national champion in men's college lacrosse prior to the inception of an NCAA tournament format in 1971. In 1936, the family of W. Wilson Wingate presented a memorial trophy named for him to be presented to the USILA champion. Wingate was a sportswriter for Baltimore newspapers who had played lacrosse in college and often covered the sport. He's credited with nicknaming lacrosse "the fastest game on two feet."
Currently, the NCAA Men's Lacrosse Championship tournament annually determines the top lacrosse team in the NCAA's Division I, Division II, and Division III. Prior to the NCAA era, the national champion was selected by committee, except in 1881. The first intercollegiate lacrosse tournament was held in 1881 with Harvard beating Princeton 3-0 in the championship game. From this point through 1970, the United States Intercollegiate Lacrosse Association and the collegiate lacrosse associations from which it evolved chose the annual champions based on season records. These associations were the ILA (1882-1905), IULL (1894-1905), USILL (1906-1925) and USILA (1926-1970).
From 1936-1972 the Wingate Memorial Trophy was presented to the champions each year. The NCAA held its first national tournament in 1971. The Wingate Memorial Trophy was presented to the first two NCAA champions in 1971 and 1972 and was then retired.
Wingate Memorial Trophy winners
|1949||Johns Hopkins, Navy|
|1959||Army, Maryland, Johns Hopkins:209|
|1967||Maryland, Navy, Johns Hopkins|
|1969||Army, Johns Hopkins|
|1970||Johns Hopkins, Navy, Virginia|
Team championship records
|Navy||15||1938, 1943, 1945, 1946, 1949, 1954, 1960, 1961, 1962, 1963, 1964, 1965, 1966, 1967, 1970|
|Johns Hopkins||11||1941, 1947, 1948, 1949, 1950, 1957, 1959, 1967, 1968, 1969, 1970|
|Maryland||8||1936, 1937, 1939, 1940, 1955, 1956, 1959, 1967|
|Army||7||1944, 1945, 1951, 1958, 1959, 1961, 1969|
|Princeton||4||1937, 1942, 1951, 1953|
|Virginia||3||1952, 1970, 1972|
- "Men's National College Lacrosse Championships". Archived from the original on April 26, 2013. Retrieved 2014-10-05.
- Scott, Bob (1976). Lacrosse Technique and Tradition. The Johns Hopkins University Press. ISBN 0-8018-2060-X.
- Fisher, Donald M. (14 Mar 2002). Lacrosse: A History of the Game. The Johns Hopkins University Press. p. 64-71.