Winkfield

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Winkfield
Locks Ride - geograph.org.uk - 1851013.jpg
Locks Ride in Winkfield Row
Winkfield is located in Berkshire
Winkfield
Winkfield
Winkfield shown within Berkshire
Population 14,998 (2011)
OS grid reference SU898711
Civil parish
  • Winkfield
Unitary authority
Ceremonial county
Region
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town WINDSOR
Postcode district SL4
Dialling code 01344
Police Thames Valley
Fire Royal Berkshire
Ambulance South Central
EU Parliament South East England
UK Parliament
List of places
UK
England
Berkshire
51°25′54″N 0°42′35″W / 51.43180°N 0.70962°W / 51.43180; -0.70962Coordinates: 51°25′54″N 0°42′35″W / 51.43180°N 0.70962°W / 51.43180; -0.70962

Winkfield is a village and civil parish in the Bracknell Forest unitary authority of Berkshire, England.

Geography[edit]

According to the 2011 census, the parish had a population of 14,998. The parish includes the hamlets of Winkfield, Maidens Green, Winkfield Row, Brockhill, Winkfield Street, Chavey Down, Woodside, Cranbourne and Swinley, part of the village of North Ascot and the Bracknell suburbs of Forest Park, Martins Heron and The Warren. The parish used to be slightly larger – additionally covering what is now Bullbrook, Crown Wood and Harmans Water – and is said to have been one of the largest in England.[1]

History[edit]

There is evidence of human occupation in Winkfield in prehistoric times. From the Late Iron Age, this evidence becomes more substantial, although there is as yet no hard evidence of settlement until the early Medieval era. Winkfield was recorded in the Domesday book as Wenesfelle and was recorded to have 20 households and 20 ploughlands, suggesting the area was a rich agricultural settlement. William the Conqueror, in establishing his home at Windsor Castle, also incorporated Winkfield into Windsor Great Forest, where it would remain until the 20th Century.

At the west end of the village stands the Church of England church of St Mary's.

The principal lodge at Winkfield was Foliejon Park. There is some evidence that a great tower once stood in the grounds which would have been visible for many miles around Winkfield. Between March 1942 and the end of World War II in June 1945 Foliejon Park was the residence of Haakon VII of Norway and his son, Crown Prince Olav.

A 15th-century former inn, the Prince of Wales on Winkfield Street, is now a private residence.

Winkfield's New Lodge was the home of HRH Princess Sophia of Gloucester, a niece of King George III.

In the early 1960s, the United Kingdom aided a Canadian satellite mission Alouette 1 by providing the use of a ground station at Winkfield.[2]

Part of Winkfield was incorporated into Bracknell New Town when it was decided to expand the town to fit a population of 60,000. Today the Bracknell neighbourhoods of Martins Heron, The Warren and Forest Park still exist in Winkfield Parish. In 1991, Winkfield became one of the seven districts of the Bracknell Forest Council unitary authority.

Sport and recreation[edit]

Winkfield has a King George's Field in memorial to King George V.

Education[edit]

Winkfield Row has a co-educational independent preparatory school called Lambrook, for both day and boarding pupils.

References[edit]

  1. ^ history.php?CID=26&Title=The+Parish+of+Winkfield. Bfheritage.org.uk. Retrieved on 2013-07-17.
  2. ^ Le Galley, Donald P. (1964), "1", in Le Galley, Donald P.; Rosen, Alan, Space Physics, University of California Engineering and Physical Sciences Extension Series, John Wiley and Sons, p. 36 

External links[edit]

Media related to Winkfield at Wikimedia Commons