Location in Cook County and the state of Illinois.
Location of Illinois in the United States
|• President||Gene Graebel|
|• Total||3.89 sq mi (10.1 km2)|
|• Land||3.81 sq mi (9.9 km2)|
|• Water||0.08 sq mi (0.2 km2) 2.06%|
|• Density||3,198.7/sq mi (1,235.0/km2)|
|Down 1.87% from 2000|
|Standard of living (2007-11)|
|• Per capita income||$202,867|
|• Median home value||$1,992,800|
|Area code(s)||847 and 224|
Winnetka (//) is a village in Cook County, Illinois, United States, located 16 miles north of downtown Chicago. The population was 12,187 at the 2010 census. In 2015, Winnetka was ranked the richest municipality in Illinois and the second richest in the United States (behind Scarsdale, New York). The area is one of the most exclusive and wealthy suburbs in the nation.
Winnetka is located at  Winnetka is located 650 feet (200 m) above sea level and has a magnetic declination of 3° 10' W. According to the 2010 census, Winnetka has a total area of 3.893 square miles (10.08 km2), of which 3.81 square miles (9.87 km2) (or 97.87%) is land and 0.083 square miles (0.21 km2) (or 2.13%) is water.(42.106227, −87.73801).
As of the census of 2000, there were 12,419 people, 4,162 households, and 3,433 families residing in the village. The population density was 3,242.7 people per square mile (1,252/km²). There were 4,310 housing units at an average density of 434.5 per square mile (1,125.4/km²). The racial makeup of the village was 96.29% White, 0.25% African American, 0.02% Native American, 2.43% Asian, 0.30% from other races, and 0.72% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.26% of the population.
There were 4,162 households out of which 47.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 76.1% were married couples living together, 5.0% had a female householder with no husband present, and 17.5% were non-families. 15.9% of all households were made up of individuals and 7.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.98 and the average family size was 3.35.
In the village the population was spread out with 34.6% under the age of 18, 3.4% from 18 to 24, 21.5% from 25 to 44, 27.6% from 45 to 64, and 13.0% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females there were 94.1 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 88.6 males.
The median income for a household in the village was $167,458. The per capita income for the village was $84,134. About 0.8% of families and 1.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 0.7% of those under age 18 and 2.6% of those age 65 or over.
The first houses were built in 1836. That year Erastus Patterson and his family arrived from Vermont and opened a tavern to service passengers on the Green Bay Trail post road. The village was first subdivided in 1854 by Charles Peck and Walter S. Gurnee, President of the Chicago, Milwaukee & St. Paul Railroad. Winnetka's first private school was opened in 1856 by Mr. and Mrs. Charles Peck with seventeen pupils. In 1859 the first public school building was built with private funds at the southeast corner of Elm and Maple streets. The first year's budget for this school was two hundred dollars. The village was incorporated in 1869 with a population of 450. The name is believed to originate from Potawatomi language, meaning "beautiful place".
The oldest surviving house in Winnetka is the Schmidt-Burnham House. It was moved in 2003 from its previous location on Tower Road to the Crow Island Woods.
Winnetka's neighborhoods include estates and homes designed by distinguished architects including George Washington Maher, Walter Burley Griffin, John S. Van Bergen, Robert Seyfarth, Robert McNitt, Howard Van Doren Shaw and David Adler. Among Winnetka's celebrities are the late actor Rock Hudson and Rock singer/songwriter/producer Richard Marx.
The Chicago and Milwaukee Railway was built in 1855 through Winnetka, connecting its namesake cities. It eventually became the Chicago & Northwestern Railway. Between 1937 and 1942 the railroad tracks through Winnetka were grade separated after several people were hit at grade crossings. In 1995 the C&NW was merged into the Union Pacific. Only Metra trains are operated on this track now; freight operations ended in the late 1980s. Winnetka has three Metra stations: Hubbard Woods, Winnetka, and Indian Hill.
The Chicago, North Shore and Milwaukee electric interurban was built through Winnetka and the North Shore in the first decade of the 1900s, and the line through Winnetka was removed in 1955. This is now the Green Bay Trail bicycle path.
The Crow Island School, designed by Eliel & Eero Saarinen and the architectural firm Perkins, Wheeler & Will, was declared a National Historical Landmark in 1990. It was declared 12th among all buildings and the best architectural design of all schools. 10,000 people attended the opening in 1938.
In 1965, Martin Luther King, Jr. spoke in Winnetka. A plaque dedicated to him is on the Village Green, a park in the town, where he spoke. As a result of Dr. King's open housing campaign and the North Shore Summer Project, the nonprofit now known as Open Communities was founded.
Winnetka was the site of the Hubbard Woods Elementary School shooting by Laurie Dann in 1988. She killed one student, wounded eight others and later committed suicide at another person's house.
A song named "Big Noise from Winnetka" was recorded in 1938 by The Bobcats.
Winnetka was named number 4 on the list of America's 25 top-earning towns by CNN Money in 2007.
The film Home Alone and the beginning of Home Alone 2: Lost in New York are both filmed in Winnetka at 671 Lincoln Avenue, home to the starring character Kevin (played by Macaulay Culkin). However, in the film, the street was named "Lincoln Boulevard".
Numerous other films have been shot in Winnetka, including portions of films Ocean's 12, Breakfast Club, National Lampoon's Vacation, Ferris Bueller's Day Off, Sixteen Candles, Risky Business, Planes, Trains & Automobiles, She's Having a Baby and Uncle Buck. The film Contagion was filmed in the area in the spring of 2011.
The characters on the TV series The League reside in Winnetka.
The TV series I Didn't Do It is set in Winnetka. The characters attend the fictional Ditka High School.
The Winnetka Public Schools system (District 36) consists of three elementary schools and two middle schools. Hubbard Woods, Crow Island, and Samuel Sewall Greeley (est. 1912) Elementary Schools serve grades kindergarten through four, students in fifth and sixth grades attend Skokie Middle School and seventh and eighth graders attend Carleton W. Washburne Middle School, named after educator Carleton Washburne. Winnetka's schools were modeled after Washburne's educational philosophy in an experiment called the Winnetka Plan. The town's schools continue to reflect his educational philosophy.
Crow Island is a National Historic Landmark due to its significant architectural design.
- Faith, Hope & Charity School (K–8), Catholic school
- Sacred Heart School (K–8), Catholic school
- North Shore Country Day School (JK–12)
- Hadley Institute for the Blind and Visually Impaired
Media outlets covering Winnetka include the Winnetka-Glencoe Patch, the Chicago Tribune's TribLocal, the Pioneer Press, Winnetka Talk, and 22nd Century Media. In addition, The Diller Street Journal (the newspaper of North Shore Country Day School) has a following in the area.
- Adam Baldwin, actor, attended New Trier High School
- Ann-Margret, actress, attended New Trier High School
- Peter Baldwin, director
- David Bradley, director, born in Winnetka
- Jeanne Bradner, 1931–2012, political coordinator and activist, was Village President from 1989–1993.
- Ann Hampton Callaway, singer, lived in Winnetka and attended New Trier High School
- Liz Callaway, singer, lived in Winnetka and attended New Trier High School
- Hibbard Casselberry, founder of Casselberry, Florida, lived in Winnetka
- Katie Chang, actress, lives in Winnetka and attended New Trier High School.
- Dale Clevenger, principal horn, Chicago Symphony Orchestra
- Richard Dickson Cudahy, jurist, lived in Winnetka
- Jay Cutler, quarterback for the Chicago Bears, lived in Winnetka
- Bruce Dern, actor, attended New Trier High School
- Phil Donahue, talk show host, lived in Winnetka
- Conor Dwyer, Olympic swimmer, 2012 gold medalist
- Christine Ebersole, Tony Award-winning actress
- Deborah Eisenberg, short-story writer, winner of MacArthur Fellowship
- Rahm Emanuel, mayor of Chicago, attended New Trier High School
- Marion Mahony Griffin (1871–1961), first architect employed by Frank Lloyd Wright; helped design Canberra, capital of Australia, grew up here
- Rick Hahn, general manager of Chicago White Sox
- Charlton Heston, actor, lived in Winnetka and attended New Trier High School
- Rock Hudson, famous Hollywood actor; born and raised in Winnetka, and is one of New Trier High School's most notable past pupils. (1925)
- Harold L. Ickes, former United States Secretary of the Interior, built home at 900 Private Road
- Brendan Leonard, filmmaker (The Brendan Leonard Show)
- Kate Liu, pianist, lives in Winnetka and attended New Trier High School
- Virginia Madsen, actress, attended New Trier High School
- John Moore, defenseman with the New Jersey Devils
- Chris O'Donnell, actor (G. Callen on NCIS: Los Angeles)
- Samuel Shackford Otis, architect
- Liz Phair, musician
- Ralph Pomeroy, poet and writer
- Clarence B. Randall, businessman
- Bruce Rauner, current Illinois Governor, former chairman of R8 Capital Partners
- Pat Ryan, founder and executive chairman of Aon Corporation
- Donald Rumsfeld, businessman and former Secretary of Defense, attended New Trier High School
- Jenny Sanford, former First Lady of South Carolina
- Jack Steinberger, refugee from Nazi Germany, attended New Trier High School, won 1988 Nobel Prize in Physics, gave his Nobel medal to this school
- W. Clement Stone, businessman and philanthropist
- R. Douglas Stuart, Jr., CEO of Quaker Oats and U.S. ambassador to Norway, born in Winnetka
- Marlo Thomas, actress, lived in Winnetka
- Paul Thomas, pornographic actor
- Henry Totten, Wisconsin State Assemblyman and businessman, lived in Winnetka
- Marc Trestman, former head coach of the Chicago Bears, lives in Winnetka
- Joe Trohman, guitarist of Fall Out Boy
- Byron Trott, banker
- Barbara Turf, former President and CEO of Crate & Barrel
- Rainn Wilson, actor, attended New Trier High School
- Rocky Wirtz, owner of the Chicago Blackhawks, attended North Shore Country Day School in Winnetka and currently lives in Winnetka
- "Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (DP-1): Winnetka village, Illinois". U.S. Census Bureau, American Factfinder. Retrieved March 20, 2013.
- "The 10 richest towns in America". Retrieved 2015-09-27.
- "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
- "G001 - Geographic Identifiers - 2010 Census Summary File 1". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2015-12-25.
- "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Incorporated Places: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2015". Retrieved July 2, 2016.
- "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- Dickenson (1956), p. 52
- Dickenson (1956), pp.123-125
- "Community Profile / Winnetka". Los Angeles Times. 11 October 1998. Retrieved 3 November 2015.
- Winnetka Historical Society: History of Buildings
- "Crow Island School". National Historic Landmarks Program.
- Open Communities' Justice Project
- Cox, Jeff. "25 Top-earning Towns:4: Winnetka, Illinois" CNN Money (July, 2007)
- Websites for public schools: K-4 Hubbard Woods, Crow Island School, Samuel Sewall Greeley; 5-6 The Skokie School; 7-8 Washburne School
- Manchir, Michelle (2014-07-13). "Barbara Turf, former Crate and Barrel CEO, dies at 71". Chicago Tribune. Retrieved 2014-08-11.
- Further reading
- Dickinson, Lora Townsend. The Story of Winnetka. Winnetka: Winnetka Historical Society, 1956. Print.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Winnetka, Illinois.|
- Village of Winnetka official website
- Winnetka Public School District
- Winnetka Historical Society
- Winnetka Historical Society: History of Buildings
|Northfield||Kenilworth / Wilmette||Kenilworth|