Winnipeg James Armstrong Richardson International Airport

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Winnipeg James Armstrong Richardson International Airport

Aéroport international James Armstrong Richardson de Winnipeg
Winnipeg James Armstrong Richardson International Airport (logo).svg
Winnipeg International Airport arrivals hall.jpg
Summary
Airport typePublic
OwnerTransport Canada[1]
OperatorWinnipeg Airports Authority (DND)
ServesWinnipeg, Manitoba
Hub for
Focus city for
Time zoneCST (UTC−06:00)
 • Summer (DST)CDT (UTC−05:00)
Elevation AMSL783 ft / 239 m
Coordinates49°54′36″N 097°14′24″W / 49.91000°N 97.24000°W / 49.91000; -97.24000Coordinates: 49°54′36″N 097°14′24″W / 49.91000°N 97.24000°W / 49.91000; -97.24000
Websitewww.waa.ca
Map
CYWG is located in Winnipeg
CYWG
CYWG
Location in Manitoba
CYWG is located in Manitoba
CYWG
CYWG
CYWG (Manitoba)
CYWG is located in Canada
CYWG
CYWG
CYWG (Canada)
Runways
Direction Length Surface
ft m
13/31 8,701 2,652 Asphalt
18/36 11,000 3,353 Asphalt
Statistics (2017)
Aircraft movements121,305
Number of Passengers4,305,744
Sources: Canada Flight Supplement[2]
Environment Canada[3]
Movements from Statistics Canada[4]
Passenger statistics from Winnipeg Airports Authority[5]

Winnipeg James Armstrong Richardson International Airport (commonly known as Winnipeg International Airport or simply Winnipeg Airport) (IATA: YWG, ICAO: CYWG) is an international airport located in Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada. It is the seventh busiest airport in Canada by passenger traffic, serving 4,305,744 passengers in 2017,[5] and the 11th busiest airport by aircraft movements.[4] It is a hub for passenger airlines Calm Air, Perimeter Airlines, Flair Airlines, and cargo airline Cargojet. It is also a focus city for WestJet. The airport is co-located with Canadian Forces Base Winnipeg.

An important transportation hub for the province of Manitoba, Winnipeg International Airport is the only commercial international airport within the province as the other airports of entry serve domestic flights and general aviation only.[2] The airport is operated by the Winnipeg Airport Authority as part of Transport Canada's National Airports System[6] and is one of eight Canadian airports that has US Border Pre-clearance facilities.

Winnipeg's relatively isolated geographical location in relation to other major population centres[7] makes Winnipeg International Airport the primary airport for a very large area. As such, it is used as a gateway not only to all of Manitoba, but large parts of neighbouring provinces and territories (Saskatchewan, Nunavut, etc.).[8] Daily non-stop flights are operated from Winnipeg International Airport to destinations across Canada as well as to the United States, Mexico, and the Caribbean, along with summer seasonal flights to the United Kingdom. In addition, regularly scheduled flights to numerous small remote communities in the northern regions of Canada, specifically Northern Manitoba, Northwestern Ontario, and Nunavut, are also served from the airport.[9]

History[edit]

The airport opened in 1928 as Stevenson Aerodrome in honour of the noted Manitoba aviator and pioneer bush pilot, Captain Fred J. Stevenson. Stevenson Aerodrome, also known as Stevenson Field, was Canada's first international airport with Northwest Airways (which became Northwest Airlines) inaugurating a passenger and mail service between Winnipeg and Pembina, North Dakota on February 2, 1931.[10] By 1935, Northwest Airlines was operating daily service from the airport with Hamilton H-47 prop aircraft on a routing of Winnipeg - Pembina, ND - Grand Forks, ND - Fargo, ND - Minneapolis/St. Paul, MN - Milwaukee, WI - Chicago, IL.[11] The City of Winnipeg and the Rural Municipality of St. James agreed to develop Stevenson Field as a modern municipal airport in 1936.[12] In 1938 the Manitoba Legislative Assembly passed the St. James-Winnipeg Airport Commission Act creating a commission of the same name with full control over the operation of the airport.[12] In 1940 during the Second World War the Government of Canada placed the airport under the direction of the Minister of Transport and the Royal Canadian Air Force where it remained until 1997.[12] Also in 1940, Trans-Canada Air Lines (TCA) was operating daily round trip transcontinental service across Canada via the airport with a routing of Montreal - Ottawa - North Bay - Kapuskasing - Wagaming - Winnipeg - Regina - Lethbridge - Vancouver flown with Lockheed Model 10 Electra twin prop aircraft with connecting service to and from Toronto being offered via North Bay.[13]

Post War[edit]

In 1962 Stevenson Field was officially renamed Winnipeg International Airport and in 1997 the airport was transferred to the control of the Winnipeg Airports Authority.[12]

The airport was briefly served by Scandinavian Airlines (SAS) during the mid 1950s on the world's first regular Polar route, which linked Copenhagen and Los Angeles with Douglas DC-6B propliner flights via Søndre Strømfjord, Greenland and Winnipeg.[14][15] By 1962, Trans-Canada Air Lines (TCA, now Air Canada) was operating weekly nonstop service between Winnipeg and London Heathrow Airport with Douglas DC-8 jetliners.[16] In 1963, Northwest Airlines was serving the airport with Lockheed L-188 Electra turboprops operated on multi-stop routings of Winnipeg - Grand Forks, ND - Fargo, ND - Minneapolis/St. Paul - Milwaukee - New York City Idlewild Airport (now JFK Airport) and also Miami - Fort Lauderdale - St. Petersburg, FL - Atlanta - Chicago O'Hare Airport - Minneapolis/St. Paul - Fargo, ND - Grand Forks, ND - Winnipeg.[17] By 1970, Air Canada was operating twice weekly nonstop service to Glasgow, Scotland with both flights continuing on to London Heathrow, a weekly nonstop flight to London Heathrow, a twice weekly nonstop to Copenhagen with both flights continuing on to Frankfurt and a weekly nonstop to Frankfurt with this flight continuing on to Zurich with all of these services being operated with Douglas DC-8 jets as part of Air Canada's "Western Arrow" international flights at the time.[18] Also in 1970, CP Air was operating direct, no change of plane Boeing 737-200 service to San Francisco via stops in Calgary and Vancouver.[19]

The original main terminal building was built in 1964, and was designed by the architectural firm of Green Blankstein Russell and Associates (subsequently GBR Associates and Stantec Limited). It was expanded and renovated in 1984 by the architectural firm of IKOY, and a hotel was built across from the terminal in 1998. The original main terminal building was closed on Sunday October 30, 2011 and has since been demolished.

Two airlines operating jet aircraft in passenger service were previously based at the airport: Transair (Canada) and Greyhound Air.[20][21] During the mid 1970s, Transair was operating Boeing 737-200 and Fokker F28 Fellowship jets in addition to NAMC YS-11 and de Havilland Canada DHC-6 Twin Otter turboprops on scheduled flights in Manitoba and Ontario provinces as well as the Northwest Territories and the Yukon with service as far west as Whitehorse and as far east as Toronto from its Winnipeg hub in addition to operating charter services from the airport with Boeing 707 jetliners with charter flights to Europe, the Caribbean and Mexico as well as to Florida, Hawaii and other destinations in the U.S.[22] The August 1, 1996 Greyhound Air timetable lists nonstop domestic flights operated with Boeing 727-200 jetliners from the airport to Calgary, Edmonton, Hamilton, Kelowna, Ottawa, Toronto and Vancouver with Winnipeg serving as the connecting hub for the airline.

According to the Official Airline Guide (OAG), six airlines were serving the airport with scheduled passenger flights in the spring of 1975: Air Canada operating Lockheed L-1011 TriStar wide body jetliners as well as Douglas DC-8 and McDonnell Douglas DC-9-30 jets, CP Air flying Boeing 727-100 and Boeing 737-200 jets, the original Frontier Airlines (1950-1986) with Boeing 737-200 jets, Midwest Airlines operating de Havilland Canada DHC-6 Twin Otter commuter turboprops, Northwest Airlines flying Boeing 727-100 and Boeing 727-200 jets as well as McDonnell Douglas DC-10 wide body jetliners and locally based Transair (Canada) with Boeing 737-200 and Fokker F28 Fellowship jets as well as NAMC YS-11 turboprops.[23] Three years later in 1978, CP Air was operating weekly nonstop Boeing 747 jumbo jet service to Honolulu as well as weekly nonstop Super Douglas DC-8-63 jet service to Amsterdam and by 1981 was operating McDonnell Douglas DC-10 wide body jetliner service from the airport.[24][25] Other airlines serving Winnipeg in the spring of 1981 besides Air Canada, CP Air, Frontier and Northwest included Nordair and Pacific Western Airlines both operating Boeing 737-200 jets (with the latter air carrier having taken over Transair), locally based Perimeter Aviation with Beechcraft and Swearingen Metroliner commuter turboprops and Republic Airlines (1979-1986) flying McDonnell Douglas DC-9-30 jets.[25]

Cross-border service from the U.S. in 1981 included an Air Canada nonstop flight from Chicago O'Hare Airport, Frontier nonstop service from Bismarck, ND and Minot, ND with these flights originating in Denver, Northwest nonstop service from Chicago O'Hare Airport, Grand Forks, ND and Minneapolis/St. Paul (with the latter route featuring wide body DC-10 service with this flight originating in Tampa) and Republic nonstop service from Duluth with this flight originating in Minneapolis/St. Paul.[26] In 1983, Air Canada was flying weekly nonstop service to London Heathrow Airport with Lockheed L-1011 TriStar series 500 long range wide body jetliners.[27] By 1985, Air Canada was operating direct one stop Boeing 727-200 service to Los Angeles via Calgary as well as direct one stop Boeing 727-200 service to LaGuardia Airport in New York City via Toronto and was also continuing to operate nonstop DC-9-30 flights to Chicago O'Hare Airport.[28] Also in 1985, Pacific Western was operating Boeing 767-200 wide body jetliners into the airport nonstop from Regina and Saskatoon as well as direct from Calgary and Vancouver in addition to operating Boeing 737-200 service while Northwest Territorial Airways (NWT Air) was operating Lockheed L-188 Electra turboprops configured for passenger/freight combi aircraft operations on nonstop flights between the airport and Rankin Inlet and Yellowknife.[29]

On December 10, 2006, the Minister of Transport, Lawrence Cannon, announced Winnipeg International Airport was to be renamed Winnipeg James Armstrong Richardson International Airport in honour of the influential businessman and pioneer of Canadian commercial aviation from Winnipeg.[30]

Facilities[edit]

Main Terminal[edit]

Winnipeg's main airport terminal was designed by Pelli Clarke Pelli Architects and Stantec.[31] The terminal's design was inspired by the City of Winnipeg's distinctive landscape and the province of Manitoba's vast prairies and sky.[32] It was the first airport terminal in Canada to be LEED-certified for its environmentally friendly concept, design, construction and operation.[33] The terminal was constructed in two phases, with construction beginning in 2007 and ending on October 30, 2011 when it was officially opened to the public.[34][35] Prior to the opening of the current main terminal building, a multi-level access road and four-level, 1,559 stall parkade were both opened in November 2006. All airlines serving Winnipeg International Airport operate at the main terminal building, with the exception of Perimeter Aviation.

Air Canada operates a Maple Leaf Lounge located in the domestic/international departures area,[36] and a "pay-in" lounge, operated by Plaza Premium Lounge, is also located in the domestic/international departures area.[37] Free WiFi is provided by the Winnipeg Airports Authority throughout the entire main terminal building.[38]

Perimeter Terminal[edit]

Perimeter Aviation is a regional airline that operates its own small, exclusive terminal building at Winnipeg International Airport to facilitate its passenger, cargo and charter services. Perimeter Aviation does not use the main terminal building due to its varied operations to small remote communities throughout Northern Manitoba and Northwestern Ontario using small propeller aircraft, with which regular airport terminal services (jet bridge, catering, etc.) are unnecessary and can actually be a hindrance to day-to-day operations.

The Perimeter Aviation terminal building is located 2.6 kilometres (1.6 mi) south of the main terminal building.

Other facilities[edit]

A large Canada Post mail processing facility was opened at the airport site on June 4, 2010.[39] The 23,225-square-metre (249,990 sq ft) facility is located east of the main terminal building, just north of Wellington Avenue.

Three hotels are located on site, adjacent to the main airport terminal.

Richardson International Airport is included in a new 20,000-acre (8,100 ha) dry port created by provincial legislation – CentrePort Canada Act, C.C.S.M. c. C44 – that will offer investment opportunities for distribution centres, warehousing and manufacturing.[40] CentrePort Canada will allow companies to take advantage of the cargo capabilities of Richardson International Airport, as well as serviced land, a mid-continent location and highway and rail transport.

On April 14, 2009, Prime Minister Stephen Harper with Premier Gary Doer announced at James Richardson that both the Federal and Provincial governments will contribute $212.5 million towards a divided four-lane expressway called CentrePort Canada Way. It is now complete, and links Inkster Boulevard to the Perimeter Highway on the north side of the CP Rail Glenboro subdivision parallel to Saskatchewan Avenue to attract new transportation logistics associated development to the city area west and Rosser Municipality northwest of the airport.

Airlines and destinations[edit]

Passenger[edit]

Airline check-in counters at Winnipeg International Airport
Domestic/International departure gate area in the Main Terminal
USA departure gates in the Main Terminal
AirlinesDestinations
Air Canada Montréal–Trudeau, Toronto–Pearson, Vancouver
Seasonal: Cancún, Montego Bay
Air Canada Express Calgary, Edmonton, Ottawa, Regina, Saskatoon, Thunder Bay
Seasonal: Montréal–Trudeau, Vancouver
Air Transat Seasonal: Cancún, Puerto Vallarta, Punta Cana, Varadero
Bearskin Airlines Red Lake
Calm Air Flin Flon, Gillam, Sanikiluaq, The Pas, Thompson
Delta Air Lines Minneapolis/St. Paul
Delta Connection Minneapolis/St. Paul
First Air Churchill, Rankin Inlet
Flair Airlines Abbotsford, Calgary, Edmonton, Toronto–Pearson, Vancouver
Seasonal: Las Vegas (begins December 17, 2018),[41] Miami (begins December 15, 2018),[41] Orlando (begins December 16, 2018),[41] Phoenix/Mesa (begins December 16, 2018),[41] St. Petersburg/Clearwater (begins December 17, 2018)[41]
Perimeter Aviation Berens River, Cross Lake, Deer Lake, Garden Hill, Gods Lake Narrows, Gods River, Little Grand Rapids, North Spirit Lake, Norway House, Oxford House, Pikangikum, Red Sucker Lake, St. Theresa Point, Shamattawa, Sandy Lake, Thompson
Sunwing Airlines Seasonal: Cancún, Cayo Coco, Holguin, Huatulco, Ixtapa–Zihuatanejo, Mazatlán, Montego Bay, Orlando, Puerto Plata, Puerto Vallarta, Punta Cana, San José del Cabo, Santa Clara, Varadero
Swoop Abbotsford, Hamilton (ON)
Seasonal: Edmonton
United Express Chicago–O'Hare, Denver
Wasaya Airways Sioux Lookout
WestJet Calgary, Edmonton, Las Vegas, Ottawa, Toronto–Pearson, Vancouver
Seasonal: Cancún, Halifax, Kelowna, London-Gatwick, London (ON), Montego Bay, Montréal–Trudeau, Orlando, Palm Springs, Phoenix–Sky Harbor, Puerto Vallarta
WestJet Encore Regina, Saskatoon, Thunder Bay

Cargo[edit]

AirlinesDestinations
Cargojet Airways Calgary, Edmonton, Hamilton, Iqaluit, Montréal–Mirabel, Regina, Saskatoon, Thunder Bay, Vancouver
Castle Aviation Sioux Falls
DHL Aviation Cincinnati, Milwaukee
FedEx Express Calgary, Edmonton, Indianapolis, Memphis, Thunder Bay, Toronto–Pearson, Vancouver
SkyLink Express Regina, Saskatoon
Suburban Air Freight Minneapolis/St. Paul
UPS Airlines Louisville, Minneapolis/St. Paul, Omaha

Statistics[edit]

Annual traffic[edit]

Annual Passenger Traffic[42]
Year Passengers % Change
2010 3,369,974 Steady
2011 3,389,237 Increase 0.6%
2012 3,538,175 Increase 4.4%
2013 3,484,252 Decrease -1.5%
2014 3,669,797 Increase 5.3%
2015 3,778,035 Increase 2.9%
2016 4,015,200 Increase 6.9%
2017 4,305,744 Increase 7.2%
2018 (YTD Oct 2018) 3,785,350 [43] Increase 3.9%

Ground transportation[edit]

Car[edit]

Winnipeg International Airport is located at 2000 Wellington Avenue in the City of Winnipeg. Several short and long term parkades are located on site, as well as a curb-side valet parking service.

Bus[edit]

Winnipeg Transit operates two bus routes that service the airport. A charging port has been added in October 2014 for Winnipeg transit's elecric bus program. The Winnipeg Bus Terminal is a passenger and cargo bus terminal for intercity bus lines. It is located beside the main terminal building. The Brandon Air Shuttle provides shuttle transportation between Winnipeg International Airport and Manitoba's second largest city, Brandon.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

Citations[edit]

  1. ^ "Airport Divestiture Status Report." Transport Canada. Retrieved: April 1, 2012.
  2. ^ a b Canada Flight Supplement. Effective 0901Z 19 July 2018 to 0901Z 13 September 2018.
  3. ^ "Synoptic/Metstat Station Information." weatheroffice.gc.ca. Retrieved: April 1, 2012.
  4. ^ a b "Total aircraft movements by class of operation – NAV CANADA towers." Stats Canada. Retrieved July 19, 2012.
  5. ^ a b "Winnipeg James Armstrong Richardson Passenger Statistics." Winnipeg Airports Authority. Retrieved: May 23, 2016.
  6. ^ "National Airports Policy." Archived June 7, 2011, at the Wayback Machine. Transport Canada. Retrieved: April 1, 2012.
  7. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on July 14, 2014. Retrieved July 9, 2014.
  8. ^ Schlesinger, Joel. "Port on the Prairies: Supply-chain economics key to becoming international trade hub." Winnipeg Free Press, May 17, 2009. Retrieved December 30, 2011.
  9. ^ "Airlines" Winnipeg Airports Authorities. Retrieved April 1, 2012.
  10. ^ Authority, Winnipeg Airports. "History | Winnipeg James Armstrong Richardson International Airport". www.waa.ca. Retrieved 2018-04-28.
  11. ^ http://www.timetableimages.com, Oct. 10, 1935 Northwest Airlines system timetable
  12. ^ a b c d "St. James – Winnipeg Airport Commission - Winnipeg in Focus". winnipeginfocus.winnipeg.ca. Retrieved 2018-03-03.
  13. ^ http://www.timetableimages.com, Jan. 1, 1940 Trans-Canada Air Lines timetable
  14. ^ [1] SAS Airlines Timetable, 17 April 1955. Retrieved December 13 2017
  15. ^ http://www.timetableimages.com, Jan. 1, 1956 SAS Airlines system timetable
  16. ^ http://www,timetableimages.com, April 29, 1962 Trans-Canada Airlines system timetable
  17. ^ http://www.timetableimages.com, March 1, 1963 Northwest Airlines system timetable
  18. ^ http://www.timetableimages.com, April 26, 1970 Air Canada system timetable
  19. ^ http://www.timetableimages.com, July 15, 1970 CP Air system timetable
  20. ^ http://www.timetableimages.com, March 18, 1974 Transair system timetable
  21. ^ http://www.departedflights.com, August 1, 1996 Greyhound Air route map & timetable
  22. ^ http://www.departedflights.com, May 25, 1976 Transair route map
  23. ^ http://www.departedflights.com, April 15, 1975 Official Airline Guide (OAG), Winnipeg flight schedules
  24. ^ http://www.departedflights.com, Oct. 29, 1978 CP Air system timetable
  25. ^ a b http://www.departedflights.com, April 1, 1981 Official Airline Guide (OAG), Winnipeg flight schedules
  26. ^ http://www.departedflights.com, April 1, 1981 Official Airline Guide (OAG), Winnipeg, Minneapolis/St. Paul, Minot, Bismarck and Duluth flight schedules
  27. ^ http://www.departedflights.com, July 1, 1983 Official Airline Guide (OAG) international edition, London Heathrow Airport flight schedules
  28. ^ http://www.departedflights.com, Sept. 9, 1985 Air Canada system timetable
  29. ^ http://www.departedflights.com, Feb. 15, 1985 Official Airline Guide (OAG), Winnipeg, Regina, Saskatoon, Calgary, Edmonton and Vancouver flight schedules
  30. ^ "Canada's New Government Renames Winnipeg International Airport in Honour of James Armstrong Richardson." Winnipeg Airport Authorities, Press release. Retrieved April 1, 2012.
  31. ^ "Daily Commercial News - Canada's first LEED certified airport terminal opens in Winnipeg". Archived from the original on July 17, 2014. Retrieved August 10, 2015.
  32. ^ "Pelli Clarke Pelli Architects' Airport Terminal Opens in Winnipeg". Retrieved August 10, 2015.
  33. ^ "Winnipeg airport terminal listed among world's iconic". April 3, 2012. Retrieved August 10, 2015.
  34. ^ "Winnipeg's new airport terminal opens." CBC News, October 30, 2011. Retrieved October 31, 2011.
  35. ^ Carl, Julie. "Airport sneak peek delights." Winnipeg Free Press, October 9, 2011. Retrieved October 31, 2011.
  36. ^ "Lounge Locations - Maple Leaf Lounges - Air Canada". Air Canada. Retrieved May 17, 2016.
  37. ^ "Discover a Plaza Premium Lounge - Global Airport Service Locations - Plaza Premium Lounge". Plaza Premium Lounge Management Ltd. Retrieved May 17, 2016.
  38. ^ "Wi-Fi Services Winnipeg James Armstrong Richardson International Airport". Winnipeg Airports Authority. Retrieved May 17, 2016.
  39. ^ "Canada Post announces new state-of-the-art plant to be built at the airport." Winnipeg Airports Authority. Retrieved: April 1, 2012.
  40. ^ "Centreport Canada, Winnipeg Inland Port, Manitoba, Trade - Centreport Canada". Retrieved August 10, 2015.
  41. ^ a b c d e "Flair Airlines outlines US network in 4Q18". Routes Online. August 2018. Retrieved August 25, 2018.
  42. ^ Authority, Winnipeg Airports. "Publications & Stats YWG". www.waa.ca.
  43. ^ https://www.waa.ca/uploads/ck/files/WebStatsOct2018.pdf

Bibliography[edit]

  • Canada's Airports: Reinvention & Success. Ottawa-Macdonald-Cartier: Insight Media commissioned by the Canadian Airports Council (CAC), 2005.

External links[edit]

Media related to Winnipeg James Armstrong Richardson International Airport at Wikimedia Commons