Harry Colebourn and Winnie, 1914
|Species||American black bear|
|Died||12 May 1934 (aged 20)
London Zoo, London, England
|Known for||Inspiration for Winnie-the-Pooh|
|Named after||The city of Winnipeg|
Winnipeg, or Winnie, (1914 – 12 May 1934) was the name given to a female black bear that lived at London Zoo from 1915 until her death in 1934. Rescued by cavalry veterinarian Harry Colebourn, Winnie is best-remembered for inspiring A. A. Milne's character, Winnie-the-Pooh.
Upon the outbreak of World War I in August 1914, Lt. Harry Colebourn of The Fort Garry Horse, a Canadian cavalry regiment, volunteered his service. On 24 August, while en route to Valcartier to report to the Canadian Army Veterinary Corps (CAVC) as part of the Canadian Expeditionary Force, he purchased a young bear cub for $20 at a train stop in White River, Ontario. The bear's mother was probably killed in the spring of 1914 when the cub was very young and could most easily have become socialized to humans. The name of the hunter who sold the bear and who presumably provided the bear's early socialization is undocumented. Colebourn named the bear "Winnipeg", "Winnie" for short, after his home city of Winnipeg, Manitoba. Winnie accompanied him to Valcartier and all the way to England, becoming the mascot of the CAVC and a pet to the Second Canadian Infantry Brigade Headquarters. Before leaving for France, Colebourn left Winnie at London Zoo.
Winnie's eventual destination was to have been the Assiniboine Park Zoo in Winnipeg, but at the end of the War, Colebourn decided to allow Winnie to remain at the London Zoo, where she was much loved for her playfulness and gentleness. Among her fans was A. A. Milne's son Christopher Robin, who consequently changed the name of his own teddy bear from "Edward Bear" to "Winnie the Pooh", providing the inspiration for his father's stories about Winnie-the-Pooh.
There are several statues and plaques commemorating the popular bear. The London Zoo has 1981 statue of Winnie by sculptor Lorne McKean. A statue of Winnie and Colebourn together by sculptor William Epp stands in Assiniboine Park in Winnipeg, in the park's Nature Playground; Epp's design is also seen in another statue at the London Zoo.
In 1996, Canada Post issued "Winnie and Lieutenant Colebourn, White River, 1914" designed by Wai Poon with art direction by Anthony Van Bruggen and computer design by Marcelo Caetano. The 45¢ stamps are perforated 12.5 x 13 and were printed by Ashton-Potter Canada Limited.
The story of Winnie the bear was portrayed in the 2004 movie A Bear Named Winnie starring Michael Fassbender as Colebourn and Bonkers, a 650-pound male American black bear, as the adult Winnie. In 2011, Winnipeg author M.A. Appleby, whose father was a friend of Colebourn's son, wrote a children's book about the bear's life titled Winnie the Bear.
- "Lt. Harry Colebourn And Winnie-the-Bear". The Fort Garry Horse Museum and Archives. August 2000. Retrieved 11 February 2015.
- Shushkewich, Val (2005). The Real Winnie: A One-of-a-Kind Bear. Dundurn. ISBN 978-1-77070-439-8.
- Brown, Gary (2013). The Bear Almanac, 2nd: A Comprehensive Guide to the Bears of the World. Lyons Press. p. 234. ISBN 978-0-7627-8806-4.
- Brody, Paul (2014). In Which Milne's Life Is Told: A Biography of Winnie the Pooh Author A.A. Milne. BookCaps Study Guides. p. 25. ISBN 978-1-62917-204-0.
- Coughlan, Sean The skull of the 'real' Winnie goes on display, at BBC News, 20 November 2015
- "Statue of Winnie the Bear has new home". Winnipeg Free Press. 9 August 2012. Retrieved 9 August 2012.
- Canada Post stamp "Winnie and Lieutenant Colebourn, White River, 1914" Check
value (help). Canadian Postal Archives Database. Retrieved 11 February 2015.
- Buchanan, Jason. "A Bear Named Winnie (2004)". New York Times. Retrieved 11 February 2015.
- A Bear Named Winnie (official website), originalpicturesinc.com, accessed May 19, 2015.
- Bonkers biography and filmography, Bearwithus.biz, accessed May 19, 2015.
- Vanderhart, Tessa (25 August 2013). "Winnie the Pooh story turns 99". Winnipeg Sun. Retrieved 11 February 2015.
- A Bear Named Winnie TV movie (2004) at the Internet Movie Database
- "Winnie-the-Pooh makes his literary debut", 1987 interview with Colebourn's son, CBC Digital Archives
- Remembering the Real Winnie: The World's Most Famous Bear Turns 100 website hosted by Ryerson University