Winster

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Winster
Winster 028530 9c349def.jpg
The Market House, Winster in 2005 during the village’s Secret Gardens event
Winster is located in Derbyshire
Winster
Winster
Winster shown within Derbyshire
Population 600 (2011)
OS grid reference SK241605
District
Shire county
Region
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town MATLOCK
Postcode district DE4 2
Dialling code 01629 [65xxxx]
Police Derbyshire
Fire Derbyshire
Ambulance East Midlands
EU Parliament East Midlands
UK Parliament
List of places
UK
England
Derbyshire
53°08′31″N 1°38′24″W / 53.1419°N 1.6399°W / 53.1419; -1.6399Coordinates: 53°08′31″N 1°38′24″W / 53.1419°N 1.6399°W / 53.1419; -1.6399

Winster is a village in the English Derbyshire Dales about 5 miles (8 km) from Matlock and 6 miles (10 km) from Bakewell at an altitude of approximately 820 feet (250 m). It was formerly a centre for the lead mining industry. The village, which lies within the Peak District National Park, has a large number of listed buildings, including the Market House open daily as a National Trust information point. Its current population is about 630, though it was 600 at the 2011 Census.[1] The village has a primary school, two churches, two pubs and a village shop (owned by the community) which includes a post office. Winster was mentioned in the Domesday Book in 1086 when it was owned by Henry de Ferrers.[2]

A workhouse at Bank Top (grid reference SK239602) was opened in 1744. It had a rule that forbade any relief outside of the workhouse. By the 1770s it could house 40 inmates.[3]

Winster Market House was the National Trust's first property in the Peak District and was acquired in 1906.

Winster Wakes[edit]

The Winster King and Queen tour with the Morris men

Winster's parish church is the Church of St John the Baptist, and a week-long annual carnival called Winster Wakes starts on the first Sunday on or after 24 June (the patronal day of St John the Baptist). Main Street is closed briefly on the Sunday for the Wakes Parade, and for much of the following Saturday afternoon, when there are stalls and entertainment (including Morris Dancing) in the street.

Site of a fatal duel[edit]

As reported in the Times (London, England) on 2 June 1821, a local surgeon, William Cuddie, was courting Mary, the daughter of the wealthy Brittlebank family of Oddo House in Winster. In May 1821 one of her brothers, William Brittlebank, tried to end their association. On the evening of 21 May Cuddie and Brittlebank quarreled violently. The doctor later received a note:

Cuddie refused to reply to the letter. The following afternoon three of the Brittlebank brothers and a mutual friend, Edmund Spencer, arrived in his garden with two loaded pistols. Cuddie reluctantly accepted one of the weapons. William Brittlebank walked 15 yards (14 m) away, turned and fired. Two shots were heard but only Cuddie was hit. He died a few hours later.

Two of the Brittlebanks (Francis and Andrew) were tried in Derby in August 1821, but were found not guilty of murder, while their brother William, fled with a £100 reward on his head. It is thought that he went to Australia but evidence is lacking..[4] [5]

Main Street, Winster

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Civil Parish population 2011". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 2 April 2016. 
  2. ^ Domesday Book: A Complete Translation. London: Penguin, 2003. ISBN 0-14-143994-7 p.745
  3. ^ Higginbotham, P. (2007), Workhouses of the Midlands, Tempus, Stroud. Page 26. ISBN 978-0-7524-4488-8
  4. ^ Small, C 2001, ‘The Brittlebank Murder’, ‘’Winster Local History Group, Newsletter’’, no. 20, May 2001, accessed 17 Jun 2018, url: http://www.winster.org/pages/History/Newsletters/Newsletter20.pdf.
  5. ^ Lomax, S and Smith, R 2012, 'Doctor dies in duel', Reflections, accessed 18 Jun 2018, url: http://www.reflections-magazine.com.

External links[edit]

Media related to Winster, Derbyshire at Wikimedia Commons