Winston-Salem Southbound Railway
|Locale||central North Carolina|
|Dates of operation||1910–|
|Track gauge||4 ft 8 1⁄2 in (1,435 mm) standard gauge|
|Headquarters||Winston-Salem, North Carolina|
The Winston-Salem Southbound Railway (reporting mark WSS) is a 90-mile (140 km) short-line railroad jointly owned by CSX Transportation and the Norfolk Southern Railway (NS), which provide it with equipment. It connects with NS at the north end in Winston-Salem, CSX at the south end in Wadesboro, and in between with NS at Lexington and Whitney, the subsidiary High Point, Thomasville and Denton Railroad at High Rock, and the Aberdeen, Carolina and Western Railway at Norwood. Originally owned jointly by the Atlantic Coast Line Railroad and Norfolk and Western Railway, predecessors to CSX and NS, it was completed in November 1910.
Between 1913 and 1985 the railroad was headquartered in the Winston-Salem Southbound Railway Freight Warehouse and Office. It was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1991.
Commodities carried by the railroad are grain, sand, gravel, stone, forest products, paper products, coal, coke, cement, clay fertilizer, aluminum, chemicals, iron, and steel. Principal shippers are Corn Products Company of Winston-Salem, a manufacturer of corn syrup and related products, and Owens Brockway Glass Company of Eller, a manufacturer of glass products.
On April 16, 2010, notice was published of the intent to merge the High Point, Thomasville, and Denton Railroad into the Winston-Salem Southbound Railway, effective May 1, 2010.
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The WSS used a variety of steam locomotives from 1910 until 1957, since the Norfolk and Western Railway continued to operate with steam power, so there was no hurry to dieselize the Winston-Salem Southbound Railway. On April 22, 1957, the railroad caved-in, and four new EMD GP9 diesels arrived, priced at about $190,000 each. With the arrival of diesels, the water tanks and coaling stations of the steam era would soon fall. The four GP9s were purchased from the N&W, and the swiftly-dieselizing ACL; the two companies then in ownership of the WSS. They were re-painted into two different paint schemes and served from the 1950s to the late 1960s, when the WSS, realizing it wasn't cost-effective to maintain servicing facilities, sent the GP9s back to their respective owners and started to lease equipment from the ACL and N&W. To this day, the WSS continues to lease road power from the successors of the ACL (CSX) and N&W (NS). GP9 units: 1501 (N&W), 1502 (N&W), 1503 (ACL), 1504 (ACL)
- Interstate Commerce Commission, Twenty-Fourth Annual Report on the Statistics of Railways in the United States for the Year Ended June 30, 1911, p. 701
- Edward A. Lewis, American Shortline Railway Guide, 5th Edition, Kalmbach Publishing, 1996, pp. 149, 339
- Laura A. W. Phillips (June 1991). "Winston-Salem Southbound Railway Freight Warehouse and Office" (pdf). National Register of Historic Places - Nomination and Inventory. North Carolina State Historic Preservation Office. Retrieved 2014-11-01.
- National Park Service (2010-07-09). "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service.
- Miller & Vaughn, "The Winston-Salem Southbound Railway Including the High Point, Thomasville & Denton Railroad" (Winston-Salem, 1996).
- Winston-Salem Southbound Railway Company-Corporate Family Transaction Exemption-High Point, Thomasville & Denton Railroad Company
- Miller & Vaughn, "The Winston-Salem Southbound Railway Including the High Point, Thomasville, and Denton Railroad," (Winston-Salem, 1996).