Winston (cigarette)

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Winston
Marlboro-Aschenbecher und Winston-Zigarettenschachtel.JPG
A Marlboro ashtray and a pack of German Winston Red cigarettes
Product type Cigarette
Owner ITG Brands, a subsidiary of Imperial Tobacco (U.S. only), Japan Tobacco (Outside of the U.S.)
Country United States
Introduced 1954; 64 years ago (1954)
Markets See Markets
Previous owners R. J. Reynolds Tobacco Company
Website https://winstoncigarettes.com/

Winston is an American brand of cigarettes, currently owned and manufactured by ITG Brands, subsidiary of Imperial Tobacco in the United States and by Japan Tobacco outside the U.S.[1][2] The brand is named after the town where R. J. Reynolds started his business which is Winston-Salem, North Carolina.[2]

History[edit]

Winston was introduced in 1954 by the R.J. Reynolds Tobacco Company and quickly became one of the top selling cigarette brands thanks to the slogan "Winston tastes good like a cigarette should". It became the number one cigarette sold in the world by 1966, a position it held until 1972 when Marlboro overtook the brand.[3]

In the 1980s, Winston was the most favored brand in Puerto Rico, due to their advertising “Winston y Puerto Rico: No hay nada mejor”

Winston then became the #2 cigarette, a position it continues to maintain today under ownership of Japan Tobacco outside of the U.S.[2][4] while the American version of the brand has faced steadily declining sales, dropping to sixth place by 2005 in the last national survey.[5] The American version of Winston is also known for its more recent claim of becoming additive free in the late 1990s.[6] This in turn led to a settlement with the Federal Trade Commission requiring Winston to clarify subsequent advertisements that the lack of additives did not result in a safer cigarette.[7]

In 1999 R.J. Reynolds was spun off from RJR Nabisco and subsequently sold its non-U.S. operations to Japan Tobacco.[8]

On July 15, 2014, Reynolds American (R.J. Reynolds parent company) agreed to purchase the Lorillard Tobacco Company for $27.4 billion and as a result, (to alleviate antitrust concerns) Winston, along with the Kool, Maverick, and Salem cigarette brands was sold to Imperial Tobacco for $7.1 billion.[9][10]

On June 12, 2015, Reynolds American and Lorillard completed their merger and Winston officially fell under ownership of Imperial tobacco spinoff ITG brands.[11]

Sponsorship[edit]

NASCAR[edit]

Beginning in 1971, Winston was the sponsor of the highest title of the NASCAR series, known as the Winston Cup Series.[12][13] R. J. Reynolds ended Winston's association with the series in 2003.[14] The series is now known as the Monster Energy NASCAR Cup Series.

Drag Racing[edit]

From 1975 to 2001, Winston was also the sponsor of the NHRA drag racing series, which is currently sponsored by Coca-Cola through its Powerade, Full Throttle, and Mello Yello brands since.[15][16]

Football/Soccer[edit]

Winston was a sponsor of the 1982 FIFA World Cup.[17][18]

Controversy[edit]

Winston and The Flintstones[edit]

In 1960, Winston was one of the original sponsors of The Flintstones up until 1962. In the commercials, Flintstones characters Fred Flintstone and Barney Rubble were seen promoting Winston, and every episode ended with Fred lighting a Winston for his wife Wilma while singing the product's jingle. By the third season, however, the show's ads became more children oriented and Winston was replaced by Welch's.[19][20][21]

Winston and targeting of African Americans[edit]

In the 1970s, Winston specifically targeted the Afro-American minority, similar to what Kool and Newport did during the time.

After World War II had ended, American tobacco companies started to explore new markets to maintain their not insubstantial prosperity. The growth in urban migration and the growing incomes of African Americans (called at the time the "emerging Negro market") gave the tobacco companies what was sometimes called an "export market at home". Additionally, a new kind of media started to appear after the war when several glossy monthly magazines including Negro Digest (1942, renamed Black World), Ebony (1945) and Negro Achievements (1947, renamed Sepia) began to be published. These relatively expensively produced magazines were far more attractive to the tobacco advertisers than the cheap 'negro' daily newspapers of the pre-war era, with glossy pages and a far wider national distribution. The magazines meant for a purely African American audience also meant that advertisers could produce adverts aimed and featuring African Americans away from the eyes of white consumers.[22]

David Goerlitz and the Winston Man[edit]

Between 1982 and 1988, David Goerlitz was the "Winston Man", appearing in 42 billboard advertisements - more than the Marlboro man.[23] In 1988, he publicly denounced the tobacco industry and joined the emerging anti-smoking movement after suffering health issues related to smoking. He has spent the last 21 years working in schools as a public speaker, encouraging kids not to start smoking.[24][25][26][27][28][29]

Winston and additive free claims[edit]

In September 2015, The Food and Drug Administration warned ITG Brands, the makers of Winston cigarettes, that labeling the product as "additive-free" violated federal law because the claim implied that the cigarettes were safer than other brands.

The August warning letter to ITG marked the first time the FDA had used its authority under a 2009 tobacco-control law to take action against a company for making "additive-free" claims on product packaging. It was one of three warning letters that the agency shipped out in August 2015 to cigarette companies whose products were labeled "additive-free", "natural" or both. "The FDA’s job is to ensure tobacco products are not marketed in a way that leads consumers to believe cigarettes with descriptors like 'additive-free' and 'natural' pose fewer health risks than other cigarettes, unless the claims have been scientifically supported." said Mitch Zeller, director of the FDA’s Center for Tobacco Products. "This action is a milestone, and a reminder of how we use the tools of science-based regulation to protect the U.S. public from the harmful effects of tobacco use."

The FDA’s letter to ITG also noted how the advertising of Winston cigarettes must adhere to the provisions of a consent order from another federal agency, the FTC, that requires some ads include the disclaimer: "No additives in our tobacco does NOT mean safer".[30][31]

Markets[edit]

Winston cigarettes were or still are sold in the following countries: Canada, United States, Mexico, Chile, Peru, Argentina, United Kingdom, Sweden, Finland, Luxembourg, Belgium, The Netherlands, Germany, France, Switzerland, Austria, Portugal, Spain, Italy, Poland, Hungary, Romania, Moldova, Czech Republic, Slovakia, Yugoslavia, Slovenia, Serbia, Albania, Greece, Turkey, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Georgia, Estonia, Lithuania, Latvia, Belarus, Ukraine, Russia, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Uzbekistan, Tunesia, South Africa, Israel, Iran, Lebanon, Jordan, Kuwait, Morocco, Myanmar, Vietnam, Malaysia, Nepal, Cyprus, Singapore, China, Taiwan, Hong Kong and Japan.[32][33][34]

Products[edit]

Varieties sold in the United States[edit]

As of 2017, all varieties of Winston sold by ITG brands are only available in a box.

  • Winston Red (Full Flavor) – Kings, 100's
  • Winston Gold (Lights) – Kings, 100's
  • Winston White (Ultra Lights) – Kings, 100's
  • Winston Select – Kings

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Brands". Itgbrands.com. Retrieved 27 January 2018. 
  2. ^ a b c "Our brands". Jti.com. Retrieved 27 January 2018. 
  3. ^ "Reynolds Plans a New Version of Winston". The New York Times. 14 March 1992. 
  4. ^ "JT aiming to make Winston No.1 through accretion". Tobaccoreporter.com. 20 May 2015. Retrieved 27 January 2018. 
  5. ^ Cigarette Brand Preferences in 2005: Cigarette market value ranking, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, United States Department of Health and Human Services, January 12,2007 , updated July 11,2008.
  6. ^ "Stanford Research into the Impact of Tobacco Advertising". Tobacco.stanford.edu. Retrieved 27 January 2018. 
  7. ^ [1][dead link]
  8. ^ Martin, Mitchell; Tribune, International Herald (10 March 1999). "International Cigarettes Unit Sold to Japan Tobacco for $8 Billion : RJR Nabisco to Split Up Company". Nytimes.com. Retrieved 27 January 2018. 
  9. ^ Reuters, CNBC.com with (3 July 2014). "Lorillard and Reynolds American near merger". Cnbc.com. Retrieved 27 January 2018. 
  10. ^ "Reynolds, Lorillard Must Sell Salem, Kool, Maverick & Winston Brands To Gain Approval Of $27.4B Mega-Cigarette Merger". Consumerist.com. 27 May 2015. Retrieved 27 January 2018. 
  11. ^ "It's official: $27.4B Reynolds-Lorillard merger complete". Bizjournals.com. Retrieved 27 January 2018. 
  12. ^ "Winston Cup Museum & Special Event Center". Winston Cup Museum & Special Event Center. 
  13. ^ Bartlett, Roger; Gratton, Chris; Rolf, Christer (26 January 2018). "Encyclopedia of International Sports Studies: F-O". Taylor & Francis – via Google Books. 
  14. ^ "R.J. Reynolds Tobacco Co. (Reynolds American)". Adage.com. Retrieved 27 January 2018. 
  15. ^ "1999 Winston Showdown". Nhra.com. Retrieved 27 January 2018. 
  16. ^ "Amazon.com: 1997 - Express Litho - NHRA Winston Drag Racing - Winston Select Top 10 - Saluting 1997 Champions - Gary Scelzi : Top Fuel / John Force : Funny Car / Jim Yates : Pro Stock - Illustrations Hector Cademartori - 22x28 Inch Rolled Poster - Very Rare - Out of Print - Collectible: Posters & Prints". Amazon.com. 
  17. ^ [2]
  18. ^ [3]
  19. ^ "Winston Cigarettes with the Flintstones". Forgottenadvertisements.wordpress.com. 25 June 2013. Retrieved 27 January 2018. 
  20. ^ "Yabba Dabba Cough! Flashback to When The Flintstones Shilled Cigarettes". Adage.com. Retrieved 27 January 2018. 
  21. ^ "Excellence in Advertising: Winston cigarettes". Georgia Straight Vancouver's News & Entertainment Weekly. 
  22. ^ "'Good… and long': Blaxploitation ads for Winston cigarettes, 1970-1973". Dangerousminds.net. 5 November 2015. Retrieved 27 January 2018. 
  23. ^ "In America; Tobacco Dollars". The New York Times. 28 November 1993. 
  24. ^ "The Goerlitz tapes". Velvetgloveironfist.com. Retrieved 27 January 2018. 
  25. ^ "Ex-cigarette spokesman pitches smoke-free lifestyle to students". Articles.chicagotribune.com. Retrieved 27 January 2018. 
  26. ^ "EX-WINSTON MODEL TO SPEAK AT NIAGARA MIDDLE FRIDAY". Buffalonews.com. 11 November 1998. Retrieved 27 January 2018. 
  27. ^ "If you think Big Tobacco was bad, wait till you get a whiff of Big Marijuana". Dallasnews.com. 11 September 2014. Retrieved 27 January 2018. 
  28. ^ "Winston man - Boston TV News Digital Library". Bostonlocaltv.org. Retrieved 27 January 2018. 
  29. ^ "Winston Man' opposes smoking". Upi.com. Retrieved 27 January 2018. 
  30. ^ "Winston - Truth In Advertising". Truthinadvertising.org. 2 September 2015. Retrieved 27 January 2018. 
  31. ^ "Do Winston brand cigarettes contain no additives and/or chemicals? What about American Spirits? - Quora". Quora.com. 
  32. ^ "BrandWinston - Cigarettes Pedia". Cigarettespedia.com. Retrieved 27 January 2018. 
  33. ^ "Winston". Zigsam.at. Retrieved 27 January 2018. 
  34. ^ "Brands". Cigarety.by. Retrieved 27 January 2018.