Winter Garden, Florida

Coordinates: 28°33′37″N 81°35′3″W / 28.56028°N 81.58417°W / 28.56028; -81.58417
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Winter Garden, Florida
Downtown Winter Garden on the West Orange Trail, with Plant Street at left
Downtown Winter Garden on the West Orange Trail, with Plant Street at left
"A charming little city with a juicy past."[1]
Location in Orange County and the state of Florida
Location in Orange County and the state of Florida
Coordinates: 28°33′37″N 81°35′3″W / 28.56028°N 81.58417°W / 28.56028; -81.58417
Country United States
State Florida
County Orange
Incorporated (town)1908
Incorporated (city)1925
 • Typecouncil–manager
 • MayorJohn Rees
 • City managerJon C. Williams
 • Total17.98 sq mi (46.56 km2)
 • Land16.33 sq mi (42.29 km2)
 • Water1.65 sq mi (4.27 km2)
125 ft (38 m)
 • Total46,964
 • Density2,876.46/sq mi (1,110.60/km2)
Time zoneUTC−05:00 (EST)
 • Summer (DST)UTC−04:00 (EDT)
ZIP codes
34777, 34778, 34787
Area code(s)407, 689
Sales Tax6.5%[3]
GNIS feature ID0293423[4]

Winter Garden is a city 14 miles (23 km) west of Downtown Orlando in the western part of Orange County, Florida, United States. It is part of the Orlando–Kissimmee–Sanford, Florida Metropolitan Statistical Area. Its population was 46,964 as of 2020.


Early Native History[edit]

The pre-European history of the modern Winter Garden area is ambiguous. Due to a lack of evidence, historians hesitate to conclude if the natives that once occupied the area were of the Timucua, Jororo, or Mayaca tribes.[6] Regardless of their tribal identity, these natives were either wiped out or subsumed into larger cultures by the end of the eighteenth century.[6]

Seminole Peoples and War[edit]

Following the eradication of the original Floridian cultures, natives from farther north migrated into Florida. These natives had various cultures that over time coalesced into the Seminole Tribe. By the early 19th century, some Seminole lived on the south shore of Lake Apopka.[7] The settlement possibly produced the significant Seminole leader Wild Cat.[8] In 1835, the Second Seminole War began, threatening the Seminole presence. On January 23, 1837, a small battle was fought near the village. Thomas S. Jesup, at that time in command of all American forces in Florida, sent a detachment to Lake Apopka to seek a Seminole chief known as Osuchee or "Copper." During the attack, the army successfully killed Osuchee and three other Seminoles, while taking 17 prisoners.[7][9] The Second and Third Seminole wars both pushed the Seminole tribe south, likely eliminating their presence in the boundaries of modern Winter Garden.

American Settlers[edit]

The first American settlers came to what is now Winter Garden in the 1850s.[10] The Roper, Reams, Dunaway, Speer, and Starke families were among the first to settle the area. As with most American pioneers, they engaged in agriculture as a primary economic activity. These farms mainly grew sugar cane and vegetables, and early on a small number utilized slave labor. During The Civil War steamboat traffic stopped along the St. Johns River, forcing Winter Garden families to subsist off their own crops.[10]

A photograph of downtown Winter Garden taken from Plant Street, looking east. Taken before or during 1909.

The arrival of the Orange Belt Railroad and the growing production of citrus, turpentine, and lumber drove the town's growth over the remaining decades of the 19th century and into the 20th.[9] Stores and businesses cropped up along Plant Street, originating Downtown Winter Garden. A settler from Mississippi named A. B. Newton greatly contributed to the town's growth. He opened one of the first stores, served as the first postmaster, founded the first newspaper, and functioned as the first mayor. These endeavors earned him the title "The Godfather of Winter Garden."[11]


Between the 1920s and 1960s, the fishing prospects of Lake Apopka drew many fishermen to Winter Garden. The still-operating Edgewater Hotel in Downtown Winter Garden opened to service fishermen during the fishing boom. However, by the end of the 1960s, heavy pollution of Lake Apopka resulted in the collapse of the industry.[12]


Citrus agriculture saw rapid growth in the state of Florida in the last few decades of the 19th century, including in Winter Garden. As with the rest of the state, the Great Freeze of 1894–1895 severely damaged the citrus industry in Winter Garden.[13] Many settlers left town following this disaster, leaving a smaller population to recover the area's farms. Despite this setback, the industry recovered and saw many decades of growth. Through the middle stretch of the 20th century citrus defined Winter Garden's economy and culture.

Central Floridian standing amongst his dead orange trees after the freezes of the 1980s

In the 1980s back-to-back freezes greatly reduced the profitability of citrus farming in the county. Citrus production in Winter Garden and Orange County never recovered. Since then, the center of citrus production in Florida has shifted south from Orange County.[14] The increasing development of the Orlando–Kissimmee–Sanford Metropolitan Area made it more profitable to sell grove lands to developers rather than attempt to restart them. Today, little citrus activity occurs in the city limits of Winter Garden. Yet, the town is proud of its citrus history; oranges and grapefruits continue to be symbols of the town.

21st century growth[edit]

Since 2000, Winter Garden has seen incredible growth despite the decline of citrus and the economic stagnation in the 1980s and 1990's. Developers, entrepreneurs, and city government made efforts to rejuvenate the downtown district, attracting locals and tourists with a mix of small town atmosphere and trendy businesses. This population and development growth endured through the Great Recession and continues today.[15]


Winter Garden Topography.jpg

Winter Garden is located at 28°33′37″N 81°35′3″W / 28.56028°N 81.58417°W / 28.56028; -81.58417 (28.560328, –81.584069).[16]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 15.6 square miles (40.4 km2), of which 15.4 square miles (39.9 km2) is land and 0.19 square miles (0.5 km2) (1.28%) is water.[17]

Winter Garden is bordered on the south by the town of Windermere, on the east by the city of Ocoee, on the west by the town of Oakland and on the north by Lake Apopka.


The terrain is characterized by a gentle to moderately sloping topography. Winter Garden has the highest elevation spot in Orange County. The highest elevation is 222 feet (68 m) in NAVD 88 (North American Vertical Datum) located in the southwest corner of the city South near the county line with Lake County. The lowest elevation in the city is 64 feet (20 m) near Lake Apopka.


Winter Garden has a warm and humid subtropical climate, and there are two major seasons each year. One of those seasons is hot and rainy, lasting from May until October (roughly coinciding with the Atlantic hurricane season). The other is a cooler season (November through March) that brings more moderate temperatures and less frequent rainfall. The area's warm and humid climate is caused primarily by its low elevation and its position relatively close to the Tropic of Cancer, and much of its weather is affected by the movement of the Gulf Stream.


Historical population
Florida Department of Agriculture[18]
Source: U.S. Decennial Census[19]

As of the 2000 United States census, there were 14,351 people, 5,380 households, and 3,663 families residing in the city.[5] The population density was 1,190.2 inhabitants per square mile (459.5/km2). There were 5,861 housing units at an average density of 486.1 per square mile (187.7/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 76.60% White, 13.25% African American, 0.36% Native American, 0.99% Asian, 0.05% Pacific Islander, 6.45% from other races, and 2.31% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 17.50% of the population.

There were 5,380 households, out of which 33.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 48.8% were married couples living together, 14.4% had a female householder with no husband present, and 31.9% were non-families. 25.2% of all households were made up of individuals, and 9.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.60 and the average family size was 3.11.

In the city the population was spread out, with 25.9% under the age of 18, 9.0% from 18 to 24, 31.3% from 25 to 44, 19.5% from 45 to 64, and 14.2% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37.1 years. For every 100 females, there were 91.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 88.8 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $41,858. About 10.1% of families and 12.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 19.7% of those under age 18 and 9.4% of those age 65 or over.


  • Alexander Ridge Manors
  • Amberleigh
  • Avalon Reserve
  • Bay Isle at Black Lake
  • Belle Meade
  • Black Lake Park
  • Bradford Creek
  • Brandy Creek
  • Bronsons Landing
  • Cambridge Crossing
  • Carriage Pointe
  • Chapin Station
  • Cobblestone
  • Courtlea Oaks
  • Courtlea Park
  • Covington Chase
  • Crown Point Springs
  • Deer Island
  • Daniels Crossing
  • Daniels Landing
  • Deerfield Place
  • Emerald Ridge
  • Flamingo Crossings
  • Fox Crest (at Stone Crest)
  • Fullers Crossing
  • Fullers Landing
  • Glenview Estates
  • Glynwood (at Stone Crest)
  • Grovehurst
  • Grove Park (at Stone Crest)
  • Hamilton Gardens
  • Hamlin
  • The Harbor
  • Hickory Hammock on Johns Lake
  • Horizon Oaks
  • Hyde Park
  • Inland Seas
  • Island Pointe
  • Johns Lake Pointe
  • King's Bay
  • Lake Cove Pointe
  • Lake Roberts Landing
  • Lakes Of Windermere
  • Lakeview Reserve
  • Lakeshore Preserve
  • Latham Park
  • Magnolia Woods
  • McAllister Landing
  • Oakglen Estates
  • Oak Park
  • Oaks at Brandy Lake
  • Oakland Park
  • Orange Cove
  • Independence
  • The Orchard
  • Park Avenue Estates
  • Park Place at Winter Garden
  • Regal Pointe
  • Regency Oaks (at Stone Crest)
  • The Reserve at Carriage Point
  • Southern Pines
  • Sterling Pointe
  • Stone Creek
  • Stone Crest
  • Stoneybrook West
  • Summerlake
  • Teacup Springs
  • Timber Creek Pines
  • Traditions
  • Trailer City
  • Trails of Winter Garden
  • Tucker Oaks
  • Tuscany
  • Valencia Shores
  • Village Grove
  • Watermark
  • Westbrook Townhomes
  • Westfield Lakes
  • Westside Townhomes
  • Windermere Crossing
  • Windtree Garden Condos
  • Winter Oaks
  • Wintermere Harbor
  • Wintermere Pointe
  • Winward Cay

Arts and culture[edit]

Points of interest[edit]

The Winter Garden Heritage Museum, originally a station on the Orange Belt Railway (later part of the ACL)


Historic downtown Winter Garden contains a collection of restaurants, shops, and cafés, as well as two museums and a performing arts venue.

To the south, Winter Garden Village provides an array of chain retail and dining establishments. The 1,100,000 square feet (100,000 m2) open-air shopping center, located along Daniels Road just north of SR 429, is anchored by a Super Target, a Best Buy, Sprint and a Lowe's.[20]

Downtown Winter Garden hosts a farmer's market every weekend. Many vendors sell fresh produce, plants, and flowers, herbs, baked goods, artisan crafts, and local food and beverages. Live music is also a key feature of the market.[21]



State Road 50 (W. Colonial Dr) bisects the city into northern and southern sections. The portion south of State Road 50, formerly occupied by orange groves and farmland, has recently been the site of the development of numerous large-scale communities, including Johns Lake Pointe, Stoneybrook West, Stonecrest, Westfield, and Wintermere Pointe.

The toll road Western Beltway (SR 429) was completed in late 2006 and links I-4 near mile marker 58 in Osceola County with Florida's Turnpike at Winter Garden. Other major roads through Winter Garden include County Road 535 and County Road 545. CR 535 (also called Winter Garden – Vineland Road) begins at SR 50 and bisects the southern half of the city, proceeding south to Windermere, Lake Buena Vista and Walt Disney World Resort, where it becomes State Road 535. CR 545 (also called Avalon Road) begins at SR 50 and proceeds south along the western edge of Winter Garden and along the border between Orange and Lake counties. This area remains mostly rural but is quickly developing because of the nearby toll road. CR 545 currently ends at US 192 in Kissimmee at the border to Osceola County.

Notable people[edit]


  1. ^ "City of Winter Garden, Florida". City of Winter Garden, Florida. Retrieved September 2, 2012.
  2. ^ "2020 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved December 2, 2021.
  3. ^ "✔ Winter Garden (FL) sales tax rate". Retrieved 2022-11-10.
  4. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  5. ^ a b "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  6. ^ a b Milanich, Jerald T. (1998). Florida's Indians from ancient times to the present. Gainesville: University Press of Florida. ISBN 0-8130-2200-2. OCLC 48138342.
  7. ^ a b "ARMY TROOPS UNDERESTIMATED ELUSIVE SEMINOLES, SWAMP". Orlando Sentinel. Retrieved 2022-05-11.
  8. ^ "". Archived from the original on October 3, 2018. Retrieved May 2, 2022.
  9. ^ a b Grimes, L. A. (December 1947). "History of Winter Garden". Literary Florida. 5: 20.
  10. ^ a b Blackman, William (1927). History of Orange County Florida, Narrative and Biographical. Chuluota, Fla: Mickler House. pp. 202–203.
  11. ^ Morris, Ken (November 24, 1983). "A. B. Newton Known Affectionately as 'The Godfather of Winter Garden"". The Winter Garden Times. pp. 3C.
  12. ^ "History of a charming little city with a juicy past | Winter Garden, FL". Retrieved 2022-05-02.
  13. ^ Attaway, John A. (1997). A history of Florida citrus freezes. Lake Alfred, FL: Florida Science Source. p. 31. ISBN 0-944961-03-7. OCLC 36543319.
  14. ^ Attaway, John A. (1997). A history of Florida citrus freezes. Lake Alfred, FL: Florida Science Source. pp. 151–237, 279. ISBN 0-944961-03-7. OCLC 36543319.
  15. ^ Smith, Wes. "No More Imagining: 'Garden' is Growing". Orlando Sentinel.
  16. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
  17. ^ "Geographic Identifiers: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (G001): Winter Garden city, Florida". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved September 21, 2012.
  18. ^ Florida Department of Agriculture (1906). Census of the State of Florida. Urbana, Illinois.
  19. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved January 15, 2019.
  20. ^ "Winter Garden Village". Retrieved 26 April 2022.
  21. ^ "Winter Garden Farmer's Market".

External links[edit]