Winter Harbor, Maine
Grindstone Point (Summer Colony)
|• Total||69.12 sq mi (179.02 km2)|
|• Land||14.36 sq mi (37.19 km2)|
|• Water||54.76 sq mi (141.83 km2)|
|Elevation||23 ft (7 m)|
|• Density||32/sq mi (12.4/km2)|
|Time zone||UTC-5 (Eastern (EST))|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC-4 (EDT)|
|GNIS feature ID||0582821|
Winter Harbor is a town on the Schoodic Peninsula in Hancock County, Maine, United States. The population was 461 at the 2020 census. The town is located just outside the Schoodic Peninsula portion of Acadia National Park, and is due east of the town of Bar Harbor and Ellsworth. Winter Harbor was once the location of a US Naval Station, NSGA-WH, which closed in the mid-2000s, and is now home to the Schoodic Institute’s Education and Research Center.
The Schoodic Point District of Acadia National Park is adjacent to the town, and has played an important role in the community’s economic and social development. The Municipality includes the village proper of Winter Harbor, the summer colony of Grindstone Neck, and the hamlets of Gerrishville and Summer Harbor. An iconic, Downeast fishing village, Winter Harbor is home to an active, multigenerational fishing fleet, and is the namesake of the Winter Harbor model boat. In addition, the community is or was a summer residence of several notable figures, such as Frederick Hauck, Fitzgerald Eugene Dixon, and among others.
Winter Harbor hosts the annual Winter Harbor Lobster Festival each August, which celebrates the community’s history, culture, and economic activity. The festival draws crowds from across the Peninsula and wider Downeast Acadia Region, and includes activities, markets, boat races, a parade, and other events.
According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 69.12 square miles (179.02 km2), of which 14.36 square miles (37.19 km2) is land and 54.76 square miles (141.83 km2) is water.
|U.S. Decennial Census|
As of the census of 2010, there were 516 people, 255 households, and 145 families residing in the town. The population density was 35.9 inhabitants per square mile (13.9/km2). There were 519 housing units at an average density of 36.1 per square mile (13.9/km2). The racial makeup of the town was 96.9% White, 0.4% African American, 0.2% Native American, 0.6% Asian, 1.4% from other races, and 0.6% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.7% of the population.
There were 255 households, of which 21.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 45.1% were married couples living together, 6.3% had a female householder with no husband present, 5.5% had a male householder with no wife present, and 43.1% were non-families. 36.5% of all households were made up of individuals, and 18.4% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.02 and the average family size was 2.59.
The median age in the town was 51.1 years. 18% of residents were under the age of 18; 3% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 20% were from 25 to 44; 33.3% were from 45 to 64; and 25.8% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the town was 47.3% male and 52.7% female.
As of the census of 2000, there were 988 people, 402 households, and 278 families residing in the town. The population density was 68.8 inhabitants per square mile (26.6/km2). There were 558 housing units at an average density of 38.8 per square mile (15.0/km2). The racial makeup of the town was 89.98% White, 2.02% African American, 0.20% Native American, 0.71% Asian, and 7.09% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 3.64% of the population.
There were 402 households, out of which 38.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 57.2% were married couples living together, 8.0% households had a female with no husband present, and 30.8% were non-families. 25.6% of all households were made up of individuals, and 11.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.46 and the average family size was 2.95.
In the town, the population was spread out, with 29.4% under the age of 18, 9.3% from 18 to 24, 30.8% from 25 to 44, 18.4% from 45 to 64, and 12.1% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 31 years. For every 100 females, there were 93.3 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 92.3 males.
The median income for a household in the town was $28,571, and the median income for a family was $32,750. Males had a median income of $24,063 versus $17,448 for females. The per capita income for the town was $15,438. About 5.5% of families and 11.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 10.3% of those under age 18 and 6.1% of those age 65 or over.
The summer colony of Grindstone Neck lies on a peninsula southwest of the village. In 1889 a group formed “The Gouldsboro Land Improvement Company” with the idea of creating a summer colony much like that of Bar Harbor. Residents of this community share in an association which includes a yacht club, nine-hole golf course, tennis courts and footpaths.
The Winter Harbor Yacht Club purchased and renovated all nine original Winter Harbor 21 sailboats. Designed and launched in 1907, they are thought to be the oldest one-design sailboat fleet in the United States.
Many of the buildings on the neck were designed by Lindley Johnson, though the first few were designed by Wilson Eyre. The homes on Grindstone Neck are called "cottages", though many of them have upwards of 7–12 bedrooms.
- Fitz Eugene Dixon Jr., educator, philanthropist
- "US Gazetteer files 2010". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved December 16, 2012.
- "Census - Geography Profile: Winter Harbor town, Hancock County, Maine". Retrieved January 30, 2022.
- "U.S.Navy Activities World War II by State". U.S. Naval Historical Center. Retrieved March 7, 2012.
- "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
- "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved December 16, 2012.
- "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 31, 2008.
- Gouldsboro land improvement co.'s Grindstone inn and lands, Grindstone Neck ... - Gouldsboro land improvement company - Google Books. 1892. Retrieved March 4, 2012.
- "Grindstone Neck Golf Course / Course". Grindstonegolf.com. Retrieved March 4, 2012.
- "Raleigh, Ralph and Rags". Discovermainemagazine.com. Retrieved March 4, 2012.
- Wright, Virginia M. "Schoodic: The Secret Side of Acadia". Down East: The Magazine of Maine (August 2009).