Winterborne Kingston

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Winterborne Kingston
Winterborne Kingston, St. Nicholas - geograph.org.uk - 1373689.jpg
Parish church of St Nicholas
Winterborne Kingston is located in Dorset
Winterborne Kingston
Winterborne Kingston
 Winterborne Kingston shown within Dorset
Population 643 
OS grid reference SY862976
District North Dorset
Shire county Dorset
Region South West
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Police Dorset
Fire Dorset
Ambulance South Western
EU Parliament South West England
UK Parliament North Dorset
List of places
UK
England
Dorset

Coordinates: 50°46′43″N 2°11′51″W / 50.7786°N 2.1974°W / 50.7786; -2.1974

The village hall.
The old chapel at Winterborne Kingston.

Winterborne Kingston is a village and civil parish in the county of Dorset in southern England. It lies in the North Dorset administrative district, 7 miles (11 km) south of the town of Blandford Forum and 2 miles (3.2 km) northeast of the large village of Bere Regis.[1] It is situated in a winterbourne valley on the edge of the dip slope of the Dorset Downs. In the 2011 census the parish had 282 households and a population of 643.[2] In 2001 it had a population of 613.[3]

Description[edit]

Winterborne Kingston consists of Kingston, which is two thirds of the western area of the parish, and Turberville (later called Abbots Court Farm) to the east. Still further east is the hamlet of Winterborne Muston. The River Winterborne which flows through the village is a tributary of the River Stour.[4] As the name implies, the river tends to flow only in winter. Kingston means the King held land here and bourne is an old Dorset word meaning River, thus the name of the village can be translated as Kings Land by the Winter River. Amenities in the village include the Greyhound Inn, the Church of St Nicholas, the village hall and a recreational ground (including a children's playpark). Half a mile to the west of the village is the Sunny Republic Brewery which is regularly open to the public on friday nights or for brewery tours by arrangement.

History[edit]

Icknield Street, a prehistoric route later used by the Romans, passes through the village, and Roman artefacts have been revealed here in ploughed fields.[5]

Dorset historically had many cottage industries related to the clothing trade. Button making (buttony) developed in the 1680s in the villages with Blandford the main centre. The 1851 census shows that many of the women in Winterborne Kingston were button makers.[citation needed] Most of the men in this area worked as agricultural labourers. The farms in this area were small dairy farms, which supplied dairy products to the London markets. There were also limekilns, which were an important part of the agricultural scene as they produced lime for spreading on the land. Barley was one of the main crops, and was used in the production of malt for the brewing of beer in Dorsetshire and London Breweries. Other trades in the area were carpenters, bricklayers, blacksmiths and shoemakers.

Parish church[edit]

The village church is named after St Nicholas. It is in the Decorated style and faced with flint. The Victorian architect George Edmund Street remodelled the church in 1872.[6]

Notable residents[edit]

The chemist and botanist Humphry Bowen (1929–2001), author of The Flora of Dorset (2000), lived near the village during his retirement when he wrote the Flora.[7][8]

Duropolis[edit]

Main article: Duropolis

In July 2015, archeologists discovered the Iron Age remains of what is believed to be Britain's oldest planned town near Winterborne Kingston.[9]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Winterborne Kingston". Dorset Online Parish Clerks. Retrieved October 5, 2011. 
  2. ^ "Area: Winterborne Kingston (Parish). Key Figures for 2011 Census: Key Statistics". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 8 June 2015. 
  3. ^ "Winterborne Kingston Parish Profile". 2001 Census. Dorset County Council/Archive.org. 2001. Retrieved October 5, 2011. 
  4. ^ "Walking the River Winterborne" (PDF). Dorset: Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty. Dorset AONB Partnership, UK. 2011. Retrieved October 5, 2011. 
  5. ^ North Dorset District Council (c. 1983). North Dorset District Official Guide. HomePublishing Co. Ltd. pp. 53–55. 
  6. ^ Newman, John; Pevsner, Nikolaus (1972). "Winterborne Kingston". The Buildings of England: Dorset. Penguin Books. pp. 481–482. ISBN 0-14-071044-2. 
  7. ^ "Obituaries: Humphry Bowen". The Independent. 25 September 2001. Retrieved October 6, 2011. 
  8. ^ S. L. Jury, Humphry John Moule Bowen (1929–2001). Watsonia, 24:268–270, 2002.
  9. ^ Simon de Bruxelles (17 July 2015). "Pre-Roman town of Duropolis found under Dorset fields". The Times, UK. 

External links[edit]

Media related to Winterborne Kingston at Wikimedia Commons