Winterbourne, Berkshire

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Winterbourne
St James, Winterbourne - geograph.org.uk - 1539324.jpg
St James' parish church
Winterbourne is located in Berkshire
Winterbourne
Winterbourne
Location within Berkshire
Population189 (2011 Census)[1]
OS grid referenceSU4572
Civil parish
  • Winterbourne
Unitary authority
Ceremonial county
Region
CountryEngland
Sovereign stateUnited Kingdom
Post townNewbury
Postcode districtRG20
Dialling code01635
PoliceThames Valley
FireRoyal Berkshire
AmbulanceSouth Central
UK Parliament
List of places
UK
England
Berkshire
51°26′42″N 1°20′46″W / 51.445°N 1.346°W / 51.445; -1.346Coordinates: 51°26′42″N 1°20′46″W / 51.445°N 1.346°W / 51.445; -1.346

Winterbourne is a village and civil parish in the Berkshire Downs about 3 miles (5 km) north of Newbury in West Berkshire.

Geography[edit]

Winterbourne has a site of Special Scientific Interest (SSSI), called Winterbourne Chalk Pit and another on its western border called Snelsmore Common[2][3]

Parish church[edit]

The Church of England parish church of Saint James was completely redeveloped in the 18th and 19th centuries. The north chapel was added in 1712 and the bell tower in 1759. The architect J.W. Hugall rebuilt the nave in 1854 and a Mr. Hudson restored the chancel in 1895. Hudson retained the chancel's 14th-century east window, and an earlier lancet window in the south wall.[4]

The building is Grade II* listed.[5]

Civil War[edit]

Winterbourne and the surrounding area had an eventful Civil War. Donnington Castle was damaged by cannon; the First and Second Battles of Newbury were fought nearby. On 26 October 1644, Cromwell stayed the night in the Blue Boar public house in the north of the parish and his forces camped at North Heath. In July that year, his forces had taken on Prince Rupert and company at Ripley in Yorkshire, during which successful (for the Parliamentarians) skirmish, they stole a statue of a wild boar that Lord Ingleby had brought back from Italy as one of a pair.[6][better source needed] The other remains in Ripley Castle. The blue boar was left at the pub. The pub is now The Crab hotel.

Transport[edit]

Bus travel from Newbury is provided by Newbury and District service 5A, twice daily on weekdays.[7]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Civil Parish population 2011". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 30 November 2016.
  2. ^ "Berkshire Geoconservation Group Geodiversity in the 21st Century". Berkshire Geoconservation Group. Retrieved 4 March 2017.
  3. ^ Magic Map Application
  4. ^ Pevsner 1966, p. 307
  5. ^ Historic England. "Church of St James  (Grade II*) (1221003)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 2 September 2014.
  6. ^ [1]
  7. ^ [2]

Sources[edit]

External links[edit]

Media related to Winterbourne, Berkshire at Wikimedia Commons