Winterbourne Stoke

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Winterbourne Stoke
Chocolate Box England - geograph.org.uk - 365945.jpg
Cottages and church
Winterbourne Stoke is located in Wiltshire
Winterbourne Stoke
Winterbourne Stoke
Winterbourne Stoke shown within Wiltshire
Population 205 (in 2011)[1]
OS grid reference SU077411
Civil parish
  • Winterbourne Stoke
Unitary authority
Ceremonial county
Region
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town Salisbury
Postcode district SP3
Dialling code 01980
Police Wiltshire
Fire Dorset and Wiltshire
Ambulance South Western
EU Parliament South West England
UK Parliament
List of places
UK
England
Wiltshire
51°10′08″N 1°53′31″W / 51.169°N 1.892°W / 51.169; -1.892Coordinates: 51°10′08″N 1°53′31″W / 51.169°N 1.892°W / 51.169; -1.892

Winterbourne Stoke is a village and civil parish in Wiltshire, England, about 5 miles (8 km) west of Amesbury and 3 miles (4.8 km) west of the prehistoric monument of Stonehenge.

The village is on the River Till at the southern edge of Salisbury Plain, on both sides of a single-carriageway stretch of the busy A303 trunk road.

Geography[edit]

The parish of Winterbourne Stoke mostly consists of downland, with chalk outcrops in places. It is bisected from north to south by the River Till, which rises to the north on Salisbury Plain, and which was originally called the River Winterbourne.[2] The village is located at the junction of the B3083, running north and south, and the A303 trunk road, running east and west.[3] The land is gently sloping; level areas near the river have been used as meadowland and slightly sloping land for arable cropping since the Middle Ages.[2]

Especially in its east part, the parish is rich in archaeological remains. The Greater and Lesser Cursus are Neolithic monuments, and there are a group of seventeen long barrows, some of which are in neighbouring parishes. A Romano-British settlement has been identified on Winterbourne Stoke Down, as well as some medieval earthworks.[2] Most of the Parsonage Down national nature reserve is within the parish. This ancient downland is rich in wild flowers as well as having scrubby areas where yellowhammers and turtle doves flourish.[4]

Notable buildings[edit]

The Church of England parish church of St Peter (12th century with 19th-century restoration) is Grade II* listed,[5] as is the 17th-century Manor House.[6] The church has the pulpit from St Giles at the deserted village of Imber.[7]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Wiltshire Community History - Census". Wiltshire Council. Retrieved 28 July 2015. 
  2. ^ a b c "Parishes: Winterbourne Stoke". British History Online. Retrieved 3 September 2016. 
  3. ^ Concise Road Atlas of Britain. AA Publishing. 2016. p. 18. ISBN 978-0-7495-7743-8. 
  4. ^ "Parsonage Down". Wiltshire's National Nature Reserves. Wiltshire County Council. Retrieved 3 September 2016. 
  5. ^ Historic England. "Church of St Peter, Winterbourne Stoke (1130975)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 28 July 2015. 
  6. ^ Historic England. "Manor House, Winterbourne Stoke (1130971)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 28 July 2015. 
  7. ^ Historic England. "Church of St Giles, Imber (1036472)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 28 July 2015. 

External links[edit]

Media related to Winterbourne Stoke at Wikimedia Commons