Winterization of oil
Winterization of oil is a process that uses a solvent and cold temperatures to separate lipids and other desired oil compounds from waxes. Winterization is a type of fractionation (also known as fractionate crystallization), the general process of separating the triglycerides found in fats and oils, using the difference in their melting points, solubility, and volatility.
Winterization is an oil refinement technique commonly used in biotechnology. The process involves dissolving the extract in ethanol, then placing the mixture in a freezer to chill. The cold allows for the separation of compounds by differences in their melting and precipitation points. In the cooling process, the fats and waxes with higher melting points will precipitate out and can then be removed by filtration, centrifugation, decantation, or other separation processes. A pure, liquid oil extract is left behind, ready to be further processed for consumer use.
Food products containing non-processed oils, such as fats and waxes with higher melting points, will crystallize in refrigeration temperatures. This precipitation could result in products like salad dressings separating during cold storage. Winterization is used to refine oil in salad dressings, mayonnaise, cooking oils like sunflower oil, and botanical oils.
Winterization is also used in refining biofuel, as it improves low temperature flow properties. This is necessary in preventing crystallization of certain compounds in the fuel, which could cause problems with compression engines.
Winterization is also a common process in the cannabis industry, used to remove unwanted compounds from cannabis oil extracts. Winterization often follows supercritical CO2 extraction, for the production of cannabis oils to be used in vape pens and capsules.
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- Abe, Masahiro; Komatsu, Hiroyuki; Yamagiwa, Kazuaki; Tajima, Hideo (February 2018). "Evaluation of the separation of saturated fatty acid methyl esters obtained from additive winterization using a nonionic surfactant". Fuel. 214: 607–613. doi:10.1016/j.fuel.2017.11.066.
- Vijayan, Sandhya K.; Naveena Victor, Mary; Sudharsanam, Abinandan; Chinnaraj, Velappan Kandukalpatti; Nagarajan, Vedaraman (March 2018). "Winterization studies of different vegetable oil biodiesel". Bioresource Technology Reports. 1: 50–55. doi:10.1016/j.biteb.2018.02.005.
- "The Differences Between Winterized and Distillate Cannabis Oil". BAS Research - The Oil In Cannabis Brands™. 2019-03-26. Retrieved 2019-04-09.
- Ribeiro Grijó, Daniel; Vieitez Osorio, Ignacio Alberto; Cardozo-Filho, Lúcio (March 2019). "Supercritical Extraction Strategies Using CO2 and Ethanol to Obtain Cannabinoid Compounds from Cannabis Hybrid Flowers". Journal of CO2 Utilization. 30: 241–248. doi:10.1016/j.jcou.2018.12.014.
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