Winterset, Iowa

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Winterset, Iowa
Madison County Courthouse in Winterset
Madison County Courthouse in Winterset
Location of Winterset, Iowa
Location of Winterset, Iowa
Coordinates: 41°20′9″N 94°0′50″W / 41.33583°N 94.01389°W / 41.33583; -94.01389Coordinates: 41°20′9″N 94°0′50″W / 41.33583°N 94.01389°W / 41.33583; -94.01389
CountryUnited States
State Iowa
CountyMadison
Government
 • MayorPhilip A Macumber
Area
 • Total4.78 sq mi (12.38 km2)
 • Land4.64 sq mi (12.02 km2)
 • Water0.14 sq mi (0.36 km2)
Elevation1,080 ft (330 m)
Population
 (2020)
 • Total5,353
 • Density1,153.17/sq mi (445.20/km2)
Time zoneUTC−6 (Central (CST))
 • Summer (DST)UTC−5 (CDT)
ZIP Code
50273
Area code515
FIPS code19-86520
GNIS feature ID0463138[2]
Websitecityofwinterset.org

Winterset is a city in and the county seat of Madison County, Iowa.[3] The population was 5,353 at the time of the 2020 census.[4]

Winterset is part of the Des Moines metropolitan area. It is the birthplace of actor John Wayne.[5]

History[edit]

Downtown Winterset in 2009

Winterset was platted during a cool spell in the summer of 1849.[6] The name was originally to be "Summerset", but the unseasonable coldness made the commissioners reverse this to "Winterset".[7]

On March 5, 2022, a low-end EF4 tornado struck the areas just outside the city, killing six people.[8][9]

Downtown Winterset in 1907

Geography[edit]

Winterset is located in central Madison County at the intersection of US Route 169 and Iowa State Highway 92. Middle River flows past the south side of the city.[10] It is approximately 30 miles southwest of the state capital of Des Moines.

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 4.72 square miles (12.22 km2), of which, 4.58 square miles (11.86 km2) is land and 0.14 square miles (0.36 km2) is water.[11]

Climate[edit]

According to the Köppen Climate Classification system, Winterset has a hot-summer humid continental climate, abbreviated "Dfa" on climate maps.

Climate data for Winterset, Iowa, 1991–2020 normals, extremes 1893–2017
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °F (°C) 67
(19)
79
(26)
90
(32)
93
(34)
105
(41)
105
(41)
111
(44)
112
(44)
103
(39)
93
(34)
82
(28)
69
(21)
112
(44)
Mean maximum °F (°C) 54.2
(12.3)
58.9
(14.9)
75.3
(24.1)
83.2
(28.4)
86.3
(30.2)
91.2
(32.9)
94.8
(34.9)
94.1
(34.5)
89.4
(31.9)
82.2
(27.9)
68.8
(20.4)
56.5
(13.6)
96.4
(35.8)
Average high °F (°C) 29.9
(−1.2)
34.8
(1.6)
47.6
(8.7)
60.5
(15.8)
70.8
(21.6)
80.0
(26.7)
83.8
(28.8)
82.3
(27.9)
75.6
(24.2)
63.3
(17.4)
48.1
(8.9)
35.1
(1.7)
59.3
(15.2)
Daily mean °F (°C) 19.9
(−6.7)
24.0
(−4.4)
36.2
(2.3)
48.0
(8.9)
59.4
(15.2)
69.2
(20.7)
73.0
(22.8)
70.9
(21.6)
63.1
(17.3)
50.8
(10.4)
37.1
(2.8)
25.5
(−3.6)
48.1
(8.9)
Average low °F (°C) 9.8
(−12.3)
13.2
(−10.4)
24.8
(−4.0)
35.4
(1.9)
48.0
(8.9)
58.3
(14.6)
62.2
(16.8)
59.4
(15.2)
50.6
(10.3)
38.3
(3.5)
26.0
(−3.3)
15.9
(−8.9)
36.8
(2.7)
Mean minimum °F (°C) −10.3
(−23.5)
−6.9
(−21.6)
6.3
(−14.3)
21.5
(−5.8)
34.9
(1.6)
45.8
(7.7)
52.0
(11.1)
49.1
(9.5)
34.6
(1.4)
22.7
(−5.2)
10.2
(−12.1)
−5.9
(−21.1)
−14.5
(−25.8)
Record low °F (°C) −34
(−37)
−31
(−35)
−35
(−37)
10
(−12)
24
(−4)
34
(1)
40
(4)
37
(3)
24
(−4)
3
(−16)
−8
(−22)
−25
(−32)
−35
(−37)
Average precipitation inches (mm) 0.78
(20)
1.28
(33)
2.12
(54)
3.59
(91)
4.99
(127)
4.64
(118)
4.10
(104)
3.62
(92)
3.60
(91)
2.88
(73)
1.96
(50)
1.23
(31)
34.79
(884)
Average snowfall inches (cm) 7.3
(19)
8.3
(21)
4.7
(12)
0.8
(2.0)
0.1
(0.25)
0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
0.9
(2.3)
2.7
(6.9)
5.9
(15)
30.7
(78.45)
Average precipitation days (≥ 0.01 in) 5.2 5.6 7.3 10.3 11.9 10.2 9.5 8.8 7.4 7.7 5.9 6.2 96
Average snowy days (≥ 0.1 in) 3.6 4.0 1.7 0.6 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.3 1.2 4.3 15.7
Source 1: NOAA[12]
Source 2: National Weather Service (mean maxima and minima 1981-2010)[13]

Demographics[edit]

Water tower in Winterset
Historical populations
YearPop.±%
1860915—    
18701,485+62.3%
18802,583+73.9%
18902,281−11.7%
19003,039+33.2%
19102,818−7.3%
19202,906+3.1%
19302,921+0.5%
19403,631+24.3%
19503,570−1.7%
19603,639+1.9%
19703,654+0.4%
19804,021+10.0%
19904,196+4.4%
20004,768+13.6%
20105,190+8.9%
20205,353+3.1%
Source:
U.S. Decennial Census[14][4][15]

2010 census[edit]

At the 2010 census there were 5,190 people, 2,062 households, and 1,336 families living in the city. The population density was 1,133.2 inhabitants per square mile (437.5/km2). There were 2,267 housing units at an average density of 495.0 per square mile (191.1/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 98.1% White, 0.2% African American, 0.2% Native American, 0.4% Asian, 0.4% from other races, and 0.7% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.0%.[16]

Of the 2,062 households 33.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 51.5% were married couples living together, 9.9% had a female householder with no husband present, 3.3% had a male householder with no wife present, and 35.2% were non-families. 31.7% of households were one person and 16% were one person aged 65 or older. The average household size was 2.42 and the average family size was 3.05.

The median age was 38.4 years. 26.8% of residents were under the age of 18; 6.4% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 24.3% were from 25 to 44; 23.9% were from 45 to 64; and 18.6% were 65 or older. The gender makeup of the city was 46.6% male and 53.4% female.

2000 census[edit]

At the 2000 census there were 4,768 people, 1,884 households, and 1,230 families living in the city. The population density was 1,357.9 inhabitants per square mile (524.3/km2). There were 1,998 housing units at an average density of 569.0 per square mile (219.7/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 98.87% White, 0.06% African American, 0.15% Native American, 0.27% Asian, 0.13% from other races, and 0.52% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.59%.[17]

Of the 1,884 households 32.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 53.1% were married couples living together, 9.9% had a female householder with no husband present, and 34.7% were non-families. 31.5% of households were one person and 18.1% were one person aged 65 or older. The average household size was 2.39 and the average family size was 3.01.

Age spread: 25.8% under the age of 18, 7.3% from 18 to 24, 25.5% from 25 to 44, 20.3% from 45 to 64, and 21.0% 65 or older. The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females, there were 86.4 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 78.2 males.

The median household income was $33,142 and the median family income was $42,951. Males had a median income of $31,536 versus $22,146 for females. The per capita income for the city was $17,274. About 5.8% of families and 8.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 8.9% of those under age 18 and 14.6% of those age 65 or over.

Arts and culture[edit]

Winterset is widely known for its covered bridges. A total of six covered bridges are located in Madison County, including one in Winterset City Park. The annual Covered Bridge Festival celebrates the bridges and local heritage every second weekend in October.

The Winterset Stage is Madison County's live theatre venue providing family friendly dinner theatre, including musicals and concerts while offering a variety of children's theatre and educational programming. The Winterset Stage is a non-profit 501c3 organization located at 405 East Madison in Winterset.

Another notable landmark is Clark Tower, located in Winterset City Park, which offers panoramic views of the surrounding Middle River Valley area.

The Madison County Courthouse, in the middle of the town square, was built in 1868, and rebuilt in 1876 after being partially destroyed by fire.

Museums[edit]

In 2015, the John Wayne Birthplace Museum opened kitty-corner from Wayne's birthplace home. The $2.5m, 6,000 sq. ft. facility houses scripts, costumes, set pieces, posters, personal correspondence, an original Andy Warhol painting and a custom-made 1972 Pontiac station wagon. The museum is divided into three exhibitions: "The Actor", "The Family Man", and "The American". It is located at 205 S. John Wayne Dr. in Winterset.[18]

The Iowa Quilt Museum offers seasonal exhibits and regular workshops. The current president of the museum, Marianne Fons, is the founder of the well known quilting show Fons & Porter's Love of Quilting. The museum is located on the south side of the town square at 68 E. Court Ave.[19]

The Madison County Historical Society is an 18 acre complex on the south side of town featuring 14 restored and historical buildings. The focal point of the complex is the Victorian Bevington-Kaser manor. Built in 1856, the manor has been fully restored. The complex is open May through October and is located at 815 S. 2nd Ave.[20]

Education[edit]

The Winterset Community School District operates local public schools.[21]

Popular culture[edit]

Winterset was used as a shooting location for the films Cold Turkey (1971), The Bridges of Madison County (1995), and The Crazies (2010).

Notable people[edit]

Birthplace of John Wayne

References[edit]

  1. ^ "2020 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved March 16, 2022.
  2. ^ a b U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Winterset, Iowa
  3. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved June 7, 2011.
  4. ^ a b "2020 Census State Redistricting Data". census.gov. United states Census Bureau. Retrieved August 12, 2021.
  5. ^ "John Wayne: Biography". Archived from the original on May 17, 2013. Retrieved June 4, 2013.
  6. ^ Mueller, Herman A. (1915). History of Madison County, Iowa, and Its People, Volume 1. S. J. Clarke Publishing Company. pp. 282.
  7. ^ Howe, Samuel (1882). "A Memoir of Indian Names in Iowa, With Their Signification". The Annals of Iowa: 4.
  8. ^ "NWS Damage Survey for 3/5/22 Tornado Event - Update #3". Iowa Environmental Mesonet. National Weather Service in Des Moines, Iowa. March 7, 2022. Retrieved March 7, 2022.
  9. ^ "Family remembers those who perished in central Iowa tornado". weareiowa.com. March 7, 2022. Retrieved March 9, 2022.
  10. ^ Iowa Atlas & Gazetteer, DeLorme, 7th Edition, 2021 p. 47 ISBN 1946494003
  11. ^ "US Gazetteer files 2010". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on January 25, 2012. Retrieved May 11, 2012.
  12. ^ "U.S. Climate Normals Quick Access". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved August 4, 2022.
  13. ^ "NOAA Online Weather Data". National Weather Service. Retrieved August 4, 2022.
  14. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
  15. ^ "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved March 29, 2020.
  16. ^ "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved May 11, 2012.
  17. ^ "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 31, 2008.
  18. ^ "John Wayne museum spotlights Midwestern morals". The Des Moines Register.
  19. ^ "Home | Iowa Quilt Museum | Winterset, Iowa". Iowa Quilt Museum. May 4, 2015.
  20. ^ "History on the Hill | Madison County Historical Museum & Complex". June 6, 2015.
  21. ^ "FY20 WINTERSET" (PDF). Iowa Department of Education. Retrieved July 30, 2020.
  22. ^ "Gail Huff Joins NH1 News as Contributor | Boston".

External links[edit]