Winterswijk

Coordinates: 51°58′N 6°43′E / 51.967°N 6.717°E / 51.967; 6.717
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Winterswijk
Winterswijk seen from Venemansmolen windmill
Winterswijk seen from Venemansmolen windmill
Flag of Winterswijk
Coat of arms of Winterswijk
Highlighted position of Winterswijk in a municipal map of Gelderland
Location in Gelderland
Coordinates: 51°58′N 6°43′E / 51.967°N 6.717°E / 51.967; 6.717
CountryNetherlands
ProvinceGelderland
Government
 • BodyMunicipal council
 • MayorJoris Bengevoord (GroenLinks)
Area
 • Total138.82 km2 (53.60 sq mi)
 • Land138.14 km2 (53.34 sq mi)
 • Water0.68 km2 (0.26 sq mi)
Elevation37 m (121 ft)
Population
 (January 2021)[4]
 • Total29,022
 • Density210/km2 (500/sq mi)
DemonymWinterswijker
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
Postcode
7100–7119
Area code0543
Websitewww.winterswijk.nl

Winterswijk (Dutch pronunciation: [ˌʋɪntərsˈʋɛik] ; also known as Winterswiek or Wenters) is a municipality and a town in the eastern Netherlands. It has a population of 29,022 and is situated in the Achterhoek, which lies in the easternmost part of the province of Gelderland in the Netherlands.

It was also known as Winethereswick, Winriswic or Wenterswic; the Anglo Saxon wich or wic means the living place of a certain person. The person would likely have been called Wenether, Winitar or Winter.

Geography[edit]

Winterswijk is located in east of the province of Gelderland in the east of the Netherlands. It is part of the region of Achterhoek.

Topographic map of the municipality of Winterswijk, 2013

History[edit]

Winterswijk, church: de Jacobskerk
Winterswijk, former townhall

Founded around 1000 AD it remained an isolated farming community until 1830 when the road from Borken to Zutphen via Winterswijk and Groenlo was built. Around 1840 many emigrated to AmericaMichigan in particular. After 1870 the town became a centre for textiles, such as spinning and weaving and indeed the Tricot factory employed a large proportion of the local population in its heyday. In 1878 the railway line to Zutphen was built primarily for the textile industry, which was set up by Jan Willink. Some of the families such as the Willinks have lived there since 1284.

World War II and liberation[edit]

Winterswijk was liberated on 31 March 1945. The day prior, on 30 Marchm there was a tank battle in one of the townships called Woold, with sixty Sherman tanks. The 53rd Welsh Division and the 3rd British Infantry Division, were moving from Bocholt via Aalten to Winterswijk. The tank battle resulted in sixteen German and nine British soldiers losing their lives. On 31 March, around nine AM allied forces had a struggle just over five kilometers south of Winterswijk following reinforcements from the NSB. On 31 March the first allied troops finally reached the Slingestream near Winterswijk. 31 March is marked as the official day to remember the liberation of Winterswijk, despite the fact that in the late afternoon of 31 March parts of Miste and Woold were already liberated. After the liberation of Winterswijk they founded a Rest-Centre for British soldiers in the Sociëteit de Eendracht, where the British soldiers, could find some rest.[5]

Although the Jewish community of Winterswijk was greatly decimated during the war, a synagogue still exists. Yet no regular services are being held. The synagogue is open for visitors and guided tours.

Railway stations[edit]

Notable residents[edit]

Piet Mondriaan, 1899

Sport[edit]

Myrthe Schoot, 2016

Gallery[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Samenstelling" [Members] (in Dutch). Gemeente Winterswijk. Retrieved 23 July 2014.
  2. ^ "Kerncijfers wijken en buurten 2020" [Key figures for neighbourhoods 2020]. StatLine (in Dutch). CBS. 24 July 2020. Retrieved 19 September 2020.
  3. ^ "Postcodetool for 7101GH". Actueel Hoogtebestand Nederland (in Dutch). Het Waterschapshuis. Retrieved 23 July 2014.
  4. ^ "Bevolkingsontwikkeling; regio per maand" [Population growth; regions per month]. CBS Statline (in Dutch). CBS. 1 January 2021. Retrieved 2 January 2022.
  5. ^ Liberation of Winterswijk, during World War II wenters.nu

External links[edit]