Nativity of Virgin Mary Church
|Municipal assoc.||Freden (Leine)|
|• Mayor||Dieter Hebner (SPD)|
|• Total||16.64 km2 (6.42 sq mi)|
|Elevation||178 m (584 ft)|
|• Density||44/km2 (120/sq mi)|
|Time zone||CET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)|
Winzenburg is a municipality in the district of Hildesheim in Lower Saxony, Germany. It comprises four smaller communities, including the village of Winzenburg, which dates from the Middle Ages. Winzenburg is located in the Leinebergland to the north of Bad Gandersheim, between the national parks of the Harz and the Weserbergland, in Lower Saxony, Germany. The municipality (German: Gemeinde) was formed in March 1, 1974 from the four previously independent communities of Winzenburg, Schildhorst, Westerberg and Klump and forms part of the Samtgemeinde of Freden. It is near the small town of Freden.
Winzenburg is chiefly known for Winzenburg castle, a medieval castle now in ruins, which stands on a spur of the Sackwald. In the vicinity, it is also known for its man-made fishing ponds where one can either fish at one of the five ponds or eat fish at one of the Fischerhütte, the small nearby restaurants. Count Hermann II of Winzenburg built the castle at Schöneberg.
The hamlet of Westerberg began as a settlement next to a glassblower founded in 1744. Originally temporary because the property was rented, rather than owned, after the third 8-year extension of the lease, the settlement became permanent. Area clay pits later supported the production of bricks. They are now filled with water and are managed by the Freden sport fishing club.
The village is surrounded by forests, which are favored places to walk in summer and ski in winter. There is a bus connection to the railway station at Freden.
The village was of greater significance in the 18th and 19th centuries because of Glasfabrik Schildhorst, the glassblowing factory there, which produced white and other glass. The abundance of water, timber and minerals, natural resources required for the production of glass, made the site particularly suitable. In the 20th century, however, the industry left, and with it, the prosperity of Schildhorst. All that remains is a sawmill, a cheesemaker and a few traces of the glassblower. Today, the population is about 70.
- Landesbetrieb für Statistik und Kommunikationstechnologie Niedersachsen, Fortgeschriebene Einwohnerzahlen zum 31. Dezember 2012
- Friedhelm Biermann, " Die Adelsherrschaften an Ober- und Mittelweser des 13. und 14. Jahrhunderts: im Kräftespiel zwischen einer neu formierten welfischen Hausmacht und expandierenden geistlichen Territorien" (PDF) Westfälischen Wilhelms - Universität zu Münster (Westfalen). Dissertation (2005). Page 407. Retrieved February 5, 2011. (German)
- "Gemeinde Winzenburg" Municipality of Freden, official website. Retrieved February 6, 2011 (German)
- 1852 map of Schildhorst (photo 450), 1845 document from glass factory (photo 451) and photo of products from glass factory, 1845 (photo 452) Kreisheimatbund-Hildesheim, official website. Click through to picture numbers, mouse over photo and click on icon for enlarged image. Retrieved February 6, 2011. (German)