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Wipro Limited
Traded as BSE507685
BSE SENSEX Constituent
CNX Nifty Constituent
Industry IT services, IT consulting
Founded 29 December 1945 (Mumbai, Maharashtra)
Founder M.H. Hasham Premji[1]
Headquarters Bangalore, India
Area served
Key people
Azim Premji
(Chairman & MD)
Services IT, business consulting and outsourcing services
Revenue Increase 469.54 billion (US$7.0 billion) (2015)[2]
Increase 95.42 billion (US$1.4 billion) (2015)[2]
Profit Increase 86.52 billion (US$1.3 billion) (2015)[2]
Total assets Increase 600.03 billion (US$9.0 billion) (2015)[2]
Total equity Increase 407.98 billion (US$6.1 billion) (2015)[2]
Number of employees
168,396 (2015)[2]
Website www.wipro.com

Wipro Limited (Western India Palm Refined Oils Limited[3][4] or more recently, Western India Products Limited[1]) is an Indian multinational IT Consulting and System Integration services company headquartered in Bangalore, India.[5] As of March 2015, the company has 158,217 employees servicing over 900 of the Fortune 1000 corporations with a presence in 67 countries. On 31 March 2015, its market capitalization was approximately $ 35 Billion, making it one of India's largest publicly traded companies and seventh largest IT Services firm in the World.[6]

To focus on core IT Business, it demerged its non-IT businesses into a separate company named Wipro Enterprises Limited with effect from 31 March 2013.[7] The demerged companies are consumer care, lighting, healthcare and infrastructure engineering which contributed approximately 10% of the revenues of Wipro Limited in previous financial year.[8][9]

In Later Part of 2014, Wipro's largest deal in its five decade of history and probably one of the largest deals in the history of the Information Technology services industry was the 10 year $ 1.2 billion contract with ATCO, a Canadian Energy & Utilities corporation based out of Calgary, Alberta. The contract was spearheaded by Rishad Premji along with the Canadian Team and industry vertical teams based in India. [10]


Early formative years[edit]

The company was incorporated on 29 December 1945, in Mumbai by Krishna Vasudev Bawta as 'Western India Vegetable Products Limited', later abbreviated to 'Wipro'. It was initially set up as a manufacturer of vegetable and refined oils in Mumbai, Maharashtra, India under the trade names of Kisan, Sunflower and Camel.[1][11] The company logo still contains a sunflower to reflect products of the original business.

In 1966, after Mohamed Premji’s death, his son Azim Premji returned home from Stanford University and took over Wipro as its chairman at the age of 21.[12][13]

During the 1970s and 1980s, the company shifted its focus to new business opportunities in the IT and computing industry, which was at a nascent stage in India at the time. On 7 June 1977, the name of the company changed from Western India Vegetable Products Limited, to Wipro Products Limited.[11]

The year 1980 marked the arrival of Wipro in the IT domain. In 1982, the name was changed from Wipro Products Limited to Wipro Limited.[14] Meanwhile, Wipro continued to expand in the consumer products domain with the launch of "Ralak" a tulsi-based family soap and "Wipro Jasmine", a toilet soap.[11]


In 1988, Wipro diversified its product line into heavy-duty industrial cylinders and mobile hydraulic cylinders.[11] A joint venture company with the United States' General Electric in the name of Wipro GE Medical Systems Pvt. Ltd. was set up in 1989 for the manufacture, sales, and service of diagnostic and imaging products.[15] Later, in 1991, tipping systems and Eaton hydraulic products were launched. The Wipro Fluid Power division, in 1992, developed expertise to offer standard hydraulic cylinders for construction equipment and truck tipping systems. The market saw the launch of the "Santoor" talcum powder and "Wipro Baby Soft" range of baby toiletries in 1990.[15]


In 1995, Wipro set up an overseas design centre, Odyssey 21, for undertaking projects and product developments in advanced technologies for overseas clients. Wipro Infotech and Wipro Systems were amalgamated with Wipro in April that year.[15] Five of Wipro's manufacturing and development facilities secured the ISO 9001 certification during 1994–95. In 1999, Wipro acquired Wipro Acer.[16] Wipro became a more profitable, diversified corporation with new products such as the Wipro SuperGenius personal computers (PCs). In 1999, the product was the one Indian PC range to obtain US-based National Software Testing Laboratory (NSTL) certification for the Year 2000 (Y2K) compliance in hardware for all models.[17]

Wipro Limited joined hands with a global telecom major KPN (Royal Dutch telecom) to form a joint venture company "Wipro Net Limited" to provide internet services in India.[13] The year 2000 was the year Wipro launched solutions for convergent networks targeted at Internet and telecom solution providers in the names of Wipro OSS Smart and Wipro WAP Smart.[18] In the same year, Wipro got listed on New York Stock Exchange.[19] In early 2000 Wipro Vice Chairman Vivek Paul and Azim Premji approached KPMG Consulting Vice Chairman Keyur Patel and CEO Rand Blazer to form an mega-outsourcing joint venture between the two organizations..


In February 2002, Wipro became the first software technology and services company in India to be certified for ISO 14001 certification.[20] Wipro also achieved ISO 9000 certification to become the first software company to get SEI CMM Level 5 in 2002.[21][22] Wipro Consumer Care and Lighting Group entered the market of compact fluorescent lamps, with the launch of a range of CFL, under the brand name of Wipro Smartlite.[23] As the company grew, a study revealed that Wipro was the fastest wealth creator for 5 years (1997–2002).[24][25] The same year witnessed the launch of Wipro’s own laptops with Intel's Centrino mobile processor.[26] Wipro also entered into an exclusive agreement with the owners of Chandrika for marketing of their soap in select states in India.[27][28] It set up a wholly owned subsidiary company viz. Wipro Consumer Care Limited to manufacture consumer care and lighting products.[29] In 2004 Wipro joined the billion dollar club.[30] It also partnered with Intel for i-shiksha.[31][32] The year 2006 saw Wipro acquire cMango Inc., a US-based technology infrastructure Consulting firm[33][34] Enabler, and a Europe-based retail solutions provider.[35] In 2007, Wipro signed a large deal with Lockheed Martin.[36][37] It also entered into a definitive agreement to acquire Oki Techno Centre Singapore Pte Ltd (OTCS)[37][38] and signed an R&D partnership contract with Nokia Siemens Networks in Germany.[39][40] The year 2008 saw Wipro’s foray into the clean energy business with Wipro Eco Energy.[41][42] In April 2011, Wipro signed an agreement with Science Applications International Corporation (SAIC) for the acquisition of their global oil and gas information technology practice of the commercial business services business unit.[43][44] The year 2012 saw Wipro make its 17th acquisition in IT business when it acquired Australian analytics product firm Promax Applications Group (PAG) for $35 million.[45][46] Wipro is the No. 1 employer of H-1B visa professionals in the United States in 2012.[47]

In 2012 Wipro Ltd. announced the demerger of its Consumer Care & Lighting (incl Furniture business), Infrastructure Engineering (Hydraulics & Water business), and Medical Diagnostic Product & Services business into a separate company to be named Wipro Enterprises Ltd.[48] Wipro's scheme of arrangement for demerger turned effective from 31 March 2013.[49][50]

Wipro Group of Companies[edit]

Wipro Ltd.[edit]

Wipro Limited is a global company provider of comprehensive IT solutions and services, including Systems Integration, Consulting, Information Systems outsourcing, IT-enabled services, and R&D services.

It is also a value added reseller of desktops, servers, notebooks, storage products, networking solutions and packaged software for international brands.[51]

Wipro entered into the technology business in 1981 and has over 140,000 employees and clients across 54 countries today.[52] IT revenues stood at $7.1 billion for the year ended 31 March 2015, with a repeat business ratio of over 95%.[53][54]

The business model at Wipro Technologies Ltd is an industry-aligned customer-facing model[55][56][57] which gives greater understanding of customers’ businesses to build industry specific solutions.

Wipro Consumer Care & Lighting[edit]

Wipro Consumer Care and Lighting (WCCLG), a business unit of Wipro Limited operates in the FMCG segment offering a wide range of consumable commodities. Established in 1945, the first product to be introduced by WCCLG was vegetable oil, later popularised under the brand name "Sunflower Vanaspati". It offers personal care products, such as Wipro Baby Soft and Wipro Safewash, toilet soaps like Santoor and Chandrika as well as international brands like Yardley.[58] Its portfolio of lighting solutions includes products like Smartlite CFL,[59] LED, emergency lights and more.[60]

Through its customer-centric products and acquisitions, Wipro Consumer Care and Lighting has become a fast-growing company in the FMCG segment.[61][62][63]

Wipro Infrastructure Engineering[edit]

Wipro Infrastructure Engineering is the hydraulics business division of Wipro Limited and has been in the business of manufacturing hydraulic cylinders, truck cylinders, and their components and solutions since 1976. This division delivers hydraulic cylinders to international OEMs and represents the Kawasaki, Sun Hydraulics[64] and Teijin Seiki range of hydraulic products in India.[65] It has entered into partnerships with companies like Kawasaki[66][67] and aerospace giant EADS.[68] The commitment to quality has made Wipro Infrastructure Engineering the second largest independent manufacturer of cylinders in the world.[69][70] The company has recently ventured into water treatment systems and solutions to cater to the needs of various industries.[71]

Wipro GE Medical Systems Limited[edit]

Wipro GE Medical Systems Limited is Wipro’s joint venture with GE Healthcare South Asia. It is engaged in the research and development of advanced solutions to cater to patient and customer needs in healthcare. This partnership, which began in 1990,[72] today includes offerings like gadgets and equipment for diagnostics, healthcare IT solutions and services to help healthcare professionals combat cancer, heart disease, and other ailments. There is complete adherence to Six Sigma quality standards in all products.[73][74][75]

Sustainability at Wipro[edit]

Wipro's approach to sustainability is structured on enabling itself, as an organisation, and its customers to be more ecologically sustainable. It is driven by issues considered important to employees, India's current and future generations, customers, investors, suppliers, and the community as a whole. Wipro has been ranked 1st in the 2010 Asian Sustainability Rating (ASRTM) of Indian companies[76] and is a member of the NASDAQ Global Sustainability Index[77] as well as the Dow Jones Sustainability Index.[78]

In November 2012 Guide to Greener Electronics, Greenpeace ranked Wipro first with a score of 7.1/10.[79]

Listing and shareholding[edit]

Listing: Wipro's equity shares are listed on Bombay Stock Exchange where it is a constituent of the BSE SENSEX index,[80] and the National Stock Exchange of India where it is a constituent of the S&P CNX Nifty.[81] The American Depositary Shares of the company are listed at the NYSE since October 2000.[82]

Shareholding: On 30 September 2013, 73.51% of the equity shares of the company were owned by the promoters: Azim Premji, his family members, partnership firms in which he is a partner and Trusts formed by him/his family. The remaining 26.49% shares are owned by others.

Shareholders (as on 30-September-2013) Shareholding
Promoter group led by Azim Premji 73.51%
Foreign Institutional Investors (FII) 08.82%
Indian Public 05.31%
Bodies Corporate 03.89%
Mutual Funds/UTI 01.90%
NRI 01.04%
Trusts/Others 00.84%
American Depositary Shares 01.93%
Total 100.0%


At the end of FY 2014-15, its employee strength was 158,217. Its global workforce consists of 101 nationalities working from 58 countries, 175+ cities across 6 continents. Wipro maintains gender diversity with more than 30% of its employees being women. Its has more than 30,000 employees outside India, out of which 40% are locals. The average age of a Wipro employee is 30.3 years. During 2014-15, the company incurred 197 billion on employee benefit expenses. Wipro has introduced TRENDnxt for assessing the skills of employees.

Awards and recognitions[edit]

  • In May 2013, it was ranked 812th on the Forbes Global 2000 list.[83]
  • Wipro was ranked 2nd in the Newsweek 2012 Global 500 Green companies.[84]
  • It was recognized by the Ethisphere Institute as one of the World’s Most Ethical (WME) Companies in 2013, for the second year in a row.[85][86]
  • Wipro received the 'NASSCOM Corporate Award for Excellence in Diversity and Inclusion, 2012', in the category 'Most Effective Implementation of Practices & Technology for Persons with Disabilities'.[87]
  • In 2012, it was awarded the highest rating of Stakeholder Value and Corporate Rating 1 (SVG 1) by ICRA Limited.[88]
  • It received National award for excellence in Corporate Governance from the Institute of Company Secretaries of India during the year 2004.[89]
  • In 2014, Wipro was ranked 52nd among India's most trusted brands according to the Brand Trust Report, a study conducted by Trust Research Advisory.[90]
  • In March 2015, Wipro has been recognized as the world’s most ethical company by US-based Ethisphere Institute for the fourth consecutive year.[91]
  • Wipro won Gold Award for ‘Integrated Security Assurance Service (iSAS)’ under the ‘Vulnerability Assessment, Remediation and Management’ category of the 11th Annual 2015 Info Security PG’s Global Excellence Awards.[92]
  • Wipro won 7 awards, including Best Managed IT Services and Best System Integrator in the CIO Choice Awards 2015, India[93]

See also[edit]


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External links[edit]