|Also known as||Wir|
|Years active||1976–1980, 1985–1992, 1999–present|
|Past members||George Gill|
Margaret Fiedler McGinnis
Wire are an English rock band, formed in London in October 1976 by Colin Newman (vocals, guitar), Graham Lewis (bass, vocals), Bruce Gilbert (guitar) and Robert Grey (drums). They were originally associated with the punk rock scene, appearing on The Roxy London WC2 album, and were instrumental to the development of post-punk, while their debut album Pink Flag was influential for hardcore punk.
Wire are considered a definitive art punk and post-punk band, due to their richly detailed and atmospheric sound and obscure lyrical themes.They steadily developed from an early noise rock style to a more complex, structured sound involving increased use of guitar effects and synthesizers (1978's Chairs Missing and 1979's 154). The band gained a reputation for experimenting with song arrangements throughout their career.
1976 to 1980
Wire's debut album Pink Flag (1977) – "perhaps the most original debut album to come out of the first wave of British punk", according to AllMusic – contains songs that are diverse in mood and style, but most use a minimalist punk approach combined with unorthodox structures. "Field Day for the Sundays", for example, is only 28 seconds long.
Their second album, Chairs Missing (1978) marked a retreat from the stark minimalism of Pink Flag, with longer, more atmospheric songs and synthesizer parts added by producer Mike Thorne. "Outdoor Miner" was a minor hit, peaking at number 51 in the UK singles chart. The experimentation was even more prominent on 154 (1979).
Wire's unorthodox ideas to promote 154 led to a falling out with their label. According to Newman, "We'd worked out a sales strategy for 154 that EMI couldn't see at all...They couldn't understand a rock band that wanted to do a week in a theater as an event, and wanted to promote 154 with videos or left-field TV adverts. We wanted to help them sell records; they thought we were simply being intransigent." According to Jim Green in an interview with Newman, "personnel changes at EMI had left Wire without any support." Colin Newman's solo album, "A-Z was planned as the fourth Wire album, but EMI cancelled studio time in the wake of failed negotiations with the band, and then dropped Wire's option."
Lacking a recording deal and money, creative differences split the band in 1979, leading to the Document and Eyewitness LP (1981), a recording of a live performance that featured, almost exclusively, new material. The album was described as "disjointed", "unrecognizable as rock music" and "almost unlistenable". The LP came packaged with an EP of a different performance of more new material. Some of these songs, along with others performed but not included on the album, were included on Newman's post-Wire solo albums (5/10, We Meet Under Tables), while others were released by Gilbert's and Lewis' primary post-Wire outlet Dome (And Then..., Ritual View).
Between 1981 and 1985, Wire ceased recording and performing in favour of solo and collaborative projects such as Dome, Cupol, Duet Emmo and several Colin Newman solo efforts.
1985 to 1992
In 1985, the group re-formed as a "beat combo" (a joking reference to early 1960s beat music), with greater use of electronic musical instruments. Wire announced that they would perform none of their older material, hiring The Ex-Lion Tamers (a Wire cover band named after a song title from Pink Flag) as their opening act. The Ex-Lion Tamers played Wire's older songs, and Wire played their new material.
In June 1988, Wire were part of a lineup that included Orchestral Manoeuvres in the Dark and Thomas Dolby supporting Depeche Mode at the Pasadena Rose Bowl where they played to over 60,000 people. In 1989, Wire released IBTABA, a "live" album of mostly reworked versions of songs from The Ideal Copy and A Bell Is a Cup, heavily rearranged, edited, and remixed. A new song from the album, "Eardrum Buzz", was released as a single and peaked at number 68 in the UK singles chart.
Gotobed left the band in 1990, after the release of the album Manscape. After his departure, the band dropped one letter from its name, becoming "Wir" (still pronounced "wire"), and released The First Letter in 1991. There followed a further period of solo recordings, during which Newman founded the swim ~ label, and later Githead with his wife (ex-Minimal Compact bassist Malka Spigel), while Wire remained an occasional collaboration. It was not until 1999 that Wire again became a full-time entity.
1999 to present
With Gotobed back in the line-up (now using his birth name, Robert Grey), the group initially reworked much of their back catalogue for a performance at Royal Festival Hall in 2000. Wire's reception during a short tour in early May of the US, and a number of UK gigs, convinced the band to continue. Two EPs and an album, Send (2003), followed, as well as collaborations with stage designer Es Devlin and artists Jake and Dinos Chapman. In 2006, Wire's 1970s albums were remastered and re-released with the original vinyl track listings. A third Read & Burn EP was released in November 2007.
A full-length album of new material entitled Object 47 was released in July 2008. Bruce Gilbert was not involved in this recording, although, according to Newman, he did feature in a minimal capacity on the third Read and Burn EP.
In January 2011, Wire released Red Barked Tree, which according to the band's press release "rekindles a lyricism sometimes absent from Wire's previous work and reconnects with the live energy of performance, harnessed and channelled from extensive touring over the past few years". The album was written and recorded by Newman, Lewis and Grey, but speaking to Marc Riley on the day of the release, Newman introduced as "a new boy" guitarist Matt Simms (from It Hugs Back), who had been a touring member with the band since April 2010.
In March 2013 the band released Change Becomes Us, their 13th studio album, which was very well received. Their fourteenth album, eponymously titled Wire, was released in April 2015. The following year, in April 2016, the band's 15th studio album, entitled Nocturnal Koreans, was released on their label Pinkflag. It consisted of eight songs recorded during the sessions for their previous album, but were cut from the track listing. Stereogum named Nocturnal Koreans the Album of the Week. Reviews for the album were mostly positive. In 2017 Wire celebrated 40 years since their debut gig on 1 April 1977 by releasing their 16th studio album Silver/Lead and headlining the Los Angeles edition of their DRILL : FESTIVAL.
In January 2020, Wire released Mind Hive on their own Pinkflag label. The band appeared on the front cover of Wire magazine (issue 432) published in January 2020; it featured an interview with the band about the new album and discussed the enduring nature of the group.
In March 2020, the band announced an eight-song album entitled 10:20 that would be released on Record Store Day. Side one of the vinyl LP consists of four tracks that were originally released as the limited edition Strays EP, which was given away with mail ordered copies of Red Barked Trees. Side two contains four tracks that were recorded during the Mind Hive sessions but not released until their appearance on 10:20.
In June 2021, in conjunction with Record Store Day, Wire released PF456 Deluxe an 18-song vinyl-only compilation of the first two Read and Burn EPs, the "Twelve Times You" single, and the four unreleased tracks from Send. Concurrently, Wire released a CD version of PF456 Redux, a 16-song vinyl-only compilation, originally released in 2003, of edited versions of all the songs from the first two Read and Burn EPs along with the unreleased songs on Send.
In April 2022, in conjunction with Record Store Day, Wire released Not About to Die which was originally released as a bootleg in the early 1980s. The album consists of recordings made for EMI as demos for the 1978 and 1979 albums, Chairs Missing and 154. The songs on Not About to Die were also previously released in 2018 by Wire on the special editions of the two EMI albums.
Wire's influence has outshone their comparatively modest record sales. In the 1980s and 1990s, Big Black, Minutemen, and Sonic Youth all expressed a fondness for the group. Minutemen bassist Mike Watt described their influence as key saying of Pink Flag "I don't know what we would have sounded like if we didn't hear it."
"And the sound was incredible," he continues. "It was like that NYC band Richard Hell and the Voidoids without the studio gimmickry, but Wire was way more 'econo' with the instrumentation and the radical approach to song structure. And the way Wire wrote words were artistic without being elitist; some of the slang was trippy, too. All the 'old' conventions from all the other 'old' bands went out the window after we heard Wire. They were big-time liberating on us."
Wire were influential on American hardcore punk. Fans included Ian MacKaye of Minor Threat and Henry Rollins, formerly of Black Flag. Minor Threat covered "12XU" for the Flex Your Head compilation, as did Boss Hog on their I Dig You EP. Rollins, as Henrietta Collins & The Wife-Beating Childhaters, covered "Ex Lion Tamer" on the EP Drive by Shooting. Michael Azerrad reported, in the book Our Band Could Be Your Life, that at Minor Threat's second gig, each of the seven bands on the roster performed a version of a Wire song. Big Black covered Wire's "Heartbeat" twice, once as a studio version that was released as a single (also included on The Rich Man's Eight Track Tape compilation) and also as a live version, featuring Bruce Gilbert and Graham Lewis, included on the VHS version of the live album Pigpile.
R.E.M. covered "Strange" on their album Document. Robert Smith has described how, after seeing the group live, Wire influenced The Cure's sound after their first album.[when?] The shoegaze band Lush covered "Outdoor Miner" in the 90s.
A plagiarism case between Wire's music publisher and Elastica over the similarity between Wire's 1977 song "Three Girl Rhumba" and Elastica's 1995 hit "Connection" resulted in an out-of-court settlement.
Alternative Press included Wire in their 1996 list of 100 underground inspirations of the past 20 years, stating that "as long as there are listeners equally lured by tough, intelligent riffs and fearless experimentalism, Wire will remain a crucial benchmark."
Guided By Voices' Robert Pollard is a self-proclaimed fan of Wire, stating that the existence of a large number of songs on GBV's albums is a direct Wire influence. One of My Bloody Valentine's last releases prior to reconvening in 2007 was a cover of "Map Ref 41°N 93°W" for a Wire tribute entitled Whore. The song was selected as a favourite cover by Flak Magazine.
Fischerspooner (who covered "The 15th" on their album #1), Britpop bands like Elastica and Menswe@r and post-punk revival bands like Bloc Party, Futureheads, Blacklist and Franz Ferdinand have cited Wire as an influence. The Smiths' Johnny Marr has confirmed that he is a fan of the band and has acknowledged that seeing Wire live helped give him the confidence to release his first solo album in 2013.
The British electronic band Ladytron included Wire's "The 15th" on the mix compilation Softcore Jukebox. Ladytron member Reuben Wu claimed Wire as a musical influence.
The Feelies, since their 2008 reunion, have covered the "Outdoor Miner".
The slowcore band Low included an early, previously unreleased cover of "Heartbeat" on their career-spanning box set in 2007. Ampere recorded a cover of "Mr. Suit" for their 2006 split with Das Oath. New Bomb Turks also recorded a cover of "Mr. Suit" on the 1993 album !!Destroy-Oh-Boy!!. The chorus of Ministry's "Thieves" was influenced by "Mr. Suit" as well. Helmet guitarist Page Hamilton cites Wire as one of his "top five bands" and as an influence on his music.
- Studio albums
- Pink Flag (1977)
- Chairs Missing (1978)
- 154 (1979)
- The Ideal Copy (1987)
- A Bell Is a Cup (1988)
- IBTABA (1989)
- Manscape (1990)
- The Drill (1991)
- The First Letter (1991)
- Send (2003)
- Object 47 (2008)
- Red Barked Tree (2010)
- Change Becomes Us (2013)
- Wire (2015)
- Nocturnal Koreans (2016)
- Silver/Lead (2017)
- Mind Hive (2020)
- 10:20 (2020)
- Robert Grey – drums (1976–1980, 1985–1990, 1999–present)
- Graham Lewis – bass guitar, vocals (1976–1980, 1985–1992, 1999–present)
- Colin Newman – vocals, guitar (1976–1980, 1985–1992, 1999–present)
- Matthew Simms – guitar (2010–present)
- George Gill – lead guitar (1976–1977)
- Bruce Gilbert – guitar (1976–1980, 1985–1992, 1999–2004)
- Margaret Fiedler McGinnis – guitar (2008–2009 – touring musician)
- ^ a b Strong, Martin C. (2000). The Great Rock Discography (5th ed.). Edinburgh: Mojo Books. pp. 1075–1076. ISBN 1-84195-017-3.
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- ^ Wilson Neate. "Wire". AllMusic. Retrieved 15 February 2012.
- ^ Steve Huey. "Pink Flag". AllMusic. Retrieved 16 February 2012.
- ^ a b Jim DeRogatis; Wilson Neate. "Wire". TrouserPress.com. Archived from the original on 4 February 2012. Retrieved 16 February 2012.
- ^ Steve Huey. "Chairs Missing". AllMusic. Retrieved 16 February 2012.
- ^ a b "WIRE | full Official Chart History | Official Charts Company". Officialcharts.com. Retrieved 3 June 2016.
- ^ a b c Green, Jim (June 1981). "Colin Newman". Trouser Press. Vol. 8, no. 4. New York. p. 18. Retrieved 24 December 2021.
- ^ Wilson Neate. "Document and Eyewitness". AllMusic. Retrieved 16 February 2012.
- ^ a b "Wire". bbc.co.uk. Retrieved 16 February 2012.
- ^ ckuttimecapsule (29 June 1988). "Interview with Colin Newman of WIRE circa 1988". CKUT TIME CAPSULE. Retrieved 22 September 2020.
- ^ "Video: Depeche Mode, 'A Concert for the Masses' — rare footage from 1988's '101' concert". Slicing Up Eyeballs. 17 June 2013. Retrieved 22 September 2020.
- ^ "Wire + Jake & Dinos Chapman + ES Devlin with Kirsten Reynolds (Project Dark)". projectdark.demon.co.uk. Archived from the original on 5 December 2003. Retrieved 16 February 2012.
- ^ "Pinkflag.com (the official Wire website) - Press - Red Barked Tree". pinkflag.com. Retrieved 28 August 2020.
- ^ Gubbels, Jason (28 March 2013). "Wire, Change Becomes Us (Pink Flag)". Spin. Retrieved 30 August 2013.
- ^ Wolk, Douglas (2 April 2013). "Wire – Change Becomes Us". Pitchfork Media. Retrieved 2 April 2013.
- ^ "Album Of The Week: Wire Nocturnal Koreans". 19 April 2016. Retrieved 12 August 2016.
- ^ Pearis, Bill (22 October 2019). "Wire announce new album 'Mind Hive' and 2020 tour (listen to "Cactused")". Brooklyn Vegan. Retrieved 22 October 2019.
- ^ a b Gentile, John (22 October 2019). "Wire to release new album". Punknews.org. Retrieved 22 October 2019.
- ^ "Issue 432 of The Wire". February 2020.
- ^ Schatz, Lake (11 March 2020). "Wire Announce New Album 10:20, North American Tour". Consequence of Sound. Retrieved 11 March 2020.
- ^ Pearis, Bill (11 March 2020). "Wire share "Small Black Reptile" from RSD20 LP, on tour now (NYC this week)". Brooklyn Vegan. Retrieved 11 March 2020.
- ^ Adams, Owen (26 June 2011). "Mike Watt, Stooges/Minutemen Bass Genius, Exclusive Interview". Louder Than War. Retrieved 25 April 2013.
- ^ "'Sound City Liverpool onstage interview". Soundcloud.com. Retrieved 25 August 2018.
- ^ Henry Rollins. "KCRW BROADCAST No. 144 12–10–11". henryrollins.com. Retrieved 16 February 2012.
- ^ Frere-Jones, Sasha (2 March 2012). "Loving a Band That Doesn't Want Your Love". The New Yorker. Retrieved 3 June 2016.
- ^ Michael Azerrad (2001). Our Band Could Be Your Life. ISBN 0-316-78753-1. OCLC 50483014.
- ^ "Interview: The Gothfather". Musicfanclubs.org. 15 May 2006. Retrieved 3 June 2016.
- ^ Heller, Jason (26 March 2013). "Elastica's debut stole from the best, embodying Britpop while staying punk". The A.V. Club. Retrieved 25 April 2013.
- ^ Kappes, John (1996). Michael Shea (ed.). "100 Underground Inspirations of the Past 20 Years". Alternative Press. Cleveland, OH: Alternative Press Magazine, Inc. 11 (100): 39–56. ISSN 1065-1667.
- ^ Eden, Dawn (3 August 1999). "Guided by vices". Salon. Retrieved 25 April 2013.
- ^ Eric Wittmershaus. "Wire's "Map Ref 41°N 93°W," performed by My Bloody Valentine". flakmag.com. Retrieved 16 February 2012.
- ^ Youngs, Ian (17 February 2013). "BBC News – Johnny Marr on The Smiths and going solo". bbc.co.uk. Retrieved 26 March 2013.
- ^ "SG Music: Interview With Ladytron | Soccer Gaming". Archived from the original on 23 January 2013. Retrieved 28 April 2013.
- ^ "Helmet's Page Hamilton: 'I'm Thinking Of 2 More Albums, As In 2 Years I'll Be Fifty'". Ultimate Guitar. Archived from the original on 6 September 2013. Retrieved 25 May 2013.
- ^ "BowieNet Live Chat Transcription Page Hamilton – 28/9/00". David Bowie Wonderworld. Retrieved 25 May 2013.
- ^ "Silver / Lead, by Wire". Wire. Retrieved 17 January 2020.
- Wire (band)
- English art rock groups
- English punk rock groups
- English post-punk music groups
- English alternative rock groups
- Harvest Records artists
- Musical groups established in 1976
- Mute Records artists
- Musical groups disestablished in 1980
- Musical groups reestablished in 1985
- Musical groups disestablished in 1992
- Musical groups reestablished in 1999
- Rough Trade Records artists
- Warner Records artists
- 1976 establishments in England
- Restless Records artists